US 2191589 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
B. Y. SACKS Feb. 27,1940.
SHIELD Filed Sept. 30, 1938 1 M20" (on fizz/Was- X' 5/1 c/cs, 44
iatented Feb. 27, 1940 r 2,191,589
UNITED STATES PATENT, OFFICE SHIELD Bernice Y. Sacks, Los Angeles, Calif. Application September 30, 1938, Serial No. 232,544
2 Claims. (01. 2-474) invention relates generally to shields and which a number of other persons may have worn the invention is particularly designed. to be used before.
as a protective covering for enveloping a person's It is, therefore, another object of this invenhead to prevent the soiling of clothes being tion to provide a simple shield which is extremely I slipped over the head. inexpensive and consequently may be economi- 5 This invention is particularly designed to be cally used once and disposed of, thereby proused by women in trying on wearing apparel, viding a simple, sanitary means for protecting particularly dresses and such clothes as must be garments from the face make-up of the persons slipped over the head, to prevent the soiling trying on the garments.
of the clothes through contact with the face It is a further object of this invention to pro- I make-up. It is well known that the majority of vide a shield of the type indicated which is dewomen use face make-up of some kind and this signed to be worn over the head of a person and make-up, particularly lipstick and powder, will which, when so used, may easily be put on or readily smudge anything it contacts. Therefore, removed and which will not disarrange the hair unless some protective shield is used the make-up of the wearer. In this connection it is also an often soils the dress or other garment being object to provide a shield of the type indicated tried on. The lack of an efficient protective which will protect the wearers hair from being shield of this nature results in the soiling of disarranged during the trying on of clothes.
a. great number of women's clothes every year. It is also an object of this invention to provide Make-up, particularly lipstick, is dimcult to a shield which may be comfortably worn by the 7 remove from a garment and this is especially wearer and will not interfere with the vision true of certain high priced fabrics which are b eat of the wearer.
almost impossible to lea with ut injuring the It is a still further object of this invention fabric once they have been soiled by make-up, to provide 8. protective shield which may be used It is a well known fact that practically all stores for protecting t hair of th wearer from being dealing in women's wearing apparel are forced ang'ed by wind 01' from being Spoiled y t reduce t prices of garments which have the eflects of dampness. In this connection, the
b th i n order t dispose of t shield may be used by actresses where they have with the result that the financial loss to-stores. had their a a ed in a p rt u ar style dealing t women's apparel runs t a com and must wait when on location for long periods sid t, of time in inclement weather. It is to be under- 11; therefore, primary object of t stood also that my shield is also designed for vention t provide a simple inexpensive, and home use as it is common practice for women improved protective shield to be worn by a person to p t fa and arran the hair p i r trying on garments, which 111 fully t t to putting on the dress, the dress usually being t garments being tried on, and preclude t put on over the head. A more durable form of possibility of their being soiled by makemp; the invention is provided for this purpose.
Attempts have been made to design a, shield These and other objects will be apparent from which could be worn by a person trying on a the drawing and the following description. Re-
garment, but n f such shields t which I ferring to the drawing which is for illustrative 40 am familiar have some particular disadvantage purPoses only;
which renders the shield u ti f t some Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the shield of this of the present shields are bulky and consequently iilggflOl'l shown in the position in which it is both uncomfortable to the wearer and a hindrance in trying on the garment, also some of ragga 2 flista gig; elevation of the shield of Fig. 1 46 such shields are so constructed that breathing by the wearer is diflicult. All of such shields sff $31, 1 elevatmn mdmed mm with which I am familial have been relatively More particularly describing the invention,
60 that M necessity when they are used reference numeral l2 indicates a blank or side 60 in stores they have be used several times by piece of inexpensive material, such as tissue paper different p p S Shields thus are or the like. Apair of these side pieces is proni y n it has been difficult merchants vided, the pieces being secured at their rear to induce their customers to wear them since and top margins, by means of the stitching or II people are naturally adverse to wearing a shield sewing It. The margins might also be secured 66 by other means, such as glue, or if Cellophane is used, by the application of heat and pressure. The two side pieces make up the major or head portion of the shield.
To the front edge of each of the side pieces there is attached, by means of stitching If, the front or face portion i5 of the shield which is formed of a wide mesh netting or similar material. This face portion or window as it may be termed may be folded at l6 and is secured at its upper margins by means of the stitching l3 which is a continuation of the stitching I3, securing the upper and rear margins of the side pieces l2. With this construction there is provided what may be termed a hooded shield which is closed at the upper and side margins and the back and which has an opening I! at its lower margins.
For the purpose of securing the shield in place over the head of the wearer, the shield is provided at each side with a tie-string l8 which may be made of any suitable material. A rubber loop might be used in place of tie strings as will subsequently be described.
When the shield is worn it is pulled down well over the head (see Fig. 1) and the tie-strings are crossed under the chin and then made to encircle the neck of the wearer and tied as indicated so that the lower rear portion of the shield is secured by the tie-strings. It should be apparent that this aiiords a complete protective shield or hood covering the head of the user,-whil e at the same time enabling the wearer to see and breathe normally.
The particular shield illustrated in Figs. 1 and 2 is what will be termed a disposable shield which is designed to be used once and thrown away and in order that the shield may be inexpensively manufactured, the side pieces I2 are preferably made of thin tissue paper, while the face portion is made of an inexpensive wide mesh netting or the like. Preferably the netting is starched to provide a semi-stiff face portion for the shield so that when the same is worn it will'tend to protrude or stand out from the face of the wearer as shown in Fig. 1. The fact that the front portion of the shield is stiff also serves to hold the garments being tried on away from the face and thereby effectively prevents any possibility of face make-up from getting on the garment.
In Fig, 3 there is shown another form of the invention which is designed to be constructed from a single piece or blank of material such as wax paper, Cellophane or the like. This blank of material generally indicated by reference numeral 20 is folded at 2| to produce two side portions of the shape illustrated in Fig. 3. These side portions are secured at their upper and rear margins by a binding 22. If desirable, the binding may be used at the lower margins at 23 also. However, at this point the side portions are not secured together and thereby there is left an opening for the entrance of the head into the shield. The side portions may be secured together by some other means, such as pointed out above and the binding is therefore not essential.
In order to provide ventilation and adequate vision for the wearer the front or face portion generally indicated by reference numeral 24 is provided with a plurality of perforations 25.
The shield is provided with a rubber band loop 26 secured at each end to a side portion. This loop is designed to be used for securing the shield in place over the person's head in much the same manner as is illustrated'in Fig. 1.
By making the main body of the shield of water-proof material, such as wax paper or the like, the shield may be used to protect the hair against dampness and wind. The utilization of wax paper or some other more durable material than tissue paper provides a shield which may I be used several times by the same person as for example in the home.
While the invention has been particularly described as taking two forms, it should be apparent that the various materials might be substituted one for the other in each of the forms of the invention as disclosed and further that the tie-strings or the rubber band might be used interchangeablywith either form of theinvention. Thus, while the invention has been described and illustrated in a particular manner and specific materials of construction have been suggested, the invention is not limited to the exact forms or particular materials suggested but includes within its scope whatever modifications come within the scope of the claims. In this connection the tie strings or rubber band might be secured at various points on the shield. If additional ventilation is required the shield may be provided on each side with perforations 21.
I claim as my invention:
1. A shield adapted to fit over the head of the wearer comprising a hood of flexible material having an imperforate head portion comprising side and rear walls and a perforate face portion, means for securing the margins of the portions together throughout their length, and flexible securing means attached to the front of the imperforate portion adjacent its juncture with the perforate portion and adapted to extend around the side and rear walls of the imperforate portion for securing the shield in place, whereby the lower edge of the perforate portion is free from the confining action of said securing means.
2. A shield adapted to fit over the head of the wearer comprising a hood formed with a head portion having side and rear walls and consisting of paper, a face portion of relatively stifinet fabric secured throughout its rear margin to the forward margin of the paper head portion, and flexible means attached to said shield at the juncture between the paper and net portions and adapted to extend around the side and rear walls of said shield for securing the same in place.
BERNICE Y. SACKS.