|Publication number||US2187163 A|
|Publication date||Jan 16, 1940|
|Filing date||May 28, 1937|
|Priority date||May 28, 1937|
|Publication number||US 2187163 A, US 2187163A, US-A-2187163, US2187163 A, US2187163A|
|Original Assignee||Walter Langer|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (18), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 16, 1940. w. LANGER DEODORANT PUFF AND METHOD OF MAKING SAME Filed May 28, 1937 INVENTOR )Zali'ho ATTORN EYS Patented Jan. 16, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE DEODORANT PUFF AND METHOD OF MAKING Sm Walter Langer, New York, N. Y.
Application May 28. 1937, Serial No. 145,185
12'Claims. (Cl. 132-18.5)
This invention relates to deodorant puff and that according to this invention the deodorant method of making same. A puff embodying this is available in a new form and so far as I am invention is especially adapted for application to aware the combination of a put! with a deodorant the skin so as to deposit on the skin a material adapted to be readily removed upon patting or having a deodorizing effect. In this connection rubbing the pun on the skin is new in the art. 5 the word deodorantflis used in a broad sense as The advantages of a deodorant puff embodyincluding substances which are anti-perspirants ing this invention are many. In the first place, and act to prevent perspiration from occurring a deodorant puff embodying my invention can and as including substances which are odor rebe readily made and sold and, as thus made and 10. moving in character and are adapted to remove sold, afiord individual applicators to the user. odor from perspiration after it has occurred. Anyone or more of such puffs may be removed Heretofore deodorants have been made up in from a box carried in a handbag and after use liquid or cream form or in powdered form. In can be discarded. Moreover, individual puifs in either case it is necessary to have a suitable conindividual containers may be marketed. As will tainer such as a bottle for containing liquid, a be described more in detail below, there are sev- 15 tube for containing cream or a box for containeral desirable ways .of packing and using deing powder in order to carry the deodorant maodorant puffs embodying my invention. terial. It is inconvenient, however, to carry such A further feature of this invention resides in containers in a pocket book, for example, due to the use of a. powdered base material in comuncthe bulk thereof and the likelihood of'the detion with a deodorant material and in combina- 90 odorant material spilling out. tion with the foundation member for the puff.
There has been a further defect in connection The powdered base material acts as a carrier for with deodorants which have heretofore been the deodorant material and enables the deodorant made and sold in that they are harsh in their material to be readily detached from the fibers effect and tend to irritate the skin. Likewise on the puff. Were it not for the powdered base the chemicals which have been used heretofore, material, the deodorant chemical could not reade. g., aluminum chloride, zinc chloride, etc., freily be removed from the puff and the use of the quently have the objection of being injurious to puif would be inconvenient, would require severe cloth out of which the garments of the user are application, and would involve waste of deodorant 3. madematerial. By the use of the powdered base ma- 80 It is a purpose of this invention to afford to the terial such dimculties are avoided. public a deodorant which is available in a much Some powdered base materials are preferable more convenient and desirable form than hereto others. For example, I have found that the tofore. According to one feature of this invenordinary ingredients of face powder, e. g., talcum -35 tion, a deodorant material is used in combination powder, magnesium carbonate, zinc stearate, clay, 85
with what is referred to herein as a puff. The etc., become removable with difficulty from a pull may be of a soft and pliable material and puff when combined with deodorant materials. should have numerous fibers extending from at I have found that calamine is especially suitable least One S de thereof- Various types of fabric as a powdered base material for use in combina- 40 such as fabrics made of cotton may be used and tion with deodorant chemicals and a fibrous 4 du e Weaving Subsequent the eto e foundation member. This material, namely calfabric should be caused to have numerous fibers amine, has the property of adhering to the fibers extending therefrom. Alternatively a felted fiber extending from th puff i atisfactory t m y be u for the D and m y be manuner and this characteristic in the calamine is not factured in such a manner that the fibers on at impaired when it is combined with the deodorant 5 least one side are relatively free and adapted to chemicals. It is desirable that the powdered base entangle a deodorant material and a powder material, when used with the deodorant mathereon. According to this invention the puff terials, adhere sufliciently to the fibers so as not carries a deodorant material and preferably a to fiy about excessively and so as not to become so mixture of deodorant materials of the character prematurely removed from the puif during ship- 5 below described and the deodorant material is ment and storage. On the other hand, it is decarried as by mere entanglement with the nusirable that the powdered base material, together merous pliable fibers extending from the pufi so with the deodorant chemicals, be adapted for as to be readily detachable from the fibers upon ready detachment from the fibers of the puff applying the puff to the skin. It is apparent upon applying the puff to the skin so that the 55 powdered base material and deodorant material may be readily removed from the puff and deposited on the skin. As aforesaid, I have found, as a result of much experimentation, that calamine has the foregoing desirable properties and in a very high degree. In addition to calamine, zinc oxide may be used as a powdered base material, but it is somewhat less satisfactory than calamine. Zinc oxide is, however, distinictly superior to other powder materials, such as those materials hereinabove mentioned, which are commonly used in face powders. Moreover, calamine and zinc oxide are distinguished by a pronounced drying quality and are advantageous for this reason in a deodorant puff according to my invention.
Further features of this invention relate to the deodorant materials that are used. I have found that benzoic acid and salicylic acid are desirable inasmuch as these substances exercise a deodorant effect on perspiration and are relatively nonirritating to the skin. Tannic acid, tannic acid salts, aluminum sulphate and zinc salts such as zinc sulphate and zinc sulpho-carbolate are also desirable and, due to their action in precipitating the albumen of the skin, they have the property of preventing or reducing perspiration and of acting as deodorants in this manner. It is desirable to employ deodorant material part of which is a substance that acts primarily to remove the odor of perspiration and another part of which is a substance that is an anti-perspirant and prevents perspiration.
Thus I have found it to be especially desirable to use substances adapted to remove odor from perspiration such as benzoic acid and salicylic acid and mixtures thereof in combination with substances adapted to prevent perspiration such as tannic acid, tannic acid salts, zinc salts and mixtures thereof. Tannic acid salts such as tannoform (tanninformaldehyde) are illustrative of tannic acid salts which may be used. Zinc salts such as zinc sulpho-carbolate, zinc sulphate, etc. are illustrative of zinc salts which may be used.
While any of the deodorant materials above mentioned can be used alone, the use of one substance alone requires, to be effective for the purpose, the use of the substance in an amount which is somewhat irritating to the skin. I have found that instead of using one substance as a deodorant material, several deodorant materials can be combined to advantage. For some reason the combination of several deodorant materials is less irritating to the skin than a corresponding amount of one of the materials used alone. In preferred practice I employ a plurality of the substances above mentioned, e. g., benzoic acid, salicylic acid, benzoin, zinc sulpho-carbolate, oxyquinolin sulphate, etc, and a substance selected from tannic acid and tannic acid salts, and thereby afford a mixture which has a powerful deodorant effect and which is not irritating to the skin. Moreover, these materials have the important advantage that they do not injure the fabrics such as silk, cotton, etc. out of which garments are made and do not injure the material out of which the foundation member of the puffs is made,
The following are certain illustrative embodiments of this invention, the materials recited being in each case carried by fibers extending from a soft and pliable foundation member.
aromas Per cent (1) Powdered base material selected from calamine, zinc oxide, and mixtures thereof 70 to 90 Odor removing substance selected from benzoic acid, benzoin, salicylic acid and mixtures thereof- Anti-perspirant substance selected from the substances tannic acid, tannic acid salts, zinc sulphate, zinc sulpho-carbolate, aluminum sulphate, oxyquinolin sulphate and mixtures thereof Powdered base material selected from calamine, zinc oxide and mixtures thereof 70 to 90 Benzoic acid to 2 Salicylic acid to 2 Zinc sulpho-carbolate 2 to 15 Substances selected from tannic acid, tannic acid salts and mixtures thereof to 5 The manner of manufacturing a deodorant puff is also part of this invention. I have found that it is preferable to make a deodorant puff embodying this invention by mixing a powdered base material, such as calamine, zinc oxide, or a combination of these materials, together with the deodorant materials and making a semi-fluid mix thereof by the use of a volatile liquid. The resulting mixture may be somewhat like a thin paste and may be of varying degrees of fluidity. Accordingly, the mixture is regarded as best referred to as being semi-fluid in character. The semi-fluid mixture is applied to the puff in any desired manner, as by brushing or spraying it on the material out of which the puff is made, by pressing or stamping it into such material, or the like. After the paste has been applied, the liquid is caused to evaporate as by exposure to the at mosphere or mild heating in a drying oven, leaving the solids entangled with the fibers extending from the puff.
I have found that especially satisfactory results are obtained when the deodorant materials are caused to be in a state of partial solution in the volatile liquid used in making semi-fluid mixture. If the deodorant materials are caused to go wholly into solution the materials tend to form a skin on the fibers of the puff which makes it difficult to remove the materials from the puff. On the other hand, if the deodorant materials do not go into solution at all the materials do not penetrate into the pufi sufficiently. Accordingly, it is a feature of this invention that the deodorant materials are caused to assume a state of partial solution in the liquid used in making the semifiuid mixture that is applied to the puff so that the materials penetrate into the puff and, at the same time, are deposited thereon in such condition that they can readily be removed upon applying the puff to the skin.
A semi-fluid mix may be made using ingredients such as those herein above mentioned and a mixture of alcohol and water may be used as the liquid for forming the paste. The alcohol (ethyl alcohol) is a solvent for benzoic acid and salicylic acid. Other similar solvents and appropriate to the deodorant material used may be selected such as isopropyl alcohol, acetone, etc. By way of example, a semi-fluid mixture of calamine, benzoic acid, salicyclic acid, tannic acid, zinc sulpho-carbolate, water and alcohol may be made up wherein the tannic acid and zinc sulpho- Vzt05 carbolate are dissolved in water and the benzoic acid and salicylic acid are only partially dissolved by the alcohol and are substantially insoluble in the water.' If, for example, one part of alcohol is used to three or four parts of water, the amount of alcohol is insufilcient to dissolve all of the benzoic acid and salicylic acid, and about half of the benzoic acid and salicylic acid occur as finely-divided particles in the mix.
When such a composition is made up in the form of a thin semi-fluid mix and is applied to a puff, the deodorant materials together with the calv amine penetrate into the puff so that they become adherent to the fibers extending from the puff and at the same time can be readily removed upon application of the puff, after it has dried, to the skin. Part of the deodorant material such as the benzoic acid and salicyclic acid will be carried as discrete particles on the fibers extending from the puff due to the fact that a considerable amount of these materials has not been dissolved. An additional part of the deodorant material including some of the dissolved benzoic acid and salicylic acid, together with dissolved tannic acid and zinc sulpho-carbolate becomes coated on the calamine base material which in turn adheres to the fibers of the puff. When a puff prepared in this manner is used, the deodorant materials either occurring as discrete particles or as a coating for the calamine are readily detachable from the puff, but at the same time they adhere thereto sufficiently strongly so as to not fall off prematurely. V
The following are illustrations of formulas which I have found to be especially suitable in the preparation of a semi-fluid mix for application to a puff.
' Per cent (1) Powdered base material selected from calamine, zinc oxide and mixtures thereof 10 to 30 Odor removing substance selected from benzoic acid, benzoin, salicylic acid and mixtures thereof V to 3 Anti-p'erspirant substance selected from tannic acid, tannic acid salts, zinc sulphate, zinc sulphocarbolate, aluminum sulphate, and oxyquinolin sulphate lto 10 Liquid including water and a volatile solvent for the said odor removing substance 30 to (2) Calamine 10to30 Benzoic acid l to 2 Tannic acid a. lto 5 Zinc sulphate 1 to 10 Water 30to60 Ethyl alcohol 20 to 40 (3) Zinc oxide 10 to30 Benzoic acid A to 2 Salicylic acid Ato 2 Tannic acid salt Ito 5 Zinc sulpho-carbolate 1 to 10 Water 30 to 60 Ethyl alcohol 20 15040 The puffs can be made of varying strength as by controlling the amount of semi-fluid mix'that tion member I1 is employed having fibers l8 ex- 3 embodiments of this ir'ivention shown in the accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a sheet of material having fibers extending from the upper side thereof;
7 Fig. 2 is a perspective view of an individual puff 6 having fibers extending from one side thereof;
Fig. 3 is a cross section of the puff shown in Fig. 2; and
Figs. 4 and 5 are cross sectional views of modified forms of pufls embodying this invention.
The figures in thedrawing are not intended to show actual proportions but are largely diagrammatic. Referring to Figs. 1, 2 and 3, individual puffs such as the pufi shown in Fig. 2 may be made from a sheet of material, e. g., from I. the sheet In shown in Fig. 1. The detail of the structure of the sheet l0 and of the pufl shown in Fig. 2, is shown in Fig. 3. The fabric base II has numerous fibers l2 extending from one side thereof. This affords a soft and pliable foundation member for the pufl having fibers extending therefrom which are adapted to carry deodorant material. As aforesaid, the material may be made of cotton, wool and the like and may be formed in any suitable manner as by weaving, felting, or the like. The individual puff may be round as shown in Fig. 2. A plurality of individual puffs may be stamped or otherwise cut out of the sheet III, for example, as indicated by the dotted lines in Fig. 1. Likewise a plurality I of puffs may be formed substantially simultaneously from a plurality of superposed sheets such as the sheet In. While a round puff is shown in Fig. 2, the puffs may be square. If the puffs are square the sheet l0 could be cut into strips longitudinally and laterally so as to result in a plurality of individual square pufis. In general the pufis may be any shape that is thought desirable. In making the puffs the deodorant material may be applied before the foundation member for the finished puff is cut from a large sheet or after the individual puff has been made. In either case a semi-fluid mix comprising liquid, a powdered base material and deodorant materials is made up and applied to the fibers extending from the soft and pliable foundation member as by brushing, spraying, pressure application, or the like. After the liquid has evaporated the fibers of the foundation member carry the deodorant composition l6 (as indicated by the stippling.
In Fig. 3 a pull is shown having the fibers extending from one side only. In such case the back of the puff may carry a suitable trade name l3 of any desired character, directions ll, ornaments l5 and the like, as may be desired, and all of which may be referred to generally as legends.
In Fig. 4 a modified form of puff embodying this invention is shown. In this case, a foundatending from both sides thereof. The deodorant material I9 (indicated by the stippling) is, however, carried on one side only of the puff. This is advantageous as the fiber on the back of the puff which does not carry the deodorant material can be used either to wipe off the skin before the deodorant is applied or to smooth over the deodorant after it has been applied from the other s'de of the puff.
In Fig. 5 a further modification is shown which is similar to that described in connection with Fig. 4 in that the foundation member I I has fibers l8 extending from both sides thereof. However, in Fig. 5 the deodorant material I9 is applied to both sides of the puff. This construction is ad-- I vantageous when a maximum of deodorant is to be carried on a single puff.
Deodorant puffs embodying this invention can be made of any suitable color and the color may be applied to the foundation member of the puff or to the materials adherent thereto, namely, the powdered base material or the deodorant material or both. In such case flesh tints can be had as may be desired by the user. Likewise the deodorant puff can be caused to carry perfume.
While this invention has been described in connection with certain specific embodiments thereof, it is to be understood that this has been done solely for the purpose of illustration and that the scope of the invention is to be governed by the language of the following claims.
1. A deodorant puff which comprises a foundation member of soft and pliable material having numerous fibers extending from at least one side thereof, a powdered base material and a deodorant material; said deodorant material 7 being' coated upon said powdered base material and said powder base material as coated with said deodorant material being carried by said fibers so as to be readily detachable from said fibers upon applying said puff to the skin.
2. A deodorant puff which comprises a foundation member of soft and pliable material having numerous fibers extending from at least one side thereof, a powdered base material and a deodorant material, part of said deodorant material being carried as a coating on said powdered base material and part of said deodorant material being in the form of discrete particles carried by said fibers, said powdered base material coated with sa d deodorant material and said discrete particles of deodorant material being readily detachable from said fibers upon applying said pufi to the skin.
3. A deodorant puff which comprises a foundation member of soft and pliable material having numerous fibers extending from at least one side thereof and carried by said fibers a powdered base material and a deodorant material, said powdered base material including a material selected from the materials calamine and zinc oxide.
4. A deodorant puff which comprises a foundation member of soft and pliable material having numerous fibers extending from at least one side thereof and carried by said fibers a powdered base material and a deodorant material, said powdered base material comprising calamine in major proportion.
5. A deodorant pufl which comprises a foundation member of soft and pliable material having numerous fibers extending from at least one side thereof and carried by said fibers a powdered base material and a deodorant material, said deodorant material comprising a substance adapted to remove odor from perspiration and another substance adapted to decrease normal perspiration when applied to the skin.
6. A deodorant pufi which comprises a. foundation member of soft and pliable material having numerous fibers extending from at least one side thereof and carried by said fibers a powdered base material and a deodorant material, said powdered base material including in major proportion a material selected from the materials calamine,
zinc oxide and mixtures thereof, and said deodorant material including an albumen precipitant which is not injurious to silk and a substance selected from the group benzoic acid, benzoin salicylic acid and mixtures thereof.
'7. A deodorant puiT which comprises a foundation member of soft and pliable material havin numerous fibers extending from at least one side thereof and carried by said fibers a powdered base material and a deodorant material, said powdered base material including in major proportion a material selected from calamine, zinc oxide and mixtures thereof and said deodorant material including a substance selected from the group benzoic acid, benzoin and salicylic acid, a substance selected from the group tannic acid and salts of tannic acid, and a substance selected from the group aluminum sulphate, zinc sulphate, and zinc sulpho-carbolate and oxyquinolin sulphate.
8. A deodorant puff which comprises a foundation member of soft and pliable material having numerous fibers extending from at least one side thereof and carried by said fibers about 70% to about 90% of a substance selected from the substances calamine, zinc oxide-and mixtures thereof; about /2% to about 5% of a substance selected from the substances benzoic acid, benzoin, salicylic acid, and mixtures thereof; and about 2% to about 15% of a substance selected from the substances tannic acid, tannic acid, salts, zinc sulphate, zinc sulpho-carbolate, aluminum sulphate, oxyquinolin sulphate, and mixtures thereof.
9. A method of making a deodorant puff which comprises making a semi-fluid paste mixture comprising a volatile liquid, a powdered base material and a deodorant material, applying the mixture to fibers extending from a foundation member of the puff, and causing the liquid to evaporate.
10. A method of making a deodorant puff which comprises making a semi-fluid mixture comprising a volatile liquid, a powdered base material undissolved in said liquid, and a deodorant material which is at least partially dissolved in said liquid, applying the mixture to a foundathn member of the puff, and causing the liquid to evaporate.
11. A method of making a deodorant puff which comprises making a semi-fluid mixture comprising a volatile liquid, powdered base material undissolved in said liquid and deodorant material part of which is dissolved in said liquid and part of which is in the form of discrete particles undissolved in said liquid, applying said mixture to fibers extending from a foundation member of the puff, and causing the liquid to evaporate.
12. A method of making a deodorant puff which comprises making a semi-fluid mixture comprising a powdered base material, a water soluble deodorant material, a water-insoluble deodorant material, water and a volatile solvent for said water-insoluble deodorant material, said powdered base material being substantially insoluble in said water and said solvent being present in an amount adapted to dissolve part but not all of said water-insoluble deodorant material, applying said mixture to fibers extending from a foundation member of the pufi, and causing the water and solvent to evaporate.
WALTER LANGER. 1
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|U.S. Classification||15/104.93, 424/69, 424/68, 424/401, 424/67|
|International Classification||A45D33/34, A45D33/00|