|Publication number||US2191804 A|
|Publication date||Feb 27, 1940|
|Filing date||Aug 16, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2191804 A, US 2191804A, US-A-2191804, US2191804 A, US2191804A|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (39)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb; 27, 1940. A. F. OMALLEY 2,191,804
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION .UNIT
Filed Aug. 16, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR. BY 4472 721121777 UMadgr Y W @2;
ATTORNEYS 27, 1940. A. F. O'MALLEY I 2,191,804
BUILDING CONSTRUCTION UNIT Filed Aug. 16 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Z7 .26/ 24 w Z47 za 4 z! 24 30 /I 1 r I I 4 W //V/ 4 4 l/// m INVENTOR.
ATTORNEYS Patented Feb. 27, 1940 PATENT I OFFICE 2,191,804 BUILDING CONSTRUCTION UNIT Arthur F. OMalley', Valley Stream, N. Y. Application August 16, 1938, Serial No. 225,092
4 Claims. (01. 72-40) This invention relates'to frame sections for buildings and has particular reference to an improved section or unit for the walls, partitions and other parts of a dwelling house or other small building having an outer covering of wood, stucco, brick, stone or similar material and which section or unit provides the required strength and may be erected with effort and cost.
The invention primarily comprehends a rectangular frame section or unit adapted to be produced in quantities in advance of the erection of the building and which is so constructed and arranged so as to be readily secured together and to adjacent members of the frame work of the building. The invention further comprehends in a building section of the indicated character, a
frame structure provided with a recess opening through the' inner faces of the sides and ends thereof to provide a continuous internal groove and with an insulation panel secured in'said groove so as to strengthen and reenforce the frame and to provide a dead air space on each side of the panel between the sheathing on opposite sides of the frame.
With the foregoing and other objects in view, reference is now made to the followingspecification and the accompanying drawings in which there is illustrated the preferred embodiment thereof.
In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a side elevation of a portion of the frame work of a multiple story building embodying building units constructed in accordance with the invention.
Fig.2 is an enlarged perspective view-of one of the building units.
Fig. 3 is a transverse sectional view taken approximately on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1 and. illustrating the units with sheathing applied ,to'
opposite faces thereof.
Fig, 4 is a fragmentary sectional view on line 4-4 of Fi 1.
The invention is illustrated in the accompanying drawings as applicable to a wall of a building, although it is to be understood that the same may be employed in the construction of partitions, floors, roofs and the like.
Referring to the drawings by characters of reference, a portion of the frame work In of a multiple story building is shown which includes a longitudinally extending sill ll supported by and suitably anchored upon the foundation wall l2 and upon which sill a plurality of rectangular frame sections or units l3 are arranged and se-- cured together in side by side relation with the side edges of adjacent sections disposed in abutting engagement.
The sections l3 are preferably of a length to extend fromthe sill II to the wall plate M which supports the floor beams [5 of the upper floor, the wall plate I4 extending longitudinally of and being secured to the top rails of joists of the sections I3.
The frame work for the upper floor similarly consists of a longitudinally extending sill l6 carried by the floor beams l5 and upon which sill a plurality of the rectangular frame sections l3 are secured together in side by side relation, with the side edges of adjacent sections being disposed in abutting engagement. The sections [3 of the frame work for the second floor prefeach provided with a pair of spaced batten strips I 20 secured against their inner faces to provide a continuous internal marginal groove within the frame and disposed intermediately, of the thickness thereof. A rigid insulation panel 22, such as compressed asbestos wall board and the like,
is arranged within said frame with its marginal edges fitted in the groove and with. the edges of the panel abutting against the side stiles and endrails at the bottom of the groove so as to strengthen and reenforce the frame structure.
For the purpose of bracing the sections l3 angularly, diagonal brace strips 23 and. 24 are arranged within the frameon opposite sides of the panel 22 and are secured to and extend from one side stile adjacent the top joist to the other side stile adjacent the bottom-joist with the brace strip 23 disposed at an opposite angle to the brace' strip 24.
The top and bottom rails I9 and the batten strips 20' are provided with aligned openings 25 extending vertically therethrough on each side of for receiving bolts 28 for securing adjacent sections together in side by side relation.
The sections or units I3 when installed and secured to adjacent sill or wall plates are covered on opposite sides thereof with sheathing such as weather board 29 forming the outer covering of the building and the lath and plaster 30 forming the surfacing for the room of the building and which sheathing defines with the sections or units l3 dead air spaces A and B on opposite sides of the insulation panel 22.
What is claimed is:
l. A building construction unit including a rectangular frame composed of opposite side stiles and top and bottom rails secured to the'side" stiles at the ends thereof, said stiles and rails. being formed with a recess opening through their inner faces to provide a continuous internali groove disposed intermediate of the thickness of the frame, a rigid insulation panel arranged within the frame with its marginal edges fitted in the groove and with the edges ofthe panel abutting against the stiles and rails at the bot tom of the groove, and diagonal brace strips oppositely inclined on opposite sides of the panel and secured against the inner faces of oppomte,
sides of the frame structure.
2. A building construction unit includinga rectangularframe composed of opposite-side stiles and and bottom rails secured to the side stiles at the ends thereof, spaced batten strips secured against the inner faces of the stiles and rails to provEde an internal groove disposed intermediate of the thickness of the frame, a rigid insulation panel arranged within the frame with its marginal edges fitted in the groove and with the edges of the panel abutting against the stiles and rails at the bottom of the groove, and diagonal brace strips oppositely inclined on opposite sides of the panel and secured against the inner faces of opposite sides of the frame structure, said stiles and rails having bores opening through the inner and outer faces thereof adapted to receive fastening elements for securing the side stiles of adjacent frames together in side by side abutting relation and for securing the top and bottom I rails to adjacent members of the building framework.
3. In a building construction, a plurality of rectangular frame units arranged in side by side relation with the side edges of adjacent units disposed in abutting engagement, rigid insulation panels arranged within said units with the edges of the panels abutting against the inner faces of the units, a lower beam disposed longi- I tudinally of the width of said units, an upper beam disposed longitudinally of the width of said units and between which beams the units-are arranged with the outer faces of the ends of the units in abutting relation therewith, the sides and ends of said-,units,having openings therethrough, fastening elements extending therethrough for securing adjacent sections together and for securing the ends of the units to said I beams, said units having the rigid insulation panels of less thickness than and substantially centered within the rectangular frame structure and being adapted to have Wall sheathing secured against the opposite faces thereof to define a separate dead air space on each side of the panel of each unit.
-4..Ina-buildi1'1gconstruction, a plurality of rectangular frame units arranged in side by side relation with the side edges of adjacent units,
disposed in abutting engagement and each composed of opposite side stiles and top and bottom rails secured to the side stiles at the ends thereof, spaced batten strips secured against the inher faces of the stiles and rails to provide an internal groove disposed intermediate of the thickness of the frames, rigid insulation panels arranged within the frames with their marginal edgesfitted in the grooves and with the edges of the panels abutting against the stiles and rails at the bottom of the grooves, diagonal brace strips oppositely inclined on oppositesides of the panels and secured against the inner faces of opposite" sides of the framestructures, a lower beam disposed longitudinally of the width of said frames, an, upper beam disposed longitudinally of the width of said frames between which beams the rectangular frames are arranged with the outer faces of the ends of the frames in abutting relation therewith, and fastening means extending through the stiles and-rails for securing adjacent frames together and for securing the ends of the frames to said beams, said frames being adapted to have sheathing secured against the opposite faces thereof to define a separate dead air space on each side of the panel of each frame;
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