|Publication number||US2179797 A|
|Publication date||Nov 14, 1939|
|Filing date||Aug 5, 1938|
|Priority date||Aug 5, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2179797 A, US 2179797A, US-A-2179797, US2179797 A, US2179797A|
|Inventors||Nemeth John L|
|Original Assignee||Nemeth John L|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (8), Classifications (6)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Nov. 14, 1939. J. l.. NEMETH 2,179.7 97
SOCKET SWITCH l Filed Aug. 5, 1958 III/lll I I Ill/lll l JOU/m L. Neme WITNESS ATTORNEYS' Patented Nov. 14, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 1 Claim.
This invention relates to socket switches and has for an object to provide a device of this character which is normally de-energized and two separate operations are necessary before current ows thereto, namely, a bulb or plug must'be inserted to depress a center contact into circuit closing position and then the key must be turned t0 move a swinging Contact arm into engagement with a fixed contact whereupon the socket switch is energized, so that even though the key be in on position no current will reach the socket when empty, and it will be impossible for one to receive a shock by inserting the nger or tools in the conventional screw terminal of the socket.
A further object of the invention is to provide a device of this character which will be formed of a few strong simple and durable parts, which will be inexpensive to manufacture and which will not easily get out of order.
With the above and other objects in view the invention consists of certain novel details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described and claimed itbeing understood that various modifications may be resorted to Within the scope of the appended claim without departing from the spirit or sacrificing any of the advantages of the invention.
In the accompanying drawing forming part of this specication,
Figure 1 is a longitudinal sectional view of a socket switch constructed in accordance with the invention.
Figure 2 is a bottom plan view of the socket switch shown in Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a cross sectional View taken on the line 3-3 of Figure 1 with the swinging contact arm removed.
Figure 4 is a cross sectional view taken on the line 4 4 of Figure 1.
Figure 5 is a cross sectional view taken on the line 5--5 of Figure 1.
Figure 6 is a longitudinal sectional View taken on the line 6--6 of Figure 4.
Referring now to the drawing in which like characters of reference designate similar parts in the various views, I0 designates the conventional metal shell, Il the conventional metal cap of a socket switch, I2 the insulating lining, and I3 the screw threaded cylindrical contact.
In carrying out the invention the inner Wall I4 of the cylindrical contact is provided with an enlarged key hole opening l5 which receives a plunger I6 which projects through an insulating disc I1 disposed within the insulating lining I2 against the end wall I4 of the cylindrical contact, as best shown in Figures 1 and 2.
The plunger is housed in a recess I8 formed in a block I9 of insulating material and is provided with al collar 20 which is normally held 5 against the insulating disc I1 through the medium of'a helical spring 2| which is sleeved on the plunger.V In this position of the parts the plunger projects into the cylindrical contact I3.
An insulating disc 22 is interposed between 10 the insulating block I9 and a block 23 of insulating material, the latter carrying a substantial U-shaped metal bar 24 which is exposed to the end of the plunger through registering openings 25 and 26 formed in the insulating disc 2| and 15 insulating block I9, respectively, as best shown in Figure 1. When a lamp bulb or a plug is inserted in the cylindrical contact I3 the plunger is depressed against the tension of the spring 2| to engage the bar 24 and close an electrical circuit through the socket switch at this point as will now be described.
The bar is provided at one end with a pair of upstanding ears 21, best shown in Figure 5, between which is pivoted a swinging contact arm 28 through the medium of a pivot pin 29 passed through the ears.
The arm bears at one end upon a pin 30, best shown in Figure 1, which is slidably tted in an opening 3l formed in a block 32 of insulating material and has sleeved thereon a helical spring 33 which bears against the head of the pin and urges the pin to hold the swinging arm '28 against a cam 34 formed on the inner end of the stem 35 of a conventional key 36.
When the key is turned the cam 34 depresses the swinging arm to engage a fixed metal contact strip 31, best shown in Figure 3, which is connectedto a conventional clip 38 for receiving a circuit wire 39. The clip is secured in a recess 40, best shown in Figure 6, formed in the insulating block 32 and is secured in place through the medium of a screw 4I which is countersunk ,in the bottom of the insulating block 38, as also through the medium of a screw 43 arranged diametrically opposite one of the clips, as best shown in Figures 4 and 6.
When the cylindrical contact is empty it will be observed that the plunger is out of contact with the bar 24 so that no current can flow through the socket even if the key is turned to "on" position and thus one cannot receive a shock by thrusting the fingers into the cylindrical contact or inserting a metal tool therein.
However, when a plug or lamp bulb is inserted in the cylindrical contact the plunger I8 will be depressed and brought into engagement with the bar 24 closing the electrical circuit through the plug at this point. Then when the key is turned to operate the cam 34 so that the swinging bar 23 is brought into engagement with the metal contact 31, the circuit will also be closed at this point so that current can flow from one of the circuit wires through the swinging arm 23, plunger I8, lamp bulb (not shown) cylindrical contact I3, and screw 45 to energize the lamp bulb.
Attention is particularly directed to the nonshock feature of the key 36. The stem 35 is formed of metal while the cam 34 is formed of insulating material as is also the key proper 36. Thus when the insulating cam 34 is in ,circuit closing position no current can flow through the metal stem to the key 36. Even were one to place the nger or a tool upon the stem 35 of the key no shock could be had due to the key being insulated from cam 34.
From the above description it is thought that the construction and operation of the invention will be fully understood without further explanation.
What is claimed is:
In a socket switch, a shell, a threaded cylindrical contact having an inner wall provided with an axialopeningan insulating disc on the inner wall, a block of insulation in the shell on the disc, a spring pressed plunger in the block projecting through the disc into the cylindrical contact and adapted to be moved endwise by insertion of a plug or lamp inthe cylindrical contact, an insulating disc on the block, a conductor bar between the block and the last named disc extending across the plunger, said plunger when moved endwise projecting through the block and the conductors by the insulating vthrough the last named disc to engage the bar and form a circuit closer at this point, a hinge ear on the bar projecting through the last named disc. a contact arm pivoted between its ends on said ear, 'a helical spring disposed in the shell and bearing upon one end of the arm, an operating key carried by the shell having an insulated cam engaging the other end of the arm, and a stationary contact in the shell insulated there from and coacting with the arm in forming a circuit closer at this point.
TOHN L. NEMETH.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2439385 *||Apr 10, 1945||Apr 13, 1948||Morris Goldberg||Electric socket|
|US2924679 *||Jun 11, 1958||Feb 9, 1960||Brown Jr Joseph S||Electric outlet socket|
|US3020366 *||Feb 15, 1960||Feb 6, 1962||Donald Dolph John||Safety lamp socket|
|US3971611 *||Oct 10, 1974||Jul 27, 1976||Rose Manning I||Safety socket for lamps and the like|
|US4008403 *||Sep 30, 1974||Feb 15, 1977||Rose Manning I||Safety circuit and socket construction|
|US4074925 *||Jul 26, 1976||Feb 21, 1978||Rose Manning I||Safety socket for lamps and the like|
|US4093336 *||Feb 10, 1977||Jun 6, 1978||Rose Manning I||Safety circuit and socket construction|
|US4481388 *||Feb 24, 1983||Nov 6, 1984||Electrak International, Inc.||Electrical plug with automatic shut-off feature|
|U.S. Classification||200/51.9, 200/51.17|
|International Classification||H01R33/96, H01R33/00|