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Publication numberUS218337 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 5, 1879
Filing dateMay 20, 1879
Publication numberUS 218337 A, US 218337A, US-A-218337, US218337 A, US218337A
InventorsDouglas S. gbant
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in hydrocarbon-burners
US 218337 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

W. W. THOMAS. Hydrocarbon-Burner.

No. 218,337. Patented Aug. 5, 1879.



IMPROVEMENT IN HYDROCARBQN-BURNERS Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 218,337, dated August 5, 1879; application filed May 20, 1879.

To all whom it may concern:

Be it known that I; WILLIAM W. THOMAS, of Jersey City, in the county of Hudson and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Atomizers for Burning Hydrocarbons, of which the following is a description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, forming part of this specification.

This invention relates to apparatus for injecting tar or other hydrocarbon t0 be used as fuel, in the form of spray, into a furnace or other heating-chamber. Among various purposes or uses it will. be found especially advantageous in gas-works, inasmuch as it provides in a simple and practicable manner for the utilization of the tar which is produced in the manufacture of gas. It may also be very advantageously employed in steam-boiler furnaces of various kinds, and in which a bed of breeze or other solid fuel is used in addition to the tar or other hydrocarbon.

The invention consists in an atomizer, in which are combined a steam-chamber and tar or hydrocarbon chamber, arranged in front of said steam-chamber, and having a contracted spraying opening or duct in its forward end, and an enlarged spray-delivery nozzle in advance of said end, and a perforated hollow steam-spindle or elongated nozzle, preferably made adjustable through stuffing-boxes in said chambers, and provided with an unobstructed contracting steam-issuing orifice in line with the spraying duct or opening, whereby a straight and clear discharge is obtained for the hydrocarbon by the steam, aperfeot spray is produced without liability of the parts to clog, and backing up of the hydrocarbon in the apparatusis avoided.

In the accompanying drawings, Figure 1 represents a vertical longitudinal section of a hydrocarbon-atomizer constructed in accordance with my invention, and Fig. 2 a transverse section of the same on the line x x.

A and 13 indicate thebody of the atomizer, which might be constructed of a single piece, but which it is preferred to make of two parts or -tubes, A and .B,=iitted to connect at the rear end of one and forward end of the other bya screw-joint, b, to facilitate construction and cleaning or repair. These tubes AandB,however, have no direct communication with each other at their connecting ends, but are constructed to form independent chambers G and D, the rear one of which, 0, in the tube A, constitutes a steam-chamber, which is supplied with steam by an inlet, 0, from a steamgenerator or other steam-chamber, while the forward chamber, D, in the tube B, constitutes a tar or hydrocarbon chamber, which is supplied with hydrocarbon under pressure or by gravity through a lateral inlet, d, from any suitable chamber or source of supply.

E is the steam-nozzle through which the steam passes from the steamchamber G into the tar-chamber D, to eject the tar from the latter. This nozzle, which is constructed in the form of a hollow spindle, having an opening in its front end, but closed in its rear, is of somewhat greater length than the chambers O and D, within which it is concentrically arranged, and through the rear of which former chamber, 0, it projects to admit of its being rotated from the exterior by a crank or hand-wheel, e, for the purpose of adjusting its forward end nearer to or farther from the ad Vance end of the chamber D, within which the nozzle projects. To effect this adjustment, said hollow spindle or elon gated nozzle E has a screw-thread, f, upon it, arranged to fit aremale thread or screw-box, g, in the rear end of the tube A, which end of the latter is also provided with a stuffing-box and gland, G, to prevent leakage of steam through the back end of said tube.

It is also preferred to provide a stuifing-box and gland, H, where the hollow spindle or elongated nozzle E passes from the steamchamber 0 into the tar-chamber D, to prevent leakage between said chambers. Steam is supplied from the chamber 0 to the interior of the hollow spindle or elongated nozzle E by one or more apertures, h, in the side of the latter within the chamber 0.

The opening 2' in the forward end of the elongated steam-nozzle E forms a contracted orifice, through which the steam issues to eject the tar or hydrocarbon from the chamber D,

and through a spraying opening or duct, 11', in the forward end of the chamber D, from the outer edges of which latter duct or orifice the tar as ejected by the steam is distributed in the form of spray within an enlarged spraydelivery or spraying-nozzle I, which connects with the furnace or heating-chamber it is required to supply with hydrocarbon.

It is important that there should be a ready clearance beyond the advance edges of the contracted spraying opening or duct 7:, in order to insure a full or perfect spray by the scattering of the tar as it strikes and escapes by said edges, which latter it is preferred to make straight and sharp, or not flaring in an outward direction.

The steam-issuing orifice i, also in the forward end of the elongated nozzle or hollow Spindle E, opposite which the spraying-opening it is arranged, is also of a contracting construction, or not flaring in an outward direction, but preferably straight, so that as the steam issues from said orifice to drive the tar before it there will be no back action of the tar or hydrocarbon in the chamber, but said liquid fuel will be driven directly into and through the contracted spraying opening or duct k. This, likewise, is very important, and it is preferred, generally, to make the opening it; of a larger diameter than the oriticc 1'.

Furthermore, although the hollow spindle or elongated nozzle E is adjustable by turning it to the right or left to increase or diminish the distance between the forward end of said nozzle and the forward end of the chamber D to regulate the quantity of hydrocar bon to be injected, it is not designed that the forward end of said elongated nozzle and advance end ofthe chamber I) should form a valve and valve-seat; and instead of being of tapering or conical construction, as shown,:they may be ofany othersuitable tbrm,inasmuch asit is proposed to regulate or open and shut off the supply of steam and hydrocarbon to the chambers U and I) by valves arranged in the supply-pipes to said chambers. In every instance the forward end of the elongated steam-nozzle E and advance end of the chamber 1) will be in moderate proximity with each other; and said nozzle has no valve fitted to it to regulate the discharge of the steam, but is free or unobstructed, as a valve applied to the steam-issuing orifice only adds to the complication, and by its liability to clog interferes with the free and perfect action of the atomizer.

When the atomizer is used in connection with a furnace for heating gas-retort benches, it may be inserted in an opening arranged at any suitable or convenient point in the wall of the furnace.

Injectors and ejectors have heretofore been constructed with adjustable hollow internal spindles, adapted to convey steam from a steanrchamber and discharge it into an intermediate passage leadingfrom a Water-chamber, said passage being separate from the delivery or final discharge nozzle or pipe, and located at a fixed distance therefrom; but none, so far as I am aware, have a hollow spindle opening near one end in a steam-chamber, and adjustable longitudinally, if desired, within, and opening at the other end in, achamber adapted to contain hydrocarbons, and connected directly with a spray-delivery pipe, as in my atomizer. This direct connection is es sential in order to prevent clogging of the ducts when heavy hydrocarbons are used.

I claim- The combination of the detachably-conuccted sections A and B, the former inclosing the steam-chamber U and provided with a steaminduction pipe, and the latter inclosiug the hydrocarbon-chamber D, and having a hydrocarbon induction-pipe and the contracted spraying-opening k, the hollow adjustable spindle E, having the contracted end aperture 1', opening into the hydrocarbonchamber, and the slot h, opening into the steam-chamber, and the spray-delivery pipe or nozzle I, substantially as and for the purpose set forth.




Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2549406 *Jul 19, 1944Apr 17, 1951Bendix Aviat CorpCleaning apparatus
US3531050 *Feb 12, 1968Sep 29, 1970Atomic Energy Of Canada LtdTwo-phase homogenizer
US4168018 *Mar 26, 1976Sep 18, 1979George ZahaykevichDispensing and mixing device for plural fluids
US5090619 *Aug 29, 1990Feb 25, 1992Pinnacle InnovationsSnow gun having optimized mixing of compressed air and water flows
US5794857 *Mar 7, 1995Aug 18, 1998Shell Oil CompanyFeed nozzle
Cooperative ClassificationF23D11/10