US 2168504 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Aug; s, 1939.
w. J. YouMANs 2,168,504
COIN HOLDER Filed Aug. 27, 19558 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented Aug. s, 1939 M8594 MNETE STES lFiAN'i FFEQE@ COIN HOLDER William J. Youmans, Fort Thomas, Ky.
Application August 27', 1938, Serial No. 227,171
10 Claims. (Cl. 13S- 9) My invention relates to holders for holding Fig. 3 is an edge View of the holder shown in coins in a row or stack, face to face, forming a Fig. 2; cylindrical package. One largely used means Fig. 4 is an end view of the same; for this purpose is a wrapper rolled around the Fig. 5 is an end view of this holder when it has 5 stack of coins, with end parts crimped over the been brought to shape to receive the coins; 5 edges of the end coins of the stack. Another is a Fig. 6 is an edge or side 'elevation of the holder tube preformed to receive the coins snugly, open in its shape as shown in Fig. 5; at both ends, and requiring the stack of coins to Fig. 7 is an end View of the holder when it has be carefully located to have sufficient projection assumed its nal shape upon insertion of the at each end for crimping. Such tubes have been stack of coins;` 10 provided folded flat, requiring to be squeezed Fig. 8 is an edge or side elevation of the holder out into shape to receive the coins, which are in its shape 21S ShOWl'Il Fig. '7; inserted by hand, or are dropped in by a ma- Fig. 9 is a plan View of a blank` for a'rnodified chine which stacks the coins. holder;
Objects of my invention are to provide a coin Fig. 10 is a plan view of this modied holder; 15
holder, preformed in flat tubular shape, which Fig. 11 is an edge view of the same; Y may be more easily given the shape to receive the Fig. l2 is plan view of a blank for aholder of coins; which will more easily receive the coins; a second modified construction; l which may be more readily closed to retain the Fig. 13 is a plan view of a holder formed fro coins; and which will be more secure against the blank shown in Fig. 12; v 20I accidental opening. A further object is to afford Fig. 14 is an edge view of the holder which is an area at the end of the package to bear a shown in Fig. 13; designation as to the contained coins, visible Fig. 15 is a plan View of a holder which is a when the packages are stacked with their sides, submodication of the modied holder shown in which heretofore have borne the indicia, con- Figs. 12, 13 and 14; 25 cealed from view. Fig. 16 is a partial plan view of a blank for It will be understood that, while I have shown forming a holder of a third modified construconly one size of holder herein, my invention, as tion; with prior coin tubes, requires a holder of proper Fig. 1'7 is a like view of a holder formed from size for each size of coins. the blankv of Fig. 16; 30.
My present' invention is related to that dis- Fig. 18 is a complete plan view of a blank for closed and claimed in my co-pending applicaforming a holder like that of the first example, tion, Serial No. 705,703, filed January 8, 1.934; Figs. 1 to 8, inclusive, with certain modifications; and certain examples thereof, shown herein, are Fig. 19 is a similar plan view of a holder improvements thereover, especially in simplicity formed from the blank of Fig. 18; f 35 of formation and economy of material; without, Fig. 20 is an end View of the holder of Fig. 19, however, departing from the principle of said in its approximately cylindrical condition for prior invention. receiving coins;
A further object is to have a minimum num- Fig. 21 is a like view of the holder in its subber of thicknesses of material making up the stantially true cylindrical shape after it has re- 40 over all thickness of the holder when it is in its ceived a stack of coins;
flattened form; and to have a more nearly uni- Fig. 22 is an edge or side elevation of the form thickness throughout the length of the holder in its shape as shown in Fig. 21; holder in that form, in certain examples as com- Fig. 23 is a complete plan View of a blank for pared with others shown herein; which is an forming a holder of construction similar to that 45 advantage in common with said previous invenshown in Figs. 16 and 17, with certain modification, but which is attained more simply and ecotions; and
nomically than with said previous invention. Fig. 24 is a similar plan view of a holder Other objects will appear in the course of the formed from the blank shown in Fig. 23. following description, referring to the accom- Referring to Figs. 1 to 8, inclusive, the blank, 50 panying drawings, in whichas sho-wn in Fig. 1, of sheet material, preferably Figure 1 is a plan view of a blank for forming "paper stock of the kind known in the art of a holder; making coin tubes, comprises a simple rectangu- Fig. 2 is a plan view of a holder formed from` lar main portion` l and -two tabs 2 and 3 integral said blank; with and projecting from one end of this main 55 portion I. So that the coin holder will have one edge of its coin-admitting end recessed, to facilitate scooping coins, a portion of the opposite end of the blank is cut away, leaving a recess 4. It will be understood that the provision of this recess is optional.
The main portion I is to be folded along two parallel longitudinal lines 5 and 6 so located as to define a middle area 1 flanked by areas 8 and 9 adjacent to the respective longitudinal edges of the blank. The area 9 is much wider than the area 8, so that when the two areas 8 and 9 are folded in on the lines 5 and 6, respectively, across middle area I, narrow area 8 will have an edge part I0 which may overlap the edge part of wide area 9, for securing the edge vparts together. This preferably is done with adhesive II shown on edge part I0; but it will be understood that the adhesive usually is applied in the course of folding.
Tab 2 is median to the end edge of the area 7, and is longer than tab 3, which is located slightly out past the middle of the end edge of the wide side area 9, in such location that when the areas 8 and 9 are folded in as above described, the tabs 2 and 3 will register. This permits the outer end part I2 of longer tab 2 to be folded on line I3 around the end of short tab 3 and down onto the end portion of this tab 3, for securing the tabs 2 and 3 together. This also preferably is done with adhesive I4 shown on end part I2; but it will be understood that this adhesive also usually is applied in the course of folding.
The coin holder, formed as just described, and as seen in Figs. 2, 3 and 4, will be a flat-formed tube, of which middle area 1 is one side and outer areas 8 and 9 collectively form the other side; and this tube will have projecting from the middle of one end a flat-folded end-closure formed by the joined-together tabs 2 and 3. The tube is as a whole designated A, and the end-closure is as a whole designated B.
It will be noted that the width of the end closure B at each of its junctions with the ends of the sides of the tube A, i. e., the width between corners I5 and the width between corners I6, is half the width of these ends measuring between folds on lines 5 and 6. Also, it will be noted that the length of end closure B, from one junction between corners I5 to the other junctionbetween corners I 6, is about the same as the width of either of its junctions, I5 to I5, or I6 to I6, above described. This proportioning of the length and Width of junctions of the end closure B relatively to the width of the sides of the tube A is especially important to the functioning of the end closure B to enforce and maintain an approximately cylindrical distension of the adjacent end portion of the tube A, with the end closure B extendedV across this end of the tube A, as a result of simply pressing toward each other the folds of tube A on lines 5 and 6.
By pressing the side edges, formed by the folds on lines 5 and 5, toward each other, the flattened tube A is distended, and it distends the end-closure B, so that the tube assumes, especially in the end portion of the tube A the distension of which is limited by the end-closure, a roughly hexagonal shape somewhat as indicated in Fig. 5. The end-closure B is almost completely unfolded in this operation, toward a straight shape across the end of the tube, as best seen in Fig. 6. The
shaping of the tube is due to concentration of pressures at the corners I 5 and I6 where the sides of the end-closure B, that is, tabs 2 and 3, form junctions with the end edges of the tube A, causing creases I1 and IB extending from these corners for some distance along the tube. This, with the partial unfolding at lines 5 and 6, results in defining the six approximately equal sides, not completely straight but slightly bowed outwardly, Yin approach to a circular cross section. Those portions of the tube A next to the opposite, or open, end I9, not influenced by the closure B as just described will take the shape of two arcs with their chords coinciding, as at 20 and 2I in Fig. 5.
n Were it not for the restricting end-closure B and the concentration of pressures enforcing the formation of the creases I1 and I8, the mere `squeezing on the vedge folds would result merely in this double-arc formation throughout the length. To bring about an approximation to circular cross section of the tube from such a fulllength double-arc formation requires the presn sure of the parts of the hand, fingers at one edge and thumb and heel of thumb at the other edge, all along the edges.
The end-closure B causes the restriction at one end, and enforces an approximately cylindrical cross section for some distance from this end of the tube by the much simpler manipulation of merely pressing a finger and the thumb on the edges about midway of the tube length. Also, approach of the tube portions next to the open end I9 of the tube to circular cross section, from the double-arc formation at 29, 2l just mentioned, is accomplished with much less care and dexterity on the part of the operator, who can work more rapidly in opening the tubes and getting the coins into them. This is because the roughly hexagonal, that is, the approximately circular. cross section of the closure end part of the tube A is formed at once, by this simple pressure; and the creases I1 and I8 thus created, sustain this cross section without special pressure of the parts of the hand at the closure end, leaving the hand free to concentrate the pressure on the portions at 20, 2I nearer the open end for completion of shaping of those portions as just above described.
The two overlapping portions I0 and I2 do not meet, so that the over all thickness of the holder is that of only three thicknesses of material. In practice, of course, the holder is not absolutely flat, but its walls are separated very slightly, as seen in Figs. 4 and 5, due to the resilience of the material at the folds along the lines 5 and 6.
How-ever, this construction saves space, as compared with a construction in which an end-closure flap overlaps the overlapping part in the junction of the folded over side areas of the tube. It also affords, throughout the areas of overlap, a uniform thickness of the holder, allowing more even bunching in the packaging of the holders for storage and shipment.
The construction shown in Figs. 9, 10 and 11 is modified in that instead of two tabs, there is one longer tab 2a median to the end edge of middle area 1a. This tab 2a is folded transversely online I3a to have a portion IZa next to its free end lapped over and secured to the top surface of infolded side area 9a, alongside of but not lapping over the overlapping junction portion of side area 8a. End portion I2a of tab 2a is shown as coated with adhesive I 4a, it being understood that in practice this adhesive usually is applied in the process of folding. Thus, this construction also has the advantage of only three thicknesses of material making up the over all thickness of the attened holder. The closure Ba thus forms junction corners I5 and IS with tube Aa, corresponding to the corners l5 and I6 in Figs. 1 to 8, inclusive.
`In the construction shown in Figs. 12, 13 and 14, side areas 8b and 9b are equal in width, and there is but one tab 2b, which is made much longer than the one in the previous example, Figs. 9, 10 and 11, being, as therein, median to the end edge of the tube area 'lb and folded on line 13b to lie over middle area 1b with side areas 8b and 9b folded in on lines 5b and 6b to overlap tab 2b and be secured thereto, at lllb, 1Gb. It will be understood that the adhesive leb usually is applied in the process of folding the blank. This construction will result in but three thicknesses. as the areas 8b and Sb merely have their edges meeting over flap 2b, and not interlapping; the flap 2b being long enough to extend to the end edges of these areas 8b and 9b, at the open end of the tube. In Fig. 15, the same result is attained; the only difference being that flap 2c is lapped over the meeting edge portions lc of the areas 8c and 9c, instead of under them.
In the construction of Figs. 16 and 17, the side areas 8d and 9d interlap, in the area 15d, where they are secured together, within the width of the end-closure B. Also, this closure is formed of a single flap 2d, folded in on line i3d, with portion id next to its end overlapping and secured to overlapping area 9d. Therefore, this construction aggregates four thicknesses of the material;
lacking the advantages of the previous examples,
in this respect.
Figs. 18 to 21, inclusive, show a holder like that of the first example, Figs. l to 8, inc1u sive, with the difference that the end-closure tabs 2e and 3e are Wider at their outer ends than they are at their junctions with the main part ie of the blank; and ears 22 project from said main part le at each side of tab 2e, substantially symmetrical to the fold lines 5e and Se, respectively. The outer edges of these ears 22 are preferably curved convexly. By the widening of the tabs 2e and 3e at their outer ends, so that they collectively, when secured together, approximate a circle in shape, the end closure B thus formed is adapted to more completely cover the coin at the closure end, as seen in Fig. 20. The ears 22 are tucked or crimped inward onto the edge parts of the end closure B", as seen in Figs. 21 and 22, completing the closure of the end, and reinforcing the end closure B". This construction affords especially acute notches i5e and 15e at the junctions of the end closure with the main part, to enforce the formation of the creases Ele and 18e, after the manner of, but in. a more pronounced manner than in the examples preceding.
Figs. 23 and 24 show a construction similar to that of Figs. 16 and 17, with the overlap 12j of the end closure B" overlapping the overlap lil.f of the joined side areas 8f and Bf. The dif ference is in that end-closure flap 2f is widened at its midlength to approximate a circular shape, and the ears 22]c are provided at each side of the iiap 2f; these parts affording the more complete closure, and the ears aording the reinforcement when crimped in, that is had in the example of Figs. 18 to 21, inclusive. The closed condition of the holder will be understood to have the same apppearance as is shown in Figs. 20, 2l and 22, and as above described.
It will be seen that all of the constructions shown have the advantage of easy formation to receive coins, as described for Figs. 1 to 8, inclusive. When a stack of coins is placed in the holder, which has been brought approximately to finished shape as shown in Figs. 5 and 6, or in Fig. 20, the holder being of such dimensions that the coins t the inside of the holder snugly when it has been distended further, the coins will enforce this further distension. Also, their Weight against the end closure B, B', B or B, will, together with their distending action on the adjacent end of the tube, stretch the end closure substantially straight across the end of the tube, as-seen in Fig. 8 or in Fig. 22. The package of coins then will be approximately cylindrical, as seen in Fig. 6, or in Fig. 2l.
The end closure of any of the examples affords an area which may bear a designation relating to the contained coins, as at 23 in Fig. "I, 23e in Fig. 2l, or as indicated in dotted lines at 23f in Fig. 23 where the closure is not folded up to show this designation. An advantage of this last example, which is also had with that of Figs. 9 to 17, inclusive, is the continuity of the closure in the area for receiving such a designation. There is an advantage in having the designation on an end of the tube instead of on a side. When the tubes are stacked the sides are concealed, whereas the end of the tube is in full View. It will be understood that the method of closing the end I8 of the holder is not involved in my present invention; so that the construction of this end I9 of the holder may vary from that herein illustrated.
Modifications other than those illustrated herein may occur; and it will be understood that I am not limited to the specific examples herein set forth, but what I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A coin holder comprising a tube of sheet material folded at along a pair of longitudinal folds between which, at each end, the tube has separable edges, and an end-closure member of sheet material, having junctions, one with a middle part only of each of the two edges at one end of the tube, and having a transverse fold substanitially midway between its two junctions, said member being folded flat on said fold and extending out from said edges, and the width of each` junction and the length of said member between its junctions being so substantially equal to each other and so substantially less than the width between the longitudinal folds of the tube that said flat-folded end-closure member is adapted to unfold upon distension of the tube by pressing toward each other said longitudinal folds thereof, and that, by concentration of pressures at each side of each junction, there is enforced and materially maintained an approximately cylindrical distension of the adjacent end portion of the tube with said end-closure mem-A ber extended across said end.
2. A coin holder as set forth in claim 1, in which the end-closure member, along its transverse fold, is substantially Wider than its junctions with said end edges of the tube, forming, with said edges, acute notches at which the pressures are concentrated as therein set out, and said widened end-closure member thereby having a shape approximating the shape of the end of the distended tube.
3. A coin holder as set forth in claim 1, in which the end-closure member, alongits transverse fold, is substantially wider than its junctions with the end edges of the tube, and in which the portions of said end edges outlying from said junctions are convexly curved outwardly to form ears, said endclosure member and said curved edgesforming, where they meet the end edges of the tube, acute notches at which the pressures are concentrated as therein set out, said widened end-closure member thereby having a shape approximating the shape of the end of the distended tube and said ears being adapted to be formed inward across edges of said end-closure member.
4. A coin holder as set forth in claim l, in which the end-closure member is made up of tabs integral with the respective end edges of the tube, interlapping and attached together where they interlap.
5. A coin holder as set forth in claim l, in which the tube is formed from a blank with spaced longitudinal folds defining a middle area and side areas overlying the middle area and interlapping and attached .together where they interlap, and in which the end-closure member is made up of tabs integral with the respective end edges of the tube, interlapping and attached together Where they interlap, said tabs interlapping in a location displaced from the interlapped portions of the tube side areas, for for the purposes set forth.
6. A coin holder as set forth in claim 1, in which the end-closure member comprises a tab integral with an end edge of the tube and with a part overlapping and attached to another part of the holder, the tube being formed from a blank with spaced longitudinal folds defining a middle area and side areas overlying the middle area and interlapping and attached together where they interlap, said side areas being of such unequal l`widths that they interlap substantially at one side of the median line of the folded blank, whereby their interlapping parts are in a location displaced from the overlapping part of the tab.
'7. A coin holder as set forth in claim l, in which the end-closure member is made up of a tab integral with the end edge of one side of the tube and has a part interlapping with and attached to the other side of the tube, said other side of the tube being made up of areas with portions that interlap and are attached together out at one side of said attached part of the tab.
8. A coin holder as set forth in claim 1, in which the tube is made up of a middle area and side areas folded in over the middle area, with their edges close together but not interlapping, and in which the end-closure member is made up of a tab integral With the end edge of said middle area and has a part interlapping with and attached to the edge portions of said folded-over side areas, substantially throughout the lengths of their close-together edges.
9. A coin holder as set forth in claim 1, in which the end-closure member is made up of tabs integral with the respective end edges of the tube, interlapping and attached together where they interlap, said tabs being wider in their outer end portions than their junctions with the tube end edges, leaving acute notches at the sides of said junctions, for the purpose set forth, and when attached together as aforesaid, giving the end closure a shape approximating the shape of the end of the distended tube.
10. A coin holder as set forth in claim 1, in which the end-closure member is made up of a tab integral with the end edge of one side of the tube and has a part nterlapping with and attached to the other side of the tube, said other side being made up of areas with portions that interlap and are attached together Where they interlap, said tab being wider in its midlength portion than it is at its junctions, leaving acute notches at the sides of said junctions, for the purpose set forth, and giving to the end Yclosure a shape approximating the shape of the end of the distended tube.
WILLIAM J. YOUMAN S.