|Publication number||US2190613 A|
|Publication date||Feb 13, 1940|
|Filing date||Apr 30, 1936|
|Priority date||Apr 30, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2190613 A, US 2190613A, US-A-2190613, US2190613 A, US2190613A|
|Inventors||Sittler Edwin C|
|Original Assignee||Gen Motors Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (10), Classifications (7)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 13, 19400 E'. c. SE TTLER REFRIGERATING APPARATUS Filed April so, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 H T/I1 IL I'C IJ.
Fig. 2 I
ATTORNEYS Feb 13,1940. r EQSITTLER' 2,190,613
REFRIGERATING APPARATUS Filed 'April 50. 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR.
ATTORNEYS 1 sit up in the bed without interference.
Patented Feb. 13, 1940 PATENT OFFICE namrcnm'rmc APPARATUS Edwin C.' Sittler, Dayton, Ohio, assignor to General Motors Corporation, Dayton, hio,.a corporation of Delaware Application April 30. 1936, Serial No. 77,249
I 4 Claims.
This invention relates to refrigerating apparatus and more particularly to refrigerated oxygen administering apparatus.
Although oxygen therapy has been known for a number of years, its practical applicationon a large scale is still in its infancy. Heretofore, oxygen administering apparatus has not been particularly attractive or particularly comfortable and has been relatively high in initial cost and requires considerable attention.
It is an object of my invention to provide a more eflicient, economical and desirable oxygen administering apparatus which will also be low in initial cost and simple in operation in order to encourage much more wide spread use of oxygen therapy wherever such treatment is advantageous. 1 It is another important object of my invention to provide an oxygen administering apparatus having an enclosure substantially entirely transparent in order to avoid the injurious psychological impression of being boxed in.
It is still another object of my invention to provide an oxygen tent .or enclosure which is formed substantially entirely by. a flexible transparent rubber-like material. A
' Further objects and advantages of the present invention will be apparent from the following description, reference being had to the accompanying drawings, wherein a preferred form of the present invention is clearly shown.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of one form of my invention;
Fig. 2 is a vertical sectional view throughthe refrigerated air. cooling apparatus for the oxygen tent;
Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional view through the air cooling apparatus shown in Figs. 1 and 2;
*0 Fig. 4 is a'vertical sectional view through the top of the tent shown in Fig. 1; I
Fig. 5 is a vertical sectional viewthrough another form of oxygen administering apparatus including the tent; and
Fig. 6 is a fragmentary view of the supporting means of the tent shown in Fig. 5.
Briefly, in Fig. 1, I have shown an oxygen administering apparatus including a tent having an upper metal top provided with depending side walls extending downwardly to the bed, which are formed of a transparent rubber-like material. This tent encloses the head and upper portion of the body of the patient lying in the bed and is sufficiently high to permit the patient to At the side of the bed is a refrigerating unit for withdrawing. air from the tent, cooling the air and returning the cooled air to the tent in order to porting means for the tent is made of a square loop which also supports the detachable air supply and withdrawing pipes which are concentric with each other, and which through a supporting rod support the loop which in turn supports the 15 tent. The tent is of an inverted bag shape which slips over the loop from the top so that the upper part of the bag is supported by the loop which is located within the bag. This tent or enclosure is made entirely out of a. transparent rubber-like so material and extends down to the bed clothing on the bed. This tent is also sufficiently high to allow the patient to sit up in the bed without interference. It will be noted that there is practically no interference with normal light upon 35 the patient by the enclosure and thus very little impression of being boxed in is found in this particular apparatus.
Referring now to the drawings and more particularly to Fig. 1, there is shown a bed 20 prono vided with bed clothing 22 for supporting a patient in the bed. Extending over the head end of the bed is a tent or enclosure generally designated by the reference character 24., This tent has an upper metal top 28 substantially square or u rectangular in shape which is provided with a central plate 28 fastened thereto and a threaded 'flange member 30 which is fastened through the sheet-metal top 26 to a plate 32 on the bottom side or the top 26. This threaded flange member 30 receives a threaded tubular memberor pipe 34 which extends directly upwardly to a T-connection 36. r
This T-connection 36 is slidably mounted upon the supporting rod 38 normally held in a fixed 45 side of. the bed, which refrigerating unit has its 50 external configurations so made as to resemble an ordinary night table. This refrigerating unit '42 contains an insulated sealed and enclosed upper chamber 44 where the air from the tent is cooled and .a lower chamber 45 containing a re- 66 frigerant liquefying apparatus which is provided with an inlet opening 48 in the bottom of the cabinet and an outlet opening 50 in the upper rear portion of the cabinet.
The refrigerant liquefying apparatus located in the liquefying chamber 48 includes a compressor 52 driven by an electric motor 54 through pulley and belt means 58 for compressing refrigerant and forwarding the compressed refrigerant through a supply conduit 58 to a condenser 80 where the compressed refrigerant is liquefied and cooled in a receiver 82. From the receiver 62, the liquid refrigerant is forwarded through a supply conduit 84, under the control of a suitable expansion control device 68, to a refrigerant evaporating means'86 located in the upper com partment 44. The refrigerant evaporates in the evaporating means under reduced pressure and is returned to the compressor through the return conduit III. The electric motor 54 is also provided witha fan I2 for drawing air through the inlet 48 and the condenser 80 into the compartment 48 and circulating the air over the motor and compressor and receiver and thence discharging the air through the outlet 50.
Located in this compartment 48 is an electric motor I4 which has its drive shaft extending through the rear wall of the compartment 44 to a centrifugal'fan I8 located in the compartment 44, which draws air into the compartment 44 through an inlet I8 and thence through the passages in the evaporating means 66 and through a collecting hood 88 into the interior of the fan from which the air is discharged under pressure through an outlet duct 82. The temperature of the evaporating means is controlled by a thermostatic suction line valve means which includes a temperature sensitive bulb 84 located between the inlet I8 and the evaporating means 88. This temperature sensitive bulb 84 is operably connected with a suction line valve 86 which controls the withdrawal of refrigerant from the evaporating means 86 in order to control the amount of cooling effect upon the air circulated through the apparatus without starting and stopping the refrigerant apparatus.
The inlet I8 to the compartment 44 is con nected by a flexible air conducting duct means 88 with an elbow 98 which is fastened to the metal top 26 of the tent or enclosure. Likewise the discharge duct 82 is connected by a flexible supply duct 92 with an elbow 94 which is connected to the metal top 28 for supplying cooled air to the tent or enclosure. The oxygen tank 98 is located at any convenient point and is provided with a shut off valve 98 and a pressure regulating supply valve I02 and a second regulating valve I04 for controlling the supply of oxygen through the tube I06 to the flexible supply duct 92 which carries the oxygen along with the supply air into the tent or enclosure. 7 I
The upper metal top 26 of the tent or enclosure is provided with an up-tur'ned flange I08 which extends entirely around its four edges. The side walls I I are formed of a transparent flexible rubber-like material, generally in the form of a large tube or duct which has its upper edges folded over the up-turned flange I08 which extends around the edge of the upper metal top 28. This folded over upper edge of the side walls is held in place by a clamping means I09, U- shaped in cross section, extending entirely around and over the up-turned flange I08 and the folded over upper edge of the side walls. This clamp may be in one piece or it may be in four pieces,
one for each side of the top. It may be made of metal or rubber, or rubber covered metal. These side walls may be readily removed by removing the clamping means and may be readily replaced or renewed by folding over the upper edges over the'up-turned flange of the top wall and again applying the clamps.
The material which forms the side walls of the tent is a thermoplastic thin transparent sheet material, commercially known as Pliofilm which contains rubber, tin and a chloride compound. In making this material, pale crepe rubber is put into solution and is chemically reacted upon in this condition. After the completion of the reaction, the rubber is precipitated in a fine granular form, in which it is thoroughly washed and dried. The fabrication of this synthetic resin into finished usable material is carried out on an ordinary mill, where it is formed into thin rubber-like transparent thermoplastic sheets. The crepe rubber contains no sulphur or sulphur bearing agents.
In Figs. and 6, I have shown an improved form of my invention. In Fig. 5, there is shown a bed I20 provided with a mattress and bed clothing I22 above which there is provided a tent or enclosure generally designated by the reference character I24. This tent or enclosure is supportedby a square or rectangular loop I26 of steel tubing orrod which at the middle of one side is provided with a U-shaped loop portion I28 which receives a sleeve I30 which is welded thereto. This sleeve I30 is slidingly received with a fairly snug fit by an outer tube I32 which has its outer end reduced as shown at I34 and welded to a smaller inner tube I38.
This outer tube I32 is provided with an outlet I38 at its lower portion which receives a flexible air conducting tube or duct I40 for withdrawing air from the enclosure. The smaller tube I36 receives the supply air conducting duct I42 which supplies the cooled air and oxygen from the refrigerating unit to the smaller tube which carries it into the opposite side of the tent or enclosure I24. A supporting rod I44 which is similar to the supporting rod 38 found in Fig. 1 has its upper end fastened to the lower rear portion of the neck end or reduced portion of the outer tube I3 The walls of the tent or enclosure include a top wall I48 of substantially the same size as the loop I26 which has the upper edges of the side walls I50 fastened thereto, preferably by the application of heat and pressure. However, other suitable fastening means may be used, such as any form or glue or cement or some form of adhesive tape or a stitching process. Preferably, this material is a flexible transparent rubberlike material of the same or substantially the same composition as the material used for the side walls II 0 of the tent 24 in Fig. 1.
In operation, air is withdrawn from the upper part of the tent between the concentric inner andouter tubes I38 and I32 through the outlet and the duct I40 to the refrigerating unit where the air is cooled by the refrigerating apparatus similar to that designated by the reference character 42 in Fig. 1 and again supplied through the supply duct I42 to which oxygen is also administered from the oxygen tank in suitable quantities, and carried to the tube I38. The tube I36 carries the cooled air and oxygen to the opposite side of the tent.
This tent, like the tent 24 is sufliciently high to permit the patient to readily sit up in the bed within the tent without any interference. Light can come in through the transparent top and walls of the enclosure without any restriction except from the small area covered by the loop I26, the supply and return pipe I32 and I36, the supply and return ducts I40 and I42, as well as the supporting rod I44, all of which are rather small in diameter and do not appreciably cut oil the light to the patient.
The tent is put in place by first withdrawing the assembly including the tubes I32 and I34 from the sleeve I30 and the loop I26 and then in-- sorting the loop I26 into the tent or enclosure I24 so that it rests against the inside of the top of the tent or enclosure. The tent or enclosure is provided with an aperture which tightly receives the sleeve I30. Then this tent, including the loop I26 and the sleeve I30, is connected to the supporting means by slipping the sleeve I30 over the outer tube I32 so that the loop I26 and the tent I24 is supported by the outer tube I32 and the supporting rod I44.
The side walls of the tent are sufiiciently. long to extend down to the bed clothing upon the bed. Thus, my tent has been greatly simplified by making the inlet and outlet tubes concentric and by using them to support the loop which forms the. framework for supporting the tent. This makes the apparatus low in cost and highly desirable from almost every standpoint. frigerating unit is economical and gives an excellent control of the temperatures within the enclosure. The material used in the wallsof the tent permits the escape of carbon dioxide with considerable ease, but presents a much greater resistance to any passage of oxygen theret rough. Itis apparent that this material may be readily replaced when necessary,
While the form of embodiment of the invention as herein disclosed constitutes a preferred form, it is to be understood that other forms might be adopted, all coming Within the scope of the claims which follow.
What ,is claimed is as follows:'
1. A tent including a loop means, means for The 'resupporting the loop means over a body supporting means, an enclosure in the formcf an inverted bag enclosing and supported by said loop means, one of s'aidmeans being provided with means for conducting air to and for withdrawing air from said enclosure, said enclosure having its side walls extending downwardly to the body supporting means.
2. A tent including a horizontal loop means, means for supporting the loop means over a body supporting means, an enclosure in the form of an inverted bag enclosing and supported by said loop means, one of said means being provided witn means for conducting air to and for withdrawing air from said enclosure, said enclosure having its side walls extending downwardly to the body supporting means, said inverted bag-like enclosure being iormed entirely of a translucent rubber-like sheet material.
3. A transparent tent for patients resting upon a body supporting means comprising a generally horizontal loop means extending over the body supporting means, fluid conduit means connected to said loop means, means for supporting said conduit means and said loop means so that the loop means extends over a body supporting means, and flexible rubber-like translucent sheet means greater in area than the area enclosed by the loop means extending over said loop means and having the edge portions hanging down and extending to the body supporting means, said sheet means being substantially sealed to said conduit means.
4. A tent including a generallyhorizontal loop means, an air conducting means for delivering air and for supporting said horizontal loop means and a flexible rubber-like transparent sheet means extending over and being supported by said loop means to form the tent, said sheet means tightly receiving said air conducting means, said tent formed by said sheet means receiving air from said air conducting means.
EDWIN C. SIT'I'LER.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2677253 *||Oct 11, 1951||May 4, 1954||Randolph Lee||Air cooling oxygen circulating device|
|US2786740 *||Jul 9, 1954||Mar 26, 1957||Air Reduction||Special atmosphere device|
|US2812762 *||Dec 2, 1953||Nov 12, 1957||Selas Corp Of America||Oxygen humidifying|
|US3000379 *||Jan 4, 1960||Sep 19, 1961||Viers John J||Oxygen tent apparatus|
|US3090382 *||Apr 22, 1959||May 21, 1963||Shampaine Ind Inc||Overbed oxygen tents|
|US3306289 *||Jan 2, 1962||Feb 28, 1967||Mist O2 Gen Equipment Co||Oxygen tent atmosphere conditioning apparatus and method|
|US3646934 *||Nov 20, 1969||Mar 7, 1972||W D Gale Inc||Air compression equipment for therapeutic use|
|US4343304 *||Jul 17, 1980||Aug 10, 1982||Hickmann Horst R||Veterinary inhalation therapy apparatus|
|US5495857 *||Jun 6, 1994||Mar 5, 1996||Fegan; Kevin||Therapeutic enclosure for a patient|
|DE1198014B *||Apr 27, 1961||Aug 5, 1965||Dr Med Viktor Ruppert||Vorrichtung zur klimatischen Behandlung von Erkrankungen der Atemwege in Form einer zeltartigen, oben luftdicht abgeschlossenen Haube|
|U.S. Classification||128/205.26, 62/261|
|International Classification||A61G10/04, A61G10/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A61M2205/3606, A61G10/04|