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Publication numberUS2185851 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 2, 1940
Filing dateFeb 11, 1939
Priority dateFeb 11, 1939
Publication numberUS 2185851 A, US 2185851A, US-A-2185851, US2185851 A, US2185851A
InventorsKinkead Fullerton S
Original AssigneeBell Telephone Labor Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Signaling system
US 2185851 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 2, 1940.

F. S. KI NKEAD SIGNALING SYSTEM Filed Feb. 11, 1959 P/ TTSBURG PHILADELPHIA 5 BUFMLO ALBA/W4 2 BOSTON ./N 1 5 N TOR I E SKIN/(E40 Patented Jan. 2, 1940 UNITED STATES FATE.

SIGNALING SYSTEM Fullerton S. Kinkead, New York. N. Y., assignor to Bell Telephone Laboratories, Incorporated, New York, N. Y., a corporation of New York Application February 11, 1939, Serial No. 255,822

'9 Claims. (01. 178-2) This invention relates to telegraph systems and particularly .to systems wherein a common transmission channel is provided for a plurality of stapoint in the ring will traverse the ring and re-- turn to such point and since they are not synchronous at the incoming and outgoing terminals of the station forming such point, must be separated. Hence during transmission the normally closed connection between the incoming and outgoing terminals of the station circuit must be opened. Moreover, this open condition must be maintained for a period longer than the propagation time of the ring to prevent closure until after the last impulse has completely traversed the circuit in order to prevent the establishment of a traveling or stray signal which might other wise continue to traverse the ring indefinitely.

Heretofore this open circuit condition has been:

established manually and according to schedule or automatically under control of a slow-releasing means responsive to signals from the transmitting apparatus at the station. An object of the present invention is to provide improved means having more positive operating characteristics together with less expensive and more widely used standard components. Accordingly, a feature of the invention is a relayin a'circuit responsive to signals vfrom the transmitting apparatus which will open the normally closed circuit between the incoming and outgoing terminals and then positively lock up. Thereupon a separate timing arrangement comes into play and which will remain inefiective until transmission has ceased. After an interval which may be adjusted to be longer than the propagation time of the ring, this timing circuit will unlock and release the relay so that the connection between the incoming and outgoing terminals of the station circuit is restored to its normally closed state.

Another object of the invention is to provide improved means to respond to break signals and'prolonged open circuit and spacing signals. Accordingly, a timing circuit is provided which is adjusted to respon'dto break signals and anof a station circuit zissssi other timing circuit in cascade arrangement therewith is provided to give an alarm in case of an open circuit or extraordinarily long spacing condition.

,Another feature of the invention istheuse; of trigger tube timing circuitsfmaking use, of. sturdy positive action trigger or cold cathode gas-filled tubes in circuitswhich can be readily and inexpensively adjusted to widely varying- H time 1 intervals.

In the drawing,

I Fig. 1 is a schematic representation ofthe complete system in which the invention is employed;

and p p I Fig.2 is a circuit diagram showing the details vention. In Fig. 1 there is shown a ring circuit includ embo'dying the present -ining rectangles l, 2; 3,4, .5and '5 which represent station circuits at as many different cities, such,

for instance, as New York, Boston, Albany, Buffalo, Pittsburgh and Philadelphia. There is also shown in the circuit a rectangle land another. rectangle 8 which may indicate repeaters orv other time consuming transmission apparatus. To each station circuit at the different points the ring one or more separatestations may be connected. .The pulsing contacts 9 and the magnet II] represent in the usual form a teletypewriterstation. The pulsing contacts H and the magnet l2 represent a similar station connected to the same station circuit I.

In Fig. 2 the transmission line l3 enters the station and the transmission line IE4 leaves it. The "station circuit shown-here comprises three parts, that to the left being the general circuits for the station and the part in the middle and that tothe right illustrate'the arrangements for two separate subscribers connections. Under normal conditions the transmission line will be in the marking condition and consequently relays;

l5, l6 andl'l will be marking. With these relays on their marking contacts, relays l8, i9, 253 and. 2| in the middle subscribers connecting circuit will not 'be energized andthe corresponding re'-'- lays in the right-hand subscrib'ers connecting circuit will be in the same condition. Relays 22 and 23in the master station circuit will also not be energized.

Normally, the.circuit .is completed from line I3 through the back contact and armature of relay l8,' the marking contact and armature of relay It, the back contact and armature of relay 24, the marking contact and armature of relay l! to line 14. Marking currentflowing in this line also branches off through a circuit leading through the winding of relay I5 and the winding of selecting magnet I6 of the subscribers station associated with the broken-line rectangle 4I. The subscribers pulsing contacts 21 of this station also connect to the transmission line through the upper Winding of relay I6.

In a similar manner, the selecting magnet of the station represented by broken-line rectangle 42 is connected to the transmission line at a point between the armature of relay I6 and the back contact of relay 24, and the pulsing contacts 29 are connected to the transmission line through the upper winding of relay I'I.

. In general, the operation of these circuits is as follows: When transmission is being carried on at some remote station the selecting magnets 26 and 30 respond to the pulses flowing over the circuit from incoming conductor I3 to the outgoing conductor I4 and the teletypewriters at the stations represented by broken-line rectangles M and 42 respond thereto.

Now suppose that the subscriber at station EI wishes to transmit. He operates his pulsing contacts 21, whereupon the relay I8 opens the line,

leaving the receiving apparatus represented by the magnet 26 connected to the incoming terminal of the station circuit and the transmitting apparatus connected to the outgoing terminal of the station circuit. Thus the pulses sent by the contacts 2'! will traverse the entire circuit and will be recorded at all of the teletypewriters around the ring and will finally affect those stations own receiving apparatus represented by the magnet 26. During the trans:- mission of pulses by either of the stations M or 42 or by some one of the other stations in the ring or while a steady marking current flows. relay I5 performs no function. Its purpose will be referred to later.

Relay 28, one of which is supplied for each subscribers line connection, has three windings. The current when flowing through either the upper or lower windings has greater efiect than that flowing through the middle winding. Normally, however, with the armature of relay I6 in marking position there is no current through the upper winding since this is short-circuited by the marking contact of relay I6. Also, the same potential is applied to both leads of the lower winding and consequently the middle winding holds the armature to its marking position. When the subscriber opens his station circuit such, for instance, as by operation of the pulsing contacts 21, the armature of relay It moves to its spacing. contacts. This applies plus bate tery to the outgoing line, which causes the movement of relay I! to its spacing position and this in turn applies positive battery to the line I4 to denote a spacing condition beyond. Current now flows from the spacing contact of relay I6 through the upper winding of relay 28, causing its armature'to move to its spacing contact. This applies signal ground from the outer righthand armature of relay 20 to the back contact of the left-hand armature of relay I9 whence ground is extended through the back contact of the middle, left-hand armature of relay 22 to the winding of relay I8 and in parallel therewith through the armature and back contact or relay 2I to the winding of relay I9. Relays I8 and I9 operate and lock in a circuit from ground, the back contact and inner, right-hand armature of relay 23. the left-hand armature and front contact of relay I9 to the same circuit whereover relays I8 and I9 became energized.

Actuation of relay I8 connects steady battery to the marking contact of relay I6 so that the signals from the pulsing contacts of the subscribers station are on a polarbasis and the ring circuit backward toward line I3 is opened.

It should be noted that if a subscriber in the right-hand position, that is subscriber 42, were operating his pulsing contacts, then the relay I'I would respond and vibrate its armature between its spacing and marking contacts in accordance with the operation of the pulsing contacts 23. At the same time relays 24 and 3I would be actuated in a manner similar to the actuation of relays I3 and I 9. Relay 24 would cut oif the line so that the signals from the pulsing contacts zfi'would not go backward to relay I6 but would have to traverse the entire ring circuit.

Actuation of relay I9 causes the operation of relay 2! thereby removing the ground connection from condenser 32. In series with condenser 32 is high resistance 43 which delaysthe charging of this condenser so that a'time interval occurs-before the voltage applied to the trig-' ger tube 34 rises high enough to cause a flashover.

The'grid leak resistance 43 is adjustable so that the operation of tube 34 may be adjusted to be slightly greater than the propagation time of theentire ring circuit and since this may be different in different installations, then it is necessary that resistance 43 be on an adjustable nature. For example, if the resistance" 43 is made to be 100,000 ohms the delay in the operation of tube 34 may be about .35 second and each 100,000 ohms added-tothis value will increase thedelay by the same amount.

In order to avoid what may be termed singing, it is necessary to maintain the cut condition at a station after the'subscriber has ceased sending until the last spacing signal transmit-' ted has traversed the-entire ring. This means that relay I8 shall not be deenergized for a certain definite time interval after the contact of relay I6 is closed. This is achieved in the following manner.

Assume the'cut condition to be established as described above. Condenser 32 will be discharged on each spacing signal through the application of ground via the spacing contact on relay 28 and the front contact and inner, left-hand armature of relay 2!]. When the armature of relay 28 goes to marking, condenser 32 becomes charged through a grid leak resistance 43 and when the voltage in the terminal of trigger tube 34 rises to a predetermined value the tube flash" 7 value of the grid leak resistance 43 and the capacitance of the condenser 32 as above explained. I v I Means must be provided to enable any station on the ring to interrupt or break the sending. sta tion. This is achieved through relays I5,'23 and the trigger tube 35 in the iollowing manner.

When relay i is in operating or when ,itsiarmature is in the marking position, condenser 36 cannotbecome charged sufiiciently to provide a highenough voltage to flash the tube 35. When relay i5, however, is held in the spacing position by a break signal (prolonged spacing signal) incoming from another subscriber, tube 35 will flash, putting ground on the circuit through relay 23 which becomes operated. Relay 23 is then looked through its left-hand armature and front contact and the ground on the spacing contact of relay It. At the same time, ground is applied to the upper terminal of the triggeritube 35 so that this becomes extinguished. Removal of ground from the inner, right-hand armature of relay 23 opens the locking circuit for relays l8, l9 and 26 and these three relays release. The release of relay l8 permits the breaking subscribers spacing current to be repeated on to the next section, that is, plusbattery is applied to both contacts of relay l5. Relay28 will remain operated. As soon as the break signal has been completed and relay l5 moves to marking, relay 23 which was locked up through the spacing contact on relay l5 will be released.

If it is desired to give an alarm at the central ofiice in the event of line trouble producing a prolonged space, this is achieved through relays Z2 and 23 and trigger tube 38. The normal break intervals which actuate relay 23 are not of sufficient time duration to permit trigger tube 38 to be flashed. When a prolonged space occurs removal of ground at the outer, right-hand armature of relay 23 permits the condenser 39 to be charged, raising the voltage sufficiently to flash the tube 38. Application of ground by the actuation of tube 38 causes the operation of relay 22 which locks up through the spacing contact of relay l5, dismissing the tube 38. The outer, lefthand armature of relay 22 applies the ground to any type of alarm signal, here represented by a buzzer 40. A second ground at the middle, lefthand armature and front contact of relay 22 causes the actuation of relay l8 to break the ring and apply marking current to the marking contact of relay it so that the subscriber using the pulsing contacts 21 may transmit, if desired. When the trouble condition disappears and relay l5 goes to marking, relays 22 and 23 are deenergized, restoring the circuit to normal. Release of relay 22 restores relay ill to the control of relays 28, I9 and 20, which is the normal condition.

What is claimed is:

1. In a signaling system, a station circuit having incoming and outgoing terminals normally connected for through transmission, receiving apparatus connected to said incoming terminal, transmitting apparatus associated with said outgoing terminal, a relay for opening said normal connection between said terminals and a locking circuit therefor responsive to signals from said transmitting apparatus, and a timing arrangement including a trigger tube for opening said locking circuit and releasing said relay.

2. In a signaling system, a station circuit having incoming and outgoing terminals normally connected for through transmission, receiving apparatus connected to said incoming terminal, transmitting apparatus associated with said outgoing terminal, a relay for opening said normal connection between said terminals, means responsive to signals from said transmitting apparatus for operating and locking said relay, a trigget tube .for releasing .said relay and means responsive to signals from said transmitting apparatus for connecting said trigger tube in a timing circuit, said trigger tube and saidtiming circuit being arranged to respond a predetermined timeafter cessation of signals from said transmitting apparatus. I

3. In a signalling system, a station circuit having incoming and outgoing terminals normally connected for through transmission, receiving apparatus connected to said incoming terminal, transmitting apparatus associated with said outgoing terminal, a relay for opening said normal connection between said terminals, means including a locking circuitresponsive to-signals from said transmitting apparatus for operating said relay and a timing device for releasing said relay comprising a condenser and grid leak charging circuit therefor and a trigger tube responsive to a charged condition of said condenser, said condenser being maintained in a discharged condition by signals from said-trans mitting apparatus, said charging circuit being adjusted andarranged to charge said condenser to the point of operation of said trigger tube a predetermined time after the cessation of signals from said transmitting apparatus.

4. In a signaling system, a station circuit having incoming and outgoing terminals normally connected for through. transmission, receiving apparatus connected to said incoming terminal transmitting apparatus associated with said outconnected for through transmission, receiving apparatus connected to said incoming terminal transmitting apparatus associated with said outgoing terminal, a relay for opening said normal connection between said terminalsand for conditioning said associated transmitting apparatus for eifective transmission of signals into said outgoing terminal, means responsive to signals from said transmitting apparatus for operating said relay, means for locking said relay, a timing means made responsive to signals from said transmitting means by said locking means, said timing means being constructed and arranged to release said relay a predetermined time after cessation of signals from said transmitting means, a second timing means constructed and arranged to be responsive to a prolonged signal received over said incoming terminal for releasing said relay and a third timing means in cascade relation to said second timing means and constructed and arranged to be responsive to an abnormally long signal received over said incoming terminal for operating said relay.

6. In a signaling system, a station circuit having incoming and outgoing terminals normally connected for through transmission, receiving apparatus connected to said incoming terminal transmitting apparatus associated with said outgoing terminal, a relay for opening said normal connection between said terminals and for render-,

ing said transmitting apparatus effective for transmitting signals into said outgoing terminal, means responsive to signals from said transmitting apparatus for operating said relay, a looking circuit for said relay, means responsive to signals from said transmitting apparatus for effectively connecting a first timing circuit to said transmitting apparatus, said first timing circuit operating to release said relay a predetermined time after the cessation of signals from said transmitting apparatus, a second timing circuit responsive to a longer-than-normal signal received over said incoming terminal for releasing said relay'and a third timing circuit in cascade ar-, rangement to said second timing circuit and responsive toan extraordinarily long signal received over said incoming terminal for operating said relay and for operating an alarm, said timing circuits each comprising a condenser, a charging circuit therefor, and a trigger tube operable when said condenser attains a charged condition.

'7. In a signaling system, a station circuit having incoming and outgoing terminals normally connected for through transmission, receiving apparatus connected to said incoming terminal transmitting apparatus associated with said outgoing terminal, means for opening said normally closed connection between said terminals during use of said transmission apparatus'and a trigger tube timing circuit for closing said connection a predetermined interval after said use of. said transmission apparatus, a trigger tube timing circuit responsiveto a break signal for closing said.

connection and a trigger tube timing circuit responsive to a permanent spacing signal or open circuit on said incoming terminal for giving an alarm.

8. A signaling system comprising a. one-way transmission-circuit closed upon itself in a ring;

a plurality of serially included station circuits and other transmission apparatus all combining to give said ring circuit a definite propagation time, each said station circuit having incoming and outgoing terminals normally connected for through transmission, receiving apparatus connected to said incoming terminal and transmitting apparatus associated with said outgoing terminal, a relay for opening said normally closed connection between said terminals, a locking circuit for said relay, a timing circuit for unlocking and releasing said relay, means responsive to signals from said transmitting apparatus for operating and locking said relay and for effectively connecting'said'timing circuit to said transmitting relayysaid timing circuit being constructed and arranged to unlock and release'said relay after a time-interval longer than the said propagation time of said ring circuit after cessation of said signals from said transmitting apparatus.

9. A signaling system comprising a one-way transmission circuit closed upon itself in a ring, a plurality of serially included station circuits and other transmission apparatus, all combining to give said ring circuit a definite propagation time, each said station circuit having means for opening the ring thereat during transmission and a trigger tube timing circuit for closing the ring an interval longer than the said propagation time after transmission, a trigger tube timing circuit responsive to a break signal for closing the ring if open thereat and a trigger tube timing circuit responsive to a permanent spacing signal for giving an alarm at that station immediately following'the conditioni'causing said permanent spacing signal. a x T I FULLERTON S. KINKEAD.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4293948 *Oct 29, 1974Oct 6, 1981Olof SoderblomData transmission system
USRE31852 *Jul 1, 1982Mar 19, 1985Willemijn Houdstermaatschappij BVData transmission system
Classifications
U.S. Classification178/2.00D
International ClassificationH04L12/18
Cooperative ClassificationH04L12/18
European ClassificationH04L12/18