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Publication numberUS218135 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 5, 1879
Filing dateNov 18, 1878
Publication numberUS 218135 A, US 218135A, US-A-218135, US218135 A, US218135A
InventorsEdwin S. Rich
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in basin-faucets
US 218135 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

E. S. RICH. Basin-Faucet.

No. 218,135. Patented Aug. 5,1879.





Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 218,135, dated August 5, 1879; application filed November 18, 1878.

To all whom 'it may concern:

Be it known that 1, EDWIN S. RICH, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Basin-Faucets, of which the following is a specification.

The object of my invention is to so improve the basin faucets for which Letters Patent have been granted to me under dates of July 4 and September 26, 187 6, and numbered 179,608 and 182,603, as to make them self-closing.

The accompanying drawing represents a vertical central section of my improved self-closin g basin-faucet.

In the drawing, A represents the tube or pillar, which stands stationary with the nozzle, just projecting over the slab into the basin; and B, the closing-valve, with a metallic seat at the discharge end of the same. The valve B is seated in the nozzle 0, and secured by the sleeve D to the center-piece E of tube A, lower collar, F, and spiral spring G. The leverhandle H encircles the center-piece E below the upper collar or rim and above the sleeve 1). The center-piece E is arranged with an additional stem-valve, a.

It will be perceived that the closing-valve B is placed at the lowest point of the tube A; consequently it is impossible for it to leak or drip but from that point, and the drip is conveyed directly into the basin, instead of running down the pipe, or between slab and basin, and thereby prevented from injuring the floor and spoiling the ceilings below.

The nozzle 0 is screwed into the sleeve D,

' and the valve B supported on a perforated part for the lever-handle H to work against. On the lower end inside and outside valve seats are made to fit the valves to and B.

The lower collar, F, is made to screw on the lower end of the center-piece E and extended down and around the closing-valve B,to prevent the rising of the water to the parts above, and thereby doing away with all packing. The top of the collar F is enlarged, so as to fit the sleeve D and support the spiral spring G, which keeps the closing-valve B tight up against the pressure to its seat.

The spiral spring G is made of brass springwire, or other suitable material, of the requisite strength to keep the water-way closed against the pressure.

The lever-handle H is made to encircle the center-piece E, Fig. 2, below the top collar and above the sleeve D, so that when pressed down it acts as a lever between the top rim of the center-piece E and the sleeve D and opens the water-way of the faucet.

I shall now explain the working of my selfclosing nozzle-faucet. Press down on the lever-handle H to draw water; let go, and it closes.

To repair the same, to put in a new spring or metallic valve-seat, when required, press down on the handle H, screw off the nozzle 0, and as soon as screwed off down comes the upper valve to its seat by the pressure of water and closes the water-way. Let go the handle and screw off the lower collar, F, and the old spring will fall out; put in a new one, screw on the collar F up to its shoulder, drop in a new valve-seat, press down on the handle H, screw on the nozzle, and up goes the upper valve, and the water is on again, and the faucet is in perfect order and ready for use; and this can be done in a few minutes, and without necessitating the shutting off of the water during the time the valve is being repaired.

These self -closing nozzle-faucets have no tight packing for the spring to shove the valve through, and are consequently more sensitive and more easily worked, which adds to the durability of the spring, and consequently the spring will last longer.

If the spring happens to break, the entire sleeve slides down and disengages the upper valve, a, which falls to its seat and shuts off the water, and then the faucet can be repaired at leisure, thereby making it a double safety self-closing faucet. 7

Having thus described my invention, I claim 2 QISJ35 as new and desire to secure by Letters Pat- 61117- 1. As an improvement in basin-faucets, the lower collar, F, made to screw on and oil" of the center-piece I so as to put on the leverhandle II, sleeve 1), and spiral spring G, as end for the purpose specified.

2. The combination of the leverlmndle H with the center-piece E,spir:1l spring G, lower collar, F, nozzle (3, and valve B, the leverhandle made with a collar to encircle the center-piece E just below its top collar and above the sleeve 1). so that when pressed down it acts as a, lever in shoving down the sleeve 1), nozzle 0, and valve B, and opens the water we of the faucet, substantially as and for the purpose specified.



GEORGE BAIUM, 0. W. 6001;.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2512281 *Jul 11, 1946Jun 20, 1950Lofstrand Jr Anders RudolfSpray gun handle
US2847145 *Sep 14, 1954Aug 12, 1958BrasileDispensing mechanism
US4635673 *Mar 5, 1985Jan 13, 1987Wpm, Inc.Accessory faucet
WO1986005222A1 *Mar 5, 1986Sep 12, 1986Wpm, IncAccessory faucet
Cooperative ClassificationF16K1/00