Machine for beating and dressing
US 2187543 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
S. HASKIN Jan. 16, 1,940.
Filed Dec. 23, 1937 l `U`N1TE-DNSTATES Parle-BITy 'OFFICE Prb Patented Jan. 16, 1940 IMACHnvE rolt BEATING ANDDRSSING FURs AND 'rnE LIKE ksimon naskin, North carlton, vittoria, Australia i Application December 23, 1937, Serial No. 181,448
i In Australia December 24, 1936 4` claims, (o1. 149-24) rics `and the like to improve the appearance thereof by bringing up the `nap or surface, and also .to remove loose or broken hairs, dust, larvae of moths and other foreignmaterials. n
WhileA furs are being handled, cleaned, sewn orotherwise made up the surface of the fur often loses its proper finished appearance and it is customary to comb or brush the furs or beat them with light canes in order to regain the desired appearance. f g
The present invention provides a simple yet elcient form of machine for the purpose by which furs or the like can be subjected-to a mild beating action tobring up the nap or surface and generally improve their appearance. Themachine also en'ablesloose orbroken hairs, dust and other foreign materials in' the fur to be `expeditiously and` effectively removed Without damage to the fur..
The machine is characterizedfby havingA` a The severity of the beating action is preferably capable of regulation by making either the shaft or the support for the furs adjustable relatively one to the other so that the length of the thongs allowed to strike the furs can be varied as desired.
In the accompanying drawing to which reference is now made- Figure 1 is a side elevation of one representative construction of the improved machine ac-v cording to the invention.
Figure 2 is a plan view. Figure 3 is a detail View of the adjustment Pivotallyinounted ,on a pin 4 'carried the Istand is a, framey 5 supporting an electric'motor 6. The motor drives 'through a chain, or belt I` a wheel 8 mounted on the end of a shaft 9.' `The shaft is supported in bearings IU'o'n thefframeL and its end II projects beyond the `frarrieand tube I3 which is detachably secured totheendfof the' shaft, by any approved means such' as a screw I4. The thongsare formedy from relatively light strips vof leather `or rubberor` likeflexible material. i
In the embodiment' shown inl Figur'efl, theft thongs `are inserted diametrically through the tube vin'the holes I5and each strip ofthong i material extends Ito an equal distance onjeach `side of the tube so that it forms two thongs.
This arrangement enables the thongs to be re-"' tained'in the holes I5 without any'addition'alfse- `curing means as the centrifugal forceacting on one thong during the rotation fofthe shaft is substantially balanced by that' acting "on `the other connected thong.
The holes I5 in the tube or the shaft are arranged alternately inwdiiferent planes so as to distribute the thongs throughout the. complete circle, and any desired number of holes and thongs may be used as found convenient.
In the arrangement shown in Figure 5, the thongs are fltted in slots I6 in the tube or shaft instead of the holes I5. Eachstrip of material forms two thongs but the thongs do not pass diametrically through the tube. Instead they are looped or bent centrally at I'I to fit into the slots I6 and are held therein by means of a U-shaped A` `wire fastener I8. Other approved means may be employed for directly attaching the thongs to the i tube or shaft. f
'I'he frame 5 has an upstanding bracket member I9 which receives the quadrant 2 and'moves slidably thereagainst when the frame is pivotally adjusted. The bracket for the quadrant I9 has l lugs 20 at its lower end supporting a pivoted spring-pressed pawl 2I which engages the teeth 3 of the quadrant 2. The pawl has a finger piece 22 for convenient operation in pivotally adjusting the frame 5.
The furs or pelts to be treated may be placed on a table, plate or other convenient support 23 or could be held by hand. The beating and combing action of the thongs causes the individual hairs or fibres of the fur to be separated and .the nap or surface of the fur raised. Any loose I ,25. l3..may=be...arranged atfsome-distance fromfthe e. -30 -cessible .f ichine Vis--not in: operation.- sofas to.- eliminate the fg, 40Vmample; of eafwi're. 2k3 wound` helically. round feach or broken hairs, dustv and other foreign materals in the fur are also removed. The beating action of the thongs is not suciently severe to damage the fur and it is found to greatly im- 5 prove the appearance.
'I'he severity of the beating action-may be regulated by pivotally adjusting the frame 5 on the pin 4,- as shown in dotted lines in Figure l, so
v that theflength of .the thongs-allowed' to strike 10 the fur-can be krvaried as desired; vhThe quadrant A"said shaftavith both free'ends ofsaid thong ex- 2 and paWl 2l enable the frame to be secured v tending out of said hole on the same side of said at any selected adjusted position. v mashaft, means. inwardly of said shaft seouringsaid .The method of tting thethongsby..inserting \pbightsgthereinpandj portions of said thong ends them through the hOleS '5'0"1 Slot l5 `S found"'r'ibeingadapted to strike the furs on said support l5 to be particularly advantageous as the thongs upon the rotatim of Said Shaft-,
`can be quickly removedV 2andffreplaced1'and' no 2r namachinefor beating and dressing furs Special Securing means are, required. l l onthelikeincludinga support for the furs, ashaft The thickness of the thongs USEdvCaDYaIYC- andfmeansfor rotating said shaft; a plurality of Cording to the Class 0f fur 01' material t0 be exbie thongs carried by aportirm of said shaft,
20 dressed or treated. feachof slaid thongs being doubled to provide two Theriubefl Cfrryngfiheith0ng5-ma5 ifv de- .fthongends,imeans securing ythe bight of-jsaid y ...sired,Y beconveniently..detached.from the end of doubledthong to .said shaft',y and portions of's'aid the-shaft. 9,.and..a rotaryorush or-the liketted .,.thqngfnds.beingadaptedtustrike the-fury@ ,.thereonior,speciaLuse t, In somecases .the tube tisaid-.support.uponfthefrotation of saidshaftfsaid What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. In a machine for beating and dressing furs or the like including a support for the furs, a shaft and means for rotating said shaft; a plurality of holes in the sides of said shaft, a plurality of flexible thongs, each of said thongs being doubled to provide two thong ends, the doubled blight of V.each 'thong beingiinserted. in `a hole of shaft SX-.andfconnected vthereto by aleXible :driving member yso that the beating thongs. can be .moved over alargefuraorotherwiseused in pof; sitions -where themachine as -a `.Whole isfnot acportion tos receive the bights of saidthongs; and .A-meansiinwardly vof said` shaft and lengagingfsaid bights yto A,retain thesame inrsaidlslots.
3. A'.-machinewfor. beatingandrfdressingfurs 4.,I'he. .thongs areV preferably provided adjacent the tube-J3, or `'the shaft Aonl .which r they yare f-rmounted,` with means for preventingsaid thongs from hanging loosely together Whennthearnar ly-fsupported,intermediateitsa ends on said stand, a shaft revolvably supported on onerend of said :j .-fra-rne-,; a motorY ion-the .other :end of said frame, -sfmeansfwfor dri-ving thewshaft from thermoton a tendency' of said ttl-longs ito become :entangled-'with f `one another oritoilapflaterally andibecomeentangled in adjacent'machinery when `themachine isgi-lrst.startedmsSuchf-means mayfconsist, for eX- and :means :for securing .the-f1a.rr1eV in '.pivotally f-adjustedposition onethestand.
Y 4; .'Ihe-.structur.e of vclaim 3;;saidfstand being Yprovided with'aiquadrantihavingnteeth;a slot in said frame receiving Asaid 1 quadrant' When; said frame is pivoted, and a pawltcarried: bysaid frameV adjacent.:i-saideslottoA engage-saidv teeth #and holdthe frame ini an' adjustedA position.
1 SIMON ',HASKIN.
. :thongfasshown inJFigur-e 4,`or a rlength` of-.tube or-fsleevel-ikeelement-2.4 as shownin Figure f vNarious-pthert-rnodications can; bevv made Witha in the scope-vandprinciples of:the-invention;
:last 'namedmeans comprising.y slots in :said 'shaft' plurality oI-thongs itted to .one end of Xtheshaft;v