US 2197181 A
Abstract available in
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
M. KATZv I April 16, 1940.
' RIBBON Filed June 12, 1937 INVENTOR Mann/s K1: Tz
t 'AT1-ORN; I.
Patented pr. 16, v1940 UNiTEo STATES 2,197,181-r -RiBBoN o Morris-Katz, Bronx, N. Application June .12, 1937,v seriaiNo. .143,862 i i ffoiaims. (o1. L11-'21(1) v This invention relates toribbon designed to tie Vas well as decorate various kinds and classes oi packages; and the object of the invention is to provide a ribbon of the character described con-y sisting `of two or more strips of sheet material' arranged directlyone uponthe other and the side edges vof which are foldable inwardly 'upon one surface of the strip to reinforce and strengthen the edges as well as to provide a iinish forsaidy edges; a further object being to provide a ribbon of the character described wherein at least one of the strips,` preferably theouter-"strip, is` composed-of 'transparent' cellulosic material, such for example as Cellophane, 4so as to give tothe finother arrangement 55? FgLG, and,
isheclA product a sheen or lustre as well as al smooth surface; a further object being to provide a ribbon of the character described wherein the folded edges will produce, in the use of different colored strips', two 'ormore toned effects to enhance theappearance of the resulting'product; a further object being to provide means for characterizing or ornamenting one of the strips to produce on the finished product apredetermined design or ornamentation;` astill Y' further object being-to provide a ribbon 'of the character de scribed whereinxone of the-'strips'is' Icrinlsled or creased to produce what may ybetermediridescent or ysubstantially iridescent eiects in the nished ribbon; and with these and other objects in viewy the invention consists in an 'article of manuiac-` ture off the class and for the purpose specied which is simple in construction, elicient` inuse;
and which is constructed as yhereinafterr described and claimed. Y
"I'he invention is fully disclosed rin the following specificati-on, of which the accompanying drawing forms a part, kinwhich the separate parts of my improvement are ldesignated by. suitable Areference characters in eachof the views, andfin ,whichr Fig. 1 isa perspective View of apart of the rib# bon showing onemethod of constructing they same. Y i.
' Fig. 2 is a section on the line 2-2 'of Fig. l.
Fig. 3 is a View similar to Fig. 2 showing a modification. f Fig. 4 is a view similar to Figs. 2 and 3,v showing another` modification. showing still another modication'.
Fig. 6 is a perspective View of a modified form of ribbon which I employ. 1
Fig. 5 is a view similar to Figs. `2, 3, and 4,V
Fig. 7 isa View similar'to Fig. 6; showing an?r of the teachings disclosed-in- 7, showing Il arecomposed o-f transparent or lsubstaritially transparent-material andof onef-colonor of `two diiTerent colors. For example, ifthe inner strip The folds, la, lla,formwhat maybe ribbon,v especially when bothof the strips I0 and y I0 were red and the outer stripll werev colorless material a'deepe'r shape of red would'be provided along the edges of the ribbon thariinfth'e central portion thereof intermediate the flanges. At this time it'will be understood, however,y that in some of an opaque or substantially opaque material which maybe solid or of openwork structure 'depending upon whether or not designs or orna1`' 26 `cases and'with the several formsof 'constructionl later described, the 4inner y'strip maybe-,composed mentations are desired and suchiinner l,opaque or substantially opaque strip may be composed of y o be provided for the iinished product.
- paper, a suitable'ifabric of the'silk, cotton, rayon'. `or'other type in which latter cases greaterbody and greater Istrength will -30 'K "In Fig "3"of the'drawing, I have shown a slight wherein the' outer strip Il isofjgreater width than the inner strip*l Ill'v so as to provide supple#` mental"ahges l Ib, which extend `from the edges niodincation of the structure shown in :Figa
ofthe an'gesl Iajand preferably rest withinthe f anges Illa of the strip `l 0, as will be; clearly seen ,p
in'Fig. 3 of the drawing,v and'withfthis'construc- 4ti'ni va still greaterdepth in "color will be providedy atthe ange portion of the strip,l especially when the stri'pVll is composed'of c oloredjmaterial; In
this connection it will be apparent that in. lsome cases, the vinner strip `Il) may Abe wider than'the y outer strip H,v andhave double folded yfla'nges,
and especially when said inner strip is oi coloredv materialV and the outer strip colorless.`
f As afurther modification fof the lstructure showninjlig. 3 of the drawing; I' have shown in Fig. 4,'a shorter flange llc vextending* from *the o soas to produceathree toned effect rathertharr a two toned eiect,y which` wouldpre'- vail withthestructure shown in Fi'gs'. 2 and 3.'
That is to say, that portion of the coronpleterilobon bivhereY- the -angesl I c gare located would loe of a darker color than that portion outwardly of the anges IIc, Whereas the portion of the ribbon intermediate the flanges will be of a still lighter color producing a three toned effect. It
will also appear that with the structure shown in Fig. 4, the same alternate arrangement described with respect to Fig. 3 may be provided; that is to say, the additional fold on the flange Illa instead of on the ange I Ia. l
In Fig. 5 of the drawing, I have shown another, adaptationy of the invention, wherein the ribbon is constructed from three strips of material I2, I3 and I4; the strip`I2 being the iny ner strip, the strip I3 the outer strip, and the i strip I4 the intermediate strip. The side edges of all of these strips are folded inwardly to form flanges Irc, I3a, and Ilia, which are arranged upon the surface of the strip I2, the same as in the'construction shown in the other figures. With this. construction both the inner and the outer strips i2 and I3 may be composed of cellulosic material such as Cellophane, and this may also ybe true of the strip I4; and on the other hand, the strip I4 may be composed of the other materials heretofore referred to.
In Fig. 6 of the drawing, I have shown another adaptation of my invention which is applicable to any of the forms of ribbon shown in Figs. 1 to 5 inclusive; but is shown, for illustrative purposes, applied to a ribbon similar to that shown in Figs. 1 and 2. With this construction, the inner strip I5 is plain or-uncharacterized except as tothe inclusion of a predetermined color whereas the outer strip I6 which may be transparent or of `a predetermined color is provided-,with suitable marks or ornamentations as indicated at I'I to give predetermined design or character to the nished ribbon. These markings maybe in the form of printed characters or the strip vmay be perforated in predetermined designs so that the contrasting color of the inner strip I5 will appear clearly through reversal of the structure shown in Fig. 6; that isk to say, the inner strip I8 is provided with ornamentations, characters, marks, or perforations I9, whereas the outer strip 20, is uncharacterized exceptI as to color. understood that with the structure shown in Figs. 6 and '7, any desired material may be employed in the respective strips but it is preferred that atleast one of the strips be composed of the cellulosic material to provide the desired lustre and sheen which gives richness to the resulting product. f
In Fig. .8 of the drawing, I have shown lan-` other modication wherein lone of the strips employed in the construction of a ribbon, the inner strip 2l in the construction shown, is composed of crinkled, creased, or folded material; andthe other strip 22, the outer strip in the `construction shown, is composed of plain, noncrinkledk transparent and suitably colored rna.`
terial.v This construction islapplicable to any of the forms of construction shown in` Figs. 1 to '7 inclusive; and with regard to Figs. 6 and '7 would preferably be applied to strips I5 and -20 respectively; any suitable inturned or` foldable flanges or edges 2Ia, 22a., being provided. The strips I8 and 20 also include the anges I8a and 20a. Y
The structure shown` in Fig. i8, will produce In this connection, it will be` what may be termed iridescent or substantially iridescent effects in the finished product. In other words, the lustre or sheen or 'varied colored effects will be materially enhanced in a tendency to produce other variegated color effects, and in fact designs will prevail. In addition to any other denite ornamentation or design which may be applied to any of the strips employed,
I have found from experience and experimen-v tation, that different colore-d strips may be used one upon the other in which event beautiful lustres are produced in the resulting ribbons. Where ornamentation is employed, it will beunderstood that one strip may be of a given color with -the ornamentation appearing thereon in a contrasting color; and still again the other strip or strips employed in the ribbon may be of a still different color. also be borne in mind that in referring to the use of the characterized strips,y that a combination of printed and openwork designs may be In this connection, it mayprovided,r so as to .present lupon the outer surresentation of the poinsettia and an innerryel-l low strip would show through the outer strip to provide the vyellow center for the poinsettia;
especially in making ribbonl suitable for wrap-yl ping Christmas packages. It will be apparent that manyother arrangements can be provided in this three colored effect without the necessity of printing one strip in three different colors which of course can be done. v
It will also be apparent that in some uses of the invention and especially with structures as shown in Figs. 3 and 4 of the drawing, the inner facing strip may `be omitted and thesame effect can be producedby simply enclosing nar-` row strips within the folded flanges IIa, I Ib, and IIa and II c. On the other hand with structures such as shown in Fig.v 2, narrow strips may be suitably attached to the flanges IIa to prevent displacement therefrom.` Again, it will appear that the inner strip may be plain and not' iny clude the inturned flanges, and the outer strip include flanges overlying the side edge portions of .the inner strip. It willalso be apparent that one orboth ofthe strips may be treated with a suitable saturant, such for example as. glycerine or glycerine and water, to maintain 4,the ribbon in a soft and pliable state, in accordance with the teachings in my prior Patent #2,641,418, in the production of cellulosic cord and twine.
It will be understood that the foregoing illustrations which have been'briefiy described, are illustrative only of ycertain basic principles in the construction of ribbon made according vto my vin,- vention and many variations of these basic principles may be devised in the constructionof ribbons suitable for many uses. In this connection, it will be apparent that in utilizing the ribbonas a tying means for packages by merchants,
various kinds and classes of advertising matter Having fully described my invention, what I Patent, is: f
1. A ribbon of aty .claimas new and desire to securev by Letters l the class described comprising l" inner and outer strips of substantially transparent cellulosic material, said stripsrbeing ar-` ranged in superimposed relation, the side edges of said strips being` folded inwardly uponv the surface of said innerstrip Ito ormreinforcing edge iianges extending longitudinally of said ribbon, one of said strips being ofv predetermined color, said colored strip being wider than theA other strip and foldably arranged thereon to form narrower anges on the inner adjacent edges of said rst'named flanges thereby providing one, two and three layer portions of said col` ored strip producing a corresponding three-tone color eiect in said ribbon.
2. A ribbon of the class described comprising inner and outer strips of transparentcellulosic material arranged one upon the other at least one of said strips having incorporated therewith a saturant adapted to keep the ribbon soft and face of saidinner strip forming reinforcing edge flanges longitudinally of the ribbon, said outer' strip being tinted a predetermined color, andsaid inner strip being of irregular'surface 'contour pro- 3 A pliable, one. of vsaid'strips being tinted apre-y 'determined color, they edges. of said strips being `10 upon the other in abutting relationship, the edges of said strips being folded inwardly onto the sur- Viding an iridescent effect vintheribbonv When l viewed from theouter angelessside thereof.-
' l v MORRISA