Search Images Maps Play YouTube News Gmail Drive More »
Sign in
Screen reader users: click this link for accessible mode. Accessible mode has the same essential features but works better with your reader.


  1. Advanced Patent Search
Publication numberUS2188402 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateJan 30, 1940
Filing dateJan 27, 1938
Priority dateJan 27, 1938
Publication numberUS 2188402 A, US 2188402A, US-A-2188402, US2188402 A, US2188402A
InventorsLouis Feis
Original AssigneeLouis Feis
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Bottle filler
US 2188402 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Jan. 30, 1540.

L. FEIS 2,188,402

Filed Jan. 27, 1938 IINVENTOR llamas Fens a; 1% ATTORNEY Patented Jan. 30, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 1 Claim.

This invention relates to bottle fillers, and more particularly to bottle fillers of automatic type.

Objects The objects of the invention are the provision of a bottle filler having generally improved features of construction and combination of necessary parts, such as a reservoir of pressure head construction, gravity feed for the liquid, automatic shut-off, prevention of overflow, and positive positioning of parts. i

More specifically objects of the invention are the improved combination of gravity feed and automatic shut-off; the provision of air outlet from the bottle during filling thereof; the 'protection of the air outlet from interference by flow of the liquid; the utilization of the air outlet as alirnitation for the level of liquid in the bottle; to provide a relationship of air vents to each other and to the liquid level to prevent overflow from the filling means; the adaptation of the construction to readily accommodate bottles of different heights; the reduction of necessary movements by the operator in filling the bottle; the utilization of simple and rugged parts; and the provision of return passage for liquid which may improperly enter the air discharge tube.

Further objects of the invention are to secure greater simplicity of construction and at the same time, generally increased efiiciency. Further objects will be apparent, and if not fully apparent will in part be obvious, and will in part appear hereinafter.

The invention accordingly comprises the features of construction, combination of elements arrangement of parts and relation established for resultant or stated benefits and purposes accomplished as herein indicated by direct or indirect reference thereto and/or examplified in the following detailed disclosure of drawing or description, and the scope of the application will be indicated in the claim.

Drawing For a more exact and complete understanding of the nature and objects of the invention, refer Figure 3 shows the lower end of the nozzle with the spout portion thereof in section and in its normal position of rest when not in a bottle; and

Figure 4 is a View similar to Fig. 3 showing the spout in section and open as occurswhen lifted by insertion into a bottle.

Description bottom of the reservoir l0. Liquid is introduced :1

into the top of reservoir l0 through-an inlet supply pipe 15 by pumping from another tank or by gravity'from a higher tank. Reservoir It) then is closed by a valve in said supply pipe or otherwise, except for prepared outlets. An air vent inlet I6 is shown to comprise a pipe open at its top and bottom and extending through the head of the reservoir at its upper end and extending down to the desired pressure head level M at its other end. The bottom of the container is shown as having a gravity outlet from'which extendsa hose or flexible tube IT.

From cross-bar I 3 is hung a swinging nozzle l8. Generally speaking, this nozzle comprises several parts, principal among which may be first mentioned an inner air-vent tube l9 around which is slidably mounted a larger tube or sleeve 20 with space provided between the outer and inner tubes for a liquid flow-passage 2!. The

lower end portion of the outer tube or sleeve is,

for convenience, referred to herein as spout 22, it having a rubber or other washer 23, shown as frusto-conical, therearound for sealing engagement with the mouth opening of the bottle neck 24 of a bottle 25 to be filled, the spout being inserted into the bottle for that purpose as far as permitted by said sealing washer. Projection of the said spout below the washer is a distance representative of the approximate level to which the bottle is to be filled below its mouth; Thesaid washer isoprevented from upward displacement by suitable retaining means, such as an inverted metallic hood 26 of circular shape with a radial set-screw 2'! therein engaging'the outerwall of sleeve or tube 20. Above this hood 26 is a lateral nipple 28 opening into the passage 2| of said tube 22 and receiving upon said nipple the lower end of the flexible tube or hose [1.

It is preferred to utilize a flexible tube having an inherent or other resiliency tending to swing .55

the nozzle outwardly from the table or support at an angle from vertical. In such outwardly swung position, the spout or lower end of said nozzle is forward of a bottle support 29 transverse thereto and to rack l2, which support is slidable vertically in the rack to adjusted position. Adjustment of said support is suitably obtained as by a vertical screw 38 thereunder and fixed thereto which depends through the bottom cross-piece {ii of the rack and held by a capstan nut 32 at proper height to accommodate the particular height of bottle being filled. As shown, the ends of support 29 have vertically disposed guiding cleats 33 which ride in vertical ways or tracks 34 provided in the rack.

Nozzle I8 is given a swinging support from cross-bar I 3 of the rack by means of a T-head 35 here shown as a horizontally disposed piece of tubing rotatably received toward its outer ends by cleats 3B, 35 fixed on the crosspiece. Inner tube !9 of the nozzle has its upper end fixed with respect to the T-head, as by screw 31 and depends therefrom so that as the tube is swung forwardly or rearwardly the oscillation is accommodated by the rotation of said T-head in its cleats.

It is to be noted at this point, that while the inner or air vent tube l9 may thus swing or oscillate its length is constant. At its lower end is an enlarged valve head 38 shown held in place by a screw 39 which enters the bottom of said tube and thereby closes the same. On the top of valve-head 38 is a gasket 4-0 of size and shape to be engaged by the lower end of outer tube 20 and thereby close the spout. Said outer tube 20 is, in normal position, forced against the gasket All and valve head 38 by a spring pressure here shown exerted by a spiral spring 4| encircling the upper part of inner tube l9 and bearing at one end against T-head 35 and at its lower end against a ring 4 2 fixed near the upper end of outer tube 20. From this ring 42, around the spring, is a protecting sleeve 43. The ring is water tight with respect to both the protecting sleeve 43 and the nozzle tube or sleeve 20, and fixed with respect to both so all of those parts slide in unison. Above the end of nozzle tube or sleeve 20, and above the level of lower end of air inlet vent pipe It in reservoir Ill, but below the top of protective sleeve 43 is an orifice 4 t through the inner tube. While the upper end of nozzle tube 20 is open within the protective sleeve and below the said orifice, assured drainage from above ring 42 is obtained by another orifice 45 through the nozzle sleeve immediately above the ring. By virtue of passage 2i between the inner and outer tubes 19 and 28, any liquid finding its way into the upper protective sleeve will flow back to the spout end and discharge when the valve is opened. To permit this return fiow and also retain the tubes concentric or axially coincident, suitable spider or other spacing means 46 may beprovided on the inner tube l9 within passage 2| but without sealing the same.

The inner tube 9, at its lower end immediately above the valve head, is provided with an air inlet or slot ll at the upper end of which is a protruding lip 48 always within. and substantially in engagement at its outer end with the inner wall of outer tube 29.

In operation, the liquid with which the bottles 25 are tobe filled is introduced into the reservoir and used to fill the bottles until the level in reservoir l3 falls to the level of the lower end of air inlet vent I6, at which time the reservoir is refilled. While filling bottles, the liquid flows from the bottom of the reservoir through flexible tube IT to the outer sleeve or tube 20 of nozzle l8. That tube is normally closed at its bottom, as shown in Fig. 3, by valve head 38 and gasket 40 and liquid is therefore prevented from discharge from the spout 22. While the upper end of tube 26 is open to the atmosphere, its level is above the level of the lower end of vent tube IS in the reservoir and no fiow from said upper end of tube 20 will occur. During filling of the reservoir, tube I1 is pinched or otherwise manipulated to prevent escape of liquid from the upper end of tube 20.

When a bottle is to be filled, it is applied to the nozzle end or spout 22 this being more easily accomplished by virtue of the outward tilt of that end under the resilient impetus of flexible tube I1. Adjustable support 29 is at such elevation that the bottle must necessarily slide the outer tube 20 upward a distance as shown in Figs. 2 and 4 in order to permit the bottle to sit upon said support. The operator, therefore, after applying the bottle to the spout pushes upward and inward to seat the bottle, thereby opening the valve and permitting liquid to flow from the spout into the bottle. The liquid which has entered the inner tube It and outer tube 26 after a bottle has been filled and removed, reaches its uppermost level therein indicated by the pressure head line M in the reservoir ill. The liquid in said tubes [9 and 20 will remain there until another bottle is set for filling. Said bottle is applied against the spout, thereby opening the valve head 38 which immediately permits the flow of liquid in tube 26 to enter thereinto, and only a few drops will escape from. the inner tube l9 before the air pressure created by the incoming flow of liquid from the outer tube 20 forces the trapped air in the bottle upwardly into the tube l9 through slot 47. By virtue of the trapped air being forced upwardly into the tube 19 the liquid therein will be forced out of said tube through the orifice 44. Any air being forced out of the tube with the liquid will escape through the open end at the top of the tube 29 and the liquid will again find its way back in the passage 2! inside the tube 20- by virtue of the inlet'orifice 45 in the nozzle sleeve 2% above the ring. The cooperation of the several parts and openings utilized in the distribution of the air and liquid thereby assures an even flow of the liquid under pressure, and at the same time prevents overflow at any time, either during the time a bottle is bein filled or when the valve head 38 is in closed or neutral position. When the bottle has filled to a level where said air inlet slot 47 is submerged, escape of air is stopped automatically thereby at a level a desired distance below the top of the bottle, and removal of the bottle from place automatically closes valve 38. Overflow of the bottle is thus positively and automatically prevented. Flow of liquid from the spout is diverted to the side of said slot 41, by virtue of the lip 18 protruding thereabove.

Inasmuch as the stopper-like washer 23 on the outer sleeve is in sealing engagement with the mouth of the bottle, fiow of liquid into the bottle is stopped as soon. as the liquid has risen therein to a level closing slot 41 to escape of air, as shown in Fig. 2. The bottle is then swung forward from its support and slid off of the support thereby permitting spring M to slide the outer sleeve downward and forthwith shut the valve and stop flow of liquid into or overflow from the bottle since the bottle is not quite filled. The nozzle is then left tilted outward ready for receiving the next bottle.

I claim:

A bottle filler comprising in combination with a liquid reservoir in which is established a pressure head level, a bottle filling nozzle associated therewith and providing a vent tube vertically positioned and pivotally hung at its upper end above the pressure head level in the reservoir and providing a vent orifice in said vent tube above the said pressure head level in the reservoir, an outer tube around the said vent tube and extending above said pressure head level, said outer tube having a liquid inlet below the said pressure head level of the reservoir and having a connection entirely below the liquid level in the reservoir connecting said reservoir and outer tube below the said pressure head level for obtaining gravity flow of the liquid from the said reservoir to the said outer tube, said vent tube and outer tube providing a spout insertable in a bottle neck, said spout having means for automatically stopping the gravity flow of liquid when theliquid level in the bottle reaches a predetermined level below the top of the bottle, said connection comprising a resilient tube for both conducting the liquid and for effecting the outward swinging force on said tubes, said means ,for automatically stopping gravity liquid flow comprising a vent tube opening in the vent tube at the bottom of the outer tube, said vent being ultimately closed by the liquid reaching the said predetermined level, and said tubes providing a valve automatically stopping flow of liquid as the tubes and bottle are separated and before entire separation has been efiected.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2847043 *Mar 5, 1957Aug 12, 1958Meyer Geo J Mfg CoCounter-pressure filler valve for beverages
US3052377 *May 12, 1959Sep 4, 1962Bill HugoApparatus for delivering a liquid in rations of any amount under action of a compressed gas
US4307763 *Nov 29, 1979Dec 29, 1981International Business Machines CorporationToner container
US4522319 *Jun 16, 1983Jun 11, 1985The Coca-Cola CompanyRetention device for flow rate control tube within a discharge container
U.S. Classification141/293, 141/305, 141/375, 222/518, 141/388, 222/481.5
International ClassificationB67C3/04, B67C3/26, B67C3/02
Cooperative ClassificationB67C3/04, B67C3/264
European ClassificationB67C3/04, B67C3/26E2