|Publication number||US2193638 A|
|Publication date||Mar 12, 1940|
|Filing date||Feb 12, 1938|
|Priority date||Feb 12, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2193638 A, US 2193638A, US-A-2193638, US2193638 A, US2193638A|
|Inventors||Woolridge B Morton|
|Original Assignee||Woolridge B Morton|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (5), Classifications (13)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
March 12, 1940. w T N 2,193,638
PLAYING CARD AND METHOD OF MAKING THE SAME Filed Feb. 12, 1938 3 55.9625 -24 ,ar/n/s 84267;
L; ATTORNEY Patented Mar. 12, we
Lem-asmm PLAYING CARD 'zgattss v Woolridge. n.1, Morton, ew York, N. Y,
Application February 12, v1938, Serial No -190,193
f 1 Claim. (e1. 93-1 This invention relatesto improvements in playing cards and methods of making the same, particularly cards, for playing duplicate ,bridge' whist or like games where. it is'desired that the same exact hand be played over again. J l
There are nowon the market various forms of apparatus for playing so-called duplicate bridge. The most common form of apparatus now used for: the purpose is the so-called whist board 0 wherein separate pockets are provided foreach ofthe four hands, enough boards being provided l in the set for an evenings play. A separate deck of cards is used for each deal, the cards being shuflied and dealt in the usual fashion. During the play, however, each player must keep his cards separate from those of the other players by placing them in front of him as they are played instead of putting them in theiniddle of the table along with the cards of'the other players where they can be taken'by the player of the winning card and counted as a trick.
Each. of the separate hands so played is placed in the appropriate pocket of theduplicate board and laid aside and the play continued with a fresh deck of cards and a new board until the desired number of games is played. ,The same players at some later date play the hand over again, theplayers, however, at the second session 7 playing the hands held by their opponents at the first session. Y 1
The present-day bridge apparatus is bulky and cumbersome to handle and its use slows up the playing of the game.
The object of the present invention is-to provide cards in duplicate packs with the cards already shufiiedf that is, in a random arrangement, but with the same random arrangement of both decks whereby one deck of'cards may be played inthe ordinary fashion and then at a later session the second deck of the pair may be played with each pair of players having the exact hands held by their opponents at the first session. The cards may be of the ordinary kind. and
used after the first use for games other than duplicate or they may be of very cheap cardboard so that they may be thrown away after the ed the successive steps to be practiced in carry- 55 ing out my improved method ofmanufaoture.
twentyfour playing cards.
iFigs.- l-5 show the cards in various intermediate stages oi manufacture, while Fig. 6 showsthe completed cards ready for playing.
In manufacturing cards according to my invention'l preferably proceed as follows: A roll of paper stock'which may be printed on one side f with some conventional design which, however,, need not be identically registered with the border ofeach card because the cards are to be played only once is cut in sheets of a size equal to, say, 19
' Each sheet is then printed with twenty-four separateimpressions of the same card as shown in Fig. v1. Fifty-two.
sheets, eachone printed with one of fifty-two '5 cards, are then stacked (Fig. 2) 'one uponthe other and cut by a suitable die into twelve packs, the cards in each pack being the size of two finished cards and each containing two identical impressionsof the same card as indicated in Fig. 3. Eachoi' the twelve separate double packs 20 is then delivered separately to a conventional 'shufilng drum (Fig. 4) which will effect a com" pletely random rearrangement .of the cards. After being shmiled, the cards making up each double deck are stacked and then cut as indi- 25 cated in Fig. 5 along the middle line between the two separate impressions to form two separate decks of identically arranged cards. These two decks will then be boxed, preferably in a double box, or they may be separately boxed with an appropriate' serial number which will be the same for both decks.
For convenience in handling and to avoid the possibility of a rnisdeal which might change the distribution of the cards so that the same distri- 35 b-ution would not be had when thesecond of the duplicate decks was played, the cards may be advantageously divided into hands of thirteen each, fastenedtogether with paper bands or other 'se-parators appropriately marked with numbers or f the conventional designations, North, South, East and West. In Fig. 6 I have illustrated two pairs of identically. arranged decks divided, as de-' scribed, into separate hands, it being understood, of course, that the cards will ordinarily be sold 45 insets of twelve or more duplicate pairs so that there will be enough dilferent hands to occupy an ordinary evenings play. By this arrangement it is only necessary to distribute the already madcap hands to therespective players and when the duplicate pack is played the North and South players of the first series will take the East and West hands. I
The invention is particularly useful for the playing of duplicate bridge tournaments Where a number of tables simultaneously play identical hands. For making cards for tournament play the process above described will be modified. Instead of cutting the sheets of 24 or more imprints of the same card into double cards, as above described, the large sheets will be mechanically shuffled before they are cut at all. This shuflling can be readily accomplished without labor and Without damage to the cards by discharging the large sheets of cardboard as they are printed into the upper end of a vertical column against a rising stream of air of varying velocity.
Fifty-two sheets each containing a like number of similarly arranged impressions of one of the cards of the deck Will be shuffled at a time, and after they fall below the entrance ports of the air streams, will be stacked in the arrangement in which they fall and cut at one operation by a suitable die into a plurality of packs each with the cards identically arranged.
Various other methods may be employed for effecting the random arrangement of the multiple cards and if desired a greater number of identical decks than can be made at one printing as above described, may be produced by cutting in the margin of each of the large sheets containin a plurality of impressions of the same card, a differently located notch for cooperation with the separating finger of electrical sorting machines of the Jacquard type. In these machines the cards to be sorted are rearranged in any arbitrary order according to the arrangement of the perforations of a control card. After the sheets are arranged they are cut into individual decks as described and at the same time the marginal portion containing the sorting notch will be removed.
The method of making playing cards which consists in providing a series of sheets equal in number to the number of cards in the pack, each having printed thereon respectively a plurality of Impressions of the separate cards of the pack, shuffling said sheets to arrange them in a random sequence and thereafter cutting the sheets to provide a plurality of decks, each having the same identical random arrangement of the cards.
WOOLRIDGE B. MORTON.
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|US3068010 *||Mar 24, 1958||Dec 11, 1962||Hagopian Jacob J||Game card|
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|US4779401 *||May 22, 1987||Oct 25, 1988||Thomas Pedersen||Arrangement for manufacturing and packaging cards, especially playing cards|
|US5419731 *||Aug 19, 1993||May 30, 1995||Watkins; James O.||Confetti and method of manufacture|
|US7156398 *||Aug 3, 2004||Jan 2, 2007||Phillips Robert G||Card game and deck for use therewith|
|U.S. Classification||493/344, 281/16, 273/149.00R, 493/959, 493/383, 273/293|
|International Classification||A63F1/02, A63F1/12|
|Cooperative Classification||A63F1/12, Y10S493/959, A63F1/02|
|European Classification||A63F1/02, A63F1/12|