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Publication numberUS2197764 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateApr 23, 1940
Filing dateFeb 9, 1938
Priority dateFeb 9, 1938
Publication numberUS 2197764 A, US 2197764A, US-A-2197764, US2197764 A, US2197764A
InventorsSamuel Marcus
Original AssigneeMargon Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Rocking sleeping doll and eye mechanism therefor
US 2197764 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

S. MARCUS April 23; 1940.

ROCKING SLEEPING DOLL AND EYE MECHANISM THEREFOR Filed Feb. 9, 1938 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR Samuel Marcus ATTORNEYS Patented Apr. 23, 1940 ROCKING SLEEPING DOLL AND EYE MECHANISM THEREFOR Samuel Marcus, Jersey City, N. J., assignor to Margon Corporation, Bayonne, N.

J., a corporation of New Jersey Application February 9, 1938, Serial No. 189,537

20 Claims.

This invention relates to dolls with movable eyes and more particularly control mechanism which causes the eyes to remain open when the doll is laid on its back but Whichpermits gradual closing of the eyes if the doll is rocked from side to side as though putting it to sleep in a cradle.

The primary object of my invention is to generally improve doll eye mechanism of the type above specified. Control mechanisms for this purpose have been suggested a long time ago, but have not proved successful or popular for the following reason. It is customary to provide a slot with serrated edges in which the weight arm is intended to move. The theory is that the weight arm will oscillate from side to side as the doll is rocked, and will thus be moved from tooth to tooth from one side toward the other of the control slot. This is intended to produce a gradual uniform closing of the eyes. However, for rapid opening of the eyes, it is necessary to space the serrated edges apart sufiiciently to clear the weight arm, and because of this clearance, it is possible for the weight arm to skip some of the teeth during the eye closing operation. The result, as viewed from above the doll, is highly unnatural and unattractive, for the eyes may close by small and large increments in an erratic and'unpredictable' manner.

:10 In accordance with an important object of the present invention, the control mechanism includes spaced rows of teeth and means connected to the eye shaft or weight arm for cooperating with said teeth, much as heretofore suggested, but the said 2.) means and teeth are relatively movable so that they may assume an engaged or closed position, preventing movement of the eyes in one direction, except by a step-by-step movement from tooth to tooth, and they may also assume. a dis- .(1 engaged or open position which permits quick movement of the eyes in the opposite direction. The engagement between said means and said teeth may include a yieldable element or spring which normally tends to keep the parts in en- 45 gaged relation but which yields when the parts ride over the backs or sloping parts of the teeth. The relation of the parts may also be changed gravitationally, the parts being inengaged relation when the doll is reclined on its back, and

5-1) being moved by gravity to disengaged relation when the doll is moved to erect position.

In accordance with more specific features and objects of my invention, the weight arm may itself be shaped to act as a detent or dog cooperating with the teeth, and the teeth are formed at the side edges of a slot which is preferably offset in order to provide a stop ledge at one end of the slot for keeping the eyes open when the doll is first reclined, One serrated edge is stationary, and the other is movable toward or away from the first edge between a close position, in which the teeth are so close together that the weight arm cannot move except step-by-step, and an open position, which provides adequate clearance between the serrated edges for free movement of the weight arm. The position of the movable serrated edge may be controlled either gravitationally or by means of a light yieldable spring. The mounting of eye mechanism within a doll head is itself a considerable problem. The eye mechanism is preferably designed so that it may be inserted and mounted in place through the neck opening of the head. The attachment must be secure and should be accomplished rapidly while insuring a close fit yet free movement of the eyes within the eye openings. To this end, certain standard supports or mountings have been worked out together with convenient tools for attaching these mountings with the eyes in the doll head, whileworking through. the neck opening. In accordance with a further object of my invention, the special control mechanismfor the rocking sleeping doll is secured to or forms a part of the mounting mechanism of standard type, so that the complete eye mechanism may be attached in place with all of the simplicity and convenience of an ordinary eye set and while using standard tools for the purpose. An important advantage of this feature of the invention is that the proper relative location of the parts of the eye mechanism and the parts of the control mechanism is assured, for they are designed to be treated as a unit. and in practice are so handled. A more detailed object of the invention is to provide two such mechanisms, one best 40 adapted for use in a rigid doll head made of Wood pulp, and another best adapted for use in a somewhat soft or yieldable doll head made of rubber or composition containing rubber.

To the accomplishment of the foregoing and such other objects as will hereinafter appear, my invention consists in the doll eye and control mechanism therefor, and their relation to one another and to the doll head, as hereinafter are more particularly described in the specification and sought to be defined in the claims. The specification is accompanied by drawings in which: I

Fig. 1 is a section taken in elevation through55 are described in detail in U. S. Letters Patent a doll head having eye mechanism embodying features of my invention;

Fig. 2 is a transverse section through the head showing the eye mechanism in elevation;

Fig. 3 is a section taken in the plane of the line 3-3 of Fig. 1, with the parts of the control mechanism in disengaged relation;

Fig. 4 is a similar view but showing the parts of the control mechanism in engaged relation;

Fig. 5 is a section taken in the plane of the line 5-5 of Fig. 3 and illustrating a detail of the mechanism;

Fig. 6 is a section taken in elevation through a modified form of the invention;

Fig. 7 is a section taken in the plane of the line 'I-'! of Fig. 6;

Fig. 8 is a section taken in the plane of the line 8-8 of Fig. 7; and

Fig. 9 is a transverse section through the head showing the eye mechanism in rear elevation.

Referring to the drawings, the doll head H is provided vwth moving or sleeping eyes said eyes being moved by a weight W. The eyes and weight are oscillatably carried by a suitable mounting or support S which in turn is securely attached within the doll head by appropriate tangs embedded. in the material of the head. The movement of the weight, and consequently, the movement of the eyes, is controlled by appropriate control mechanism generally desi nated C, and this control mechanism is also carried by the support S and is thereby held in proper position within the doll head.

Considering the arrangement in greater detail, and referring more particularly to Figs. 1 through 5, the doll head H may be of conventional type. In the present case, it is a. rigid head moulded of wood pulp. The front and back halves of the head are secured together prior to the sizing and painting operations, and prior to the insertion of the eye mechanism, the latter being inserted in the head through the neck opening 12.

The eyes E may be of any known conventional type, and, in the present instance are approximately hemispherical in configuration, and are mounted at the ends of a cross-rod or eye shaft M. The weight W is carried at the lower end of a weight arm I 6, this arm preferably being formed of heavy wire. Ordinarily, the weight arm 16 is rigidly secured to the eye shaft 14, as by spot-welding, but, in the present case, the upper end of the weight arm is bent at right angles to form a pivot pin 18 which passes through bearing holes 20 formed in a U-shaped bearing 22 the lower end of which is secured to the eye shaft M, as by welding the same together. Withthis construction, it Will be understood that the weight W is not only oscillatable with the eyes and eye shaft l4, but is also oscillatable from side to side, independently of the eyes, and in the plane of the eye shaft. The tip of pin it? may be excised or expanded, as shown at 2 3, thereby holding the parts in assembled relation.

The support S is the so-called expansion bridge type. Structures of this general class Nos. 1,619,824, 1,621,072, and 1,726,184, granted March 8, 1927, March 15, 1927, and August 27, 1929, respectively, to Alexander Konofi". It comprises a channel-shaped member 26 from the front wall of which there are forwardly struck two spaced arms '28. These arms are slotted or formed at their forward end to receive the eye shaft 14. Because of the slotted nature of the bearings for the eye shaft, the eyes may move toward or away from the eye openings in the front wall of the doll head. They are normally moved into close engagement with the eye openings by resilient means the pressure of which is comparatively light, in order not to frictionally bind the eyes against movement. In the present case, the resilient means comprises an arched piece of spring metal 39 which straddles the arms 28 and is provided with forwardly extending parts 32 which bear against the eye shaft M and urge it lightly in a. forward direction under the influence of spring 39.

The channel-shaped member 26 carries a pair of tang plates 34. These are slidable in member 26 but with a tight frictional fit. The ends of plates 34! are shaped to form points or tangs 36, and intermediate sidewardly bent side lugs 38. Holes Ml are provided in the plates for cooperation with an appropriate mounting tool, said tool functioning to cause simultaneous equal opposite movement of the plates .and thereby em.-- bedding the tangs 36 in the side walls of the head. The tool is of the general character shown in.

Patent No. 1,621,073, issued March 15, 1927, to

November 19, 1929, to John H. Wilhelm.

The control mechanism C comprises spacedrows of teeth 42 and 44. These extend generally transversely of the eye shaft l4 and weight arm 56. Appropriate means cooperating with the teeth is connected to the eye shaft, or to the Weight arm 16 and through it to the eye shaft. In the present case, the means in question has been formed integrally with the weight arm. Specifically, the weight arm is deformedto'trlangularsection, as is indicated at 46 in Figs. 3 and 4. The acute edges function as dogs or detents cooperating with the teeth 42, M. Fig. 4, the points of teeth 42, 44 are closer together thanthe detent edges of the weight arm, and it is, therefore, impossible for the weight arm to move from left to right through the passage between the teeth. In this case, the detent and teeth may be'said to be in engaged relation.

The weight arm can, however, move slowly through the passage by a sideward step-by-step movement from tooth to tooth, as is indicated by the successive positions 46, 46", 46", etc. This side to side movement is a relative one, for, actually, the Weight and weight arm tends to remain still while the doll is rocked, and it is, therefore,

the teeth that move back and forth relative to the weight arm, rather than vice versa.

In Fig. 3, the serrated edge 44 has been moved away from the serrated edge t2, and the space or clearance therebetween is greater than the breadth of the weight arm, so that the latter can readily move through the passage in a direction from right to left. The movement from left to right shown in Fig. 4 preferably corresponds to.

gaged to disengaged relation is here produced by relative movement of the teeth and without any relative movement of the detent edges of the Weight arm, this change may also be produced without relative movement of the teeth and by producing a movement of the detents relative 25 Alexander Konoff, or Patent No. 1,736,562, issued to one another, or of both detents, relative to the two rows of teeth.

The complete passage or slot for the weight arm is. preferably L-shaped and comprises a part 553, which extends generally parallel to the eyj.

shaft, as well as the serrated part 52 previously referred to and extending generally transverse of the eye shaft. The object of part at is to provide a stop ledge 54 on which the weight arm rests when the doll is first changed from upright to reclined position. For the same reason, the serrated'passage 52 is preferably offset from the center of the eye mechanism. Because of the space 50, the doll stays wide awake when laid on its back and also stays wide awake if laid on that side which causes the weight arm to occupy the bottom of space 50, as viewed in Figs. 3 and 4. Moreover; the doll may actually be rocked a reasonable amount while lying on that side without tending to go .to sleep at all. To further increase the'ability to handle and play with the doll without causing it to go to sleep,

the edge 54 is preferably curved somewhat, as indicated at 55, thus further hindering the weight arm from going into the eye closing passage 52. 7

When it is intended to cause the doll to sleep, it may either be rocked so far as to bring the weight arm into the serrated passage, or the doll may be turned to lie partially or fully on that side which tends to bring the weight arm into the serrated passage, and then rocked.

The passage 50, 52 is formed in a plate 56' which is disposedgenerally transversely of the weight arm. This plate is bent upwardly at B, and part 58 has flanges 66 and 62 bent forwardly and clenched around the channel member 26 of support S. Flange 60 is formed at the top of p-late 58, while flange 62 is struck forwardly from the bottom of the plate, as is clearly shown on the drawing. The hole 54 in plate 56 is provided for cooperation with the mounting machine previously referred to, it permitting access to a similar hole 66 in the channel member, so that the support may be held centralized while the tang plates 34 are forced outwardly. The window 63 which occupies a part of plate 58 and which extends forwardly into plate 56, cooperates to re ceive a part of the said mounting tool which functions as a spacer to hold the eye shaft M a fixed distance away from the support during the attaching operation. This insures that'the support will be embedded in the head in proper location regardless of what pressure is applied by the head on the eyes at the eye openings during the mounting operation. The serrated passage 52 slopes outwardly or awayfrom the center line of the eye mechanism, as will be clearly evident from inspection of the drawings. This also is done to facilitate cooperation of the eye mechanism with the mounting tool, for when mount-- ing the eye mechanism in the doll head, the weight arm is moved to the rear end of serrated passage 52, and, at this time, it is moved a substantial distance to one side so that it clears the mounting tool. I

' Teeth 42 are formed directly in plate 55. Teeth 44 are formed on the. edge of an auxiliary plate 10 which is preferably bent to channel shape, thus forming a bottom wall 12, the edge of the main plate 56 being received between walls Ill and 12. The movable part 10 is slotted at 14 and plate 56 is provided with pins 16 which are received in slots 14. The slots M are preferably biased, as shown, for a number of reasons. The first and most important is to produce gravitationaloperation. In Figs. 1 and 2, it will be noted that the plate 56 slopes downwardly toward the front of the doll head. When the head is erect, the auxiliary plate 10 tends to move downwardly, and this downward movement is accompanied by an outward movement because of the biased position of slots 14. When, however, the head is moved to a reclined position, the auxiliary plate "it again tends to move downwardly, but this time its movement is toward the back of the head, and the serrated edge 44 is moved inwardly, as shown in Fig. 4.

As a matter of fact, the biased arrangement of the slots is additionally helpful (with gravity operation, and also with spring operation) because of the cooperation between detent and the teeth. More specifically, in the engaged rela-' tion shown'in Fig. 4, the pressure of the'detent against teeth 44 tends to move the teeth backwardly, and, through the action of slots 15, tends to keep the teeth in close or engaged relation. Re ferring now to Fig. 3, it will be understood that, during forward movement of the weight arm or opening of the eyes, the pressure of the detent teeth and of the detents also helps attain the desired result. Both the'teeth and the detents are asymmetrical, and, in Fig. 4, the flat side of the teeth and detents bear against one another with no tendency to separate the serrated sides of the passage, whereas during opening of the eyes, as shown in Fig. 4, the sloping sides of the detent and teeth bear against one another and function to readily push or cam apart the serrated sides of the passage.

Plate tit is severed at the point 18. This is done to facilitate assembly of the parts. Specifically, the strap lid is readily bent toward one side or another sufficiently to receive the sharp edged detent part 46 of the Weight arm, thereby bringing the weight arm within the L-shaped slot and plate 5'5, even thoughsthe weight W has been secured to the weight arm, and the weight arm has been secured .to the eye shaft, in the conventional way, all prior to assembly of these parts with the support and control mechanisms S and C.

Referring now to the modified form of the in vention shown in Figs. 6 through 9, I may preliminarily explain that there are numerous similarities to the mechanism already described, and the present description may, therefore, be shortened with special attention paid to the differences in the two modifications. There are two main differences, one being the use of spring control, rather than gravity control, for the serrations, and the other being the mountnig or support for attaching the eye mechanism within the head, the present support beingof a type which has been developed particularly for use in heads made of rubber or compositions of rubber.

Specifically, the head H is provided with a of which bear against the back of the eye shaft and the connecting end 94 of which is anchored in a slot 96 cut through the back wall 84 of the support.

Near the upper end, the side walls 86 are greatly enlarged to form a pair of forwardly extending attaching arms 98. The forward ends of these arms are bent inwardly and pointed to form tangs Hid which are embedded into the sides of ridge 82 of the doll head.

The plate I02 of the control mechanism is secured to support S, in any desired manner. In

the present case, it has been formed integrally with the support. For this purpose, the back wall 84 of the support is extended and bent rearwardly to form a connection I84, and this is enlarged and bent downwardly at an angle to form the plate "12.

The control mechanism requires little description other than to point out that the auxiliary serrated plate IE6 is provided on its bottom wall I08 with a pair of cars HE). A light spring wire H2 passes through ears H0 and is flexed somewhat to bear against the inner side of a pin Ht which is fixedly secured on plate H32. Pin H t passes through a slot H6 which, in the present case, extends transversely of the auxiliary plate. However, biased slots may be used, as was described in connection with Figs. 1 through 5. It will be understood that spring H2, in attempting to straighten, moves the auxiliary plate "16, and with it the movable teeth I I8, toward the stationary teeth I20, thus tending to close the passage or bring the parts into engaged relation. However, during opening movement of the eyes, the camming action between the sloping sides of the detent 46 and the teeth I I8, I28 readily moves the teeth apart against the comparatively light resistance of the thin wire spring H2.

It will be understood that the top support of Fig. 6 may be used with the gravity control of Fig. l, and that the expansion bridge support of Fig. 1 may be used with the spring control of Fig. 6, the choice of support depending primarily on the type of doll head in which the eye mechanism is to be installed. I have embodied my invention in a modification in which the teeth are struck upwardly from the face of the plate, while a double dog for cooperating with the teeth is axially slidable along the weight arm under influence of a light spring coiled about the weight arm. During forward movement of the weight arm, the dog slides upwardly on the weight arm and rides over the teeth. I have also designed the invention with two serrated edges, one of which tilts outwardly away from the other, instead of sliding away from the other, I have also designed the invention with two rows of teeth having fixed large spacing, while the weight arm carries a hairpin-like spring the yieldable legs of which act as dogs cooperating with the fixed teeth. During forward movement of the weight, the

spring legs are moved together somewhat as theyteeth extending transversely of the weight arm',

means connected to said eyes for cooperating with said teeth, said eye-connected means and said teeth being relatively movable to or from an engaged position positively preventing 'move' ment of the eyes in closing direction except by a step-by-step movement from tooth to tooth, said teeth being so sloped relative to said eye-connected means as to permit quick opening movement of the eyes when the doll is moved to erect position.

2. Doll eye mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shaft, a weight and weight arm oscillatably secured to said shaft for opening and closing the eyes, and means to control the movement of the eyes, said means including spaced rows of teeth extending transversely of the eye.

shaft and weight arm, means connected to said eye shaft for cooperating with said teeth, said means and said teeth being relatively movable by gravity to a positively engaged position preventing movement of the eyes in closing direction except by a step-by-step movement from tooth to tooth when the head is reclined, and to gaged position when the head is erect.

3. Doll eye mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shaft, a weight and weight arm disenoscillatably secured to saidshaft for opening and closing the eyes, and means to control the movement of the eyes, said means including spaced rows of teeth extending transversely of the eyeshaft and weight arm, means connected to said eye shaft for cooperating with said teeth, said means and said teeth being relatively movable to an engaged position preventing movement of the eyes in closing direction except by a stepby-step movement from tooth to tooth, a spring normally tending to cause said means and teethto engage, said teeth being so sloped relative to said means as to permit quick opening movement. I

of the eyes when the doll is moved to erect position, the aforesaid spring permitting said means to ride over the teeth during opening movementof the eyes. 4. Doll eye mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shaft, a weight and weight arm oscillatably secured to said shaft for opening and.

closing the eyes, and means to control the movement of the eyes, said means including rows of teeth on opposite sides of the weight arm and extending transversely of the eye shaft and weight arm, and means on said weight arm for cooperat-,

said engaged relation causing gradual closing of the eyes as the doll is rocked from side to side, and said disengaged relation permitting quick opening of the eyes when erect position. I

'5. Doll eye mechanism comprising eyes mount-' ed on an eye shaft, a weight and weight arm oscillatably secured to said shaft for opening and closing the eyes, and means to control the movement of the eyes, said means including a pair of' k "0.

relatively movable serrated edges on opposite sides of the weight arm and extending transversely of the eye shaft and weight arm, said edges being movable between a close position preventing movement of the weight arm except by a stepby-step transverse movement from tooth to teeth the doll is moved to versely of the eye shaft and weight arm, said 30 anda spread position providing clearan'ce for free movement of the arm, said close position causing 1 gradual closingof the-eyes as the doll is rocked from side to side, and said spreadposition p91.

=mitting quick opening of theieyes when, the doll is moved to erect position. r,

6. Doll eye mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shaft, a weight and weight arm oscillatably secured to said shaft forbpening and closing the eyes, and means to control the movement cf the eyes, said means'including a pair of relatively movable serratededges on oppo:

site sides of the weight arm and'extending transversely of the eye shaft and weight-arm, said edges being movable between a close position preventing movement of the weight arm except by- 'a stepby-step transverse movement from tooth to tooth and a spread position providing clearance for free movement ofthe and resilient means normally tending to move the seredges being movablebetween a close position preventing movement of the weight arm except by a step-by .-step transverse movement from tooth to tooth and a spread position providing clearance for free movement of the arm, and gravity operated means to'change the serrated edges from one position to the other when the head is changed from reclined to erect position.

8. Doll eye mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shaft, a weight and weight arm oscillatably secured to said shaft for opening and closing the eyes, and means to control the movement of the eyes including a first means to prevent closing of the eyes when the doll is reclined or turned to one side, and a second means to permit gradual closing of the eyes if the doll is turned to the other side and rocked.

9. Doll eye mechanism comprising eyes mount ed on an eye shaft, a weight and weight arm oscillatably secured to said shaft for opening and closing the eyes, and means to control the move-' ment of the eyes, said means including a center stop to prevent closing of the eyes when the doll is reclined, and a sidewardly offset passage extending transversely of the eye shaft and weight arm, said passage having two rows of teeth preventing movement of the weight arm except by a step-by-step transverse movement from tooth to tlonary'side, and biased slots for controlling the movement of the movable side between a close position and a spread position, said close position preventing movement of the weight arm except by a step-by-step transverse movement from tooth to tooth, and said spread position providing clearance for free movement of the weight arm.

11, Doll eyev mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shafts a weight and weight I arm voscillataloly secured to said shaft for opening and closingthe eyes, and means to control the movement of the eyes, said means including a passage extending transversely of the eye shaft and weight arm,,the sides of said passage being serrated, one side being stationary and the other side being movable towardor away from the stationary side, biased slots for so'controlling the movement of the movable side that it-moves by gravityfto a close position when the doll is reclined and to a spread position when the doll is erect, said close position preventing movement of the weight arm except by a step-by-step transverse movement from tooth to tooth, and said spread position providing clearance for free movement of the Weight arm.

12. Doll eye mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shaft, a weight and weight arm oscillatably secured to said shaft for opening and closing the eyes, and means to control the movement of the eyes, said means including a center stop to prevent closing of the eyes when the doll is reclined, and a sidewardly offset passage extending transversely of the eye shaft and weight arm, the sides of said passage being ser-, rated, one side being stationary and the other side being movable toward or away from the stationary side, biased slots for so controlling the movement of the movable side that it moves by gravity to a close position when the doll is reclined and to a spread position when the doll is erect, said close position preventing movement of the weight arm except by a step-by-step transverse movement from tooth to tooth, and said spread position providing clearance for free movement of the weight arm.

13. Doll eye mechanism fora rocking sleeping dolLsaid mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shaft, a weight and weight arm oscillatable on said shaft, a single support provided with relatively movable tangs adapted to be embedded in the wall of a doll head, said single support also carrying control means for the weight, said control means including a. plate extending transversely of the weight arm and having a generally L-shaped slot receiving the weight arm, one arm of said slot extending generally parallel to the eye shaft and the other arm of said slot having serrated edges and extending generally transversely of the eye shaft.

14. Doll eye mechanism for a rocking sleepmg doll, said mechanism comprising eyes mountsaid control means including a plate extending transversely of the weight arm and having a slot with serrated edges extending generally a transversely of the eye shaft, said serrated edges vided with relatively movable tangs adapted to be embedded in the wall of a doll head, said single support also carrying control means for the weight, said control means including a plate extending transversely of the weight arm and having a generally L-shaped slot receiving the weight arm, one arm of saidslot extending generally parallel to the eye shaft and the other arm of said slot having serrated edges extending generally transversely of the eye shaft, said serrated edges being relatively movable between close and spread positions, the spread' position clearing the weight arm for quick opening of the eyes, and the close position preventing closing of the eyes except by movement of the weight arm back and forth from tooth to tooth on the serrated edges. I

16. Doll eye mechanism for a rocking sleeping doll, said mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shaft, a weight and weight arm oscillatable on said shaft, and control means including a plate having a slot having serrated edges and extending generally transversely of the eye shaft and weight arm, serrations at one edge of said slot being formed directly in said plate, the serrations at the opposite edge being formed on a channel-shaped member folded about the plate at the opposite edge, said channel-shaped member and plate being interconnected by a slot on one receiving a pin on the other, the weight arm being given a triangular configuration for elfective detent cooperation with the serrated edges, the teeth of the serrated edges being pointed toward the front of the doll head.

17. Doll eye mechanism for a rocking sleeping doll, said mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shaft, 2, weight and weight arm oscillatable on said shaft, and control means including a plate having a generally L-shaped slot receiving the weight arm, one arm of said slot extending generally parallel to the eye shaft and the other arm of said slot having serrated edges and extending generally transversely of the eye shaft and weight arm, serrations at one edge of said slot being formed directly in said plate, the serrations at the opposite edge being formed on a channel-shaped member folded about the plate at the opposite edge, said channel-shaped member and plate being interconnected by a slot on one receiving a pin on the other, the weight arm being given a triangular configuration for effective detent cooperation with the serrated edges, the teeth of the serrated edges being pointed toward the front of the doll head.

18. Doll eye mechanism for a rocking sleeping doll, said mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shaft, a Weight and weight arm oscillatable on said shaft, and control means including a plate with a slot having serrated edges and extending generally transversely of the eye shaft and weight arm, serrations at one edge of said slot'being formed directly in said plate, .the em-- rations at the opposite edge being formedon a channel-shaped memberfolded about the plate at the opposite edge, said channel-shaped member and plate being interconnected by biased.

slots on one receiving pins on the other, theplate and the slots being so sloped that the serrated slot is narrowed when the doll is reclined andis widened when the doll is erect, the teeth of the serrated edges being pointed towardithe front,

of the doll head.

19. Doll eye mechanism for a rocking sleeping on an eye shaft,a weight and weight arm osciliatable on said shaft, and control means including a plate having a generally L-sha'ped slot receiving the weight arm, one arm of said slot extending generally parallel to the eye shaft and the other arm of said slot having serrated edges and extending generally transverse of the eye shaft and weight arm, the serrations at one edge of said slot being formed directly in said plate,

I doll, said mechanism comprising eyes mounted 1 the serrations at the opposite edge being formed on a channel-shaped member folded about the plate at the opposite edge, said channel-shaped member and plate being interconnected by biased slots on one receiving pins on the other, the plate and the slots being so sloped that the serrated slot is narrowed when the doll is reclined and is widened when the doll iserect, the teeth of the serrated edges being pointed toward the front of the doll head.

20. Doll eye mechanism for arocking sleeping doll, said mechanism comprising eyes mounted on an eye shaft, a weight and weight arm oscillatable on said shaft, 2. single support provided with relatively movable tangs adapted to be embedded in the wall of a doll head, said single support also carrying control means for the weight,

said control means including a plate having a generally L-shaped slot receiving the weight arm, one arm of said slot extending generally parallel to the eye shaft and the other arm ofsaid slot having serrated edges and extending generally transverse of the eye shaft and weight arm, the serrations at one edge of said slot being formed directly in said plate, the serrations at the opposite edge being formed on a channel-shaped member folded about the plate at the opposite edge, said channel-shaped member and plate being interconnected by biased slots on one receiving pins on the other, the plate and the slots being so sloped that the serrated slot is narrowed when the doll is reclined and is widened when the doll is erect, and the weightarm being given a triangular configuration for effective detent co operation with the serrated edges.

. SAMUEL MARCUS.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2638710 *Jul 12, 1949May 19, 1953Richard Ratcliff GeorgeEscapement-controlled movable doll eye
US2954641 *Jul 28, 1958Oct 4, 1960Fraser Washburn AlfredRocking means for closing doll eyes
US6599166Apr 27, 2001Jul 29, 2003Steven EllmanMethod and device for causing a toy to simulate a condition, such as yawn or sleep
US7189137May 16, 2005Mar 13, 2007Steven EllmanTearing mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or movable eyes
US7322874Jun 1, 2005Jan 29, 2008Steven EllmanExpression mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or moveable eyes
US20050287913 *Jun 1, 2005Dec 29, 2005Steven EllmanExpression mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or movable eyes
US20070254554 *Jul 10, 2007Nov 1, 2007Steven EllmanExpression mechanism for a toy, such as a doll, having fixed or movable eyes
Classifications
U.S. Classification446/347
International ClassificationA63H3/40, A63H3/00
Cooperative ClassificationA63H3/40
European ClassificationA63H3/40