|Publication number||US2170461 A|
|Publication date||Aug 22, 1939|
|Filing date||Jun 23, 1937|
|Priority date||Jun 23, 1937|
|Publication number||US 2170461 A, US 2170461A, US-A-2170461, US2170461 A, US2170461A|
|Original Assignee||Ben Pepperdine|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (18), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 22, 1939. B. PEPPERDINE coMBINATIioN FULLER Filed June 2s, 19:57
MN n NAW@ Patented Aug.22,1939 y t 2,170,461
UNITED sTATE's PATENT oEFlcE COMBINATION PULLER Ben Pepperdine, Chicago, Ill. Application 'June 23, 1937, Serial No. 149,898 Claims. (Cl. 29-85) The invention relates to improvements in comhexagonal abutment I4 formed on the rod III and bination pullers especially adapted for pulling whereby the ram II may be utilized as a handle grease retainers, truck axles, drive shaft pinions, member to hold the rod I0 against turning when generator pinions, gear sleeves, bushings and desired.
5 other parts from automobile wheels and other At its end opposite the handle I2, the rod I0 locations, the primary object of the invention is provided with an operating head I5 having being the provision of .a simple construction of three radiating rectangular slots I6 extending the character indicated which is highly eflcient therethrough. Loosely arranged in each ofthe irl use. I slots I6 is an elongated clamping arm I1 pro- 10 Another object of the invention is the provivided in one side with a notch I8 and at its other 10 sion of a construction of the character indicated side with a leaf spring I9 cooperating, as best so constructed and arranged as to be insertable shown in Figs. 6 and '1, to lock each clamping into comparatively small openings. arm releasably in its slot and permit of free Another object of the invention is the provirocking or swinging of each arm in its slot. By
sion. of a construction of the character indicated this arrangement it will be vnoted that the arms which is readily reversible so as to readily en- I1 may be readily removed and reversed in their gage either rings or the like or nuts or the like. slots by compressing the springs I9 sufficiently Another object of the invention is the provito release the notches I8 from the opposite sides sion of a construction of the character indicated of the slot, as indicated in Figs. 6 and 7, so as to which is of simple design and neat in appearrender them capable of engaging a ring by being 20 ance. inserted therethrough or engaging a nut by being Other objects will appear hereinafter. placed around the same, as will be readily .under- The invention consists in the combinations and stood. arrangements of parts hereinafter described and Associated with the operating head I5 is a maclaimed. .nipulating member 20 threaded to reversibly Aen- 25 The invention will be best understood by refgage the threads 2| on the rod I0 and provided erence to the accompanying drawing formingk a with an interior conical cam surface 22 adapted part of this specification and in which and arranged to contact with the rounded cam Fig. 1 is a partial side View, shown partially in surface 23 on the inner ends of the arms I1 as section, of a combination puller embodying the best indicated in Fig. 6 and whereby said arms 30 invention; v I1 may be readily forced apart to eiect engage- Fig. 2 an enlarged section taken substantially Ament with a ring or the like, as will be readily on line 2-2 of Fig. 1; understood. Wrench holes 24 are provided as Fig. 3 an'enlarged section taken substantially shown in the member 20 to facilitate turning of on line 3-3 of Fig. 1;- the same on the rod I0, a result which is also 35 Fig. 4 an end view o-f the construction shown facilitated by the handle action of the ram II,y in Fig. 1; as explained above. At their ends, the arms I1 Fig. 5 a view similar to Fig. 4 but showing the are provided with engaging shoulders 25 to faclamping arms retracted into the smallest possicilitate the action of the puller, as will be readble space; ily understood, and the inner surfaces of said 10 Fig; 6 a detail section taken through the clamparms are chamfered or beveled at 26 to permit ing head of the construction; and of said arms being brought closely together as Fig. 7 a detail section showing one of the indicated in Fig. 5, and whereby said arms may clamping arms reversed and arranged for engagbe inserted through a comparatively small opening a nut or the like. ing. 45 The embodiment of the invention illustrated When it is desired to utilize the puller for enin the drawings comprises a suitable guide rod gagement with a wheel nut, collar. or the like, I0 having aknurled ram II slidable thereon. the handle I2 and ram Il are removed from the At one end, the rod I0 is provided .with a removrod III and the manipulating member 20 reversed 'able handle member I2 which is removably on said rod as indicated in Fig. '7. The clamp- 50 threaded on the end of the rod I0 and also coning arms I1 are also reversed in their notches I6 stitutes an abutment against which the ram II so that the rounded cam surfaces 23 are engaged strikes in manipulatingthe puller. At its inner and cooperate with a conical exterior can surface end, the ram II is provided with a hexagonal 21 provided on the manipulatingmember 20 and socket I3 adapted and arranged' to receive a vwhereby the clamping arms I1 may be readily 55 manipulated to engage around a wheeljnut or the like, as will be readily understood by those skilled in this art.
When the clamping arms l'i have thus been engaged with an object to be pulled or removed, the ram H is utilized as a hammer by sliding it on the rod l to strikeagainst the abutment handle l2 thereby imparting shock to the engaged part to facilitate its release and removal.
By this arrangement, a simple and eiective constructionis provided which is capable of being inserted into recesses of considerable depth; which, owing tothe length of clamping arms possible, will have a considerable length of expansion; which, owing to the form of the clamping arms, will be capable of entering and operating in comparatively small recesses and openings; which requires no loose parts or attachments; which may be readily converted to engage either rings or the like and nuts or the like; and which is of simple design and neat in appearance. The specific form and arrangement of parts is a simple and eiective one for the purpose.
While I have illustrated and described the preierred form of construction for carrying the invention into effect, this is capable of variation and modification .without departing from the spirit of the invention. I therefore do not Wish to be limited to the precise details disclosed, but desire to avail myself of such variations and modifications as fall 'Within the scope of the appended claims.
1. A device of the class described comprising an operating handle; an operating head on said handle having slots extending therethrough; a clamping arm extending loosely through each of said slots; a. spring carried by, and releasably locking each arm in its slot; and a reversible manipulating member threaded on said handle and having both an interior and an exterior conical cam surface one cam surface and the arms co-operating in a certain arrangement of each to move the arms in one direction and, upon reversal of said arms and manipulating member, the other cam surface and said reversed arms co-operating to move the arms in the opposite direction.
2. A deviceof the class described comprising an operating handle; an operating headon said handle having slots extending therethrough; a clamping arm extending loosely through each of said slots; a spring mounted on one side and there'being a notch in the other side of each arm releasably locking it in its slot; and a reversible manipulating member threaded on said handle and having both an interior and an exterior conical cam surface one cam surface and the arms co-operating in a certain arrangement of each to move the arms in one direction and,
upon reversal of said arms and manipulating member, the other cam surface and said reversed each to move the arms in one direction and, upon reversal of said arms and manipulating member, the other cam surface and said reversed arms co-operating to move the arms in the opposite direction; and a ram slidable on said handle.
4. A device of the class described comprising an operating handle;. an operating head at one end of said handle having three radially arranged rectangular slots extending therethrough; a c'amping arm extending loosely through each of said slots; a spring mounted on one side and there being a notch in the other side'of each arm releasably locking it in its slot; a reversible manipulating member threaded on said handle and having both an interior and an exterior conical cam surface one cam surface and the arms co-operating in a certain arrangement of each to move the arms in one direction and.'
upon reversal of said arms and manipulating member, the other cam surface and said reversed arms co-operating to move the arms in the opposite direction; a ram slidable on 'said handle and having a socket polygonal in cross-section at one end; and a polygonal abutment on said handle engaging said socket.
5. A device of the class described comprising v an operating handle; a plurality of clamping arms reversibly mounted on said handle; and a reversible manipulating member threaded on said handle and having both an interior and an exterior conical cam surface one cam surface anc'- the arms co-operating in a certain arrangemenY of each to move the arms in one direction and, upon reversal of said arms and manipulating member, the'other cam surface and said reversed arms co-operating to move the arms in tne opposite direction.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2503426 *||Apr 15, 1946||Apr 11, 1950||Tower Miles E||Pulling device|
|US2924005 *||Feb 15, 1956||Feb 9, 1960||Pump cylinder liner puller|
|US3204444 *||Oct 28, 1960||Sep 7, 1965||Engel Albert W||Apparatus for repairing metal kegs|
|US3222915 *||Jul 16, 1962||Dec 14, 1965||Samuel M Swisher||Sheet metal puller|
|US3336652 *||Jun 30, 1966||Aug 22, 1967||Andre Ullmo||Screw operated bushing and bearing installing and removing tool with pivotal grippers on said screw and having impact means|
|US3469298 *||Oct 4, 1966||Sep 30, 1969||Atlas Pipe Popper Corp||Pipe pulling apparatus|
|US3739452 *||Sep 24, 1971||Jun 19, 1973||Gadberry W||Diesel engine injector puller|
|US4682395 *||Aug 1, 1986||Jul 28, 1987||Horst Klann||Device for pushing wheel flange hubs and splined flange hubs of motor vehicles out of a shaft bearing|
|US5163211 *||Jul 29, 1991||Nov 17, 1992||Michael Rubino||Pulling tool|
|US5211211 *||Jun 18, 1992||May 18, 1993||Michael Rubino||Pulling tool|
|US5349736 *||Feb 26, 1993||Sep 27, 1994||Hart To Sensible Products, Inc.||Method and tool for pulling clutch from washing-machine motor|
|US5479688 *||Mar 29, 1994||Jan 2, 1996||Sensible Products, Inc.||Pulling tool|
|US5606788 *||May 31, 1995||Mar 4, 1997||Rubino; Michael||Pulling tool|
|US6745447 *||Oct 24, 2001||Jun 8, 2004||John Antony Smith||Extractor for bushings and its associated method of use|
|US7228609||May 13, 2004||Jun 12, 2007||Smith John A||Extractor|
|US7356926 *||Dec 18, 2003||Apr 15, 2008||Honeywell International, Inc.||Removal tool and method of removing a bearing assembly|
|US20050005413 *||May 13, 2004||Jan 13, 2005||Smith John A.||Extractor|
|US20050132554 *||Dec 18, 2003||Jun 23, 2005||Honeywell International Inc.||Compact removal feature and removal tool for rolling element bearings|
|U.S. Classification||81/2, 29/261|
|International Classification||B25B27/073, B25B27/02|