US 2176052 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented Oct. 17, 1939 2,176,052
UNITED STATES PATENT QFFlCE- amuse wms'r-oannmn IMPLEMENT nonmin m 11. Beyer. mason, N. 1. Application March a1, 1938, Serial No. 191,095
8 Claims. (01. 1aa-1) This invention relates to a holder which is quiring this to be done by the fingers of the. op-
adapted to be carried on the wrist of a person erator or using the teeth of the operator for this and support implements which are to be used purpose; thereby avoiding abrasion of the fingers by this person so that the same are stored when or breaking the fingernails as well as rendering -6 not required and also within convenient reach the implements more satisfactory from a sanitary 8 for such operations in which these implements standpoint. are required. In the accompanying drawing:
This holder is more particularly designed for Fig. l is a perspective view of an approved form holding hair pins, bobby pins and other impleor implement holder embodying this invention 10 ments used by operators in beauty parlors while and adapted to be worn on the wrist or a person making up the hair ofv customers; it is also adaptusing the same.
ed to hold pins and implements for use by dress- Fig.2 is a longitudinal section of the same, on makers while fitting dresses; and this invenan enlarged scale. tion may also be used to advantage by window Fig. 3 is a transverse section thereof.
trimmers and carpet layers for holding tacks, Fig. 4 is a fragmentary longitudinal section nails and tools used in decorating show windows, similar to Fig. 2 but showing the manner in which laying carpets and performing similar work. the legs of a resilient U-shaped pin, such as a Operators engaged in this work have heretobobby pin, may b conveniently spread preparafore usually carried such implements either in tory to using the same .without requiring this so pockets on theh clothing Or on a cushion implement to be placed in the mouth or worked tached thereto, such as pins in the case of hairby t finger of the operator for this purpose dressers and dressmakers, a mass of nails or Fig. 5 is an elevation of the implement holder tacks in the case of window trimmers and carpet viewed from one end thereof so that these. implements would be Within In the following description similar characters ll reach when doing the work in which the operof reference indicate corresponding parts m the 85 ators were en several 11 res or the drawin All of the means heretofore provided for thus In its g orgamzatigt'l this implement storing the implements within reach of the operator have usually been inconvenient in that holder comprises or body which is adapted to en a with th ter id h the implements were not readily accessible and the i a; using s gr g gi r a g t 2: 30 did not provide a reliable temporary storage for securing this base t6 the a and a permanent the implements while the same were not in use. magnet which is mounted the base and 18 2 E 3 gf fiz gz fi zfi g g i adapted to hold on its outer side by magnetic ata which will hold implements such as are commonly g fig zggs ggg g gg 222 22; to be stored as 3 3. f z gfifli izg agg a g iiig figm f r'ilhe has? in 'its preferred construction, commit or reliably holding such implements and enses ate 0 having its underside Provided 4 able the same to be readily attached thereto when gg i f; gg' fi g ggg i gggg g z igg 40 not in use and also permit of easily removing v- 40 me srrr g e iigtfiiiihi iigliiiifiiihiii iiii wor n an, w c 0 er noo yverysma g" $225 33?iiiiiiiiiffii ii ance u can a so e ma e up various e- 4 signs and colors so that different operators in Operate with the means whereby the implement beauty shops or similar establishments and parsupport is attached to the Wrist pe son. ticular patrons of the same may be provided with These attacmhg means y be variously conindividual holders which can be readily identified, struclfid but hi fip l a t gdt te som and also enable the holders to be selected to P 58 an e as 0 an a '1 0 D match the garments whi h are w r around the underside of the wrist and provided '50 A further object of this invention is to provide at One d with a C o 3 which 1 8.
a holder of this character with simple and conthrough one .01 the loop I! of the pp r in venient means whereby the legs of U-shaped im-. plate While its pp s e n h the rm f plements such as the resilient or spring hair pins sling l5 which passes through the other loop I2 I or hobby pins may be spread apart without reof the supporting plate and is adiustably conbody of the band by a clasp or plate and wrist.
In this pocket is seated a permanent magnet l8 which preferably has the form of an oblong rectangular plate corresponding to the shape of the socket or recess l1 and is of such thickness that the lower part thereof is arranged within the socket while the upper part projects above the top of the plate, as shown in the several figures of the drawing. This permanent magnet is preferably detachably secured to the supporting plate so that the same can be removed therefrom if necessary. Although this detachable connection may be variously constructed it is preferable to employ a fastening pin having an upper downwardly tapering portion 20 which engages with a correspondingly shaped opening in the central part of the magnet and a lower screw threaded portion 2| which engages with a threaded opening in the adjacent part of the supporting plate,
' as shown in Figs. 2 and 3. To permit of conveniently removing this fastening pin when necessary, its upper end is provided with a nick 22 which is adapted to receive a screw driver or other device for turning the screw in the proper direction in order to detach the same from the supporting plate.
If desired the permanent magnet may be made of ordinary steel which, however, loses its magnetism or becomes weaker in the course of time, particularly when used often and therefore requires recharging in order to restore its strength. For the purpose of avoiding the necessity for frequently recharging the magnet it is preferable to construct the same of a material which holds its magnetism for along period when used for holding such articles as iron or steel hair pins, bobby pins, tacks, nails and other implements of like character which are comparatively small bulk. It has been found that a permanent magnet having this capacity can be made of a material which is now on the market under the name Alnico. This is an alloy containing aluminum, nickel and cobalt and has the capacity of retaining its magnetism practically indefinitely and of sufficient strength to hold on its upper surface the\various implements which are used in dressing hair, fitting dresses, laying carpets, trimming windows and the like.
In the use of this implement holder it is preferable to so magnetize the permanent magnet that the magnetic axis extends transversely of the magnet, that is to say across the shorter dimension of the same. whereby the implement placed on the permanent magnet will be held more efiecti ely thereon in a position cross-wise of the holde i 'gl and the wrist, as shown in Figs. 1 and 3, thereby mounting these implements on the holder in a position in which they are handiest ,for removal from the holder when the same are required for use in dressing hair, fitting a dress, or other operation. In Fig. 1, a U- shaped hair pin 23 and a U-shaped bobby pin 24 are represented by dotted lines on this position of the permanent magnet.
Bobby pins of the character now in common use for dressing hair are usually constructed from a single piece of spring wire which is either flat or round in cross section and bent so as to form two legs 2i, 2! which are connected at their corresponding rear ends by means of a bow 21, one leg 25 being substantially straight and comparatlvely long while the other leg 28 is shorter and has its front end bent or turned upwardly in the form of a toe 20, as shown in Figs. 3 and 4.
Preparatory to using a bobby pin of this character it is necessary to first spread the legs of the same, which spreading operation has heretofore usually been done by pushing the ends of its legs against the end of a finger of the operator and prying the same apart which is objectionable on account of the liability of breaking the nail or chafing the skin of the finger and possibly causing bleeding, while another method of separating the legs of such a pin consists of putting the same in the mouth of the operator and using either the lips or the teeth for this purpose which is also objectionable on account of the possibility of transmitting an infection from the operator to the person whose hair is being dressed.
The present implement holder is provided with means whereby the legs of bobby pins or other U-shaped hair pins may be spread preparatory to using the same for dressing hair without liability of injuring the finger of the operator and without danger of causing infection, The preferred means for this purpose consists in providing the supporting plate of the implement holder with one or more wedges, preferably two arrange" respectively at the opposite transverse edges thereof so that either one of these wedges may be utilized for spreading apart the legs of a pin which is either of the ordinary hair pin type or of the bobby pin type. Each of these wedges is provided with a flat under surface 29 and a concave curved upper surface 30 on a transverse edge portibn of the supporting plate so that this under surface and upper surface together form a wedge which enlarges inwardly from a comparatively sharp line 3| on the transverse edge of the supporting plate toward the socket in the central part of this plate. In utilizing this wedge for spreading the legs of a hobby pin, the end of the long leg 25 is engaged with the flat underside of one of the wedges while the upturned end 28 of the short leg of this pin is engaged with the curved upper side of this wedge and thereafter this bobby pin is pushed inwardly toward the center of the supporting plate, whereby the legs of the pin are spread apart, as shown by full lines in Fig. 4. After the legs of the pin have been thus spread the same may be grasped by the fingers and held in this spread position preparatory to being applied to the hair of the person under treatment.
In order to reduce the tendency of the legs of the pin slipping crosswise of the supporting plate the upper curved surface of the wedge is preferably provided with a plurality of longitudinal retaining corrugations or scores 32 which are arranged in a transverse row on this curved surface, as shown in Figs. 1 and 5. The upper leg of the U-shaped pin engages with the corrugations 32 upon pushing the legs of the pin against the upper and lower sides of the wedge, which engagement of the upper leg with said corrugations resists slipping of the pin crosswise of the supporting plate and possibly injuring the wrist of the operator. When applying a hobby pin in this manner the lower long leg ofthe same engages fiatwise with the flat under surface of the wedge and is held in this position throughout the inward movement of this bobby pin relative to the wedge due to the upward pull which is exerted on the lower leg by engagement of the upper leg with the inclined upper side of the wedge, as shown in Fig, 4. As a result of this action the end of the lower or long leg of the U-shaped pin will be restrained from assuming an angular position with reference to the underside of the wedge and supporting plate, thereby preventing the lower leg of the pin from assuming an inclined position and possibly injuring the wrist of the operator who is carrying the implement holder.
As a further protection against the possibility of the hairdressing pin slipping from the wedge of the supporting plate and injuring the operator, stop shoulders 33, 33 are arranged on each transverse edge of the supporting plate at opposite ends of the row of retaining corrugations. These stop shoulders will be engaged by the upper leg of the hairdressing pin it by accident the same should slip on the corrugations of the respective wedge and slide to either end of this row of corrugations, thereby guarding the safety of the operator against injury.
The supporting plate together with the loops and wedges is preferably constructed from a single piece of material in order to simplify its construction and reduce its cost. Any suitable material may be employed for this purpose butit is preferable to employ a plastic composition for this purpose which is now on the market and commonly known as Tenite inasmuch as it is strong and durable and sufficiently flexible to conform to the curvature of the wrist.
When implement holders of this character are in use in hairdressing, dressmaking, or similar establishments by a number of operators, it is preferable to make the bodies of the implement holders in various colors or designs in order to enable the several operators to identify their respective holders, it also permits implement holders to be selected as to color to suit the garments worn by the operators, and particular customers may also identify the holders which have been reserved for their individual use.
I claim as my invention:
1. An implement holder comprising a supporting plate of non-magnetic materialadapted to be carried on the wrist, and a permanent magnet mounted upon the supporting plate and having a flat upper sideto which implements are held by the attraction of said magnet, said magnet being so arranged on the plate that the magnetic axis is crosswise of the wrist on whichthe plate is carried.
2. An implement holder comprising a supporting plate of non-magnetic material adapted to be carried on the wrist and provided on itsvupper side with a socket, and a permanent magnet seated in said socket and adapted to hold implements by magnetic attraction.
3. An implement holder comprising asupporting plate of non-magnetic material adapted to be carried on the wrist and provided on its upper 55 side with a socket, a permanent magnet seated in said socket and adapted to hold implements by magnetic attraction, and means for detachably connecting said magnet with said plate.
4. An implement holder comprising a supporting plate of non-magnetic material adapted to be carried on the wrist and provided on its upper side with a socket, a permanent magnet seated in said socket and adapted to hold implements by magnetic attraction, and means for detachably connecting said magnet with said plate consisting of a pin having a tapering upper part engaging with an opening in said magnet and a threaded lower part engaging with an opening in said plate.
5. An implement holder comprising a plate of non-magnetic material adapted to be carried on the wrist, a permanent magnet mounted on said plate and adapted to hold resilient hairdressing implements of U-shape, and spreading means arranged on said plate for separating the legs of said implements preparatory to using them including a wedge arranged on an edge of said plate and adapted to pass between the legs of said implements and spread them apart.
6. An implement holder comprising a plate of non-magnetic material adapted to be carried on the wrist, a permanent magnet mounted on said plate and adapted to hold resilient hairdressing implements of U-shape, and spreading means arranged on said plate for separating the legs of a said implements preparatory to using them including an upper curved surface arranged on an edge portion of the plate and forming with the underside of the adjacent part of said plate a wedge which is adapted to enter between the legs of said implements and spread them.
'7. An implement holder comprising a plate of non-magnetic material adapted to be carried on the wrist, a permanent magnet mounted on said plate and adapted to hold resilient hairdressing implements of U-shape, and spreading means arranged on said plate for separating the legs of said implements preparatory to using them including an upper curved surface arranged on an edge portion of the plate and forming with the under side of the adjacent part of'said plate a wedge which is adapted to enter between the legs of said implements and spread them, and corrugations arranged crosswise of said curved surface.
8. An implement holder comprising a plate of non-magnetic material adapted to be carried on the wrist, a permanent magnet mounted on said plateand adapted to hold resilient hairdressing implements of U-shape, and spreading means arranged on said plate for separating the legs of said implements preparatory to using them including an upper curved surface arranged on an edge portion of the plate and forming with the under side of theadiacent partv of said plate a wedge which is adapted to enter between the legs of said implements and spread them, and stops arranged on said plate at opposite ends of said curved surface.
FRED H. BEYER.