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Publication numberUS2169486 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 15, 1939
Filing dateJun 4, 1937
Priority dateJun 4, 1937
Publication numberUS 2169486 A, US 2169486A, US-A-2169486, US2169486 A, US2169486A
InventorsDorton John M
Original AssigneeDorton John M
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Convertible furniture
US 2169486 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

J. M. DORTQN CONVERTIBLE FURNITURE Aug. 15, 1939.

@W 2 3: .w\ a w 2: Q: 3 e I M 3 v w w m M: w: m wv vt vi NH m6]. 7 3 w 4 m m d e l m INVENTOR John M. Dorian Patented Aug. 15, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 9 Claims.

My invention relates to improvements in convertible furniture and one object is to provide a new and useful article of this character of the type which may be converted into a bed, a settee,

or a chair, or their equivalents.

A further object is to provide a novel combination and arrangement of mechanical elements whereby the article of furniture may be readily adjusted to form a bed or a settee.

Another object is to provide novel brake means adapted to cooperate with the above mentioned elements in holding the back of the settee at any inclination to which it may be adjusted, so that it will not yield to such pressure as may be ordinarily applied thereto by an occupant of the settee.

A further object is to arrange the back controlling mechanism in such manner that the back may be lowered while close to the wall of a room and thus avoid the necessity of moving the article of furniture a considerable distance from the wall, as has heretofore been customary before the back could be lowered.

A further object is to provide a piece of furniture which is adaptable for use in numerous places such, for instance, as the home, house trailers, cabins, and the like.

Other objects will hereinafter appear and in order that the invention may be fully understood 30 reference will now be had to the accompanying drawings, in which:

Fig. 1 is a plan view of the article of furniture with the upholstered mattress which covers the seat and back of the article, removed to show the working parts.

Fig. 2 is a vertical cross section on line 2-2 of Fig. 1 showing the article of furniture arranged in the form of a bed in full lines, and to form a settee in dotted lines.

Fig. 3 is a detail of a brake mechanism used in carrying out the invention.

Fig. 4 is a cross section on line 4 of Fig. 3.

Fig. 5 is a detail plan view of a device for limiting the rotation of a shaft employed in carrying 46 out the invention. V

Fig. 6 is a detail plan view of a modification.

In carrying. out the invention I employ suitable supporting means arranged preferably in the form of a chest 2 in which bed clothes and other articles may be stored. In the present instance said chest comprises a bottom wall 4, end walls 5, and front and rear walls 8 and II), respectively, When the article of furniture is to be used in a house trailer or other place where it will not be necessary to shift it around frequently, I provide the bottom wall 4 of the chest with a plurality of runners l2 on which it may be moved when necessary, but when the article of furniture is to be used in the home I prefer to mount it on casters l4 so that it can be readily moved around 5 in a room, or from one room to another. Two pairs of casters M are employed each pair being mounted beneath the front and rear ends of a more or less ornamental end member l6. The end members I6 are removably secured to the U respective ends of the chest 2 by suitable means such as screws I8.

20 designates a seat member mounted for forward and backward movement upon the chest 2. Said seat member may be of any suitable con- 15 struction but in the present instance I have shown it comprising a rectangular frame 22 with spaced transverse members 24 and end members 26. In order to insure easy forward and backward movement of the seat member 20 I provide 20 the rear corners thereof with lugs 28 on which are mounted rollers 30, arranged to traverse rails 32 secured to the side walls 6 of the chest 2. The rails 32 are preferably of channel bar formation to prevent upward or downward movement of the rollers 30, so that they will coact with the front wall 8 of the chest 2 in maintaining the seat member 20 in a horizontal plane.

34 designates a back member adapted to be lowered to a horizontal plane to rest upon the chest 2 and in line with the seat member 20 as shown by Fig. 2, when the article of furniture is converted into a bed, or raised to the dotted line position when the article of furniture is converted into a settee. The back member 34 is of 35 similar construction to the seat member 20, it comprising a rectangular frame 36 with transverse members 38 and end members 40. In order that the back member 34 may move downward or upward while the seat member 20 travels in a 40 horizontal plane, I connect the upper adjacent corners of said members with hinges 42.

Referring now more particularly to the mechanism for advancing the seat member 20 to provide a bed, 44 designates a shaft journaled in 45 bearings 46 secured to the inside of the front wall 8 near the upper portion thereof. Each end of the shaft 44 is preferably of rectangular form to fit within the corresponding socket of a crank 48, Fig. 1, whereby said shaft 44 may be rotated 50 in either direction. Apertures 50 are formed in the end walls 6 of the chest 2 for admission of the socket end of the crank 48, so that the same may be applied to either of the rectangular terminals of the shaft 44. With the foregoing ar- 56 rangement it is obvious that if either end of the article of furniture is placed next to a wall or another piece of furniture, access may be had to the other end of the shaft 44 for application of the crank 48. It is also obvious that if desired the shaft 44 could be operated from the front of the chest 2, by providing a stub shaft 39 with a bevel gear 4| to intermesh with a bevel gear 43 fixedto shaft 44, as shown by Fig. 6.

Drums 52 are fixed upon the shaft 44, near the ends thereof, to wind up cables 54 connected to coil springs 56 which in turn. are connected to respective eyes 58 fixed to the lower rear portion of the seat member 20. With the foregoing mechanism it is apparent that when the shaft 44 is rotated in a clockwise direction, Fig. 1, the drums 52 will wind up the cables 54 which in turn. will advance the seat member 20 through the intermediary of the springs 56. As the seat member 20 advances it will pull the back member 34 therewith and as the latter moves forward it also swings downward to a horizontal plane in line with the seatframe 20. The coil springs 56 take up slack and keep the respective cables .54 taut. 7 Referring now more particularly to the mechanism for retracting theseat member 20 and raisingthe back member 34 to convert the articleof 7 furniture into a settee, 60 designates a pair of depending toggles each consisting of arms 62 and .64 operablyconnected at their lower ends by a pivot 66 and at their upper ends by pivots 68 and 70 to members I2 and I4 fixed to the under sides of the seat member 20 and the back member 34,

respectively.

.Each toggle arm is provided near its lower end with a downward extension I6 carrying an antifriction roller I8 and a transverse pin 80, to which latter the, forward end of a turn-buckle 82 is connected. Each turn-buckle 82 is adapted to take up slack in. a cable 84 attached thereto.

Each cable 84 extends upwardly and rearwardly from the turn-buckle 82 and passes around a sheave 86, thenceforwardly and downwardly beneath the roller 18 and upwardly to a respective drum 88. The drums 88 are arranged beside the drums 152 and fixed upon the shaft 44. The

. pivots 9 I and- 92 respectively. 55

sheaves 86 are mounted in blocks 81 in the upper rear portion ofthe 'chest'2.

'Ajpair of armsare adapted to coact with the toggles 60 in raising the back member 34 when the sameand the seat member 20 are retracted. Each arm 90 isconnected tothe adjacent end wall 60f the chest 2 and the. back member 34 by With the foregoing arrangement it is apparent that when shaft 44 isrotated in a counterclockwise direction the drums 88 will wind up the cables 84 which in'turniwillretract the seat and back frames 20 and134, respectively, through. the intermediary of the toggles60, which latter will cooperate with the arms 90 i'n'raising the back frame 34. As the back frame 34 starts to move upwardly atthesame time it moves backwardly no part of it will move' back of the rear wall of the'chest 2 to any considerable extent and hence thearticle of furniture will not have to be moved away from a wallito any appreciable extent when being either raised or lowered. V I 7 7 When the article of furniture is adjusted to provide a settee'and the same is occupied by a person leaning heavily against the raised back member 34, accidental downward movement thereofbeneath such pressure is prevented by the above described mechanism for raising and lowering said backmember 34 and by means of a pair of friction brakes which hold the shaft 44 from accidental rotation in either direction. 7

Each friction brake includes a drum 93 fixed upon the shaft 44 and embraced by lining 94 secured in a brake band 96, secured at one end to a reinforcement 98 having its lower end loosely embracing a crank I00 fixed to a shaft I02, journaled in the adjacent end wall 6 of the chest 2 and. a partition wall I03, two of which latter are provided to prevent bed-clothes or other articles stored in the chest 2 from coming in contact or entangled with the machanisms above described. The other end of the brake band 96 is loosely connected to a loop I06 which loosely embraces the reinforcement 98. Normally each brake is held in active position by a coil spring I08 one end of which is connected to the shaft I02,while the other end bears against a cleat IIO secured to the inner surface of the front wall 80f the chest 2. The outer end of each shaft I02 is provided with a hand lever I I2 whereby the brake may be adjusted toinactive position so as not to retard rotation of the shaft 44 while being rotated in either direction.

By providing a friction brake at each end of the article of furniture one brake is accessible shouldreither end of the article of furniture be placed close to a Wall. As only one friction brake is necessary to hold the back member 34 in a raised or an inclined position either brake may be adjusted to inactive position and then secured in such position by tightening a thumb screw II3 threaded in one end of the shaft I02 and adapted to frictionally engage the adjacent end of a bearing I I5 in which said shaft I02 is journaled.

In order that rotation of the shaft 44 may be checked after the article of furniture has been converted into either a bed or a settee I provide said shaft with a group of loosely mounted disks H4, 4a and H41) which are interposed between a disk IIB, fixed to the shaft 44, and a stationary disk II8 fixed to the intermediate bearing 46. The intermedial disks II4, II4a and I I4?) have respective lugs I20, I20a. and I20b projecting from opposite sides thereof while the disks H6 and H8 have lugs I22 and I24,respectively, projecting from one side only. With the foregoing arrangement it is apparent that when shaft 44 is rotated in a counterclockwise direction the lug I22 will contact the adjacent lug I20 and-r0- tate disk H4 and after the same has described approximately one revolution its other lug will contact the adjacent lug I20a and rotate the disk I Met. After thelatter has traveled approximately one revolution it will-rotate disk II 4b until one of the lugs I20b contacts lug I24, Fig.5, on the stationary 'disk H8 which checks further rotation in a counterclockwise direction. Likewise when shaft 44 is rotated in a clockwise direction it will be checked by the disks and their respective lugs after the article of furniture has been adjusted to provide a bed.

It is to be understood that the completed article of furniture may be upholstered in any suit-, able manner to lend an attractive appearance thereto, but, as such upholstery would hide a large proportionof the mechanism forming important features of the invention, I. have deemed it best to leave it out of the accompanying drawings.

It is also to be understood that while I have referred to the article of furniture as being convertible to provide a bed, or a settee, that it may be made on a reduced scale to provide a reclining chair. Also that such other changes may be iii made that properly fall within the spirit and scope of the invention as claimed.

Having thus described my invention, What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is:

1. An article of furniture comprising main supporting means, a seat frame mounted for forward and backward movement on said supporting means, a drum, a cable connected to said drum and adapted to advance the seat frame when said drum is rotated in one direction, a shaft mounted in the supporting means and upon which the drum is fixed, means for rotating said shaft, a member fixed upon said shaft to rotate therewith, a stationary member fixed to the supporting means and spaced from the rotatable member, a series of elements loosely mounted upon the shaft and interposed between the rotatable and stationary members, laterally projecting lugs on said members and said elements adapted to cooperate therewith in checking rotation of the shaft when the seat frame has been advanced or retracted a predetermined distance, and a back frame connected to the seat frame.

2. An article of furniture comprising a seat frame adapted to move forward or backward, a back frame connected to said seat frame to move therewith and which is also adapted to be lowered or raised to coact with said seat frame in forming a bed or a settee, supporting means for said frames, toggle means operably connected to said frames and adapted to retract the same, means for retracting said toggle means, and means operably connected to the supporting means and the back frame adapted to raise the latter as the toggle means is retracted.

3. An article of furniture comprising a seat frame adapted to move forward or backward, a back frame connected to said seat frame to move therewith and which is also adapted to be lowered or raised to coact with said seat frame in forming a bed or a settee, supporting means for said frames, toggle means operably connected to said frames and adapted to retract the same, means for retracting said toggle means, and arms operably connected to the supporting means and the back frame adapted to raise the latter as the toggle means is retracted.

4. An article of furniture comprising a seat frame adapted to move forward or backward, a back frame connected to said seat frame to move therewith and which is also adapted to be lowered or raised to coact with said seat frame in forming abed or a settee, supporting means for said frames, toggle means operably connected to said frames and adapted to retract the same, cable means attached to said toggle means, means for winding up said cable means and thereby retracting said toggle means, and means operably connected to the supporting means and the back frame adapted to raise the latter as the toggle means is retracted.

5. An article of furniture comprising a seat frame adapted to move forward or backward, a back frame connected to said seat frame to move therewith and which is also adapted to be lowered or raised to coact with said seat frame in forming a bed or a settee, supporting means for said frames, toggle means operably connected to said frames and adapted to retract the same, cable means attached to said toggle means, drum means for winding up said cable means and thereby retracting said toggle means, and means operably connected to the supporting means and the back frame adapted to raise the latter as the toggle means is retracted.

6. An article of furniture comprising a seat frame adapted to move forward or backward, a back frame connected to said seat frame to move therewith and which is also adapted to be lowered or raised to coact with said seat frame in" forming a bed or a settee, supporting means for said frames, toggle means operably connected to said frames and adapted to retract the same, cable means attached to said toggle means, drum means mounted at the forward portion of the supporting means for winding up the cable means and thereby retracting the toggle means, sheave means mounted at the rear portion of the supporting means and around which the cable means extends, and means operably connected to the supporting means and the back frames adapted to raise the latter as the toggle means is retracted.

7. An article of furniture comprising a seat frame adapted to move forward or backward, a back frame connected to said seat frame to move therewith and which is also adapted to be low ered or raised to coact with said seat frame in forming a bed or a settee, supporting means for said frames, a toggle having one arm operably connected to the seat frame and the other arm operably connected to the back frame to raise or lower the latter, and means arranged to pull backward and upward on said toggle and thereby retract the seat frame and raise the back frame.

8. An article of furniture comprising a seat frame adapted to move forward or backward, a back frame connected to said seat frame to move therewith and which is also adapted to be lowered or raised to coact with said seat frame in forming a bed or a settee, supporting means on which said frames are supported, a toggle having one arm operably connected to the seat frame and the other arm operably connected to the back frame to raise or lower the latter, a cable connected to the toggle to pull backward and upward thereon and thereby retract the seat frame and raise the back frame, a sheave mounted on the supporting means and spaced from the rear of the toggle and around which said cable extends, and a drum mounted on the supporting means and spaced in advance of said sheave and adapted to wind up the cable.

9. An article of furniture comprising a seat frame adapted to move forward or backward, a back frame connected to said seat frame to move therewith and which is also adapted to be lowered or raised to coact with said seat frame in forming a bed or a settee, supporting means for said frames, a pair of depending toggles each having one arm operably connected to the seat frame and the other arm operably connected to the back frame, a sheave mounted on the lower portion of each toggle, a cable connected at its rear end to the lower portion of each toggle to pull backward and upward thereon and thereby retract the seat frame and raise the back frame, means mounted at the rear portion of the supporting means and around which the 'cables travel, and drums mounted upon the supporting means and spaced in advance of the toggles and to which the forward ends of the cables are connected, said cables engaging the sheaves on the respective toggles.

JNO. M. DORTON.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3287060 *Aug 23, 1965Nov 22, 1966American Seating CoRetracting chair
US5110183 *Dec 10, 1987May 5, 1992Comfy Care, Inc.Customized home chair and method of manufacture
Classifications
U.S. Classification297/342, 248/424, 5/47
International ClassificationA47C17/00, A47C17/17
Cooperative ClassificationA47C17/17
European ClassificationA47C17/17