|Publication number||US2196021 A|
|Publication date||Apr 2, 1940|
|Filing date||Dec 29, 1937|
|Priority date||Dec 29, 1937|
|Publication number||US 2196021 A, US 2196021A, US-A-2196021, US2196021 A, US2196021A|
|Inventors||Merrill Edward C|
|Original Assignee||United Drug Company|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (30), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
PI 2,1940 E. c. MERRILL y 2,196,023
nEsIccATme DEVICE Filed no. 29. 193'/ vll/111111111 ?atented Ar. 2, i4@
nssrcosrmc nevica Edward VC. Merrill, West Roxbury, Mass., as-
signor to United Drug Company, Boston, Mass., a. corporation of Delaware Application December 29, 1937, Serial No. 182,228
This invention relates to desiccating devices, and with regard to certain more specific features, to desiccating devices in the form of cartridges adapted for inclusion in packaged articles, where it is desirable to maintain said articles in a dry condition.
Among the several objects of the invention may be noted the provision of a desiccating device of the class described which is provided with a charge of a dehydrating agent, the device as a whole being provided with at least one porous wall surrounding the dehydrating agent so that the dehydrating agent is permitted to absorb moisture from the surrounding atmosphere, thereby to maintain said surrounding atmosphere in a dry condition; the provision of a desiccating device of the class described of a size and shape readily adapted for inclusion in packages of pharmaceutical products, for example, which are undesirably hygroscopic; and the provision of a desiccating device of the class described which is economical to manufacture and use. Other objects will be in part obvious and in part pointed out hereinafter.
The invention accordingly comprises the elements and combinations of elements, features of construction, and arrangements of parts, which will be exemplified in the structures hereinafter described, and the scope of the application of. which will be indicated in the following claims.
In the accompanying drawing, in which is illustrated one of various possible embodiments of the invention,
Fig. l is a perspective View of a desiccating device embodying the present invention;
- Fig. 2 is a cross section taken substantially along line 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a section taken substantially along line 3- of Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a lled container, showing the manner in which a desiccating device in accordance with the present invention is used;
-Fig. 5 is a plan View of a blank, showing an initial stage in the manufacture of the desiccating device of Fig. 1; Fig. 6 is across section taken substantially along line 6-5 of. Fig. 5;
Figures 7, 8 and 9 are cross sections similar to Fig. 6, showing progressive stages in the manufacture of the desiccating device;
Fig. 10 is a plan view similar to Fig. 5, showing a substantially iinal operation in the manufac Yture of the desiccating device and,
(Cl. 18S- 4) Fig. 1l is a cross section taken substantially along line II--II of Fig. 10.
Similar reference characters indicate corresponding parts throughout the several views of the drawing. Y
Pharmaceutical manufacturers have heretofore had considerable diiculty in connection with the packaging of products that are of a hygroscopic character. The difficulty becomes pronounced, for example, when the product` is of Such character that the ultimate consumer uses only a portion of it at only one time from the container in which it is packaged, for each time said container is opened, access of the presumably relatively damp atmosphere to the contents of the container is permitted, and the contents thus become progressively ywetter as the container is repeatedly opened and closed.
This diiculty is yparticularly pronounced, for example, in connection with packages of hygroscopic tablets, such as the alkaline effervescent tablets currently in popular demand. It is the custom of the pharmaceutical industry to package say twenty or twenty-five of, such tablets, in stacked relationship, in a tubular glass container, with a screw-cap at one end. Such a container, for example, is indicated at numeral I in Fig. 4. Numeral 2 in Fig. 4 indicates the tablets, while numeral 3 indicates the screw-cap for the tubular container. Containers such as that illus- 'trated in Fig. 4 lcan readily be packaged, at the manufacturing establishment, under dry conditions, and the cap 3 placed on the container in such manner as to maintain the dry condition Within the container up to the time that the ultimate consumer first opens it. However, after the initial opening by the ultimate consumer, there has heretofore been provided no means for taking care of the repeated periods of access of relatively damp atmosphere to the contents of the container, and when it is considered that it is the usual custom of the user to open the container and close it once for each tablet withdrawn from the container, it will readily be seen that, before the last tablets in the container are used, they have been permitted to come into contact with a considerable volume of atmospheric moisture. To certain pharmaceutical products, this atmospheric moisture is distinctly deleterious, and its access to the products should be prevented.
In order to be readily applicable to present methods of manufacturing and packaging products of the class here concerned, any desiccating device must be capable of being fitted into the isl - existing routines, in order to avoid unduly increasing the cost of the packaged product. The present invention provides a desiccating device which is, accordingly, readily adapted to present manufacturing and packaging routines, and furthermore, a desiccating device which is economical to manufacture.
Referring now more particularly to Fig. l, therey is illustrated a desiccating device such as provided by the present invention. Broadly speaking. the desiccating device of the present invention comprises a cartridge indicated by numeral l, which is generally of circular shape, although not necessarily so. The cartridge 4 is provided with a lling, or charge, of a suitable dehydrating agent, such as indicated at numeral I in Fig 2.
ln general, it has been found preferable to make Y the cartridge 4 a little smaller in diameter than the inside diameter of the container in which it is to be used, so that it lits easily therein, and to limit the thickness of the cartridge to the minimum possible dimension, in order that it may occupy as little space as possible within the container. On the other hand, for purposes of distinction from the tablets packed within the container, it is desirable that the cartridge 4 be made readily distinguishable from said, tablets, as by making it of a slightly larger diameter, or of a slightly greater thickness, or of a different color. This is in order to prevent the consumer from confusing it with one of the tablets.
Referring now more particularly to Figures 5 through ll, numeral I indicates a suitable blank, which, as shown in Fig. 6, is made up of a suitable number of cardboard or like paper material laminae l, secured together flatwise by a suitable adhesive material. The thickness of the final cartridge may be determined by selecting the proper number of laminae 1 for the blank.
As a first stage of manufacture, spaced holes 8 are punched through the blank 6. The spacing of the holes 6 depends upon the size of the ultimate cartridge to be prepared, as will be evidenced from the further description of the method hereinafter given. i
A backing cover-sheet 9 (see Fig. '7) is now affixed with a suitable `adhesive to one face of the punched blank 6. The backing sheet'9, it will be seen, transforms each of the holes 8 into a cupshaped recess. Preferably, the backing sheet 9 comprises a porous material, such as blotting paper, although this backing sheet 9 may be a non-porous material, such as cardboard.
The next step in manufacturing the cartridges is indicated in Fig. 8, where itwill be seen that the holes 8 have all been filled with a powdered dehydrating agent I0.
The next step, which is shown in Fig. 9, comprises affixing to the upper surface of the blank 6, as with adhesive, a cover sheet II. The cover sheet II is ordinarily made of a suitable porous material, such as blotting paper. It is desirable that both the backing cover sheet 9 and the cover sheet I I be of such porous material, but, in some instances, satisfactory results may be achieved if only one of these two elements is porous, and the other relatively non-porous.
The next step is indicated in Figui-es loana 11.v
terial, except for relatively small connecting portions l3. If the finished cartridge is to be of circular shape, the cuts I2 together comprise almost a complete circle, as illustrated in Fig. 10.
For storage purposes, it is preferable to leave the cartridges in the Fig. 10 stage of their manufacture, until they are to be used. For use, the
, individual cartridges can be readily removed from the strip merely by the application of 'sufficient pressure to break the small connecting portions I3, whereupon the cartridge is relieved from surrounding material.
It will readily be seen that the method de scribed can be carried out with facility on a continuously advancing strip of blank material. 'The stripA can readily be so guided that the punches which make the cuts I2 are automaticallyY located and timed so that the cuts I2 are properly spaced from the concealed filled openings 8. In such a continuous method of manufacture, the cost of the individual cartridges may be reduced to a minimum.
In packaging procedures, the preferred method is to first introduce one of the cartridges into the empty container, so that it is positioned at the bottom of said container, and then the packaged product is filled in on top of the cartridge. In this manner, the cartridge l will automatically remain in the container until the product is all removed therefrom.
In the finished cartridge, the laminated blank material 6 comprises the body of the cartridge, while the sheet material 9 and II comprises the two covers of the cartridge. All elements are preferably in permanently assembled, non-openable relationship.
The particular dehydrating agent I 0 to be used depends upon the material to be packaged, and upon the degree of desiccation at which it is desired to maintain said products. 'Ihese factors likewise determine the amount of dehydrating agent to be used. As suitable dehydrating agents for vari-ous types of products, I have satisfactorily used anhydrous calcium sulphate, anhydrous aluminum chloride, anhydrous calcium chloride, silica gel, anhydrite (aluminum trioxide), and other ordinary dehydrating agents.
It has been found satisfactory, for example, in connection with the packaging of effervescent alkalizing tablets, to use a cartridge containing of r' the order of one-half gram of anhydrous calcium sulphate` for each twenty-iive tablets packaged.
The action of the desiccating device or car'- tridge in a package is easily understood. Each time the package is opened, a certain amount of relatively damp atmospheric air is admitted to the package. The dehydrating agent in the cartridge has a preferential afnity for moisture over the product packaged in the container, so that when the cap is 'again applied to the container, said dehydrating agent quickly absorbs all the moisture admitted to the container, thus leaving the interior atmosphere ofthe container dry. The moisture is absorbed through the porous material covers 9 or II of` the cartridge, or both. It is thus seen that shortly after each time the containervis opened, the air within said container will have been restored to a dry condition, within the required degree.
By suitably calculating the amount of dehydrating agent in the cartridge, such a condition of dryness can be maintained in the container, up to the time the last of the product therein is used.
Through the use of a porous material such' as blotting paper for either of the covers 9 or Il of the cartridge, or both, it is entirely feasible to use a nely powdered dehydrating agent in the cartridge. 'Ihe porosity of the blotting paper is such that no ordinary powder, no matter how ne, will penetrate therethrough and contaminate the packaged product. This is of particular importance when it is considered that the cartridge is ordinarily to be used with pharmaceutical preparations, which should be protected from contamination of all sorts.
The cartridge described, in addition to performing the desiccating function, also serves as a resilient cushion in the `ontainer, and to a greater or less extent takes over the resiliency function of the wad of cotton usually placed in packages of this type to prevent the contents from breaking during shipment.
The cheapness of the cartridge makes it economically feasible to throw it away after the container with which it has been packaged is emptied.
In view of the above. it will be seen that th several objects of the invention are achieved and other advantageous results attained.
As many changes could be made in carrying out the above constructions without departing from the scope of the invention, it is intended that all matter contained in the above description or shown in the accompanying drawing shall be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
1. A dehydrating device comprising a hollow disc-like cartridge, a dehydrating agent vwithin said cartridge, and a porous material cover closing said cartridge, said cover comprising a porous sheet material of the character of blotting paper.
2. A desiccating cartridge comprising a disclike body formed of a plurality of laminae of paper-like'material adhesively secured together, said body having an opening extending therethrough, covers on each side of said body adhesively secured thereto and closing the ends of said opening, and a dehydrating agent contained in said opening, at least one of said covers comprising a porous material of the character of blotting paper.
3. A desiccating device comprising a disc-like cartridge having a hollow body formed from laminated cardboard, a powdered dehydrating agent within said body, and covers on each side of said body permanently enclosing said dehydrating agent, at least one of said covers being made of a porous material of the character of blotting paper.
` EDWARD C. MERRmL.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2452957 *||Jan 4, 1944||Nov 2, 1948||Sabin Archie R||Moisture control device|
|US2524162 *||Feb 27, 1945||Oct 3, 1950||Alfred Chavannes Marc||Desiccant packaging|
|US2526938 *||Sep 11, 1946||Oct 24, 1950||Davison Chemical Corp||Moisture indicator|
|US2682138 *||Mar 22, 1952||Jun 29, 1954||Container Mfg Co||Method of making packages|
|US2766066 *||Dec 3, 1953||Oct 9, 1956||Hopson||Device for the evaporation of liquids|
|US2922703 *||Aug 1, 1947||Jan 26, 1960||Bauer Eldon E||Incendiary fuels|
|US3061549 *||Nov 14, 1955||Oct 30, 1962||Purex Corp Ltd||Packaged dry bleach and disinfecting compositions|
|US3135566 *||Mar 9, 1962||Jun 2, 1964||Charles Frank||Dehumidifying coin tube|
|US3629995 *||Dec 29, 1969||Dec 28, 1971||Laclede Gas Co||A method for reducing moisture content in gas|
|US3965724 *||Dec 6, 1974||Jun 29, 1976||Ambrose Wallace R||Device and method for calculating temperature and water vapor pressure|
|US4260054 *||Feb 11, 1980||Apr 7, 1981||Lever Brothers Company||Laundry additive pouch|
|US4906258 *||Sep 2, 1988||Mar 6, 1990||Societe Nationale Elf Aquitaine||Method of conducting an absorption or desorption reaction between a gas and a solid|
|US5298231 *||Nov 13, 1992||Mar 29, 1994||Rocky Research||Method for achieving high reaction rates in solid-gas reactor systems|
|US5328671 *||Aug 14, 1992||Jul 12, 1994||Rocky Research||Heat and mass transfer|
|US5384101 *||Jun 16, 1992||Jan 24, 1995||Rocky Research||Method and apparatus for achieving high reaction rates in solid-gas reactor systems|
|US5441716 *||Aug 9, 1993||Aug 15, 1995||Rocky Research||Method and apparatus for achieving high reaction rates|
|US5512088 *||Jun 23, 1994||Apr 30, 1996||Interglobe Gas Technology, Inc.||Separator|
|US5538545 *||Nov 4, 1994||Jul 23, 1996||W. L. Gore & Associates||Nonparticulating adsorbent recirculating filter|
|US5598721 *||Mar 28, 1995||Feb 4, 1997||Rocky Research||Heating and air conditioning systems incorporating solid-vapor sorption reactors capable of high reaction rates|
|US5628205 *||Feb 16, 1995||May 13, 1997||Rocky Research||Refrigerators/freezers incorporating solid-vapor sorption reactors capable of high reaction rates|
|US5666819 *||Feb 23, 1996||Sep 16, 1997||Rocky Research||Rapid sorption cooling or freezing appliance|
|US5727616 *||Oct 27, 1995||Mar 17, 1998||Edentec||Elastomeric heat exchanger bed|
|US6146446 *||Oct 8, 1998||Nov 14, 2000||Donaldson Company, Inc.||Filter assembly with shaped adsorbent article; and devices and methods of use|
|US6168651||Jul 14, 1999||Jan 2, 2001||Donaldson Company, Inc.||Filter assembly with shaped adsorbent article; and devices and methods of use|
|US6491741 *||Dec 11, 2000||Dec 10, 2002||Donaldson Company, Inc.||Filter assembly with shaped adsorbent article; and devices and methods of use|
|US6571942||Aug 9, 2001||Jun 3, 2003||Multisorb Technologies, Inc.||Container with integral material-treating container and method of fabrication thereof|
|US6726745||Jul 31, 2002||Apr 27, 2004||Donaldson Company, Inc.||Filter assembly with shaped adsorbent article; and devices and methods of use|
|US7185780 *||Dec 15, 2003||Mar 6, 2007||Sonoco Develpoment, Inc.||Container overcap with drying agent layer|
|US20050112785 *||Oct 29, 2004||May 26, 2005||Siu-Yin Wong||Immunodiagnostic device having a desiccant incorporated therein|
|US20050127082 *||Dec 15, 2003||Jun 16, 2005||Sonoco Development, Inc.||Container overcap with drying agent layer|
|U.S. Classification||96/118, 239/53, 312/31, 252/194, 96/154|
|International Classification||B65D81/26, B01D53/26|
|Cooperative Classification||B01D53/26, B65D81/268|
|European Classification||B65D81/26F2, B01D53/26|