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Publication numberUS2184121 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 19, 1939
Filing dateJul 18, 1938
Priority dateJul 18, 1938
Publication numberUS 2184121 A, US 2184121A, US-A-2184121, US2184121 A, US2184121A
InventorsHenry Henriksen
Original AssigneeHenry Henriksen
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Art work
US 2184121 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Dec. 19, 1939. H. HENRIKSEN 2,184,121

ART WORK Filed July 18, 1938 4 heets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR HENRY HENRI/(SEN BYM {Lu} M r ATTORNEYS Dec. 19, 1939. H, HENRKSEN 2,134,121

ART WORK [a I M f liilllilli Ill!!!- ATTORNEYS ART WORK Filed July 18, 1938 4 Sheets-Sheet 3 INVENTOR Illa/5 HENRI/6f BY uI, .1 Way v/wu.


ART WORK iii/7277171))? I 5 lg- Fiy. 16.

3 f v Am a BRAND'S B EST FLOUR Fi za.

c 'A N 0' INVENTOR HENRY HENRI/(SEN Y 3-4 L M f mormzv BRAND Patented Dec. 19, 1939 NlTED STATES PATENT OFFICE 13 Claims.

The present invention relates to improved art work and to a method and apparatus for producing the same.

It has long been recognized that for the proper 5 presentation of art work it is necessary to provide a suitable mounting or framing and under certain conditions to provide glazing for the protection of the work and hence it is customary [to provide frames which are of wood, metal, in plaster, or the like, with or without glazing, for this purpose. With the advent of multiple color printing and advanced methods of engravure it has become possible to make excellent art work in large quantities at low cost, and as a result Ll art work flats of high quality but unembellished and unframed may now be obtained for only a few cents.

There has not been a corresponding advance in framing and glazing procedures, and as a result frames and glazing frequently cost many times as much as the print being framed. This disparity in the cost of prints and of framing and glazing has minimized the use of readily available art work and has stifled the trade in 1 25 such wares.

I have discovered a new and useful method for utilizing art work of many characters, particularly engravure press work such as etchings, posters, photographs, four-color process work,

30 oifset printing, rotogravure work, silhouettes,

cartoons and stain glass effect prints by which these may be readily utilized, embellished, framed and treated so as to be available for decorative hanging in the home, for signs, advertising, dis- 3.; plays and the like.

It is thereforean object of the present invention to provide such a process of utilization such new and improved finished art work and apparatus for the production of such work.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a method and apparatus for making unitary constructions having an integral art work area and frame portion, and to provide the products of such process.

45 It is a further object of the invention to provide a method and apparatus of treating art work by lamination with hardenable' lightcolored transparent resinous materials and to harden such art work into a shape having an art work area and an integral border area, and

to provide the new products of such method.

It is also an object to provide an improved method and apparatus of treating art work by superimposing a multiplicity of laminae of art aswork prints having color printed border areas if desired and of hardening said laminae into a composite whole which is penetrated throughout with a suificiency of light-colored suff ciently transparent resinous material so as to render the under laminae to be visible throughout the 5 art work area, border or both, and to provide new products of such method.

As a component of my process I may treat art work so as to provide on it a hard durable and practically transparent and integral protection, i and glazing in the ordinary sense is accordingly unnecessary. It is therefore an additional object of the invention to provide an improved process and apparatus for producing self-protected art work of such character and the product of such process and apparatus. It is also an object to provide a durable article which will not be subject to breakage such as occurs in glazed art work, plaster cast work or the like.

It is a further object of the invention to provide a process of laminating art work prints. and of producing a leaded-glass effect throughout certain areas thereof, and to provide the new. products of such'process.

It is also an object of the invention to provide a process of producing art work having a plurality of printed colored laminae constituting the art work area and border area, and of forming such laminae into a unitary framed art work by impregnatingsaid laminae with a hard relatively clear resinous material which is capable of rendering all of said laminae visible and of maintaining the border area in the configuration of a frame and the art work area-as a plane surface or as a uniformly curved surface simulating glazed areas, or with intaglio lines simulating leaded-glass.

Other and further objects of the invention are those inherent in andsuggested by the method and constructions illustrated, described 40 and claimed herein.

The invention is illustrated with reference to the drawings in which:

Figure 1 is a perspective view of the multiplicity of layers, with some of the layers expanded at one corner.

Figure 2 is a perspective view, partly in section, having some of the layers lifted to illustrate coloring of the successive layers.

Figure 3 is a perspective view partly in section of the finished product.

Figure 4 is a partial plan view of the product shown in Figure 3.

Figure 5 is an elevational view in section illustrating the apparatus used for carrying out the processes of the invention.

Figure 6 is an illustrative modification showing another use of the invention.

Figure '7 is a perspective view partly in section of the work shown in Figure 6.

Figure 8 is a cross-sectional view showing another modification of the invention.

Figure 9 is a perspective view illustrating a further modification of border work.

Figure 10 is a partial perspective view of the work shown in Figure 9 having the several laminae thereof partially expanded to illustrate the construction of the work.

Figure 11 is a perspective view partly in section of a different modification of the invention.

Figure 12 is a perspective view partly in section of a frame without the art work center 'of the present invention.

Figures 13 through 20 are art work pieces made in accordance with the present invention and are illustrative products.

In order to accomplish the objects of the present invention and to provide an integral artistic piece having an art work area and an integral artistic frame I utilize the ordinary printed fiat work such as etchings, posters, photographs, fourcolor processes work, oifset printing, rotogravure work, silhouettes, cartoons and the like, which as ordinarily produced are printed upon .paper of a few thousandths inch thick. For my process I prefer to have such printed work made upon rag-stock paper although this is not essential as ordinary pulp stock gives reasonably satisfactory results. It is likewise relatively have discovered further that ordinary printing inks used in known commercial printing processes are suitable for use in my improved combined process.

In carrying out the invention I also utilize the facilities of the molded plastic art such asthe heat and pressure moldable resins. Suitable resins for my purpose are the urea-formaldehyde resins, the light colored phenolic resins, vinyl resins and the like. I'may also use relatively light colored resinous or 'resinoid materials such as cellulose acetate, regenerated cellulose, cellulose ethers, esters and the like, or the nitro-cellulose materials such as celluloid. Certain of these latter are not permanently hardenable under heat and pressure but serve adequately for some uses. However, I prefer to use heat and pressure hardenable resins such as the urea-formaldehyde resins.

I have discovered that when a lamina having a distinctive marking thereon is impregnated with one of the above resins as, for example, the urea-formaldehyde resins and that when the laminae is subsequently molded into a plane flat body by pressing between flat, polished, heated surfaces under several tons per square inch pressure and at an elevated temperature that the distinctive markings of the lamina will remain and will be clearly visible through the hardened resinous impregnated material which forms a clear, smooth glass-like surface for the piece. I have also discovered that when a lamina bearing distinctive markings is assembled with a plurality of similar laminae and all are molded into a multiple laminae body that the distinctive markings of each lamina will be visible upon one or both sides of the body. I utilize this phenomena in making the art work flats having integral frame work areas as illustrated in the present invention.

immaterial whether the paper is glazed or unglazed and I Figure 1 illustrates the first step in carrying out my invention. In this figure there is provided a plurality of laminae i, 2, 3 and i which are assembled together to form a stack of sheets. Each of the laminae is impregnated with a resinous or resinoid material such as urea-formaldehyde material. The impregnating may be done in any suitable manner as, for instance, dipping the laminae in a thin syrup of urea-formaldehyde condensation product.

As illustrated in Figure 1 the top lamina I is relatively thin and is without any designations. The second lamina 2 is provided with a plurality of border designations 5 and 6 which may be made merely by printing a plurality of lines along the edge of the ,piece. Within the border area on laminations 2 there'is provided an art work flat such as the cartoon figure I0 shown in Figure 2. This cartoon figure may be made up of black and white or may be made up as illustrated of a plurality of colors, green, red, black, and the like. This portion of the flat work print is not illustrated in Figure 1 since it comes within the area H.

Below the second lamina 2 there may also be provided an additional lamina 3 on which additional coloring matter may be provided, such as background color, or if desired, a design such as will blend harmoniously with the design on lamina 2.- Beneath the third lamina 3 there may be additional colored laminae or merely a plurality of uncolored impregnated backing sheets 4.

' After the stack of impregnated laminae are assembled as shown in Figure 1 they are placed in a press such as that generally illustrated at I4 in Figure 5. The press it consists of a lower stationary member 15 having a press opening l6 of a shape like the art work to be produced and a depth more than sufilcient to take the bundle of laminae before they are compressed into the finished product. The bottom of the press opening I6 has a highly polished fiat surface I? which forms the flat picture portion of the art work and a groove 48 of any desired cross-section surrounding the flat picture portion IT. The groove l8 forms the frame portion of the finished art work. If desired, there may also be a narrow flat edge l9 outside of the frame. The molding apparatus i4 is also provided with a movable plunger which fits closely within the opening H6. The bottom surface of the movable plunger is provided with a flat area 2! which coincides with the fiat area I! of the lower mold member l5 when the press is closed. The plunger 20 is also provided with a downwardlye'xtending ridge 22 having a cross-section similar to the cross-section of the groove l8 into which it nests when the press is closed.

A plurality of heating pipes 25 are fitted within the lower member l5 of the mold so as to supply the necessary heat for heat and pressure hardenable resins. The upper member 20 of the mold is arranged to be driven downwardly by a hy- Figure 2. It is noted in passing that the work shown in Figures 2, 3, and 4 does not have the narrow marginal flat as would be produced by the mold shape in Figure 5. The mold shape, however is a matter of choice. Heat may thereafter be applied while the pressure is continued until the resinous material has permanently hardened and polymerized. Where the art work flat is of relatively large dimensions it is also sometimes desirable to open the mold during the pressing operation so as to permit the vapors formed during the molding operation to escape. However, by suitable choice of resinous or resinoid material the opening or breathing of the mold during the pressing operation may be reduced to a minimum or eliminated entirely; 'After the pressing operation is complete the mold is opened and the finished art work results.

After the pressing operation is completed the surface may be printed with heavy black lines throughout certain areas such as the outline areas of the cartoon character shown in Figure 9, or if the border area is flat rather than of shaped cross-section, a border printing may be applied as shown in Figures 9 and 10.

In some instances, however, I prefer to print the upper lamina l prior to the molding operation. This is illustrated in Figure 2, wherein the upper lamina 30 is printed with heavy black outlines 3| which are oriented so as to overlie the outlines of the Figure 10, in the lower lamina 2 when the several laminae are assembled one above the other. The upper lamina 3|) of Figure 2 is also illustrated as having a border line 33 adjacent the frame area 34. When the printing of the upper foil 30 is applied thus before the pressing operationthe art work is finished when the molding operation is complete.

In Figures 3 and 4 there is illustrated a framed art work produced according to the present invention. In this device there is provided a second lamina 35 upon which the picture designations 35 are printed. The second lamina also has printed thereon a border line 31 which serves to enhance the framing effect when the finished product is molded into the shape illustrated. It will be noted that the second lamina 35 extends from the outer edge 38 entirely across the frame and art work area to the opposite outer edge 39. In this connection it should be remembered that this flat workprint is of any ordinary character such as a rotogravure print and the picture designations and frame line are merely! printed thereon in the usual fashion. The second lamina 35 is backed up by a stack of additional laminae 40 which may be a large or small number of laminae according to the thickness of the finished product desired. In most instances 10 to 20 sheets of backing-up laminae are suflicient. In the work illustrated in Figure 3 the upper lamina M is very thin and is unmarked excepting for a border designation 42 which in the finished product lies just within the .curved frame portion 43. The back surface of the molded work may be covered with a cardboard sheet 45 as illustrated where the print is to be hung against a dark wall, but where the print is to be used over a lighted surface it is desirable to dispense with the cardboard'backing seat 45 so as to permit light to be transmitted through the somewhat translucent molded art work.

The translucency of the art work, including the picture area 35 and the coextensive frame area depends upon the total thickness, upon the intensity of coloring used in the various areas and upon the color of the resinous or resinoid impregnating material. When using light col-' ored resins such as vinyl resin, urea-formaldehyde plastics or the light colored phenolic resins, relatively translucent art work pieces result,

particularly where the backing sheets 40 are few in number. Thus where the total thickness of the molded art work is about of an inch and a light colored resin such as a urea-formaldehyde resin is used the art work is sufiiciently translucent so that light is readily transmitted through it. This feature of the invention is especially useful where the art work is used for advertising purposes, lamp shades, stained-glass windows effects, etc., as hereinafter explained.

In Figures 6 and 7 there is illustrated a circular art work generally designated 50, having an integral raised frame portion 52 and a spherical art work surface 53. In this modification of the invention as in that described above a printed art work flat having the desired pictorial representations and frame lines, if desired thereon, is used as the starting material. As shown in Figures 6 and 7 the art work flat consists of a multi-colored illustration. This artwork constitutes the second sheet in the stack of laminae,

the upper set being a thin, transparent, impregnated foil without designations except for a plurality of circular lines 54 over the border area. The lines are spaced in two groups 55 and 55 so as to accentuate the high lighting of the finished piece. Below the first and second laminations there are provided a plurality of backing up laminations 51.

The loosely assembled impregnated laminations are placed in a mold similar to that illustrated in Figure 5 having a circular configuration like that of the finished piece shown in Figure 6 and having a central art work area preferablyformed in slightly spherical shape and having a radius such as illustrated at 59 in Figure '7. The radius of the border cross-section 60 is considerably less than the radius of the spherical art work center so as to accentuate the frame. If desired the cross-section of the frame or central area may be some shape other than circular.

After the laminae are assembled in the mold the mold is closed and heat is applied in an amount sufficient to polymerize and consolidate the resinous or resinoid material. When the molding operation is complete the work is removed and is in afinished condition. By using amold having a high finished surface it is possible to achieve an effect over the art workgand framed area similar to glazing on ordinary pictures. printed art work flat having a number of border lines or other designations, it is possible to achieve an almost endless variety of artistic effects. Thus in Figure 6 the printed art work fiat 52 may, if desired, be provided with a solid black border coextensive with the finished curved surface 60, constituting the frame. The upper lamina. 53 may likewise be printed with a solid black border area. When such pieces having solid black frame areas are assembled and pressed according to the procedure outlined above a solid, lustrous and intensely black frame area results which due to its smooth and perfect surface resembles polished ebony. Within this frame area and integral therewith is the art work which is likewise provided with a smooth and lustrous surface simulating a glazed surface.

In Figure 8 there is illustrated a further modification of the invention which is utilized to obtain leaded glass effects in accordance with the pres- By using cut invention. In this modification (which is particularly adapted to simple figures) each of the figures is outlined by an intensely black line and the mold is provided with a corresponding shaped surface 63 so that in the finished prodnot a slight bead is produced oved the intensely black lines. In this way the finished art work has the appearance of the raised leaded beads of leaded glass windows and the like.

In Figures 9 and 10 the border area ill is fiat. in this modification the border area of the second lamina i2 is provided with any desired designation 13 and the upper lamina it may likewise be provided with the same or different designations 15. In this modification as in the previous modifications there are provided a plurality of backing-up laminae it which may be uncolored or provided with a background color, as desired. The second lamina 12 is also provided with an art work center figure 18 which may be a black and white figure or a multicolored figure such as that illustrated in Figure 9. When the plurality of laminae are assembled, as shown in Figure 10 and subsequently pressed in a flat surface mold a finished art work results having an artistic center and an integral border design. Due to the translucency of the upper lamina M in the molded condition the border design combines the artistic note produced by the printing 15 on the upper lamina and the printing E3 on the lower lamina. Figure 9 isshown as having four types of border designs any one of which may be used alone or in combinationwith the others. It is understood, of course, that the invention is not limited to any particular art work design either for the border ,supplementai under-color for these areas.

I EOWS I or for the art work itself.

.In Figure 9, and in the other figures, the printed pictorial representation may be upon the upper lamina, the second lamina or both. By

using two like laminae intensity of color is obtained; by combining the print work multicolor eilects may be obtained.

In Figure 11 there is illustrated a finished piece having a central multicolored art work flat 8d surrounding which there is a lined border Bl. Around the border Bl there is a raised fluted frame section 82 and around this a flat frame area 83. The piece shown in this figure illustrates the adaptability of the present invention as fol- In preparing the work shown in this figure, a

second sheet 9b is used upon which there is printed the central designations to of the figure and if desired the border areas iii and 83, or a The second sheet also may be provided with a plurality of designations such as the stars lid, and ii desired the frame area may have a color such as gold. The upper lamina for purposes of accentuation may also be provided with border areas E i and 83 of intense black. When the sev eral laminae are juxtaposed and molded together and with backing sheets 92 a finished art work results having intensely black fiat frame portions ti and 83 between which there is a fluted raised frame section 52 having a background color of gold and superimposed star design t6. Within the piece and integral therewith is positioned the center artistic area till which may be of any design and which if desired may include the stars ond lamina and as a result the stars will have arsenal the appearance of being superimposed upon a gold background. Likewise the upper lamina may include outlines of the figures of area 89 and/or color, to harmonize with the second laminae.

In Figure 12 there is illustrated a molded;

frame generally designated etc which may be produced in accordance with the present invention. In producing this frame, a correspondingly shaped mold is used and the laminae WI, 32

and backing lamina we all have a center cutout; 10

805 corresponding to the frame opening. The frame cross-section may be of any desired type such as that illustrated in Figure 12. In the illustrative embodiment there is provided an inner fiat surface 806, an intermediate flat surface 08,,

and an outer marginal flat surface ll 0. Between the inner and intermediate flat surfaces I08 there is a raised portion l0! and between the intermediate and outer marginal surfaces there is a somewhat narrower and less elevated raised por-,-.

tion we.

a The art work flats utilized in making the molded frame shown in Figure 12 may consist of an upper lamina I!!! which is without designation and a second lamina I02 having thereon any,-.'

lying those at H2 and H3 so as to intensify the color or a harmonious color scheme may be used so as to produce any desired effect in the finished work. In this construction as in the previous constructions the color of the second and even the third and fourth laminations is visible at 85 least to a certain extent from the front surface and by using suitably printed laminae for this purpose the desired intensification of color may be obtained, or color combination may be produced.

In Figures 13 through there are illustrated various objects made in accordance with the present invention in which the integrally formed frame and artwork area is utilized.

In Figure 13 the multicolored laminae are molded in a press which has raised portions I20 corresponding to the design of the printed art work flat, and other raised portions-HI corresponding to the frame portion. In this modification as in the previous modifications any desired combination of printed art work flats may be superimposed one upon the other so as to obtain an intensification and/or combination of colors. Thus four-color process prints each printedupon a separate sheet may be super-im- 5 posed in registry upon each other to give the desired combined multicolor effect. Thus the upper sheets may be black tone, the second blue, the third red, and the fourth yellow, so as to give the desired combined superimposed result. A suitable intensification of color of successively lower prints as compared with ordinary four-color work done on one sheet, is desirable so as to compensate for the color intensity loss of successively lower layers. heath the frame portion til may conform if desired to the upper marginal edge of a box such as a powder or candy box and the art work with its integrally formed marginal frame thus becomes a cover. This use of the work is illustrated in Figure 20. It is noted in this connection that the unbreakable character of these moldings admirably fit them for such service as box tops and also contribute to their serviceability generally, as art workpieces.

The indentation 622 be- Figure 14 illustrates another design utilizing the present invention. In this instance the work and frame are of octagonal shape as illustrated at I30 and the frame cross-section is of a simple design of intersecting planes, as shown at I 3I. In work of this character it is desirable in some instances to provide the upper lamina I33 with printing which is accentuated as at I34 and I35 and not accentuated at other areas such as at I30 and I31 so as to produce an accentuated shading effect as of light falling across the object from the upper left comer.

With reference to Figures 13 and 14 it is noted that the present invention is especially adapted for the production of frames of unusual configuration. When frames are made of straight pieces of wood molding they are limited to polygonal configuration, the most common being square or rectangular, as shapes such as that illustrated in Figure 14 are difficult and expensive to produce. When round or other shapes are produced from wood the cross-sectional designs which are possible are only those which may be produced by rotating routing machines and molding cutters. With the present invention it is possible to produce shapes of any desired con-. figuration such as cloverleaf shape, crosses.

scalloped and also shapes in which the frame cross section is varied.

In Figure 15 which includes a front plan view and a cross-sectional view, there is illustrated another use of the present invention. The

. molded object in this instance is square and may be produced by a mold such as that used for making the framed art work of Figure 11. In this case, however, the printed art work laminae carry a plurality of clock face designations I50 together with suitable frame lines II. Any desired color combination may be used and the clock face designations and frame line designations may be used on either the upper. second or upon both laminations, if desired. In some instances it is sufllcient to utilize only one lamination I52, as shown in the cross-sectional view of Figure 15, together with suitable backing laminations I53. The finished molded piece in this instance as before, consists of a central flat area I51 which is smooth, hard and of glazed appearance due to the high polish of the mold in .which the object'is produced. The flat area I54 has thereon the designations of the lamina. Around the flat area there is a raised frame portion I55 which in the cross-sectional view is shown as fluted although any other desired crosssection may be utilized as for instance the curved cross-section shown in Figures 2 and 3. If desired irregular molding surfaces may be used, as pointed out above. Outside of the raised frame portion I55 there may be provided a flat area I 58 if desired, or the frame portion I55 may be terminated at I51. Thus according to my invention by utilizing exactly the same mold and by varying the printed art work flats used as starting materials, I may produce a framed art work such as that shown in Figure 11 or a clock face such as that shown in Figure 15.

In Figure 16 another use of the invention is illustrated. In this instance the finished art work piece I60 may be attached to a. cardboard backing sheet such as that illustrated at 55 in Figure 3. The cardboard backing sheet may be extended downwardly so as to form a support for a calendar pad IBI, or if desired the calendar pad may be stapled to the frame of the molded art work.

In Figure 1'1 which includes a plan view and a cross-sectional view there is illustrated a commercial use of art work pieces produced in accordance with the, present invention. In this figure the central art work area I is generally flat but has upwardly embossed areas corresponding to the cake illustrated at "I and the ladys head illustrated at I12. Such raised areas may be of only rough correspondence to the design of the printed art work flat, that is to say. the raised area need not conform to every convolution I 13 but only to the head shape in general. In this way mold costs are maintained at a minimum. v

In the device shown in Figure 1'1 printedart. work flats of any desired coloring may be used as starting materials. Such art work as in the previous modifications include the designations corresponding to the central art work area I10 and those constituting the frame portions I and I10. Any simple printed art work such as poster prints are suitable for use in this modification. In this connection it may be pointed out that the matter of registry between the central area of the mold, designated by the bracket I11 in' the cross-sectional view, and of the printed art work flat need not be very exact. Thus the portion I15 of the press work may extend slightly into the area I10 without minimizing the desirable eifect produced by the entire molding.

If the modification shown in Figure 17 is composed of relatively thin press work sheets and back ng sheets it will be relatively translucent. When mounted against a light box having lights located generally behind the ladys head and behind the cake, a very attractive display results.

In Figure 18 there is illustrated a further commercial use of the framed art work produced in accordance with the present invention, and illustrates a further way of achieving a leaded glass effect. In making th s display a poster press sheet is used having the desired coloring Y and having intensely black lines I80 corresponding'to the leading marks. By pressing the whole composite in a fiat mold there is produced an art work flat which from a short distance has the general appearance of leaded glass. The co'or motif of the central area I8I may be carried out in the border design by re eat ng the zigl ior as in the stars at I82 and the border strip The lower portion I85 is preferably printed so as to simulate a perspective view of a frame for mounting the art work but it is tube understood that this lower portion I85 is formed integrally with the remaining portions of the object. By deeply coloring the portion I85 it may be rendered intensely black and practically opaque.

By mounting the piece shown in Figure 18 in front of the source of illumination the stained glass window effect is greatly enhanced since light passes freely through the light colored or uncolored areas I86 and through the colored portions I80, I82 and I83. The lines I80 outlining the figure are made sufilciently black so as to simulate the opaque effect of the lead joints in leaded glass and the piece thus has the effect of a leaded glass window viewed from a darkened interior.

By making the work of relatively large area and-relatively thin, the molded object may be molded fiat and subsequently curved for use. Thus the entire commercial art work shown in Fig. 18 may be a flat molding and curved slightly upper foil H96 and the second foil i9i may be,

of suitable multicolored design or only one or the other may be colored. The art work is molded in a press which has an intag io surface which forms the front surface I92 of the finished article. The finished piece is accordingly produced in relief. In this instance the molding may be produced with a square edge as at 93 or a chamfered or rounded edge, if desired, the latter being particularly useful where the molding is used as a dress ornament, or the like. It will be noted that in this modification the multicolored press work flat extends to the border of the piece and thus produces an ornamental coloring throughout the entire upper surface of the finished article. In a like manner, synthetic cameos or jewelry ornaments may be made, in-

corporating a press work flat. Beautiful costume jewelry may thus be made'very economically.

As previously mentioned the integrally formed art work areas and frame may be utilized for such uses as box covers and the like so that when the box has served its useful purpose as a carrier it may he used for other purposes or the ornamental framed cover may be removed and used separately. Figure illustrates such an ornamental box coverproduced in accordance .1 with the present invention. In this cover the central area 200 is of any desired multicolored or black and white design and around this there is formed an integral frame consisting of a raised portion 28! and a marginal edge 202. In some instances it is desirable to form the 'raised' portion 202 so as to provide a bottom necessary for the upper edge of the container or to provide a supplementary marginal raised portion and corresponding groove in the back side of the object as illustrated at H3 in Figure 12. It is understood, of course, that while Figure 12 illustrates a frame on y, the same frame design may he utilized for an integral frame and art work composite, if desired, and the outer indentation at 899 would thus serve to receive the upper edge of a box such as a candy box.

Additional uses of the invention almost without number will be apparent. Thus by producing an elongated fiat having select vely raised' contiguous ogive edges, and by subsequently curving the entire piece to form a cylinder, beautiiul cylindrical lamp chambers may he formed. Eimilarly icy sing a desired fiat work print us for use with sugar, mustard and readily be provided. For such pressure molded resins are desiruses heat able as the impregnating medium because such resins are relatively resistant to water and to food stuffs. By providing a handle in the center of the object shown in Figure 6, the circular object thus becomes an attractive and useful jar cover. The invention may also be used to G produce large thin fiat work for use as decorative wall panels, with slightly raisedborders which similate moldings ordinarily used to hold such flat work to the wall. Thus wall paper or printed cloth may be used as the press work and molded 7 in accordance .with the teaching of the invention.

a-l object illustrated in Figures by any suitable press so as to produce an engraved eifect.

Many obvious modifications will occur to those skilled in the art and may be made in the present methods and products without departing. from the spirit of the invention claimed as follows:

1. A process of making art work having an art work area and an integral decorative frame which comprises forming upon a foil art work designations bordered by distinctive frame depicting designations, superimposing said foil upon a backing sheet, forming said sheet and foil into a hard translucent composite and simultaneously forming a frame portion thereon by intimately penetrating the material of the composite with a' hardenable resinous material and hardening said resin penetrated composite under pressure in a mold having a frame configuration in registry with said border of distinctive frame depicting designations.

2. A process of making art work having an area of pictorial representation and a contiguous integrally formed decorative frame which com-,

prises producing said area of pictorial representation and a surrounding frame depicting representation of a character distinctive from said pictorial representations upon a foil of permeable material, permeating said foil with a hardenable resin and hardening said resin permeated foil under pressure in a mold having a distinctive frame configuration in registry with said framerepresentations of said foil and continguous pictorial area configuration in registry with said pictorial representation of said foil.

3. A process of making art work having an area of pictorial representations and a contiguous integrally formed decorative frame which comprises forming pictorial representations upon a foil, thereupon superimposing another foil having additional frame depicting representations there on said frame depicting representations being oriented around a space corresponding to said pictorial representations, permeating said foils with hardenahle'resin, placing said foils in registry with the pictorial representations of the one foil within the space of the other foil and hardening said resin permeated foils pressing in a mold having frame and pictorial area configurations corresponding to those of the framed art work heing produced, said foils being oriented in said mold with the frame and pictorial representations in registry with the frame and pictorial area configurations of said mold.

t. A process of making art work having an area of artistic representations and a contiguous integrally formed decorative frame which com prises forming an area of artistic representations upon a foil, thereupon superimposing another foil having artistic representations complementary to those of another foil, overlying said foils with additional toil having frame representations thereon, permeating said foils with a hardenablerelatively clear resin and hardening said resin,-

peripheral frame area, said composite comprispermeated foils into a shape having a smooth clear surface co-extensive with said area of artistic representations and a frame configuration by pressing said foils in a mold of such configuration.

5. A process of making art work resembling leaded-glass which comprises forming an artistic representation on a foil, thereupon superimposing a foil having darkened lines thereon corresponding to the junctions of the several areas of the under foil to simulate lead joints of glass, permeating said foils with hardenable resin of relatively light color, and hardening said resin under pressure. v

6. A process of making art work resembling leaded glass which comprises forming an artistic representation on a foil, thereupon superimposing a foil having darkened lines thereon correored resin, said resin being molded to harden the foil into a glass-smooth surface throughout the area of said aristic designations, and molded with an integrally formed frame portion around said area of artistic designations, said frame portion being molded in relief with respect to said glasssmooth area of artistic designations.

8. A unitary art work composite comprising a foil having artistic designations thereon, another foil superimposed upon the first foil and having additional designations including a frame depiction thereon, said foils being impregnated with and bound into a hard homogeneous composite by a hardened relatively clear resinous material which renders the foils simultaneously visible, said composite being formed with a marginal irregularity simulating a frame.

9. A framed. art work composite comprising a central pictorial area and an integrally formed ing a plurality of foils which extend to the marginal edges of said frame area at least one of said foils being printed with a central area of pictorial designations and printed with a surrounding frame area corresponding in shape and position to the pictorial and frame areas of the finished composite, said foils being bound into a homogeneous integrity by a hardened, relatively transparent resinous material capable of imparting to the foils a glass-like surface over the pictorial area, said pictorial area being flat and smooth and said surrounding frame area being raised to resemble a picture frame.

10. A framed art work composite comprising a central pictorial area and an integrally formed peripheral frame area, said composite comprising a plurality of foils having partial pictorial representations thereon arranged in registering relation so as together to form a complete representation, said foils extending to the marginal edges of said frame area, certain of said foils having thereon frame colors throughout the frame areas, said foils being permeated with a resinous material which is hardened to bind the foils together into a homogeneous unity having a glass-smooth central pictorial areaand a uniform marginal frame-forming irregularity.

11. A framed art work comprising a printed foil having a central art work area and a marginal border area, additional foils arra'nged'coextensively with said printed foil so as to form a laminated group, a hardened resin intimately penetrating the laminations and binding them into a smooth surfaced translucent composite, and frame work designations printed on the marginal border of the composite.

12. An integral framed art work comprising a printed foil having a central art work area and a marginal border area, additional foils arranged co-extensively with said printed foil so as to form a laminated group, a hardened resin intimately penetrating the laminations and binding them into a hard translucent composite, having a smooth surface coextensive with said art work area and a raised frame configuration coextensive with said marginal border area.

13. An article of manufacture which is adapted for use as a jar, box or other cover comprising a plurality of laminations at least one of which has art work designations printed thereon, said laminations being impregnated with a relatively clear resinous material, said impregnated laminations being molded and consolidated into a shape having an area displaying the printed art work and a border conformed for fitting to a jar, box or the like.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2602036 *Mar 27, 1950Jul 1, 1952Universal Aviat CorpMethod of making transilluminated plates
US2729010 *Feb 28, 1955Jan 3, 1956Aristocrat Leather Products InOrnamental sheet material and method of making the same
US3057097 *Oct 21, 1957Oct 9, 1962David DouglasPainters' apparatus
US3137601 *Dec 27, 1960Jun 16, 1964Kemlite CorpProcess of making a glass fiber reinforced panel
US3214315 *Mar 28, 1962Oct 26, 1965Allen M BrassMethod for forming stamped electrical circuits
US3287193 *Dec 30, 1964Nov 22, 1966Max Klein IncMethod of reproducing a textured surface painting
US3300358 *Jan 17, 1966Jan 24, 1967Jean Fournier AmedeeFabricating decorative articles
US3340120 *Sep 30, 1963Sep 5, 1967Jean Fournier AmedeeFabricating decorative articles
US5916843 *Sep 22, 1997Jun 29, 1999Weller; John V.C.Picture with integrated picture frame
US20040031720 *Jun 10, 2003Feb 19, 2004Simpson Richard EvanLunch carrier with interchangeable graphics
US20100058639 *Mar 11, 2010Heidrich Richard TContoured artwork
US20110277207 *Nov 17, 2011Joel WeinshankerArticle Of Apparel With Image Of Instant Photograph
U.S. Classification428/14, 40/768, 156/224, 40/312, 427/331, 40/773, 156/277, D19/21, 40/798
International ClassificationB44C3/00, B44F1/00, B44C5/02, B44C5/00, B44F1/06, B44C3/08
Cooperative ClassificationB44C3/08, B44C5/02, B44F1/063
European ClassificationB44F1/06B, B44C3/08, B44C5/02