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Publication numberUS2169779 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 15, 1939
Filing dateApr 8, 1937
Priority dateApr 8, 1937
Publication numberUS 2169779 A, US 2169779A, US-A-2169779, US2169779 A, US2169779A
InventorsLoewe Alfred F
Original AssigneeFood Dispenser Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Closure for dispensers
US 2169779 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

1939 A. F. oews 2,169,779

CLQSURE FOR DISPENSERS Filed April 8, 1937 ALFRED F. 'LoEwE INVENT OR.

ATTORNEY.

Patented Aug. 15, 1939 CLOSURE FOR. DISPENSERS Alfred F. Loewe, New York, N. Y., assignor, by mesne assignments, to The Food Dispenser Company, Hartford, Conn., a corporation of Connecticut Application April 8, 1937, Serial No. 135,675

18 Claims.

This invention relates to vessels with closures especially adapted for dispensing the contents of the vessel.

It has among its objects to provide improved operating mechanism for the valve of a dispenser of the type having a bottom outlet and valve operating means on the removable cover of the dispenser. A further object of. my invention is to provide such valve operating mechanism having improved means for enabling the same to be connected to or disconnected from the valve rod in such manner as to enable the latter to continue to close the bottom outlet while the cover carrying the operating mechanism is removed from the dispenser. A still further object of my invention is to provide such improved operating mechanism including an improved connecting element transversely shiftable on the cover and selectively connectible or disconnectible by movement toward or from the axis of the valve rod. Other objects include the provision of" such an improved mechanism and element whereby the valve rod may be connected or disconnected at will while the cover is stationary, in such manner as to eliminate any necessary .connection between the valve operating mechanism and the valve rod while the cover is moving during the process of being inserted on or removed from the dispenser, and whereby the valve rod may be not only more readily and quickly connected, but also maintained more readily in outlet closing position during the cover disconnecting and connecting operations incident to filling the dispenser. These and other objects and advantages of my improvedconstruction will, however, hereinafter more fully appear.

In the accompanyingdrawing, I have shown for purposes of illustration one embodiment which my invention may assume in practice.

In the drawing,-

Fig. 1 shows a partly sectioned side elevation of an assembled dispenser.

Fig. 2 shows a non-sectioned similar view of part of. the device, the valve gearing being here shifted into a releasing position.

Fig. 3 is a similar view of part of the cover, after it has been removed from the dispenser.

Fig. 4 is a detail bottom view of the control lever which may be exemplarily-used in pursuit 01 the instant invention.

Fig. 5 shows, in a sectioned rear view, the arrangement of the control leverof the valve gear upon the cover.

Fig. 6 is an illustration of the valve, and

Fig. '7 is a cross-section ofthe valve stem.

The exact positions of sections of the views of Figs. 5 and 7, are pointed out by dot-dash lines, arrows, and the numerals 5 and l in Figs. 1 and 6, respectively.

Similar numerals refer to similar parts throughout the various views.

The vessel H is preferably arranged so that it may rest upon a stand above a container,- which latter will receive any possible dripping, when the vessel II is not in use. For that purpose the illustration of Fig. 1 provides the vessel H with a shoulder l2 extending therearound, upon which the vessel is supported in a vertical position by the cup l3, which serves as the stand as well as the container mentioned.

An intake at the upper end of vessel II is removably closed by a cover, e. g. screw cover H, which is provided with a handle l5. By way of handle I5 the screw cover may betightly placed onto the vessel and the handle l5 also serves to manipulate the whole vessel, after the cover has been attached thereto, forinstance for the purpose of lifting the vessel from the cup l3 into a position in which some contents of the vessel ll may be dispensed therefrom, by way of an outlet H5 at its lower end.

If the stem ll of conical valve i8 is to extend through the cover I! we may provide a central clearance opening IS in cover I, as shown, to allow free passage and possible guidance for the valve stem I! as it is reciprocated in a vertical direction.

The choice of the material for the various parts of the device herein described, may follow the suggestion and dictate of practical consideration. From the point of view of hygiene, for instance, the vessel l I is preferably made out of glass, but a strong metal or condensation product may be selected as material for the valve l8 and the stem I1, so that the diameter of the stem Il may be made comparatively small.

One or more upsets 20 or an equivalent may be provided upon the stem II at a suitable distance below the. cover i 4, so that the valve cannot be lifted too high in the closed container, thus preventing the valve from being raised so high that, if dropped, it might strike with excessive force and break the vessel.

If the valve seat 2i is executed separately from the vessel ll due precaution should be exercised to mount it firmly upon the vessel, so that it cannot be loosened and severed by the force of the descending valve. For that purpose the seat is shown to be fastened by way of an outer thread 22 upon the bottom end of the vessel H, and the inner conical part 23 of this seat is shown to be spun out into the flared part of the outlet ii of the glass part II. The seat may be further securely positioned upon the vessel by cement, as shown at 28.

It will be noted that valve l8 outwardly protrudes beyond the valve seat 2i, by way of an attenuated end 18a. The end of the valve is thus allowed to extend from the vessel, when it is seated, in order to reduce to minimum,--particula-rly in a case where the vessel has liquid or semi-liquid contents,-the drop remaining at the bottom end of the valve after it has been closed- We do not need such a. protruding end on the valve, if the contents of the vessel are dry.

The protruding end l8a of the valve may assume different cross-sections in accordance with the intended use. Generally, that cross-section will be substantially a conic section, but there may he steps and concavities and it is subject to variations in accordance with the viscosity and density of a the liquid, for which the dispensing vessel is primarily intended. In connection with thin fluids which flow readily, the protruding end of the valve may be simply a continuation of the truncated cone of the valve proper. The end may also provide a concavity below the frustrum of the valve proper. In the showing the protruding end substantially resembles a hyperbola in crosssection.

Just as in the case of the straight cone, the valve proper and the downward extension thereof, as well as the surface 23 of seat 2! may all combine to form a solid body, such as a hyperboloid, parabolold, a sphere ellipsoid, ovoid, etc.

Above the receded neck 28 a ball formation 23 is provided at the upper end of stem il. Into the slanted front end 21 of the lever 28 extends a transverse hole 23, which slidably accommodates the ball 25. Hole 29 is downwardly open by virtue of a narrow slot 30, which clears the neck 23 of stem ll. Thus lever 28 and ball 25 form a joint and form consecutive parts of a chain of the gearing of valve l8. To the back the hole 28 expands into a hollow rectangular formation 3i in the lever, which is downwardly fully open.

A square arbor 32 arising from the top of cover l4, slidably fits between the side walls 33 of the said hollow angular formation. To the back of the said angular formation, the lever 28 flares out into a key 34, which is adapted for manipulation by the thumb of a hand gripping handle II.

In the opposite walls 33 are parallel, substantially horizontal slots 35, which are swerved downwardly at their ends to form. notches 33 and 31. Between notches 36 and 31 the slot 35 slidably accommodates a fulcrum pin 38, which is mounted in the arbor 32.

A groove 48 extends down to a bottom 38 in the arbor 32, and accommodates a spring ll which is coiled onto pin 38; one of the ends 42 of said spring reacting upon the bottom 38 of groove 40, the other end 43 of said spring reacting upon the lever underneath the key 34 at the end thereof. Spring 4| presses the fulcrum pin 38 either into the notch or catch 38, as shown in the release position of Figs. 2 and 3, or into the notch or catch 31, as shown in the operating position of Fig. 1, it being readily possible to shift the lever from one notch onto the other by means of manipulation of the key 34.

By way of the handle 15, the vessel ll may be lifted off the cup l3, and may be positioned by the user above a dish or object, onto which some of the contents of the vessel II are to be dispensed. At his discretion the user presses the thumb part 34, thus releasing a portion of the contents of the vessel as desired.

In order to provide access of air to the vessel during evacuation thereof, a perforation 44 may be placed in customary manner in the cover ll, for instance underneath the lever 28.

When the fulcrum pin 38 is switched into the notch 36, and cover it is unscrewed and lifted off the vessel Ii, the spring 4i pushes the lever 28 into the position of Fig. 3, the ball 25 at the upper end of the valve I1, I8 being released from the lever, and remaining standing erect in the seat 2| at the bottom of vessel II.

If valve I1, I 8 stands erect in the vessel, thus closing the bottom outlet l6 thereof, the vessel may be filled by way of the uncovered intake. The cover i4 may the be screwed onto the top of the vessel Ii without disturbing the valve l7, l8 in the erect position, (in which the valve closes the bottom of the vessel). As the cover I is being screwed on, and the ball 25 emerges through the opening I! in the cover, hole 28 may engage in ball 25, and the lever 28 may be fully engaged upon the ball, if the lever is switched to the front, so that fulcrum pin 38 snaps out of notch 38 over into notch 31, into the position shown in Fig. 1.

Having thus described my invention in detail, I do not wish to be limited thereby, except as the state of the art and the appended claims may require, for it is obvious that various modifications and changes may be made in the form of embodiment of my invention, without departing from the spirit and scope thereof.

What I claim is:

1. In combination with a removable cover on a vessel, and a valve closing an outlet of said vessel, a chain of valve gearing for control of said valve and extending from said cover to said valve, and relatively releasable parts in said chain, separable upon bodily movement of one part transversely to the valve axis, said parts serving for operative connection from said cover to said valve when the cover is positioned on the vessel.

2. In combination with a removable cover on a vessel, and a valve closing an outlet of said vessel, a chain of valve gearing for control of said valve and extending through said cover to said valve, and relatively releasable parts in said chain, transversely separable from said valve while said cover remains stationary on said vessel, said parts serving for operative connection from the outside of said vessel to said valve when the cover is positioned on the vessel.

3. In combination, a receptacle having an open top and a bottom outlet, a valve normally supported on and closing said outlet, a cover through which a portion of said valve projects, valve operating means on said cover normally pressing said valve down to close said outlet, and means including a connection in said operating means having an element thereof bodilyshiftable transversely of the valve axis to disconnect said valve for enabling removal of said cover while said valve continues to close said outlet.

4. In combination, a vessel having an open top and a valve seat in its bottom, a valve supported on said seat and having an upwardly projecting rod, 9. cover on said top through which said rod projects, and valve operating means on said cover including a pivoted spring pressed operating member transversely connectible to the end of said valve rod and bodily shiftable relative to its,

ment transversely of the axes of said valve and of said cover, one of said parts being operatively mounted on said cover, the other one extending from said valve, said parts serving for operative connection from the outside of said vessel, to said valve when the cover is positioned on the vessel, and said parts being transversely separable to enable removal of the cover from the vessel while the valve continues to close said outlet.

6. In combination witha removable cover on a vessel, and a valve closing an outlet of said vessel, a chain of valve gearing for control of said valve and extending through said cover to said valve, and relatively releasable parts in said chain, one of said parts being manipulatably mounted on said cover, the other one extending from said valve, said parts serving for operative connection from the outside of the said vessel to said valve when the cover is positioned on the vessel, and said first mentioned part being movable transversely relative to the other part to disconnect the same and enable removal of the cover.

7. In combination with aremovable cover on a vessel, and a valve closing an outlet of said vessel, a chain of valve gearing for control of said valve and extending through said cover to said valve, and relatively releasable parts in said chain, one of said parts being operatively mounted on said cover and also bodily movable reversely relative thereto transversely relative to the valve axis, the other one extending from said valve and projecting through said cover, said /parts serving for operative connection from the outside of said vessel, to said valve when the cover is positioned on the vessel, and means for/ automatically connecting and disconnecting said parts upon reverse bodily movements of said flrstmentioned part relative to said cover.

8. In combination with a vessel, with a cover closing an intake of said vessel, and with a valve in said vessel closing an outlet thereof, and operated by way of said intake, means for operating said valve mounted on said cover, said means being movable into positions of disengagement from and of operative engagement with said valve, and a catch for engaging said means on said cover in said position of said operative engagement.

9. In combination with a vessel, with a cover closing an intake of said vessel, and with a valve in said vessel closing an outlet thereof and operated by way of said intake, means for operatin said valve mounted on said cover, said means being movable into positions of disengage ent from and of operative engagement wit /said valve, and catches for retaining said means and cover upon each other in said positions of relative disengagement and engagement.

10. In combination with a vessel, with a cover closing an intake of said vessel, and with a valve in said vessel closing an outlet thereof and operated by way of said intake, means for operating said valve mounted on said cover, said means being movable into positions of disengagement from and of operative engagement with said valve, a catch for engaging said means on said cover in said position of said operative engagement, and a spring pressing said valve into its seat and said catch into said engagement.

11. In combination with a vessel, with a cover closing an intake of said vessel, and with a valve in said vessel closing an outlet thereof and operated by way of said intake, means for operating said valve mounted on said cover, said means being movable into positions of disengagement from and of operative engagement with said valve, catches for retaining said means and cover upon each other in said positions of relativev disengagement and engagement, and a spring pressing said valve into its seat and said catches into the retainment referred to.

12. In combination with a vessel, with a cover closing an intake of said vessel, and with a valve in said vessel closing an outlet thereof and operated by way of said intake, a lever for operating said valve fulcrumed upon said cover and reversely shiftable upon said cover transversely relative to its fulcrum into and out of operative engagement with said valve.

13. In combination with a vessel, with a cover closing an intake of said vessel, and with a valve in said vessel closing an outlet thereof and operated by way of said intake, a lever for operating said valve fulcrumed upon said cover and shiftable into and out of operative engagement with said valve, and a fulcrum pin relatively rockably and slidably interconnecting said cover and lever.

14. In combination with a vessel, with a cover closing an intake of said vessel, and with a valve in said vessel closing an outlet thereof and operated by way of said intake, a lever for operating said valve iulcrume upon said cover and shiftable into and out of perative engagement with said valve, and a fulcrum pin mounted on said cover and slidably and rockably supporting said lever.

15. In combination with a vessel, with a cover closing an intake of said vessel, and with a valve in said vessel closing an odtlet thereof and operated by way of said intak a lever for operating said valve fulcrumed 1112i said cover and shiftable into and out of o rative engagement with said valve, and a' fulcrum pin mounted on said cover, said lever being adjustably accommodated upon said pin by way of a curved slot.

\ '16.'In combination with a vessel, with a cover closing an intake of said vessel. and with a valve in said vessel closing an outlet thereof and operated by way of said intake, a lever for operating said valve fulcrumed upon said cover and shiftable into and out of operative engagement with said valve, and a fulcrum pin mounted on said cover, said lever being adjustably accommodated upon said pin by way of a plurality of notches.

17. In combination with a vessel, a reciprocatable valve in said vessel closing an outlet of said vessel, 9. cover on said vessel guiding said valve in the direction in which it is reoiprocatable and sliding off said valve when removed from said vessel, and a key for operating said valve and movable on said cover transversely to said direction into and out of operative engagement.

18. In a device of the character described, a vessel, a valve, and a seat for said valve screwed onto said vessel and spun into said vessel in a rewed-on. position. I ALFRED F. DOEWE.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2652261 *Apr 20, 1948Sep 15, 1953Lawrence Presler JamesMachine for planting grass and clover seed
US2660334 *Jul 5, 1951Nov 24, 1953Jerome MarcusAir pump and accumulator
US2772819 *Apr 27, 1955Dec 4, 1956Avoset CompanyLever type dispenser system for pressurized containers
US2827210 *Jun 3, 1955Mar 18, 1958Ballard Claude MLiquid dispenser
US2879810 *Mar 12, 1956Mar 31, 1959Red Point CorpEncapsulating apparatus
US2881962 *Oct 8, 1957Apr 14, 1959Hausen Gerard EDispensing unit
US2886334 *Sep 9, 1953May 12, 1959Corson Brothers IncRotary scatterer
US3952917 *Jan 8, 1975Apr 27, 1976Otho C. CrousePerfume or cologne dispenser
US4161288 *Oct 5, 1976Jul 17, 1979Creative Dispensing Systems, Inc.Fluid dispenser method and apparatus
US4416395 *Sep 28, 1981Nov 22, 1983Gaubert Rene Jean MarieBulk liquid container, tap and tap assembly therefore
DE1203433B *Mar 8, 1960Oct 21, 1965Gerdes & CoBehaelter mit Einrichtung zur Abgabe von Teil-mengen seines Inhalts, sogenannter Honigspender
DE2760216C2 *Oct 4, 1977Mar 22, 1990Specialty Packaging Prod IncTitle not available
Classifications
U.S. Classification222/487, 222/474, 222/472, 222/179.5, 222/510, 222/509
International ClassificationA47G19/12, A47G19/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47G19/12
European ClassificationA47G19/12