|Publication number||US2173087 A|
|Publication date||Sep 19, 1939|
|Filing date||Jul 3, 1936|
|Priority date||Jul 31, 1935|
|Publication number||US 2173087 A, US 2173087A, US-A-2173087, US2173087 A, US2173087A|
|Inventors||Erich Eissmann Oswald|
|Original Assignee||Muller J C & Co|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (21), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Pare tedS'ep -1it 9 UNITED STATES.
arzaoar ronacoo son'rme AND surname Oswald Erich Ei ssmann, Richmond, Va., assignor to. "Universelle ,Cigarettenmaschineniabflk J. O. Mueller a 00., Dresden, Germany Application July s, 1936,. Serial No. 88,712
- in Germany July 81,'1935 5Claims. (oi. 131-80) Y The present invention relates to improvements in a tobacco sorting and separating machine of the type employing an air current.
An object of the present invention is to pro- 5 'vide a device for separating heavy particles of tobacco including stems from leaf particles and simultaneously washing the'leaf particles in an air stream.
Another object is to combine a coarse sorting l devicewith a separating device and in which the separation is accomplished by means of the rela- .tion between the weight of the portions of the tobacco and the velocity or the; induced air current. 4 I
II A further object is to provide a simple and readily constructed unitary machine for use in combination with a tobacco shredding machine to sort and separate the shredded particles.
In contradistinction to the above type of de- 20 vice the present invention aims to separate the heavy portions oftobacco such as the stems from the leaf portions which have been torn from the stems and at the same time to sluice or wash the whole body of tobacco portions in the ,current as of air which eifects the separation of the stems from the leaves. Thereafter a further separation of the leaves from the threads, dust, etc.,
is brought about. 7 j
With the foregoing and other objects in view,
it the invention will be more fully described hereinafter, and will be more particularly pointed out in the claims appended hereto.
In the drawing Figure 1 is a longitudinal vertical section: taken as through a combination tobacco shredder and sorting and separating machine;
Figure 2 is a partial view in section of the portions of the shredder; and m Figure 3 shows the positioning of the teeth of the shredder in respect to each other.
Raw leaf tobacco is fed into a hopper l which is composed of the sloping bottom plate 2 and the baflie 28. The bai'ile 20 has a vertical side forming part of the hopper i and also a sloping 45 side which forms with the bottom plate 2 a channel 8 which has the effect of compacting the -body oi leaves fed ,to the machine. Tobacco passing through said channel 3 enters a shredding chamber which is formed of a top plate 2i,
' so curved grating 8 and bottom curved gratings iii and II. In this shredding chamber is placed a rotating comb formedby the rotatable block 8 which is iournaled in opposite sides of the machine and which has at its opposite edges, comb.
55 plates 8 with blades or teeth 4 projecting beyond the edge o'f'the block 4, all of which is shown in 1 Figure 1.
This comb block 8 is rotated in. a counterclockwise direction by the motor 22 which operates on the large pulley 28 at one side of the 5 machine. Alongside of the comb and extending parallel thereto is a cylindrical roller 1 journaled at opposite sides of the machine and-having on its face spaced spikes or blades-8 which are located o'nthe roller. I to fit into the interstices 10 between the blades 4 of the comb block.
. From Figure 8, it will be notedthat the teeth 4 of each set of comb plates 5 on comb block 8, are arranged in staggered relation to each other or oflset in respect to each otherin respect to 16 their circular paths of movement.- There is a much larger number of blades 8 on the roller 1 than there are blades 4 on comb block 6. The blades 8 in each adjacent pair are so arranged that they are also oflset from each other or in a 20 staggered. relation in respect to their circular paths of movement. Roller l rotates in about twice the speed of rotation as block 6. In view of the staggered relation of the blades 4 with respect to eachother and of the pairs of blades 8 with respect to each other, as these blades inter-engage, the blades 8 first move along one side of the blades or teeth4, and the next set of blades 8 moves along the opposite side of the blades 4. The circular paths of movement of the blades 8 and 4 are so disposed that one side of a blade 8 wipes one side of a blade 4, and
then the other side of that same blade 8 wipes the opposite side ofthe next offset blade 4. By such alternate action, as illustrated in Figure 3, an efficient cleaning oil or elimination of such substances as would otherwise accumulate, re-' sults. Rawtobacco contains a certain amount of moisture which, with portions of the leaves and stems, accumulates in a scribed arrangement of blades, and as clearly shown in Figure 3. I
The roller I is rotated in a clockwise direction by the motor 22 which turns the small pulley 5 24 located in the plane of the large pulley 23 and of the materials, to be described hereafter. In
the bottom of this box 21 is placeda'removable tray I: for the above purpose.
V gummed state, and 0 Y which condition is obviated'by the aforesaid de Raw tobacco leaves fed in the hopper I pass through the channel 3 and are caught by blades 4 of the rotating comb block and carried down against the grating l0 which is concentric with the are of the comb. The leaves .50 carried are freed from a great many impurities, such as sand, and the like, and such impurities fall through the openings in the grating l0 and are collected upon the removabletray l2. The leaves themselves are carried around to a position at which the more rapidly spinning blades 8 can shred them from the stems. The stems and leaves are thrown up through the openings in the grating 9 into the separating device to be described below. Such of the particles as are not thrown clear of the blades 8 through the grating 9 are carried below and thrown against the grating II which is concentric with the roller 1 and are freed of a great quantity of their entrained impurities and dust. By friction, particles caught against the grating II will be eventually picked up and thrown through the grating 9 into the separator and sorter. In the lower part of the space 13, these particles are subjected to a whirling motion which serves to clean the same.
The separator and sorter consist in a hood 28 which extends upward over the grating 9 for a distance and then extends horizontally and is attached to a pipe H which is used to draw out air from the separator and sorter. A suction wheel 52 or the like, draws air through the apparatus, which air enters at the channel ll. Under the hood 28 is placed a partition 29 which extends substantially vertically and to which is opposed below the grating 9 the short vertical wall 30 of the supporting box 21. Partition 29 together with the vertical wall 30 forms a trap for the heavy stems of tobacco projected through grating 9. Such stems fall between the members .29 and 30 in the channel l4 and are collected in a suitable container placed therebeneath. Between the partition and the grating 9, is an expandible space and the velocity of air flow is decreased in this space which permits the relatively heavy stems to iall by gravity. Such particles consist mainly in stems which may have very small particles of leaf still attached. The
height of the partition 29 as well as the height of the hood 28, is governed by the force of the air flow used, the weight of the tobacco, the de-' gree to which it is shredded and other factors which are apparent to those employing this type of device. Or, the air blast and its intensity can be regulated by a suitable valve or regulator, as 59. Thereby the suction or induced air flow at 5| may be regulated. Special importance is placed upon this suction action in contrast to the old use of compressed air. Beneath the hood 28 at a point beyond the top of the partition 29,
is located a tapering receptacle having a wall 3| hinged at 32 and leaning against the top of partition 29. The opposite wall 33 is connected to the exhaust pipe IT. The pivot 32 and the lower end of the plate or wall 33 are connected to a.
trough 34 which runs transversely of the ma chine and is open at the top and bottom. Below the trough 34 is located an enlarged chamber l3 containing the rotating vanes l9 driven at low speed from the pulley 35 on the end of the rotating comb block 6, by means of a connecting belt 36 which passes over the pulley 31. The vanes l9 serve to keep the bottom of the conical receptacle clear and to prevent clogging by tobacco particles in the trough 3|. The vanes l9 propel the tobacco'particles downward through the chute 38 below which is placed a suitable receptacle. Extending transversely of the tapering receptacle and connected at the top to the hood 28 andat the bottom to the trough 34 is a screen or sieve [6 which extends completely across the tapering rceptacle.
It will, therefore, be apparent that the particles of tobacco thrown through the grating 9 are caught in the air stream flowing between the shredder and the pipe ll. Such particles as are of relatively great weight will not be able to climb over the partition 29 and so must fall through the channel ll into a receptacle. Certain of the particles as are sufliciently light to climb over the partition 29 on the air stream will be thrown against the transverse screen I6 and others will descend into trough 34, while others will pass through the screen. The particles which are thrown against the screen l5 will be held there for a'short space of time and will be blown clean of practically all of the loose dust and other impurities carried thereby. Such impurities are carried out of the device through the pipe I1.
The angularity of the partition 29 is adjustable by supporting the partition upon side plates 39 which are connected to the opposite sides of the machine by means of clamping bolts 40 passing through slots in the side plates 39. As the side plates and the partition are adjusted the hinged wall 3| of the conical receptacle swings about its pivot 32 to follow the top of the battle 29. This adjustment of the partition 29 serves to change the size of the channel I4 and also to some extent' the height of the partition.
Of course, all of the tobacco thrown into the air screen from the shredder I will be washed or sluiced by the current of air flowing through the device and the stems due to their heavier weight will'descend into the channel 14. The lighter tobacco leaves are drawn by the'air current, and due to the relatively extensive shape of the interior of the apparatus between the portions designated by reference characters 23 and I1 and the decrease in the velocity of the air current,
-will cause the leaves by their weight to descend into the trough 34. Certain other foreign matter as, for instance, feathers, parts of packing, string, etc., are impacted against the screen [6, which, however, permits the still light particles such as dust and the like to pass through the interstices into pipe ll. These operations depend upon the relation of the air flow to the weight of the respective constituents. Of course, the screen l6 may be cleaned from time to time. The leaves are not impacted against screen I. Also it will be noted that thespace generally indicated by I3, is such as to reduce the velocity, which enables the stems to drop into space M. The stems do not impact upon partition 23. In the lower constricted portion a current of air may take place permitting the stems to drop but the leaves would be drawn upwardly.
While the figures of the drawing show only a longitudinal section of the device it is to be understood that the box 21 supporting the shredder has as side plate I and a. corresponding opposite side plate which has been removed for the purpose of illustration. The roller I and block 6 are journaled in those opposite side plates. simi larly the chamber of the sorting and separating device is provided with a side plate 32 and a like opposite side plate not shown. It is to these opposite side plates that the plates 39 of the partition 23 are'attached, likewise the vanes I! are journaled in the opposite side plates.
The size or-the chamber, height of the partition, mesh of the screen it and strength oi the induced air current-are proportioned to permit the inachine'to operate as described.
Between the bottom otthe partition II and the side of the chamber l8, containing the vanes I8, is located a bracing plate I! which is iastened to the opposite side plates 42 and which serves to reinforce the device and strengthen the struc ture including the chamber It. This plate is cut away at the end nearest the partition 2! to permit adjustment '0! this member to vary the size of the channel ll.
:It will be seen that by the induced air flow into the separator and sorter and due to the,rela- I tionship oi velocity to weight, separation .is brought about. a
Reference is made to my co-pending application, Serial No. 98,917, filed September 1, 1936, for Separating devices. p
It is obvious thatvariouschanges and modi-. fications may be made in the detailsot construction and design of the above specifically described embodiment of this invention without departing from the spiritthereoi, such changes and modifications being restricted only by the scope of the following claims.
1. In a tobacco sorting and separating device for shredded tobacco, comprising a housing hav-v ing a front wall, a partition arranged transverse ly in said housing and extending from the lower part of the housing towards the upper part thereof in an unbroken wall and converging to the said front housing'wall to i'orma compartment, the uppermost end of the partition forming with the uppermostwall or. the housing -a narrow- .channel, an air inlet at one end of thesaid com- H partment for the entrance 01 air to said compart-- ment, said air inletbeing arranged in proximity. to the lower-end oi the partition and serving to admit air and as .a discharge for heavy tobacco particles, a conduit having its lower enddn registration with such-air inlet, said-conduit being formed by said partition, the walls of the housing and a separatewall, the partition and the front wall oi,-th e housing forming the compartment conver ng in respect to each other towards the narro channelto enable streams of air of dif'-' ggflferent velocities to be formed in the compartment, an air outlet at the other end or the housing, means at said. outlet end for producing induced streams of air through said compartment beginning at the air inlet oi'the conduit, means 55 for supplying shredded particles oi tobacco into the induced air streams of, said compartment,
- and means-tor removing the particles discharged into said narrow channel whereby the tobacco particles in the compartment heavier than those capable of being drawn upwardly over the partition descend through said airinlet and out of the conduit, other particles in the compartmentare subjected to various air velocities-and those particles capable oi being drawnup by the induced air over the partition descend to the removing means th'ereoffi 1 2. In a tobacco sorting and: separating device for shredded tobacco, comprising a housing having a front wall, a partition arranged transversely in said housing and extending 'iromthe. lower part of the housing towards the upper-part thereof in an unbroken wall dividing the housing into two compartments,-said partition being upwardw ly and rearwardly inclined, the upper-mosh end 75 oi the partition forming with the uppermost tition, the walls or the housing said means having oithe'housing a narrow channel, anair inlet in one compartment at one end oi the housing ior supplying air to said compartment. said -air'inlet being arranged ii -proximity to the lower end of the partition. and serving to admit airand as a discharge for :heavy tobacco particles, a conduit 'having its lowerend in registration with such air inlet, said conduit being iormedby said par; and a separate wall, the partition and the irontwail o! the hous- 1 ing iorming the first compartment converging in respect to each other towards-the narrow'channel to enable streams or air or difierent'velocities to be formed in the first compartment, an air outlet at the other end of the housing and in the second compartment, means at said outlet end tor-producing induced streams of air through both compartments beginning at the air inlet of the conduit, means 101 throwing shredded particlesof tobacco into the inducedair streams, its discharge above the air. inlet channel, and means in the. second-compartment for removing the particles entering'into said compartment, whereby the tobaccoparticles in the first compartment heavier than those capable of being drawn upwardly over the partition descend through said air inlet and out of the conduit,-other particles in the first compartmentare subjected to various air velocities, and those particles capable of being drawn up by the induced a air over the partition enter the second compartment anddescend to the removingmeans thereoi'.
- 3. In a tobacco machine, a shredder for leaf tobacco, a sorting and separating deviceior the shredded tobacco, said shredder; comprising a rotatable comb, a shredding roller rotatable in the opposite direction from the comb and having spikes fitting between the teeth of said comb and having wiping smite-ment therewith, said comb being adapted to hold a tobacco leaf and said roller being adapted .to tear the leaf so held, a grating over said shredding roller extending between said shredder and said sorting and separating device so that rotation oi. said roller throws-'shredded tobacco into said device, a grating beneath said comb and shredding roller to permitpassage or dust and impurities from the tobacco being shredded to a position outside of theshredder; said sorting and separating device having a chamber. means for producing a stream or airfiowing through the chamber from end toend, said grating over the shredding roller being at the intake end of said stream or air, means in the chamber for sorting out heavier shredded tobacco thrown thereinto bysaid shredding roller, and means in the chamber for separating lighter shredded tobacco from the' stream '01811:
4. In a shredded tobacco sorting andseparat ing device, the combination-oi a member with blades thereon, said blades-being in oilset relation to each other intheir circular path oi movement,.and a second member withspikes thereon, said. spikes being inoii'set relation ,to eachotherin their circular path. or movement whereby upon the rotation of said members, a wiping interengagement of-both blades and spikes takes place by whichv the shredded tobacco between said spikes 'and blades is separated and cleaned from the same, the circular paths of movementof the 1. blades and spikes being so disposed that one,sideat a blade wipes one side oi a spike, and then the 5 other side of that blade wipes the oppositelside oi a next oiiset spike.
s. m a tobacco sortingvand a meja I I for shredded tobacco, having a housing, a separated tobacco discharge means, and an induced air means for said housing, the combination of .two walls, an outer and an inner wall, forming part of said housing, said outer and inner walls converging towards each other to form a narrow channel at their upper ends, and said outer and inner walls diverging from each other to form at their lower ends furthest spaced from each other, a wide opening, a third wall spaced from the lower end of the inner wall, the lower end of the said third wall forming with the lower end of the inner wall an air inlet, and a tobacco supply means bridging the lower end of the outer wall and the upper end of the third wall, at the widest distance of the diverging outer and inner walls, whereby upon air being drawn through the air inlet and through the tobacco supply means by induced air in the narrow channel, air streams of difi'erent velocities are induced between the outer and inner walls, and particles heavier than those capable of being drawn upwardly descend along the inner wall, while those sufficiently light are drawn along by their respective velocities to and through the narrow channel.
OSWALD ERICH EISSMANN.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2643768 *||Feb 20, 1947||Jun 30, 1953||American Machine Dev Corp||Separating apparatus|
|US2658617 *||Feb 4, 1950||Nov 10, 1953||Imp Tobacco Co Ltd||Tobacco cleaner and classifier|
|US2667174 *||Nov 28, 1947||Jan 26, 1954||American Machine Dev Corp||Apparatus and method for ripping and assorting tobacco leaves|
|US2701570 *||Sep 25, 1948||Feb 8, 1955||American Machine Dev Corp||Apparatus for threshing and winnowing tobacco leaves|
|US2755930 *||Apr 6, 1951||Jul 24, 1956||American Mach & Foundry||Tobacco and dust separating apparatus|
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|US3238952 *||Apr 17, 1964||Mar 8, 1966||American Tobacco Co||Apparatus for determining stem content of tobacco|
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|US4729388 *||Mar 14, 1986||Mar 8, 1988||G.D Societa' Per Azioni||Cigarette manufacturing machine with a tobacco particle separator|
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|US5358121 *||May 9, 1994||Oct 25, 1994||Aluminum Company Of America||Method and apparatus for heavy material separation|
|US5427248 *||Oct 20, 1994||Jun 27, 1995||Mactavish Machine Manufacturing Co.||Apparatus for the separation of tobacco lamina from tobacco stem|
|US7383840||Mar 14, 2005||Jun 10, 2008||Universal Leaf Tobacco Company, Inc.||Apparatus for scanning and sorting tobacco leaves|
|US8281931||Sep 18, 2009||Oct 9, 2012||Key Technology, Inc.||Apparatus and method for post-threshing inspection and sorting of tobacco lamina|
|US20050199252 *||Mar 14, 2005||Sep 15, 2005||Universal Leaf Tobacco Company, Inc.||Apparatus and method for scanning and sorting tobacco leaves|
|US20110067714 *||Sep 18, 2009||Mar 24, 2011||Harry Drewes||Apparatus and method for post-threshing inspection and sorting of tobacco lamina|
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|DE1169350B *||Apr 14, 1960||Apr 30, 1964||Hauni Werke Koerber & Co Kg||Schlagwerkzeug an einer Vorrichtung zum Entrippen von Tabak|
|EP0398066A1 *||Apr 30, 1990||Nov 22, 1990||GARBUIO S.p.A.||Threshing device|
|U.S. Classification||131/312, 209/35, 209/139.1, 131/84.3, 131/109.2, 99/570|
|International Classification||A24B5/10, A24B5/00|