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Publication numberUS2197093 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 16, 1940
Filing dateJan 19, 1939
Priority dateJan 19, 1939
Publication numberUS 2197093 A, US 2197093A, US-A-2197093, US2197093 A, US2197093A
InventorsCampbell Harry C
Original AssigneeGeorge Edwards, John P Danks
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Artificial foot
US 2197093 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A ril 16, 1940. H. c. CAMPBELL ARTIFICIAL FOOT Filed Jan 19. 1939 jvwa/rwo'n Harry 6. Game?! v v Patented Apr. 16, 19 40 v ARTIFICIAL FOOT Harry C. Campbell, Youngstown, Ohio, assignor of forty-five per cent to George Edwards and fifteen per cent to John P. Danks, both of Youngstown, Ohio Application January 19, 1939, Serial No. 251,398

'7 Claims.

With the above and other objects in view aswill be hereinafter apparent, the invention consists ingeneral of :certain novel. details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter fully described, illustrated in the accompanying, drawing and specifically claimed.

In the accompanying drawing likecharactersof reference indicate like parts in the several views, and:

cordance with this invention.

Fig. 2 is a side elevation thereof, the view being partly in section to show certain featuresof the construction. v

Fig. 3 is adetailed section on the line 3-3 of Fig. 1.

Fig.4 is a perspective View of the pneumatic cushion used herewith as shown when removed from the remainder of the device.

Fig. 5 is a perspective view of a certain metallic plate, and associated parts used in connection with this invention for stiffening the foot and preventing excess flexibility.

In the embodiment of the invention hereinv shown there is provided a body I which is preferably madeof elastic rubber and has a general shape conforming to the lower part of the human foot, the shape in plan being suited as to whether the foot is to be a right or left foot. This body has the usual toe portion I I, heel portion I2, and intermediate portion I3. The inner edge of the intermediate portion is shown at I4 and the outer edge thereof is shown at I3. The normal or medial line of the foot, indicated at I5--I5 passes through the center of the heel portion I2 and the center of the forward or toe portion II as clearly shown in Fig. 1'. Molded into thev upper part of the body Ill is a metallic plate I6 preferably of steel and this plate It is provided with a number of openings I! through which the material of the body Ill extends so that the plate is firmly Fig. l is a plan viewof a foot constructed in acanchored in the body III. This plate conforms generally to the portions I2 and I3 of the body but the rear end of the plate, indicated at IT, is curved on a smaller radius. than the heel portion I2 and thus is forwardly inset with respect to the rear face of such heel portion. Furthermore the plate I6 is provided with an inner edge I8 which conforms closely to the edge I4 of the body and is provided with an outer edge It which merges forwardly by a curved end 20 into the edge IS. The edge I9 is'inset from the edge I3. The plate I6 has adjacent the rear end thereof an upstand-' ing hollow boss 2I which projects above the upper face 22 of the body ID and is provided with opposed openings 23 whcre through extends a pin 24 by means of which the foot is attached flexibly to the upper part of the artificial limb. Projecting upwardly from the surface 22 of the foot is a forward, cushioning boss 25 and a rear cushioning boss 26 for engagement against the under surface of the upper section of the limb. The axes of the bosses 25 and 26 are alined with the axis of the hollow boss 2I Formed in'the body lll below the plate It is a U-shaped channel 21 opened at the heel andas at 28. In this channel is located a U-shaped pneumatic bag generallyindicated'at 29 and comprising'a pair of legs 30 which extend in parallel at equal distances from {the line I5 and are connected at the heel 'end by an arcuate portion 3 I. These legs form a relatively thin rubber bag separate from the body ID. The plate I6 has rearwardly of the boss 2| an opening 32 and the bag 29 carries a tube 33 which extends upwardly from the portion 3| through the body I0 and opening 32 to project above the surface 22 at which point it is provided with a valve closure 34 whereby the tube 33-may be connected to any suitable inflating means as desired.

It is to be understood that when the bag 29 is deflated it may be withdrawn through the opening 28 so that in the event of this bag leaking or wearing out a similar bag may be substituted.

With the. construction as thus set forth the bag 29 may be inflated to any desired degree and it will be notedthat the forward ends of the legs 30 project beyond the forward end of the plate I6 so that the forward ends of these legs lie well toward the foot portion II as will be noted from Fig. 2. The forward end of the plate. I6 is slight- 1y to the rear of the center of the ball portion of the body In while the forward ends of the legs 30 are somewhat forward of the center of such ball. It is also to be noted that when the bag 29 is inflated the rear portion thereof will firmly engage the heel portion of the shoe wherein the device is placed and thus prevent accidental withdrawal of the artificial foot from the shoe wherein it is placed.

In use it is found that the cushioned bag 29 permits a flexibility of the toe portion of the artificial foot very closely corresponding to that obtained from the natural foot. The cushioned bag 29 absorbs all shocks in Walking which would not be accommodated by the natural foot. Thus, when this foot is applied to the lower end of an artificial limb the wearer is enabled to have a walking movement corresponding with great precision to that obtainable in nature.

There has thus been provided a simple and efficient device of the kind described and for the purpose specified.

It is obvious that minor changes may be made in the form and construction of the invention without departing from the material spirit thereof. It is not, therefore, desired to confine the invention to the exact form herein shown and described, but it is desired to include all such as properly come within the scope claimed.

Having thus described the invention, what is claimed as new, is:

1. An artificial foot including an elastic body having the conformation and dimensions of a human foot below the ankle joint, a rigid plate extending longitudinally of the body at the upper part thereof, and an inflatable cushioning element extending in said body between said plate and the lower surface of the body.

2. An artificial foot including an elastic body having the conformation and dimensions of a human foot below the ankle joint, a rigid plate extending longitudinally of the body at the upper part thereof, and an inflatable cushioning element extending in said body between said plate and the lower surface of the body, said inflatable element being of general U-shape and including a pair of hollow legs.

3. An artificial foot including an elastic body having the conformation and dimensions of a. human foot below the ankle joint, a rigid plateextending longitudinally'of the body at the upper part thereof, and an inflatable cushioning element extending in said body between said plate and the lower surface of the body, said body having an opening at its rear end through which said and thereby hold the artificial foot inflatable element may be inserted and withdrawn. v z

4. An artificialfoot including an. elastic body having the conformation and dimensions of a human foot below the ankle joint, a rigid plate extending longitudinally of the body at the upper part thereof, and an inflatable cushioning element extending in said bodybetween said plate and the lower surface of the body, said inflatable element being of general U-shape and including a pair of hollow legs, said body having an opening at its rear end through which said inflatable element may be inserted and withdrawn.

' 5. An artificial foot including an elastic body having the conformation and dimensions of a human foot below the ankle joint, a rigid plate extending longitudinally of the body at the upper part thereof, andv an inflatable cushioning element extending in said body between said plate and the lower surface of the body, said inflatable element being of general U-shape and including a pair of hollow legs, said body having an opening at its rear end through which said inflatable element may be inserted and withdrawn, said inflatable element having a filling tube extending upwardly therefrom above the upper surface of said body. a

'7. The combination of a shoe having a portion enclosing the toe part thereof and having a heel portion, with an artificial lower foot portion provided with an inflatable bag having a rearwardly exposed portion engageable with the heel portion of the shoe to press thereagainst upon inflation from withdrawal from the shoe.

HARRY o. CAMPBELL.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US5004477 *Oct 20, 1989Apr 2, 1991Establissements ProteorProsthesis for leg amputation and a process for its manufacture
US5181933 *Feb 28, 1991Jan 26, 1993Phillips L VanSplit foot prosthesis
US5258038 *May 10, 1991Nov 2, 1993College Park Industries, Inc.Prosthetic foot with ankle joint and toe member
US5290319 *Feb 28, 1991Mar 1, 1994Phillips L VanProsthetic foot incorporating adjustable bladders
US5314499 *Apr 4, 1991May 24, 1994Collier Jr Milo SArtificial limb including a shin, ankle and foot
US5443529 *Feb 19, 1993Aug 22, 1995Phillips; Van L.Prosthetic device incorporating multiple sole bladders
US5486209 *Jul 1, 1994Jan 23, 1996Phillips; Van L.Foot prosthesis having auxiliary ankle construction
US5509938 *Jan 4, 1994Apr 23, 1996Phillips; Van L.Prosthetic foot incorporating adjustable bladder
US5514185 *Jan 21, 1994May 7, 1996Phillips; Van L.Split foot prosthesis
US5545234 *Nov 1, 1994Aug 13, 1996Collier, Jr.; Milo S.Lower extremity prosthetic device
US5549714 *Jan 12, 1995Aug 27, 1996Phillips; Van L.Symes foot prosthesis
US5593457 *Sep 22, 1995Jan 14, 1997Phillips; Van L.Foot prosthesis having auxiliary ankle construction
US5776205 *Jan 24, 1997Jul 7, 1998Phillips; Van L.Split foot prosthesis
US5800570 *Mar 14, 1996Sep 1, 1998Collier; Milo S.Lower extremity prosthetic device
US5976191 *Oct 8, 1996Nov 2, 1999Phillips; Van L.Foot prosthesis having curved forefoot
US5993488 *May 13, 1998Nov 30, 1999Phillips; Van L.Prosthesis with resilient ankle block
US6071313 *May 22, 1998Jun 6, 2000Phillips; Van L.Split foot prosthesis
US6206934Aug 21, 1998Mar 27, 2001Flex-Foot, Inc.Ankle block with spring inserts
US6280479Apr 9, 1999Aug 28, 2001Flex-Foot, Inc.Foot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US6406500Nov 2, 1999Jun 18, 2002Van L. PhillipsFoot prosthesis having curved forefoot
US6443995Dec 22, 2000Sep 3, 2002Barry W. TownsendProsthetic foot
US6527811Dec 16, 1997Mar 4, 2003Van L. PhillipsFoot prosthesis with modular foot plate
US6743260Jul 31, 2001Jun 1, 2004Barry W. TownsendProsthetic foot
US6899737Oct 26, 2000May 31, 2005Van L. PhillipsFoot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US6936074Mar 2, 2004Aug 30, 2005Barry W. TownsendProsthetic foot
US7063727Dec 17, 2002Jun 20, 2006Van L. PhillipsFoot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US7108723Jun 10, 2004Sep 19, 2006Townsend Barry WProsthetic foot
US7279011Feb 11, 2004Oct 9, 2007Phillips Van LFoot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US7347877Sep 17, 2004Mar 25, 2008össur hfFoot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US7354456Sep 14, 2004Apr 8, 2008Phillips Van LFoot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US7581454Sep 20, 2004Sep 1, 2009össur hfMethod of measuring the performance of a prosthetic foot
US7846213Nov 12, 2004Dec 7, 2010össur hf.Foot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US7879110Dec 1, 2009Feb 1, 2011Ossur HfFoot prosthesis having cushioned ankle
US7891258Aug 7, 2009Feb 22, 2011össur hfMethod of measuring the performance of a prosthetic foot
US7998221Jul 24, 2009Aug 16, 2011össur hfFoot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US8007544Aug 15, 2003Aug 30, 2011Ossur HfLow profile prosthetic foot
US8025699Jul 24, 2009Sep 27, 2011össur hfFoot prosthesis with resilient multi-axial ankle
US8377144Sep 29, 2006Feb 19, 2013Ossur HfLow profile prosthetic foot
US8377146Jul 18, 2011Feb 19, 2013Ossur HfLow profile prosthetic foot
US8486156Feb 24, 2011Jul 16, 2013össur hfProsthetic foot with a curved split
US8540781 *Aug 16, 2011Sep 24, 2013Medi Gmbh & Co. KgFoot prosthesis
US8685109Mar 24, 2009Apr 1, 2014össur hfSmooth rollover insole for prosthetic foot
US20120046760 *Aug 16, 2011Feb 23, 2012Medi Gmbh & Co. KgFoot prosthesis
WO1994018914A1 *Feb 15, 1994Sep 1, 1994Van L PhillipsProsthetic device incorporating multiple sole bladders
Classifications
U.S. Classification623/56
International ClassificationA61F2/60, A61F2/66
Cooperative ClassificationA61F2/66, A61F2/602, A61F2002/6614
European ClassificationA61F2/60B, A61F2/66