US 2174081 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
P 26, 1939- J. 1'. FITZSIMMONS 2,174,081
DISTRIBUTOR HEAD ASSElBL-Y- Filed Feb. 8, 1939 Y 'jgf m any? Patented Sept. 26, 1939 PATENT OFFICE 2,174,081 DISTRIBUTOR HEAD ASSEMBLY John T. Fitzslmmons, Anderson, Ind., assig'nor to General Motors Corporation, Detroit, Mlola, a corporation of Delaware Application February 8, 1939, Serial No. 255,205
This invention relates to distributor heads or caps for use with ignition distributing apparatus particularly for use on automotive vehicles where the ignition distributor is frequently subjected to 5 contact with moisture.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a distributor cap having moisture proof connection with the spark plug cables and with the cable leading from the center terminal of the 10 distributor cap to the ignition coil. According to the present invention I accomplish this object by providing a block of soft rubber which I clamp between the exterior top surface of the distributor cap and the inner surface of the distributor 15 cap cover. Hereinafter I term this soft rubber body the lead seal disc. The lead seal disc is provided with passages extending parallel to the bottom and top surfaces of, the disc. Each of these passages receive an end of aninsulated 20 cable. The internal diameter of each of the passages is such that the cable will fit snugly into the passage. I provide the center terminal insert in each of the distributor posts insert with a pointed metal piece or needle which is capable of piercing through the rubber and also through V the insulation of the cable as well as entering in between the strands of wire of the cable. I so shape the top surface of the distributor cap and the bottom surface of the cap cover with respect 30 to the lead seal disc that, when the cover is clamped by means of screws down against the lead seal disc and the disc is clamped against the top surface of the distributor cap, the disc will be compressed in such manner as to cause the 35 rubber thereof to bind tightly around each of the insulated cables. In this way, I am able to provide the moisture proof connection between each of the cables and each of the metallic inserts molded in the distributor cap.
Further objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawing wherein a preferred embodiment of the present invention is clearly shown.
45 In the drawing:
Fig. 1 is a top view of a distributor cap, lead seal disc and cover assembly constructed in accordance with the present invention.
Fig. 2 is a side view thereof.
50 Fig. 3 is a longitudinal sectional view taken approximately on the section line 3-3 of Fig. 1 and Fig. 4. v
Fig. 4 is a top plan view of the lead seal disc.
Fig. 5 is a top plan view of the distributor cap.
55 Fig. 6 is a sectional view of the lead seal disc,
this section being taken approximately on the line 6-6 of Fig. 4.
In the drawing numeral 20 designates the distributor head or cap molded of Bakelite. Itstop 5 wall 2! carries a center terminal insert 22 pro- .40, like the cap vided with a. metal or carbon button 23 adapted to be engaged by a resilient contact carried by the distributor rotor, not shown. Insert 22 carries a cable piercing conductor or needle 24. The wall 2| of cap'20 carries a plurality of distributor posts 25 past which the segment on the distributor rotor moves to distribute sparking impulses to the various engine spark plugs' in recurrent sequence. Each distributor post insert 25 carries a cable piercing conducting needle 26. The distributor cap wall 2| provides a conical boss 36 surrounding the center'insert 22. Surrounding each of the cable piercing needles 26, the wall 2| provides an annular boss 3|. Cap 20 is provided with diametrically oppositely located recesses 32, for a purpose to be described. Cap
is provided with a. relatively sharp edged annular boss 33. Cap 20 is provided with three tapped or threaded holes 34, each for receiving a screw 35. Surrounding each of the tapped holes 34, the dis- 20 tributor cap wall is provided with an annular boss 36.
Numeral Ml designates the cap cover. Cover 20, is molded of Bakelite or equivalent material. Cap 40 is provided with a depending annular flange 4| and with a relative- 1y sharp edged annular boss 42. Cap 40 is provided with plain openings 43 for receiving the clamping screws 35. Centrally thereof the cover 40 is provided with a small recess 44 to provide clearance for the pointed end of the needle 24. Surrounding the recess 44, the cover provides an annular boss E5. In alignment with each of the cable piercing needles 26, the cover 40 provides a small recess 46 to provide clearance for the end of a needle 26. Surrounding each of the recesses 46, the cover provides an annular boss 41. When the cover 40 is properly located with respect to the cap 20, each of the bosses 41 will be in alignment with each of the bosses 3| of the 40 cap 20. The central boss of the cover 40 will be in alignment with the conical boss 30 of the top wall 2! of cap 20.
Numeral 50 designates the lead seal disc which is made of soft rubber. a plurality of cylindrical recesses marked Pi and P8, respectively. Each of these recesses receives a spark plug cable 6| comprising a core or wire 52 sheathed with rubber insulation 53 or the like. When the disc 50 is assembled with the cap 20 as 50 shown in Fig. 3, each of the spark plug cable recesses Pi and P8 of the disc 50 will be traversed by a cable piercing needle 26. Disc 50 is provided also with a coil cable receiving recess C so located as to be traversed by the cable piercing needle 55 24 located centrallv of the can 20.
As shown in Fig. 6, disc 50 is provided with diametrically opposite lugs 55, which are received, respectively, by the diametrically opposite recesses 32 provided by the cap 20. In this way, 50
Disc 50 is provided with 45 the disc 50 is located properly with respect to the cap; Because the disc 50 is made of relatively pliable material, its location centrally with respect to the cap 20 is assisted-by the fact that the disc 50 is provided with a conical recess 56 which receives the central boss 30 of the cap 25. In alignment with its central conical recess 58, the disc 50 provides a central recess 51 (see Fig. 4) which receives the central boss 45 of the cover 40. Disc 50 is provided with three screw or bolt receiving holes 58 each of which is associated with a recess 58 (see Fig. 4) which receives a boss 36 which surrounds the tapped hole 34 into which one of the bolts 35 is screwed.
Before the lead seal disc 50 is assembled with cap 20 and the cover "as shown in Fig. 3, the spark plug cables 5| are threaded into the various recesses P| to P8 of the disc 50, and the ignition coil cable, not shown, is threaded 'into the recess C. Care must be taken that these cables are pushed into their respective recesses as far as possible. Then the lead seal disc with all of the cables assembled therewith is assembled with the cap 20 and the cover 40 as shown. The three bolts 35 are inserted through the'cover 40 and the disc 50 and are screwed .into the cap 20, thereby causing the disc 50 to be squeezed between the cap 20 and the cover 4|). The act of assembling the disc 50 with the cables attached with the cap 20 causes each of the cable piercing needles 24 or 26 to pierce through the cable which has been previously entered into the associated recess. The needle 24 will pierce through the disc 50, through the insulation of the cable and will enter betweenthe stranded wires of the cable 0. Likewise each of the needles 26 will pierce through the disc 50, through the insulation of the cable 5| and will enter between the stranded wires 52 of the cable 5|. The act of screwing down the bolts 35 assists in causing each of the cable piercing needles to perform its function. The screwing down of the bolts 35 causes the lead seal disc 50 to be squeezed between the cap 20 and the cover 40. These sharp edged annular bosses 33 and 4! of the cap and cover respectively, pinch the disc 5|] near its outer periphery and thus provides a seal which effectively blocks oil the creepage of moisture between the contiguous sur faces of the cap 20 and disc 50 and the contiguous surfaces of the cover 40 and disc 50. It will be noted that the disc 50 is provided with preformed recesses 51a (see Fig. 4) for receiving the annular bosses 3| cover 40 respectively. The screwing down of the bolts 35 causes the bosses 3| and 41 to be forced into the lead seal disc 50 thus displacing its material causing it to be compressed around the insulation 53 of each of the spark plug cables 5|. Since all of the spark plug cables 5| as well as the ignition coil cable are brought out from the lead seal disc 50 on the same'side, it will be apparent that the displacement of-material of the disc 50, in the manner referred to, will also effect displacement of material of the disc 50 in a region adjacent to the ignition coil cable entered in the recess C. Therefore the material of the disc 50 will be squeezed around the ignition coil cable.
From the foregoing description of construction and manner of assembling a distributor cap 20,
and 41 of the cap 20 and lead seal disc 50 and cover 45 embodying the present invention, it will be apparent that I have provided an effective and economically constructwith an ignition coil cable or lead and a circular row of metallic inserts for connection, respectively, with spark plug cables or leads, and having pointed metal pins each attached to an insert and extending beyond the cap, a cap cover, a lead seal disc of pliable non-conducting material such as soft rubber located between the cap and cap .cover for occupying the space between them, said disc being provided with cable or lead receiving recesses each of such shape and dimensions as to snugly fit a cable and to permit, prior to assembly of the disc with the cap and cover, a cable to be pushed into it far enough to locate an end portion of a cable in 'alignment'with a pointed pin when the parts are assembled, whereby thepressing of the disc against the cap causes each pin to pierce the disc, the insulation of a cable and to extend through and in contact with wire strands of the cable, and means for securing the cap, disc and cover in assembled relation and for clamping the disc between the cap and cover.
2. A distributor head assembly according to claim 1 in which the cap and cover are provided with oppositely disposed annular ridges which bite into the disc when the parts are assembled.
3. A distributorhead assembly according to claim 1 in which the cap and cover are provided with oppositely disposed pairs .of annular bosses, each pair surrounding a pin, andin which the disc provides recesses receiving said 4. A- distributor head assembly for ignition apparatus comprising a hon-conducting cap having a central metallic insert for connection with an ignition coil cable or lead and a circular row of metallic inserts for connection, respectively, with spark plug cables or leads, a cap cover, a lead seal disc of pliable non-conductingmaterial such as soft rubber located between the cap and cap coverfor occupying the space between them, said disc being provided with cable or lead receiving recesses each of such shape and dimensions as to snugly fit a cable and to permit, prior to assembly of the disc with the cap and cover, a cable to be pushed into it far enough to locate an end portion of a cable in alignment with an insert when the parts are assembled, each cable end with an insert, and means for securing the cap, disc and cover in assembled relation and for clamping the disc between the cap and. cover.
means for electrically connecting