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Publication numberUS2184486 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateDec 26, 1939
Filing dateMar 19, 1937
Priority dateMar 31, 1936
Publication numberUS 2184486 A, US 2184486A, US-A-2184486, US2184486 A, US2184486A
InventorsWilliam Chew
Original AssigneeWilliam Chew
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Stepladder, trestle, and the like
US 2184486 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

W. CHEW STEPLADDER, TRESTLE, AND THE LIKE Dec. 26, 1939.

Filed March 19, 1937 Patented Dec. 26, 1939 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFlCE STEPLADDER, TRESTLE, AND THE LIKE William Chew, Carterton, New Zealand Application March 19, 1937, Serial No. 131,957 In New Zealand March 31, 1936 3 Claims.

case of a step ladder, that portion containing the I steps, or is extendable out backwards away from the front portion to support the latter when in use.

The object of the invention is to provide a stepladder, trestle and the like of the kind indicated, which is easily and quickly adjustable to allow for unevenness in the ground at the same time allowing the ladder, trestle and the like, to stand firmly on the front portion and the back support or supports even when both the latter are resting on slippery or like surfaces.

Further also, the back support is extendable so that it spreadssideways as well as backwards to provide a wide base ensuring stability in the stepladder while in use.

A further object of the invention is to provide a back support which folds or lies upon the front portion and is retained in that position so that the stepladder, trestle and the like, is easily carried and/or stored when not in use.

According to this invention the improved stepladder, trestle and the like comprises a front portion which may accommodate rungs or steps between styles or legs and a back support formed by legs slidably retained and adjustable upon each other, having their upper ends hinged backwards and sideways to the upper end of the front portion and flexible connection between the front portion and the back support whereby the latter can be adjusted to uneven ground and awkward positions as required by the user.

The invention will now be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing in which Figure l is a back perspective view of the invention as applied to a stepladder unfolded ready for use,

Figure 2 illustrates an alternative form of hinge for the back support,

Figure 3 is a cross section of a shackle form of clamp, while Figure 4 is a perspective view of a clamp having a bolt and nut. and

Figure 5 is a perspective elevation of an adjustable shoe for use with the feet of the front portion.

Referring to the drawing of the invention as applied to a stepladder, the latter comprises a front portion having cross pieces such as rungs or steps I, arranged in stiles or legs 2, which may be lengthened by the latter accommodating adjustable extensionst, and a back support formed by crossed legs '2, slidably retained upon each other within limits, and movable in relation to the front portion by their upper ends having hinges 5, and pivots 6, so that the back support can be extended and adjusted to uneven ground and awkward positions. The stiles or legs 2 of the front portion may be extended also by adjustable shoes I, which fit snugly upon the ends of thestiles or legs 2, said shoes "I having slots" 8 through which bolts 9 attached to the stiles or legs 2, can pass and by which the shoes 1' can be held in place so that they are clamped in desired positions along said ends, by nuts ill on the bolts 9 passing 'into enlargements l i made at intervals in the slots 8. In the form of the invention illustrated in Figure 1, one stile or leg of the front portion is made shorter than the other to allow for unevenness of the ground, but the short leg extension 3 may be secured to such a short stile or leg by said bolt 9 and wing nut Hi and by a stud (not shown) on-the stile or leg passing into a corresponding hole 12 in the short leg piece.

Preferably the short leg extension 3 comprises a short portion and a long portion, one on each side of the bolt 9, so that the short stile or leg can be'made the same length as the other stile or leg or longer than the latter by turning the said extension 3 about its bolt 9.

The crossed legs 4 forming the back support, are crossed and retained upon each other along their central portions, and have their upper ends attached to the upper end of the front portion by said hinge 5 afiixed to the front portion and said pivots 6 connecting the upper ends of the legs 4 to the hinge 5; the outer one of the crossed legs 4, being pivoted to the outside of its hinge 5 and the inner one of the crossed legs 4 being pivoted to the inside of its hinge 5. Thus both legs can be swung backwards and forwards from the top of the front portion, and at the same time pivoted sideways so that the lower parts of the legs 4 can bemoved out or spread sideways from or upon each other while remaining crossed and retained together by means of a sliding clamp fitting upon the crossed portions of the legs 4, and clamping the legs v l together in desired positions.

In a preferred form of clamp, as illustrated in Figure 3, it comprises flanged front and back plates l4, l5, slidable upon legs 4, and held upon the latter by a shackle 35 which engages with a pin 36 of the back plate l5 and takes a screwthreaded bolt 3! which passes upon and engages with a pin 38 of the front plate H1, and which bears upon the outer surface of the front plate M to bring the said plates together to clamp upon the legs 4.

In another preferred form of clamp as illustrated in Figure 4, it comprises back and front plates M, l5 having flanges it, i! respectively, and shaped to fit upon the legs 4 so that said plates M, iii form a slideway. A bolt is may be passed centrally through both plates M, 5 and a screw threaded outer end of the bolt l8, takes a winged nut l9, so that the plates is can be brought together upon the back legs at. To allow for the use of this form. of clamp the back legs have slots 20 lengthwise along their central portions so that the bolt l8 which holds the plates I4, I53 together, passes through and is movable in and along said slots 28; otherwise the slots 2!] are not necessary and are not used with the first mentioned form of clamp.

In order to add strength to the back legs 4 and to reduce the spring or whip in them or the spread thereof, a leg stay may be added between the back legs 4. The leg stay cornprises an upper part 2! passed between and separating the crossed back-legs t, said upper part 2| having a slot 22 through which the bolt 18 of the clamp plates l4, l5 passes as in the case of the legs when a clamp as described and illustrated, is used, but it will be understood that a slot in the upper part 2%, is not necessary when a shackle clamp (see Figure 3) is employed.

'Pivotally attached to the lower end of the upper part 2! of the leg stay are arms 23 which extend sideways and are pivotally secured to respective back legs 4. Thus the clamping of the upper part of the back stay between the crossed legs i, adds stability through the pivoted arms 23 to the lower parts of the crossed legs 4, while at the same time the back stay folds and extends with the crossed legs.

Further, the backward and sideward movement of the back legs is given an extreme limit by flexible connections such as a cord or cords 24 aflixed between the legs 4 and the front portion of the ladder and between the legs d themselves, and the cord 24 as between the legs 4 can be shortened by passing the cord through hooks 25 attached to the legs 4. It will be appreciated that when the said leg stay is used, the cord 24 between the legs 4 can be dispensed with and vise versa.

Further also, the limit of the backward and sideward movement of the legs 6 may be governed by collapsible and extending stays. Said stays may comprise side arms 25, each in two pieces and pivoted together, and having one piece pivoted to the style of the front portion of the ladder, and the other piece pivoted to ends of crossed pieces 2? centrally attached and held together; the said latter pieces 2! having their other ends pivctally attached to the back leg pivots 5. Where the crossed pieces 21 pass by or cross over the back legs 4, they are retained upon the legs by keepers 28 which latter also limit the movement of the back legs.

The supporting back legs 4 are preferably attached to their hinges 5, so that the inner one of the legs 4., is pivoted to the front of its hinge and the outer one of the legs 4, is pivoted to the back of its hinge. In this latter connection the collapsible and extending stays are pivoted on pivots 6 respectively to the back of the inner leg of the back support and to the front of the outer leg of the back support so that the legs and stays fold snugly upon the front portion aforesaid. In folding the legs 4 as stated, either one or both of the latter are passed into a stepped and open-ended keeper 29 affixed to and near the bottom and the back of the front portion of the stepladder. The folding into the keeper 2.) and the clamping of the legs 4 together, holds the latter in said keeper 29 for transport or storage purposes.

Means may be provided to stop the bottoms of the legs 4 from sinking into soft ground, or on the other hand, to allow the legs l to be extended when more length is desired for same. Such means may comprise lengths 35] of leg material with holes 3| made therein and spaced apart to correspond with holes 32 made in the bottom portions of the legs 4, said holes taking bolts 33 with winged nuts 34. Thus when not in use, the lengths 30 wholly lap on the legs 5 and are held in place by the bolts 33 and winged nuts 34; when the lengths 3B are in use as extensions of the legs 4, said lengths 3B partially overlap the legs 4 so that portions of the lengths 30 extend beyond the legs 4 to extend the latter; while for use in soft ground the lengths 38 are aflixed by the bolts 35% and winged nuts 34 in the bottom hole in the legs 4 and extend out at right angles to the latter.

It will be clearly understood that the back support described herein, is adaptable to and is intended for the conversion of ladders, trestles and the like made heretofore as well as for the construction of new stepladders and the like embodying the invention herein.

What I do claim and desire to obtain by Letters Patent of the United States of America is:

l. A stepladder, trestle and the like comprising a front portion having rungs arranged in and extending between stile-forming front legs, a back support formed by crossed back legs slid-- ably retained and adjustable on each other, a sliding clamp retaining the said back legs together by clamping the latter in infinitely variable positions within the compass cf said crossed legs, articulating hinges joining the upper part of the front portion to the upper parts of the back legs for backward and sideward movement of the latter relative to said front portion, and a regulable flexible connection between the front portion and the back support, whereby the latter is adjustable to uneven ground and awkward positions, the said crossed legs forming a back support being provided with slots, and said sliding clamp, for retaining the legs together and clamping them in desired positions, being provided with back and front plates flanged and shaped to fit upon and form slideways for the legs, said plates being held together by a bolt and nut, said bolt passing through and being slidable in said slots of said legs, said back legs having a stay movable and adjustable with the back legs to curtail whip or spread of the latter when in use, said back leg stay comprising an upper part passed between and separating the crossed legs and retained by the clamp of the latter, and arms pivoted to a lower part of the leg stay and pivoted to respective back legs.

2. A stepladder, trestle and the like comprising a front portion having rungs arranged in and extending between stile-forming front legs, a back support formed by crossed back legs slidably retained and adjustable on each other, a slid-- ing clamp retaining the said back legs together by clamping the latter in infinitely variable positions within the compass of said crossed legs,

articulating hinges joining the upper part of the front portion to the upper parts of the back legs for backward and sideward movement of the latter relative to said front portion, and a regulable flexible connection between the front portion and the back support, whereby the latter is adjustable to uneven ground and awkward positions, the said back support being provided with a collapsible and extending stay which comprises side arms each in two pieces pivoted together and having one piece pivoted to the front portion and the other piece pivoted to crossed pieces, the latter being centrally attached and held together, and being also pivotally attached to respective back legs.

3. A stepladder, trestle and the like comprising a front portion having rungs arranged in and extending between stile-forming front legs, a back support formed by crossed back legs slidably retained and adjustable on each other, a

sliding clamp retaining the said back legs together by clamping the latter in infinitely variable positions within the compass of the said crossed legs, articulating hinges joining the upper part of the front portion to the upper parts of the back legs for backward and sideward movement of the latter relative to said front portion, and a r-egulable flexible connection between the front portion and the back support, whereby the latter is adjustable to uneven ground and awkward positions, the said back support being provided with a collapsible and extending stay which comprises side arms each in two pieces pivoted together and having one piece pivoted to the front portion and the other piece pivoted to crossed pieces, the latter being centrally attached and held together and being also pivotally attached to respective back legs, the said crossed pieces passing through keepers attached to the back legs.

WILLIAM CHEW.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US3165169 *Sep 13, 1963Jan 12, 1965Machen James FLadder holder
US4249637 *Sep 28, 1979Feb 10, 1981Glasgow David ATripod stepladder
US4569419 *Apr 24, 1985Feb 11, 1986Denyse StoltzFoldable stepladder
US4971089 *Dec 22, 1988Nov 20, 1990Braman Bruce WFolding shelter
Classifications
U.S. Classification182/170, 182/173, 182/201, 182/171, 24/569, 182/200
International ClassificationE06C7/00, E06C7/44, E06C1/00, E06C1/20
Cooperative ClassificationE06C7/44, E06C1/20
European ClassificationE06C7/44, E06C1/20