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Publication numberUS2173550 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 19, 1939
Filing dateJul 14, 1937
Priority dateJul 17, 1936
Publication numberUS 2173550 A, US 2173550A, US-A-2173550, US2173550 A, US2173550A
InventorsCoanda Henri
Original AssigneeCoanda Henri
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Exhaust of gases from engines
US 2173550 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. i9, 1939. v S A 2,173,550

EXHAUST 0F GASES FROM ENGINES Oxiginal Filed July 17, 1936 2 Sheet s-Sheet l |NVENTOR= HENRI COANDA TfORNEYj .p'gten ed si i. is, 1939 4 UNITED STATES I PATENT orrics 91,062. Divided and this application July 14, 1937,Serlal No. 153,499. In France July 17, 1935 The present application, which is a division of nw copending application Ser. No. 91,062, filed July 1'7, 1936, relates to exhaust systems for internal combustion engines. 1

In the above mentioned application, it was explained that the flow of the exhaust gases from an engine cylinder through the outlet valve or port of said cylinder imparts to said gases both a rotary movement and a flattening ofthe gaseou' stream escaping with a high velocity past said valve or port. It is advantageous to maintainthis rotary movement of the gaseous stream and its localized flattening for ensuring ejection of the gas in the form of thin sheets.

The object of the present'invention is not only to maintain this flattened shape of the gaseous stream as far as the final outlet to the atmosphere or the "point of use. in order to facilitate the outflow, but also to increase this rotary move-' 2o ment by a suitable guiding of the gases in such manner that} as a'consequence of their accentuated gyratory movement, the gases develop a centrifugal force-which opposes any return movement or even tendency of flow of the exhaust gases toward the cylinder, and eliminates any detrimental counter-pressure as might exist during the exhaust of the gases, such as it occurs often in the exhaust pipes employed at the present time. I For-this purpose, according to an essential feature of the, present invention, directly after the exhaust orifices of the engine, where the gaseous sheet flowing at high velocity has turned over itself and flattened, I provide a tube, or tubes, of flattened section having, over a certain distance, a spiral or helical shape. This tube, .or system of tubes, which is wound either around a cylinder or around a cone, directs the gases according to their natural tendency and further accentuates itin any desired direction, which may be wholly different, after a certain path, from the general direction of said gases when issuing from the cylinder. This flow of the gases through at least one flat tube helically wound about an axis along the surface either of a cylinder or of a cone permits of producing the desired centrifugal force. When the centrifugal force is sufilclent it is unnecessary to keep giving a gyratory movement to the gases. The gases then escape into the atmosphere or into silencers or mufflers, preferably of the type including thin slots with one of the lips of said slots prolonged and curving away from the direction of theslot, as described-in my prior Patent No. 2,046,017. 55 When the fiat tubes consist of true tubes heli- 6 Claims. (01. ell-s2) cally wound about an axis, it suflices to prolong them slightly in a direction practically at-right.

angles to, said axis- When the so-called flat tubes are constituted by the space existing between the spires of two 5 helical surfaces generated by a sheet wound'in the annular space between two parallel cylin-f ders, it sumces to provide a slot in the external cylinder and to fit it with a net outlet tube element of corresponding section making a predeter l mined angle with the axis of the cylinder for causing the gases to flow out without shock into said outlet tube. Preferably, this outlet tube will be combined with a silencer advantageously acting in a manner analogous to a' trompe, as 1 above referred to, and devised in such manner as not to interfere in any way with the flow of the gases. Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be hereinafter described, with reference '20 to the accompanying drawings, given merely by way of example and in which: Fig. 1 is an axial vertical sectional view of an outlet .valve showing, in a diagrammatic manner in'this case, have a centripetal action;

Fig. 1a is a plan view corresponding to said Fig. Fig. 2 is an .elevational view, partly in section, of a valvefitted with an exhaust tube according ,to the invention: I a i Fig. 2a is a corresponding view on a smaller scale; j

Fig. 3 is a view similar to Fig. 2 and correspond! ing to a modification;

the path of travel of the exhaust gases, which, 25

Fig. a is an endview of the device shown by j mag Fig. is a diagrammatic vertical sectional view I of another form of flatv tube according to ,the w present invention; 40

Fig. 5 shows, in perspective view, with parts in section, an embodiment of the present invention; Fig. 6 is a section on the line VIVI of Fig. 5. Referring to Fig. l, which shows a valve i having a stem 2 and adapted to fit on a conical seat 3 theapex angleof which is or, experience teaches that. in view of the eddies created in the cylinder head, the gases escaping through the valve chamher are given a rotary movement (illustrated by the arrows) which'causes them to turn alwaysin the same direction about the axis of stem 2.. Experience also teaches that the helical movement, thus created is maintained, after passage of the gases between the valve and its seat, in, the tube into which said valve opens. v 1 56 In accordance with the principle of the above mentioned prior application, the exhaust gases pass from chamber 4 (valve chamber) into a tube 5 the inner end of which forms an element having a conventional (circular) cross section at its her 4 (before the outer edge of the flange sursifies it, until it is suflicient in order that, when rounding said outlet). From this point on, according to the essential feature of the present invention, the tubular conduit 5, which is now of substantially rectangular cross section is helically wound around an axis 6, and the outlet of said tubular conduit 5 extends away from said axis 6, at I, in a direction substantially at right angles to said axis 6.

In the embodiment illustrated by Fig. 2a, 8 is the cylinder, 9 the inlet valve, Hi the valve chamber, H the spark plug. It will be readily understood that the gases flowing, as a consequence of eddies or for any other reason, with the helical movement indicated by arrow F, keep moving with a whirlwind movement when they escape through exhaust valve l and penetrate into tube 5, the portion of which that is wound helically accompanies this movement and intenescaping through the end of said tube 5, there may be created, behind each sheet of gas a suction suflicient for drawing out the successive gas sheets that escape, without any possibility of return to the engine cylinder.

Figs. 3 and 3a show a tube such as 5 but which is wound about an axis at right angles to the general direction of the gases issuing from the exhaust yalve cl \amber.

Fig. 4 shows a modification in theconstruction of the'helical tube for obtaining an equivalent of the flat tubes wound about an axis extending in the general direction of the gas outflow, as

in the case of Fig. 1.

In this embodiment, the flat tubes are constituted by the space existing between two helical of the annular space between cylinders I4 and l5.. As shown by Fig. 5, these threads cease at a distance from said end, and the gases keep turning with the helical movement. I

According as the case may be, the inflow of the gases into the helical flat spaces thus formed I may take place either at right angles or parallel to the axis l3 of cylinders I4 and I5, or even in any other way. Preferably, the outflow of the gases from the helical spaces takes place through an elongated slot 18 parallel to axis l3 and joined with a straight flat tube into which the gases flow out.

In a general manner, while I have, in the above description, disclosed what I deem to be practical and eflicient embodiments of the present invention, it should be well understood that I do not wish to be limited thereto as there might be changes made in the arrangement, disposition and form of the parts without departing from the principle of the present invention as comprehended within the scope'of the accompanying claims.

What I claim is: 1. In an internal combustion engine, the combination of exhaust means, having an opening of conventional cross section, at least one tube element directly connected with said exhaust means, said tube having a similar conventional cross section at its connection to said exhaust means and being gradually altered in form so as to be flattened and turned over upon itself in the form of a twisted band at the point where the gaseous sheet rotating about itself assumes, in its portion flowing at high velocity and high pressure, a flattened or ribbon shape, said point being spaced a short distance exteriorly of said exhaust means, a tubular conduit of flat section directly prolonging said tube element and helically wound so as to accommodate and accentuate the gyratory motion of said gaseous sheet, whereby the latter undergoes a high centrifugal action, and outlet means for said tubular conduit extending tangentially thereto in a direction at right angles to the axis about which said conduit is helically wound.

2. In an internal combustion engine, the combination of exhaust means, having an opening of conventional cross section, at least one tube element directly connected with said exhaust means, said tube-having a similar conventional cross section at its connection to said exhaust means and being gradually altered in form so as to be flattened and turned over upon itself in the form of a twisted band at the point where the gaseous sheet rotating about itself assumes, in its portion rotating at high velocity and high pressure, a flattened or ribbon shape, said point being spaced a short distance exteriorly of said exhaust means, a tubular conduit of flat section directly prolonging said tube element and helically wound along a cylindrical surface about the axis there of, so as toaccommodate and accentuate the gyratory motion of said gaseous sheet, whereby the latter undergoes a high centrifugal action, and. outlet means for said tubular conduit extending tangentially thereto in .a direction at right angles to said axis.

3. In an internal combustion engine, the combination of exhaust means, having an opening of conventional cross section, at least'one tube elementdirectly connected with said exhaust means, said" tube having a similar conventional cross section at its connection to said exhaust means and being gradually altered in form so as to be flattened and turned over upon itself in the form of a twisted band at the point where the gaseous sheet rotating about itself assumes, in. its portion flowing at high velocity and high pressure, aflattened or ribbon shape, said point being spaced a short distance exteriorly of said exhaust means, a tubular conduit of flat section directly prolonging said tube element and helically wound so, as to" accommodate and accentuate the gyratory motion of said gaseous sheet, whereby the latter undergoes a high centrifugal action, and an outlet element carried by said tubular conduit tangentially thereto and at right angles to said axis.

4. In an internal combustion engine, the combination of exhaust means, having an opening of conventional cross section, at least one tube element directly connected with said exhaust means, said tube having a similar conventional cross section. at its connection to said exhaust means and being gradually altered in form so as to be flattened and turned over upon itself in being spaced a short distance exteriorly of said exhaust means, two coaxial cylinders, at least one strip extending helically in the annular space between said cylinders, so as to form a helical flat conduit therein, said helical flat conduit communicating at one endwith said tube element so as to prolong it and to accommodate and accentuate the gyratory motion of said gaseous sheet, whereby the latter undergoes a high centrifugal action, and outlet means for said helical flat conduit provided at the opposite end thereof and extending tangentially thereto and at right angles to the axis of said cylinders.

'5. In an internal combustion engine, the combination of exhaust means, having an opening of conventional cross section, at least one tube element directly connected with said exhaust means, said tube having a similar conventional cross section at its connection to said exhaust means-and being gradually altered in form so as to be flat of a twisted band at the point where the gaseous sheet rotating about itself assumes, in its portion flowing at high velocity and high pressure,

a flattened or ribbon shape, said point being spaced a short distance exterlorly of said exhaust means, two coaxial cylinders,.at least one strip extending helically in the annular space between said cylinders. so asto form a helical flat conduit therein, the above mentionedtube element opening into said helical flat conduit tangential- 1y at one end thereof, in a direction perpendicular to the axis of these two cylinders, so that said helical flat c nduit accommodates and accentuatesthe gyr tory motion of said gaseous sheet, whereby the latter undergoes ,a high centrifugal action, and an outlet element tangential to the outer cylinder at the other end of said helical flat-conduit, communicating with the annular space between. said two cylinders.

6. In an internal combustion engine, the combination of exhaust means, having an opening of conventional cross section, at least the tube element directly connected with said exhaust means, said tube having'a similar conventional cross section at its connection to said exhaust means and being gradually altered inform so as to be flattened and turned over upon itself in the form of a twisted band at the point where the gaseous sheet rotating about itself assumes, in its portion flowing at high velocity and high pressure, a flattened or ribbon shape, said point being spaced aoshort distance exteriorly of said exhaust means, two .coaxial cylinders, at least one strip extending helically in the annular space between said cylindersso as to form a helical flat conduit therein, the above mentioned tube element opening into said helical flat conduit tangentially at one end thereof, in a direction at right tened and turned over upon itself in the form angles to the common axis of these two cylinders,

'so that said helical flat conduit accommodates centrifugal action, and an outlet ,tube of flat shape having its longer sides parallel to the generatrices of said two cylinders arranged tangentially to the outer cylinder at the other end of said helical flat conduit; communicating with

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2910827 *Oct 14, 1955Nov 3, 1959Worthington CorpPulse equalizing energy converter
US3005307 *Jan 20, 1959Oct 24, 1961Walter HellmuthExhaust pulse equalizing energy converters for rotary combustion engines
US5844178 *Oct 13, 1995Dec 1, 1998Lothringen; Leopold HabsburgFor an internal combustion engine
US7878798Jun 14, 2006Feb 1, 2011John Zink Company, LlcCoanda gas burner apparatus and methods
US8337197Mar 28, 2012Dec 25, 2012John Zink Company, LlcCoanda gas burner apparatus and methods
US8529247Mar 28, 2012Sep 10, 2013John Zink Company, LlcCoanda gas burner apparatus and methods
US8568134Mar 28, 2012Oct 29, 2013John Zink Company, LlcCoanda gas burner apparatus and methods
US20100018193 *Jul 24, 2008Jan 28, 2010Carr EdwardVortex-enhanced exhaust manifold
WO1996014497A1 *Oct 13, 1995May 17, 1996Lothringen Leopold HabsburgResonance exhaust silencer
Classifications
U.S. Classification60/324
International ClassificationF01N1/12, F01L3/06, F02B27/04
Cooperative ClassificationF01L3/06, F02B27/04, Y02T10/146, F01N1/12
European ClassificationF01N1/12, F01L3/06, F02B27/04