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Publication numberUS2170571 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 22, 1939
Filing dateAug 12, 1936
Priority dateAug 12, 1936
Publication numberUS 2170571 A, US 2170571A, US-A-2170571, US2170571 A, US2170571A
InventorsMott Edward E
Original AssigneeBell Telephone Labor Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Acoustic device
US 2170571 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 22, 1939. E, E, MCT-r 2,170,571

ACOUSTIC DEVICE Filed Aug. l2, 1956 A TTORNEV Patented Aug. 22, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ACOUSTIC DEVICE Application August 12, 1936, Serial No. 95,537

5 Claims.

This invention relates to acoustic devices and, more particularly, to telephone receivers.

Objects of this invention are to improve the structure and increase the efliciency of telephone receivers, and to enable them to reproduce sound waves with greater fidelity to the original.

A feature of the invention comprises a diaphragm having an outer section or portion and a relatively thin central rigid portion.

Another feature comprises such a diaphragm in which the outer section is of magnetic material and the inner section is of a non-magnetic material.

Still another feature comprises a diaphragm having an annular planar section of magnetic material and a relatively thin rigid section closing the aperture in the planar section.

Still a further feature comprises a telephone receiver including a diaphragm having an outer section of magnetic material and magnetic structure having pole-piece means in spaced juxtaposition to the diaphragm at the inner boundary of the diaphragms outer section.

Other and further features will be evident from the description hereinafter.

A more complete understanding of the invention will be obtained from the detailed description which follows, read in conjunction with the appended drawing, the single figure showing in cross-section and to an enlarged scale, a telephone receiver embodying this invention The drawing discloses a fragment of a hand telephone set or handset comprising a handle I8 of insulating material having a receiver or receiver unit supporting end portion Il, an internally threaded annular insert l2, and a contact stud i3, conductors Il connected to the inert and stud being embedded therein. The receiver or receiver unit l5 comprises a metallic shell or case IB'laving a downwardly extending, externally threaded annular flange portion I1 for engagement with the insert I2, an upwardly extending, internally threaded annular flange portion I8, and an intermediate planar shelf portion I8. A magnetic core or pole-piece 20, comprising a central annular portion 2i and a radially outwardly extending flange portion 22, rests on the shelf i9. The pole-piece is clamped against the shelf by an externally threaded anis supported on the shoulder portion 26 of member 23 making a tight fit with the member 23 and the pole-piece. The magnet supports an energizing or signal-currents coil 21, the ends (not shown) of which are connected through the 5 shell and the contact spring 28 with the stud and insert of the handle.

A diaphragm 30 is clamped at its peripheral portion to the upper surface or rim 3l of member 23 by an L-shaped externally and internally l0 threaded clamping member 32 that engages with the member 23. A receiver cap or earpiece 33 having a. central recess 34 and apertures 35 for the egress of sound waves, is coupled to the clamping means by the internally threaded flange 15 portion 36. The diaphragm comprises an outer, annular section or member 31 of magnetic material and an inner or central, relatively thin, preferably stiffened, dome-shaped section or member 38. Section 38 projects into the sub- 20 stantially cylindrical air-space or chamber 38 and has a narrow, planar peripheral annulus 40 cemented, soldered, or otherwise fastened to the inner peripheral portion of the section 31. The pole face Il is in spaced juxtaposition to the 25 inner peripheral portion of the diaphragm outer section, separation being determined by the thickness of the shim 2l.

'I'he diaphragm is a composite structure. Section 31 may be of magnetic iron .010 to .015 inch 80 in thickness with an inner diameter of 'ya inch and an outer diameter of 1H inches. Section 38 may be of a light-weight high-strength material such as duralumin or magnesium, about .001 inch in thickness. The simple disc type of armature of the ordinary telephone receiver serves both as a radiatorof sound waves and as a driving armature. The composite diaphragm described separates these two functions. The light center section functions as a sound radiator; the relan tively heavier outer section functions primarily as the armature, and is confined to the immediate vicinity of the pole-piece and associated magnetic structure. A sound radiating structure having a low mass in proportion to its area is obd tained, together with a highly efficient magnetic circuit. The magnetic structure approximates a toroidal structure provided with an air-gap which has a very low leakage coefficient and a low percentage of leakage flux.

Certain features of acoustic devices of the type shown and described herein are claimed in the application Serial No. 167,546, filed October 6, 1937, of Albert L. Thuras.

While this invention has been disclosed with 5l reference to a single embodiment, it is to be understood that it is not limited thereto, but only by the scope of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. A telephone receiver comprising a pole-piece member having an annular portion terminating in a pole face at one end and having an outwardly projecting ange portion at its other end, an outer annular pole member, a. diaphragm supported at its periphery at one end of said outer member and spaced from said pole face, and means for determining the separation between said pole face and diaphragm including a space member between the other end of said outer member and the flange portion.

2. A telephone receiver comprising a pole-piece member having a substantially annular portion having a pole face at one end and an outwardly extending planar flange portion at its other end, a spacer member on the peripheral portion of said ange portion, an annular pole member resting at one end on said spacer member, and a. diaphragm supported on the other end of said pole member and spaced from said pole face, the separation being determined by the thickness of the spacer member.

3. A telephone receiver as claimed in the preceding claim, in which said pole member has a. shoulder portion intermediate its ends, and including a permanent magnet supported on said shoulder portion and extending between said annular member and the pole-piece member.

4. An acoustic device comprising a magnetic structure having coaxial inner and outer polepieces, means at one end of said pole-pieces spacing said pole-pieces longitudinally so that the other end of -the inner pole-piece terminates in a plane a predetermined distance below the terminal plane of the corresponding end of the outer pole-piece, said outer pole-piece having an internal seating surface intermediate the ends thereof, a magnet between said pole-pieces and seated on said surface, means clamping said polepieces, magnet and spacing means together, and a diaphragm having a magnetic portion in juxtaposition to said other end of said inner polepiece.

5. An acoustic device comprising a magnetic actuating structure including a pair of coaxial annular pole-pieces mounted one Within the other, the diameter of the inner pole-piece being substantially one-half the diameter of the outer pole-piece, means spacing said pole-pieces at one end whereby the other end of the inner polepiece terminates in a plane a predetermined distance below the terminal plane of the corresponding end of the outer pole-piece, and a diaphragm including a at, exible, annular magnetic portion having its inner edge in juxtaposition to said other end of said inner pole-piece and having its outer edge portion seated on said corresponding end of said outer pole-piece, said diaphragm including also a non-magnetic rigid dished central portion joined to the inner edge portion of said annular magnetic portion.

. EDWARD E. MOTT.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2506609 *Jun 18, 1947May 9, 1950Bell Telephone Labor IncRing armature telephone receiver
US2506624 *Jun 18, 1947May 9, 1950Bell Telephone Labor IncElectroacoustic transducer
US2535757 *Jun 25, 1946Dec 26, 1950Root John JPeripherally driven electroacoustical transducer
US2566849 *Oct 19, 1946Sep 4, 1951Bell Telephone Labor IncElectroacoustic transducer
US2567365 *Aug 4, 1948Sep 11, 1951Bell Telephone Labor IncPolarized operator for telephone receivers
US2658805 *May 27, 1949Nov 10, 1953Gen ElectricRepulsion type magnetic suspension
US5323133 *Jul 15, 1992Jun 21, 1994Lord CorporationMethod and apparatus for making electrical connection with a movable member
DE1108267B *Sep 12, 1958Jun 8, 1961Siemens AgElektroakustischer Wandler mit Ringanker
WO1994002952A1 *Jul 15, 1993Feb 3, 1994Lord CorporationMethod and apparatus for making electrical connection with a movable member
Classifications
U.S. Classification381/417, 335/231, 181/137
International ClassificationH04R11/00
Cooperative ClassificationH04R11/00
European ClassificationH04R11/00