US 2187927 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
- Jan. 23, 1940. J AYQTTE DEVICE FOR DISPENSING LIQUIDS, GRANULATED PRODUCTS, .AND THE LIKE Filed Jan. 25, 1939 fiaeizz o? 705996 26/26 Patented Jan.
DEVICE FOR. nrsraivsme mourns, GRANU- LATED' raonucrs, AND 'rna mm Joseph Rene Ayotte, Chicago, Ill. Application January 25, 1939,' sei-ia1 No. 252,758 4 Claims. (01. 65-31) This invention relates to improvements in def vicesfor dispensing liquids, granulated products ularly where the liquid is of a viscous character, a sudden cut off of the flow of liquid is desirable I 69 normal closed position.
and the like.
In pouring liquids from a container, particin orderthat a definite quantity may be poured and also to prevent the liquid from dripping down the side of the container when the pourin'g operation is being completed, as when, the container is being righted. Generally the dispensing devices now in use require a downward pressure of the thumb to operate the elements of the device to permit the flow of liquid. It is found that when the container is grasped in the hand for pouring it is inconvenient and awkward to exert a downward pressure with the thumb to cause the device to open so-that the contents maybe poured, the natural tendency being to exert a forward pressure with the thumb.
In accordance with the foregoing, it is therefore anobject of this invention to provide a dispensing device in which the actuating member is pushed forwardly with the thumb in line with the'natural tendency of the operator to thereby effect the operation of my device.
A further object of my invention is to provide a dispensing device having a slidable cover which is pivotly. mounted so as to be movable in a sub-' stantially arcuate direction to open and close the spout opening.
A further object of my invention is to provide a dispensing device which effects a tight seal with the spout opening to prevent accidental spilling of. the contents and the entrance of foreign matter when same is closed.
A further object of this invention is the provision .of a dispensing device which can be kept sanitary and easily cleaned.
A still further object of this invention is the provision of a dispensing device of the character described which is simple in construction, ef-
ficient in operation and economical to manufacture.
Other objects will become apparent as this description progresses.
In the drawing wherein likereference char- Fig. 3 is a cross sectional view taken on line 3-30151822.
Fig.4 is a plan view'with the cap of the device removed showing th e operating mechanism-in a container. surface of the body portion 20 and are drilled 40 which are imbedded in the cap 42 and which body portion 20.
extension 52. The extension I! is provided with Fig. 5 s a similar view showing the positions assumed by the parts during operation of the mechanism. 7
, Fig. 6 is a fractional cross sectional viewtaken on line 6-6 of Fig. 1.
Fig. 7 is an emarged fractional cross sectional view taken on lineI-l of Fig. 2.
Fig. 8 is an enlarged fractional cross sectional view taken on line 8-8 of Fig. 4.
Fig. 9 is a plan view of the cap looking in the directions of the arrows-Q-d of Fig. 1.
Big. 10 is a perspective view of a detail.
In the drawing, wherein is shown a preferred handle and body portion, said recess being adapted to receive the member 36 shown in Fig. 10 and presently to be described. Vertical ribs 31 are spacedly disposed on the periphery of the body portion and serve to strengthen the peripheral wall as well as to enhance the gripping surface for tightening or loosening'the device on Bosses 38' are provided on the top to accommodate the resilient friction elements serve to frictionally secure the cap 42 on the body portion 20. Arivet 39 is 'imbedded in .the
surface of thebody portion 20 and is partly retained in an embossed portion 4| formed on the surface said embossed portion forming a shoulder for the member 60 presently'to be described. An aperture 44 adapted to serve as an air vent is additionally provided in the top surface of'the The member 36, shaped substantially as shown in Fig. 10, is provided with a horizontally e'xtending bore 46 which servesto receive the slidable element 48 presently to be described. The member 36 is tapped to receive a screw 5| which is adapted to secure same in the recess 34 of the handlefls- The slidable element 48 comprises a tubular body portion 50 closed at one end and provided at theother end with an extension 52 having a terminal portion 53 which terminates in angular relationship with'the tubular body portion 50. As shown in Fig. 3, the-terminal portion 48 is ofrset'with respect to the surface plane of the an embossed or raised portion 54 which serves as a stop for the slidable member 48. An aperture 56 formed in the extension 52 is adapted to register with the aperture 44 to provide'an air vent in the device to facilitate the pouring of liquids. A slot 58 substantially V shaped is provided in the terminal portion 53 of the extension and is adapted to receive a pin or rivet 59 mounted on the member 60.
The member 60 is pivotally mounted as at El on the rivet 39 and is adapted to serve as a cover for the spout 28. The rearward portion of the member 60 is slightly offset as shown in Figs. 3 and 8. It is adapted to ride on the shoulder of the boss 4| so as to permit the forward portion of the member 50 to fit snugly against the top of the spout 28 and to close effectively the aperture 30.,
A coil spring 62 contained in the tubular body portion 50 abuts the peripheral wall 2| and serves to keep the tubular body portion 50 in normal out position with the member 60 directly over the aperture 30 of the spout 28 and closing same asshown in Fig. 4. It will be seen that in this position the embossed portion 54 of the extension 52 abuts the member 36 and serves as a stop to prevent further movement to the right of the slidable element 48.
When it is desired to pour from the container the device is grasped by the handle 32 and pressure is exerted with the thumb against the tubular body portion 50 to push the slidable member 48 to the left. It will be seen that the thumb is always uppermost when a vertically extending handle is grasped by the hand and that the natural tendency is to press forwardly with the thumb, particularly when the container is being tilted as for pouring. To exert pressure with the thumb in any other direction would be extremely awkward and inconvenient. As the slidable member 48 moves to the left the pivotally mounted member 60 is caused to be rocked about its pivot 6| to assume the position shown in Fig. 5. In this position the opening 30 in the spout 28 is uncovered to permit the free flow of liquid therethrough. When the thumb is removed from the tubular body portion 50 the spring 62 acts to pushthe slidable member 48 to the right causing the member 60 to be rocked back tonormal position and effecting an instantaneous cut off of flow of fluid;
With this construction it' is thus possible to of parts may be resorted to, without departing from the spirit of my invention or the scope of the appended claims.
I'claim: a 1. A dispensing device of the class described comprising a body portion having a flat closure surface and a spout opening therein, a handle associated with said body portion, a horizontally disposed cover plate for said spout opening, said cover plate being pivotally mounted on said flat closure surface and arcuately movable on said fiat surface over the top of said spout opening,
opening to' close said spout opening, said handle adapted to be grasped by the hand and the actuating member adapted to be pushed forwardly by the thumb to cause said cover plate to move in an arcuate direction to uncover the top of said spout opening.
2. A dispensing device of the class described comprising a body portion having a fiat closure surface and spout opening forwardly thereof, a
handle disposed opposite said spout opening, a
horizontally disposed cover plate for said spout opening, said cover,plate being pivotally mounted on said flat closure surface, an actuating member in engagement with said cover plate, said actuating member disposed above said handle and adapted to be moved forwardly by pressure of the thumb of the hand when said handle is grasped by the hand, the forward movement of said actuating member causing said cover plate to move in an arcuate direction on said fiat closure surface over the top of said spout opening to uncover said spout opening, and spring means for urging said actuating member rearwardly to pivotally move said cover plate to normal closed position when the thumb pressure is removed from said actuating member.
3. A dispensing device of the class described comprising a body portion and a handle associated therewith, said body portion having a fiat top closure surface and a spout opening in said closure surface, a horizontally disposed cover plate for said spout opening, said cover plate being pivotally mounted on said flat closure surface and arcuately moveable over the top of said spout opening, an actuating member disposed above said handle and slidably mounted with respect to said body portion, said actuating memher having an extension in engagement with said cover plate, said actuating member operable by the thumb of the hand in a forward directionwhen said handle is held in the hand to pivotally move said cover plate over the top of said spout opening to uncover and open same, and spring means for urging said actuating member rearwardly to pivotally move said cover plate over L said spout opening to cover and close same.
A dispensing device of the class described comprising a body portion having a top fiat closure surface and a spout opening in said closure surface, a handle associated with said body portion and disposed opposite said spout opening,
a horizontally disposed cover plate for said spout opening, said cover plate being pivotally mounted on said closure surface and pivotally movable over the top of said spout opening, an actuating member for pivotally moving said cover able in a forward direction to pivotally move said.
cover plate over the top of said spout opening to uncover same, a spring retained in said tubular