|Publication number||US2191963 A|
|Publication date||Feb 27, 1940|
|Filing date||Oct 24, 1939|
|Priority date||Oct 24, 1939|
|Publication number||US 2191963 A, US 2191963A, US-A-2191963, US2191963 A, US2191963A|
|Inventors||London Alvin D|
|Original Assignee||Al Lon Mfg Company Inc|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (9), Classifications (5)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Feb. 27, 1940. LONDON 2,191,963
MATTRESS COVER AND THE LIKE Filed Oct. 24, 1939 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 gwuem/bom m, 'M d M Feb. 27, 1940. A. D. LONDON MATTRESS COVER AND THE LIKE 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Filed Oct. 24, 1939 w y aw J M I oo 0 U Ways Patented Feb. 27, 1940.
UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE-l MATTRESS oo-vER. AND THE Alvin D. London, Baltimore, Md., assignor to Al-lon Manufacturing C0mpany, Inc., Baltimore, Md., a corporation of Maryland Application October 24, 1939, Serial No. 301,055 4 Claims. (01. 5-354) This invention relates to slip covers and more particularly to slip covers for mattresses,- cushions and the like for preserving the appearance thereof and preventing same from becoming dirty or soiled. I l
While the improved cover of the present invention-is capable of use withcushi'ons or the like, it is particularly adapted for use with mattresses'and is so shown in the single physical embodiment disclosed.
Slip covers for mattresses have been in use for some time, such covers generally being:in the form of bagssubstantially of the length of the mattress, the cover'having buttons, snap fasteners or similar spaced attaching elements I for closing the openends of the bags and maintaining same on the mattress.
While such a cover to a large extent prevented the mattress from becoming soiled'or dusty, nevertheless its construction was such thatdust or dirt entered through the closed ends of the cover for the reason that the securing means such as snap fasteners or the like were in substantial spaced relation, thus allowing gaps in the material of the cover through which dust could readily enter and permeate the mattress. v In some instances the use of slidable fasteners known as zippers have been employed on mattress covers. However, very great lengths of these zippers were necessary and this materially added to the expense of the cover. Furthermore, slidable fasteners, snap fasteners, buttons and thelike are susceptible to injury during washing and in addition slip cover textiles have a tendency to shrink upon laundering thus destroying the effectiveness of the aforementioned closure means.
It is accordingly a primary object of this invention to provide a special closure on a slip cover for a mattress which will positively preclude the admission of dust or dirt to the interior thereof and still maintain the effectiveness of the closure means after laundering,
Furthermore covers as heretofore used were difiicult to assemble due to the relatively great length of fabric from the open to the closed ends ofthe cover and it is a further aim of thisi'nvention to provide a slip cover for mattresses which can be quickly and easilyinstalled inpo'sition;
which is inexpensive to manufacture and effec-v I formed of double fabric layers [1 and 18, the layer Fig. 1 is a perspective view of the improved cover in operative position on a mattress.
Fig. .2 is a similar view showing the cover partially in position on the mattress.
Fig. 3 is a top plan view of a mattress, showing 5 only the improvedcover in horizontal section in a plane represented by line 33 in Fig.1. v
Fig. 4 is a side view of the mattress showing thecover in longitudinal vertical section in a plane'represented by line 44 in Fig. 1.
Referring to the drawings by reference characters, and wherein like characters designate like parts in the different views, M designates amattress which may be of size for a single or a double bed or may in fact be ofa size for a crib or a .15 pillow, the cover forming the subject matter of this invention being adapted for use with cushions or mattresses of any preferred dimensions. The improved cover is represented in its entirety at Ill and may be constructed of anydesired fabric material and comprises a rectangu lar bottom II, a similar rectangle top l2, both formed of a single layer of material, and a further single layer of material l3 forming one end I4 and substantially one-half of each of the op- 25 posite sides I5 of the cover, as is clearly indicated; in Figure 3 of the drawings. The remaining portions of the opposite sides l5 and the remaining end 66 of the cover ,l0 are bottom layer l l as indicated at 22 and the upper edge of the layer 18 being stitched to the top layer [2 as is indicated at 23. The upper edge of the layer I! is provided with an elastic 2.4 which extends continuously from one stitched line H) to the other and the lower edge of the layer I8 is provided with a like elastic 25.
In Fig. 2 the cover is shown partially applied to the mattress M andbefore application to the mattress is begun the bottom and top layers II and I2 with their respective edge layers'fl and I8, are both rolled back to the position of layers l2 and [8 in Fig. 2 whereby a bag of substan' tially only one half the length of the mattress 7 need be pulled over the end thereof which obviously can be done with greater facility than when the bag is of the full length of the mattress as heretofore used or proposed.
When this half portion of the cover has been pulled over the corresponding portion of the mattressthe botom layer I l and associated edge layer I! are drawn forwardly to the position indicated in Fig. 2, the elastic 24 facilitating the pulling of the edge layer I? over the bottom of the mattress and also holding the upper edge of the layer l'l' into firm contact with the upper edge of the mattress.
The top layer l2 and correspondingedge layer 53 are finally drawn forward and the layer l8 pulled over the upper edge of the mattress to the position indicated in Fig. l, the elastic 25 facilitating the pulling of layer I8 over the edge of the mattress as well as binding the lower edge Finally, in lieu of the elastics 2 and 25 other adjustable closure means may be employed. A good example of such means are draw or tie cords.
These are particularly valuable when the material of the cover issubject to more than average shrinking or laundering. Obviously, other equivalent adjustable, closure constructions may be advantageously used.
While I have described the invention in detail, yet this is to be considered illustrative only and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being defined in the sub-joined claims.
What I claim and desire to secure by Letters Patent is:
1. A fabric cover for mattresses and the like comprising a rectangular bottom portion, a rectangular top portion, and an edge portion; the
bottom and top portions each being of a single ply throughout its extent, the edge portion comprising, a single ply secured to the margins of the bottom and top portions and extending around approximately one half of the cover, and asdouble ply extending around the other half of the cover with one edge of one ply secured to the margin of the bottom portion and the opposite edge of the other ply secured to the margin of the top portion, the other edges of the plys beingfree-and the two plys overlapping in the applied position of the cover.
2. The structure defined in claim 1, in which the free edges of the overlapping plys are each provided with an elastic for maintaining firm engagement between the plys and with the edge of the mattress.
. 3. A closure for a mattress cover including top, bottom and edge portions; comprising a pair of overlapping fabric sections included in said edge portion and forming one end and substantial lengths of the opposed sides thereof, one fabric section having one edge thereof secured to the margin'of the top portion, the other fabricsection having the opposed edge thereof secured to the margin of the bottom portion, the opposed edges of the fabric sections being free and respectively positioned adjacent the bottom and top edges of a mattress in the applied position of the cover.
4. The structure defined in claim 3, wherein the free edges of the fabric sections are adjust able for firm engagement of the second section with the edge of a mattress and for firm engagement of the first section with theseco-ndsection.
ALVIN D. LONDON.
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|US5642540 *||Jan 19, 1996||Jul 1, 1997||Culver; Lorraine S.||Pad cover with flap lacking fasteners|
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|USD731819 *||Nov 15, 2013||Jun 16, 2015||Serta, Inc.||Mattress|
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|U.S. Classification||5/499, 297/228.1|