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Publication numberUS219462 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 9, 1879
Filing dateJul 25, 1879
Publication numberUS 219462 A, US 219462A, US-A-219462, US219462 A, US219462A
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Improvement in head-coverings
US 219462 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

R. GRAY. Head-Covering.

No. 219,462. Patented Sept. 9,1879.



Specification forming part of Letters Patent No. 2 5,462, dated September 9, 1879;v application filed July 25, 1879.

To all whom 'it may concern:

Be it known that l, ROBERT GRAY, of the city, county, and State of New York, have invented a new and useful Improvement in Head-Coverings, which improvement is fully set forth in the following specification, reference being had to the accompanying drawing, which represents a sectional side view'of a hat embodying my invention.

This invention relates to the. manufacture of hats, bonnets, or other headlcoverings with a top layer of liock.

Hats of this description have been made by applying the flock to a buckram support, but have invariably been stitl', owing to the fact that in order to give the article the required body or strength it was necessary to use a heavy or thick piece of buckrani. One objection to this hat is the stiffness referred to, it being desirable in some cases to furnish a soft hat, and another the visibility of the bnckram tending to defeat the object of the Hock layer, which is to produce a felt-like article. y,

My invention is a head-covering consisting of a support of buckram or the like, a top layer of flock, and a canton-annel or other similar lining, whereby the article is rendered capable of taking a soft finish, while both surfaces thereof have the appearance or semblance of felt-one of plain felt and the other of napped felt.

In the drawing, the letter A designates the support; B,the flock layer, and O the canton- Hannel or other similar lining.

In carrying out my invention I first clement the lining O to a piece of bnckram or like fabric by a suitable adhesive substance, with the nap of the lining exposed, and then press the two, together, in any usual or'suitable manner, to the desired shape. In lien of cantonilannel, the fabric known as glove-lining7 may be used. I now apply to the buckran'l a layer of cotton, wool, or other iiock, this process consisting in coating the bnc-kram with an adhesive substance and strewing the flock thereon in finely-powdered form. The article is then in a state for trimming.

The bnckram A supports botli the liock layer B andthe lining O, and, being re-enforced by the lining, a light or thin piece of such material may be used, rendering the article pliable or soft, substantially like soft felt. The appearance of the article, moreover, is felt-like, yinasmuch as the lining has the semblance of napped felt, and the iiock layer that of plain y felt.

What l claim as new, and desire to secure by Letters Patent, is-

A head-covering consisting of a support of buckram or the like, a top layer of doek, and a canton-liannel or other similar lining, substanti-ally as and for the purpose described.

In testimony that I claim the foregoing I have hereunto set my hand this 8th day of July, 1879.

ROBERT GRAY. Vitnesses:


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Cooperative ClassificationA42C1/02