|Publication number||US2187878 A|
|Publication date||Jan 23, 1940|
|Filing date||Feb 27, 1937|
|Priority date||Feb 27, 1937|
|Publication number||US 2187878 A, US 2187878A, US-A-2187878, US2187878 A, US2187878A|
|Inventors||Bryan Harshman Jennings, Miller Hill Arthur|
|Original Assignee||Stanolind Pipe Line Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (14), Classifications (9)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Jan. 23, 1940. A. M. H|LL ET AL COLLAR WELDING JIG Filed Feb. 27, 1937 A www IIIIII Patented Jan. 23, 1940 PATENT OFFICE COLLAR WELDING JIG Arthur Miller Hill and Jennings Bryan Harshman, Tulsa, Okla., assignors to Stanolnd Pipe Line Company, Tulsa, Okla., a corporation of Maine Application February 27, 1937, Serial No. 128,175
This invention relates to a device for holding a plurality of members upon which certain work operations are to be performed and for adjust'- ing the position of said members relative tol each other. More particularly, the invention relates to a collar welding jig.
Pipe lines, particularly those for transmitting oil, are often composed of what is conventionally referred to as screw pipe sections joined 0 by collars into which the adjoining ends of pipe are screwed. 'I'hese connections often spring leaks due to various causes such as imperfect threads, v galling of the metal when the joint is made up too fast .without vproper lubrication,
g crossthreading and strains caused byv expansion and contraction. In order' to stop these leaks it is .often desirable to` weld the collars to thev pipesections as by electric or acetylene welding. The strains to which these joints 'are subjected in the accomplishmentof the welding operation often result in the threads pulling out. It is readily apparent that this might lead to disastrous results particularly when the pipe contains inammable material. It is thus necessary g5 to provide for holding the sections of pipe together throughout the welding oper-ation. l
It is an object of the present invention to provide' an improved 4device for gripping two portions of' a pair ofL linearly disposed members l0 for holding and/or pulling the same together for the purpose of Aperforming a work operation thereon, such for example aswelding or otherwise fastening the ends of said .members t0- geth'er. y 35 It isan object of the present invention to profvideg an limprovead device for clamping the opposed ends of fa pair of pipes `for holding and/on pulling them together for the purpose; for ex-vample, ci weldingthelconnecting collar toA the 401pipesf.V 4' It yis. a further-object of the. present invention-to providev an.l improved collar' weldingfjig whichy 4is ,y capable oi Lquick` 4and convenient installation ,in positionabout the adjacent. por-w *other vthan rings may be provided., such im, ex; l
ample as octagonal shaped collars. Y l 'i 45"ltionspf linearly disposedsections ofpipe. y
n isa stm further object ofthe present in..
' vention to providean arrangementoimeans for supporting'and normally vurging the gripping jaws of acollar welding jig into inoperative position` vand` for simultaneously and`r accurately moving the gripping dogsinto aligned grippingrelationship 'with` the 'work being "operated on.`
Itis Aa. still further object ofthe present invention to providel in a collar welding :iig `an improved encompassing collar for supporting the gripping dogs.
A preferred embodiment of my device is illustrated in the accompanying drawing in which:
Figure 1 is an assembly view of my device in position on opposed sections of pipe;
Figure 2 is an end elevation taken on line 2-2 of Figure 1 with the pipe removed;
Figure 3 is a cross section of the ring taken on line 3-3 of Figure 2 with accessories relo moved;
Figure 4 is a detailed cross section View taken on line 4 4 of Figure 2 and shows the relationship of the gripping dog and ring;
Figure 5 is an end elevation view of the grip- Ping dog. v
Referring to Figure 1, I have shown a pair of encompassing rings or collars A and B surrounding opposed ends of two linearly disposed pipe sections I0 and Il. The pipe sections I0 20 and Il are joined by an interiorally threaded l collar or coupling C which receives the `threaded ends of pipes Ill and Il. The rings or collars A and B are divided into two readily separable arcuate portions l2 and I3 (see Figure 2) These separate arcuate portions l2, I3, are arranged for ready assembly about the respective ends of the pipes I0, I-I, and are formed on their inner peripheries with inclined supporting surfaces I4 for slidably receiving wedge-shaped gripping dogs I5. The adjoining ends of the respective arcuate portions are formed with outwardly extending protuberances I6 thereon. These pro tuberances on the respective arcuate portions-lie in juxtaposedy complementaryv position to one ,f another for conined reception within eye memf :bers I1. Turn buckles I8 are provided for pull- 4ing or drawing the eye members together. The
eye members I1 serve both as'means to fasten ytogether `the arcuate lmembers to form' the rings o iA and .B and `as part of the means for drawing'l therings. A. and B together to adjust tnepipe4 ends Vlil* and yIl .relative Kto eachother. It is" apparent that` encompassing means'in` forms 'Y Auxiliaryrings 20 are provided'and are shown i clamped about the .respective ends of the pipes seen). These auxiliary rings 20 may be formed in any desired manner, but I have shown them for purposes of illustration as comprising two y.arcuate portions 2l and 21 made of strap metal g hinged together on one side and provided with fastening means on the other side. 'I'he fastening means is of a conventional form comprising a hinged bolt 23 Welded to the end of one of said arcuate portions 2I and a nut 24 received on the free end of said bolt and cooperating with the opposed end of the other arcuate member 22.
Figures 3 and 4 show in detail the arrangement of the inclined surfaces I4 on the inside of the ring or collar' for slidably receiving the wedge shaped dogs I5. I have shown ratchet shaped teeth on the dog but it is apparent that any well known form of teeth may be employed. The gripping dog is formed with a longitudinal slot I5a in the face adjacent the ring supporting surface, for cooperation with a stub bolt I5b for guiding and limiting its movement. 'I'he stub bolt is screwed into a threaded opening within the jaw I5 supporting face of the ring and positioned for cooperation with the above referred to guide in the jaw I5. A plate member I 5c is Welded to the forward edge of the gripping jaw I5. This plate is provided with an opening I5d formed therein for the reception of a stub shaft I5e. An opening I5f has been formed in the forward face of each of the rings A and B juxtaposed to the opening in the plate, for the reception of one end of a compression spring I5g, the opposite end of which is received about the stub shaft I5e. I have shown four identical gripping dogs I5, two carried on each of the opposed arcuate ring members I2' and I3, but it is apparent that any desired number of such gripping dogs may be employed. From the above description, it will be seen that the gripping dog is normally biased to a non-gripping position but when the rings or collars A and B are drawn toward each other, by operation of the turnbuckles I8, the forward edges of the dogs are simultaneously brought into contact with the auxiliary rings 20 thus causing simultaneous movement of the dogs I5 against the biasing effect of their respective springs I5g to bring the dogs into gripping position. This biased relationship is very important as it provides automatic means for maintaining the gripping dogs in a retracted non-interfering, nongripping position while installing the ring or collars A and B about the pipes Il) and II, and further makes possible an accurate simultaneous movement of all of the gripping dogs I5 into gripping relationship with the pipe sections I0 and II upon operation of the turnbuckles.
I have shown a handle arrangement for the rings comprising openings 30 in the side of the arcuate member I2 which are ladapted to receive side members 3|, which in turn are joined at their outer ends by a handle 32. I have indicated only two of these handles on arcuate member I 2 but as many handles may be employed on both members I2 and I3 as desired. This arrangement of handles greatly facilitates the positioning of the segmental portions I2 and I3 of the ring into place about the pipe.
I have shown and described my invention as applied to two pipe sections but I contemplate its use with other forms of linearly disposed members. It is apparent for example that with only slight modification it could be used in connection with linearly disposed railway rails and the like.
Operation The segmental rings A and B, together with the gripping jaws I5 carried thereby, are first placed in position about the pipe sections I0 and I I. 'I'he eye members I'I are then placed in position about the juxtaposed protuberances I6 on the arcuate members I2 and I3. The auxiliary rings 20 are placed in position about the pipe sections and adjacent the forward faces of the gripping dogs I5, and clamped in position. The turnbuckles I8 (one on each side) are then adjusted to draw the rings A and B toward one another. The auxiliary rings 20 function to pre.. vent movement of the gripping dogs relative to the corresponding pipes, thus causing movement of the gripping dogs I5, relative to their supporting faces I4, into simultaneous aligned gripping relationship with the pipes I0 and II, as the rings or collars A and B are moved towards each other, after which the two ends of the pipes may be held and/or drawn together for performing the desired operation thereon such for example as welding.
While I have disclosed my invention in connection with a specific embodiment thereof, it is to be understood that this is by way of illustration rather than by way of limitation, and I do not mean to be limited thereby except as indicated in the scope of the appended claims, which should be construed as broadly as the prior art will permit.
- l. A device for holding and/or pulling together adjacent portions of tWo linearly disposed members comprising an encompassing collar for receiving each of said portions, said encompassing collars each being divided into a plurality of separate portions to facilitate ready installation and being further provided withwedge-shaped gripping jaws carried on the inner surfaces thereof, `and means for pulling the two encompassing collars toward each other and causing the gripping jaws carried thereby to hold and/or pull the said portions of said linearly disposed members together, said last-named means being further characterized by the fact that it also functions to hold the separable portions of the collars together.
2. In a collar welding jig for clamping and drawing together two linearly disposed pipe sections, comprising two ring members arranged to embrace each of said pipe sections, each ring member being divided into a plurality of separable arcuate portions, said arcuate portions having adjacent and corresponding protuberances on their outer peripheries, and being provided on their inner peripheries with wedgeshaped gripping jaws, and means for drawing the two rings toward each other, said means comprising means for engaging pairs of said corresponding protuberances whereby to fasten said arcuate portions together.
3. A collar welding jig for clamping and drawing together two linearly disposed pipe sections, comprising two ring members each arranged to embrace one of said pipe sections, each ring member being divided into a plurality of separable arcuate portions, said arcuate portions having adjacent and corresponding projections on their outer peripheries and being further provided with tapered jaw-receiving surfaces on their inner walls, pipe-gripping means comprising wedge-shaped gripping jaws mounted on said jaw-receiving surfaces, resilient means for urging said jaws into retracted disengaged position, means for guiding and limiting the relative movement between said jaws and said supporting surmetteva faces, means for connecting said ring members for movement relative to each other comprising eye bolts and turnbuckles, each of said eye bolts receiving adjoining pairs of said projections on said arcuate portions of said rings whereby to hold said arcuate portions together, said turn-- buckles connecting said eye lbolts for drawing said ring members toward each other, and means for causing simultaneousmovernent oi said gripping jaws into gripping position in opposition to the action of said resilient means as said turnbuckles are operated, comprising auxiliary rings arranged to be clamped about said pipe sections in advance of the path of movement of said jaws, whereby the drawing of said first-named rings .toward each other will bring the wedge-shaped gripping jaws into contact with the said auxiliary rings and thus cause the said Wedge-shaped gripping jaws to be forced simultaneously into gripping relation with said pipe sections.
4. In a device for gripping and drawing towork-surrounding rings toward each other, and a pair of auxiliary rings arranged to be clamped on said members in the path of movement of said work-surrounding rings toward each other to contact the forward faces of said gripping jaws and thereby cause the simultaneous movement of said jaws against the action of said spring means into gripping relation with said members upon movement of said work-surrounding rings toward each other.
ARTHUR MILLER HILL. JENNINGS BRYAN HARSHMIAN.
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|U.S. Classification||269/43, 269/162, 269/153, 269/234, 285/288.1, 269/242|