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Publication numberUS2197492 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 16, 1940
Filing dateAug 16, 1937
Priority dateAug 16, 1937
Publication numberUS 2197492 A, US 2197492A, US-A-2197492, US2197492 A, US2197492A
InventorsDodge Adiel Y
Original AssigneeDodge Adiel Y
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Air conditioning system
US 2197492 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

April 16, 1940. A. Y. DODGE 2,197,492

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM Filed Aug. 16, 1957 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 J 1 JO n /4 4 x z Fig, l K


ADI/5L 2 D 0065 -April 16, 1940. A. Y. DODGE 2,197,492

AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM FiledAug. 16, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTOR. AD/EL' Y 00065 ATTORNEYS Patented Apr. 16, 1940 1 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,197,492 AIR CONDITIONING SYSTEM Adiel Y. Dodge, South Bend, Ind. Application August 16, 1937, Serial No. 159,310 6 Claims. (01. 62-136) This invention relates to air conditioning systems and more particularly to systems for cooling and dehumidifying the air in an enclosure without the use of a separate refrigerant.

One of the objects of the invention is to provide a simple and compact system in which air is first compressed, then cooled and finally gradually expanded. As a result of this cycle the temperature will be materially reduced and it will give up moisture to lower its humidity.

Another object of the invention relates to washing and precooling the air prior to compression thereof.

Another object is to provide an air conditioning system in which any entrained water or other particles are removed from the air prior to its discharge.

Other objects and advantages of the invention including novel subcombinations and particular constructions will be apparent from the following description when read in connection with the accompanying drawings, in which:

Figure 1 is a diagrammatic view with parts in section of a system embodying the invention;

Figure 2 is a longitudinal section on line III[ of Figure 3 of a modified compressor and expander unit for use in the system of Figure 1;


Figures 3 and 4 are sections on the lines III-III and IV-IV respectively of Figure 2.

The invention is particularly adapted to condition the air in homes, oflices, stores and other rooms or enclosures intended for human occupancy. For purposes of brevity of description it. is intended that the terms enclosure, "room or dwelling room as used hereinafter shall beinterpreted to include all such enclosures.

The system as illustrated in Figure 1 includes a compressor and expander unit of the type shown in my copending application Serial No. 752,042 including a'casing Ill formed with a pair of diametrically opposed lobes l2 and I4 connected by portions of reduced radius. A rotor l6 having a series of radial vanes 18 is centrally mounted in the casing with the tips of its vanes spaced from the walls of the lobes but closely approaching the connecting portions.

The lobe I2 is provided with an air inlet 20 leading from a tank 22 which is adapted to contain a body of water or the like. An air inlet pipe 24 leads into the lower part of the tank 22 below a screen 26 and is provided with a plurality of air inlet openings below the surface of the water.

Anairoutlet 28 from the-lobe I2 leads to a cooling tank 30 which contains a coil 32 for circulation of water or the like to cool air in the tank. Air is discharged from the tank through a pipe 34 formingan air inlet for the lobe I4. Water condensed from the air in the tank 30 collects in the lower part thereof and is discharged past a float operated valve 36 to .a suitable drain 38.-

The lobe l4 is provided with an air outlet pipe 40 extending vertically downward into a separator housing 42 and terminating in a discharge head 44 having a series of spiral outlet openings. Thus the air will be given a circular motion and any entrained water or. other particles will be thrown out'against the sides of the housing 42 and will collect in the bottom thereof tobe discharged through a drain 46 under the control of a float valve 48. The washed, cooled and dried air is discharged through a pipe 50 to the enclosure to be conditioned.

In use the tank 22 is filled with water to approximately the level indicated and the casing I0 is partially filled with water. The rotor I6 is driven in a clockwise direction by any suitable power source, not shown, such as an electric motor, and causes the water in the casing ID to swirl around in the casing to form a layer of water sealing the ends of the blades Hi. It will be noted that the spaces between the blades in the lobe [2 decrease in'size from the inlet to the outlet so that air will be compressed and that the similar spaces in the lobe l4 increase in size from the inlet to the outlet so that the air may expand.

- Operation of the rotor draws air into the pipe 24 to bubble up through the water in the tank 22 and through the screen 26. This washes the air and effects a preliminary cooling thereof, the washed air passing through the pipe 2|] into the lobe l2 where it is compressed. As the air is compressed its temperature rises and the hot compressed air is conducted through pipe 28 to the cooler 3|] where it is cooled by contact with the coil 32. Moisture condensed from the air is discharged through the drain 38 and the cool compressed air passes through the pipe 34 into the lobe 14. In its flow through this lobe the air expands, giving up energy to the rotor to assist in driving it. This feature contributes to the economy of operation of the system and at the same time provides work for the air to do while expanding to increase the cooling effect.

The cold expanded air is led from the lobe [4 through pipe 40 into the sepautor 42 which removes therefrom any water particles or other foreign material and the washed, cooled and'dried air is discharged to the enclosure through pipe 50. It will be apparent that if desired air from the enclosure could be recirculated through the pipe 24 or that a mixture of fresh air and air from the enclosure could be circulated.

It will be noted that the outlet port in the expansion lobe I4 is arranged beyond the center of the lobe so as not to communicate with the chamber of largest capacity. This arrangement provides for a momentary expansion of the air greater than the final expansion, which momentary expansion may be to a pressure less than atmospheric if desired. During this short interval' of maximum expansion the temperature of the air may fall to a degree considerably below the freezing point of water but the water will not be frozen due to the short interval of time the minimum temperature is maintained. However, the time interval will be long enough to reduce the humidity of the air to saturation at the minimum temperature so that upon again raising the temperature of the air its humidity will be decreased. Immediately following the point of maximumexpansion the air is recompressed slightly to bring its pressure to atmospheric or slightly above and to raise its temperature to approximately the freezing point of water. In this' conditon the air is discharged through the outlet pipe 40.

Figure 2 illustrates a modified compressor and expander unit including a cylindrical casing 52 divided substantially centrally of its length by a partition 54. A shaft 58 is journaled in the casing and extends longitudinally therethrough eccentric to the casing axis. A set of compressor blades 58 are carried by the shaft.

on one side of the partition 54 and a similar set of expander blades are raised by the shaft on the other side of the axis.

Suitable inlet and outlet pipes are connected to the ends of the casing and for the sake of convenience these pipes have been given the same reference characters primed as the corresponding pipes in Figure 1.

In this construction the washing device 22 of Figure 1 may be replaced by a water nozzle 2| discharging into the flared open end of the inlet pipe 20' to form an injector. The water discharged into the injector serves to wash the air, to compress it partially thereby raising the volumetric efficiency of the compressor, and to provide circulation of water through the apparatus.

Since it is undesirable to discharge air ata very low temperature into a room and since it is desirable to circulate large quantities of air, the outlet pipe 40 may have a reduced portion 4| discharging into an open flared portion 43 to form an air operated injector. Uncooled air picked up by the injector increases the temperature of the discharged air to the desired degree and at the same time increases the volume of air being circulated. charge into a suitable separator such as 42 in Figure 1. If desired the injectors 20, 2| and 4|, 43 may be connected to the space to be cooled to receive air therefrom.

In operationthe casing 52 is partially filled with liquid which'is swirled as the shaft 58 is rotated to seal the endsof the blades 58 and 60. Air will be drawn in through the pipe 20', being precompressed by the injector 2| and will be further compressed between the blades 58 and forced out through the pipe 28'. The com- The injector may dis-' pressed air is run through a cooler such as 30 of Figure l and is returned through the pipe 34 to expand between the blades 60, energy given up by the expanding air acting on the blades 60 to assist in driving the shaft 5'6. The expanded air is discharged. through the pipe- 40' and the injector 4|, 43 to a suitable separator and then to the space being conditioned.

Figures 2' and 3 illustrate a novel control arrangement including a sylphon 62 connected to the casing 52 and operating a control lever 64 which may control a suitable two way electric switch 66. The pressure exerted on the sylphon by liquid rotating in the casing is a function of the speed of the liquid which, in turn, depends on the speed of the shaft 56. The switch 66 may control the windings of an electric motor driving the shaft 56'so that below a certain speed the switch 66 will be in position to connect the starting winding of the motor in circuit while above that speed the sylphon 62 will change it to include the running winding. It will be apparent that other modes of control might be employed and that this arrangement could be used equally well with the unit of Figure 1.

While one embodiment of the invention has been shown and described in detail it will be understood that changes might be made therein and it is not intended to limit the scope of the invention to the form shown nor otherwise than by the terms of the appended claims.

What is claimed is:

1. An air conditioning system comprising a cylindrical casing having a transverse partition therein dividing it into a compressor chamber and an expander chamber, a shaft extending through said casing parallel to but offset from the axis thereof, bladed rotors carried by said shaft in the compressor and expander chambers, inlet and outlet ports in the ends of said casing communicating with the chambers respectively, a connection from the outlet port of one chamber to the inlet port of the other and a cooling device in said connection.

2. Air conditioning means comprising a water sealed compressor for compressing air to be cooled, a water operated injector for supplying air and sealing water to said compressor, means for cooling the compressed air and means for expanding the cooled compressed air and for causing it to do work during expansion. v

3. Air conditioning means comprising a water sealed compressor for compressing air to be cooled, awater operated injector for supplying air and sealing water to said compressor, means for cooling the compressed air, means for expanding the cooled compressed air and for caus- I ing it to do work during expansion, .and injector means connected to said expanding means to mix air discharged therefrom with uncooled air.

4. Air conditioning means comprising a water sealed compressor for compressing air to be cooled, means for mixing air and water and for supplying the mixture to said compressor, means for cooling the compressed air, and means for expanding the cooled compressed air and for causing it to do work during expansion.

5. Air conditioning means comprising a casing having a transverse partition therein dividing it into a compressor chamber and an expander chamber, a shaft extending through said'chambers, bladed rotors carried by the shaft in said chambers, said casing containing a liquid to seal the bladed rotors and being formed with inlet and outlet ports communicating with said chambers respectively, and means connecting the outin said chambers, means to conduct mixed air let port or the compressor chamber to the inlet and liquid into the compressor chamber, said port of the expander chamber. liquid serving to seal the bladed rotors, means 6. An air conditioning means comprising a. to conduct compressed air from the compressor 6 casing having a transverse partition therein chamber to the expander chamber, and means 5 dividing it into a compressor chamber and an to discharge expanded air from the expander expander chamber, a shaft extending through chamber. said chambers, bladed rotors carried by the shaft ADIEL Y. DODGE;

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2708834 *May 10, 1954May 24, 1955Adiel Y DodgeAir treating system
US3057157 *Oct 8, 1959Oct 9, 1962William D CloseRotary engine
US3913351 *May 1, 1974Oct 21, 1975Rovac CorpAir conditioning system having reduced driving requirement
US3965697 *Nov 8, 1974Jun 29, 1976Beierwaltes Richard RCompressor and air cooling system employing same
US3967466 *Mar 17, 1975Jul 6, 1976The Rovac CorporationAir conditioning system having super-saturation for reduced driving requirement
DE2155719A1 *Nov 5, 1971May 10, 1973Purdue Research FoundationKuehlvorrichtung fuer luft oder dergleichen
DE2519371A1 *Apr 30, 1975Nov 13, 1975Rovac CorpVorrichtung zum klimatisieren
U.S. Classification62/402, 62/272, 60/39.183
International ClassificationF24F3/14, F24F5/00, F24F3/12
Cooperative ClassificationF24F5/0085, F24F3/14
European ClassificationF24F3/14, F24F5/00L