|Publication number||US2197874 A|
|Publication date||Apr 23, 1940|
|Filing date||Oct 22, 1938|
|Priority date||Oct 22, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2197874 A, US 2197874A, US-A-2197874, US2197874 A, US2197874A|
|Inventors||Elmer Myers Bryant|
|Original Assignee||Elmer Myers Bryant|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (36), Classifications (10)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
April 23, 1940.
B. E. MYERS 2,197,874 RECEPTOR FOR SHOWER sTALLs Filed Oct.. 22, 1938 I I I I I I I I I I vto Panarea Apr. 23, 1940 l' UNITED STAT-E5 PATENTS OFFICE I' k nsonr'ron Fon SHOWER j.
y y Bryant yElmer,ltdyrers, Santa Barbara, 'jf Ap'plimtimnl october 22, issakseriralr N. 236,428
" 15 Claims. (o1. 'fi- 1426) l This invention relates to'tirnprovements in shower-.stallreceptors. Thernaintobjects of l.my
:invention are to provide a one-piece shower stall receptorof improved` materialvand structurel;v to ,provide ay device of lthis characterwherein 'the lside Walls of the stall extend to the -floor of re# ceptor whereby the lower portion of the showerk stall wide walls areall Within thearea of the sidewalls of the receptor; to provide a receptor 'having adequate walls and drainage means to ycollect theshoitferv water and the condensation.y seeping through the showerside ywalls and dis.
charge this moisture 'throughthe outlet drain'in vtheiloorfof the receptor-'to provide a seamless, integrally formed, resilient but substantially rigid receptor; to provide vva shower stall freceptor whereiny the'walls of which'are hidden from View l. when installed; to provide :a `water-proof asphaltun^.lil-:e' and slip-proof receptor floor; toco'mpound a new and improved material for conf of asphalt andiillers for constructing lshower stall receptors; to provide a one-piecemolded receptor? oor which is simplein'constructon, comparatively inexpensive to'rnanufacture, vlightl in` weight Yin comparison Ywithlmown receptors, and which. will not befsubje'ctu'to chemicalfactionor deterioration and subsequent leaking,
Anillustrative ,embodiment of this invention .is shown lin the accompanying drawing', in which:
trally through the lower part of a shower "bath stall showingv my improvedreceptor.
Flg. 2 -is a fragmentali perspective viewof said` v 3 is an enlarged/axial cross-section through.
the ontlet'drain and the adjacent fittings, taken substantially as shown in Fig. l.
" Fig. 4 is-across-seotional view of a mold, wherefr in the lreceptor unit is cast'.
Referring in furtherdetail'to vthe drawing, my
molded receptor Iis made of'primari'ly `waterprooi cementiti'ous' asphalt -or a composition oi asphaltl and fillers,v `such 4as silica sand, puniice, d
dietomaceous earth, asbestos, fibres, etc., preferably compoulniedy of 49%,asphalt,f17% diatomaceous earth, and 34% pumica'thcroughly admixed properly heatedfso as to moldfreadily.' l The'reoeptor itselfcornprises a bottom member lhaving `four integralupstanding side walls 2 y which continuous around the receptor.
In molding the receptor a stripy of reinforcing` material'such as metal lath 3 is embedded in the side. walls?? so as to reinforce the same substantially. The bottom member l comprises a rub- 5 The [purpose of the matting! is to providea slip-prooftreador floor covering, and ther purpose l of vthe insulation board@I is to cooperate witht'the composition 5 to keep the vreceptor -irom'lo'e'coml ing'heated or frorn'chilling due to drafts playing are indicated ygen.'-
the bott'o'rnan inwardlyl extending lilange 9 in-` t'eg'fral'therewith-, and atthe'top an outwardlyjex:`
tendlngintegralfflange Il), the purposes of `which `1will hereinafter be'described. Lli'iwardly disposed lugs' llareio'rmed in and 'adjacent the upper end of sleeve .3 and are verticallyI tapped to provide ror'neansjto retainfthe perforated drain 'cover ,'llinpositiononthefloon'asscrews I3.
` Whenf itis desired to install my receptor inf-a" shower stall, it li'sset in "the stall frame as v'shown `in Fig. 11;" thatis, v'softlfiat'ime outer face edges of ythe sidewallsf'are positioned adjacent studs' I4'. The drain B Yisfthen -caulked,"a's generally indi.-
v berm'attmgtef a similar mettermi, theiccmposition y5"'a'Jo'ov`e set forth, and an insulationboard y 6 of appropriate material.
cated at 22, 'to the sewerlirre 'Hf Y The shower k y stall walls are'thenplastere'd in the' usual manner,
as generally indicated by the numeral l5. lAs'Wll lhe apparent froinFig. l1, the `plaster may extend v t y down to' .the face of` the bottomY member I of v.the 'Flgurel is a vertical sectional view taken ce-nreceptor. .The shower stall walls Tm'ay then be tiled oriinished in "the usual manner 'and the vtiling'or iinishing H5 may also 'extend tovthe face 'of the bottoinmemher i.' lThis guardspositively v t against lateral leakage.
7plaster I-'fzi generally becomes saturated and' after l several saturations or wettings,l the Water and condensation tend I to ilow' downwardly t behind the tiles.'v In'old installations thiswat'er usually lfound its -Wayto the floor sills andstudding's' and intime rotted them as' wellas the Woodwork' and t yi'loo'ring."'IByl employing my present invention,
this isprevented; for whatever water leaks through the stall walls iti-lli will be intercepted 'bythe receptor` sidewalls 2 and `will beV guided downwardly along the inner face thereof and 'be directed to the bottom. member l where ituwill be .drained off v'through the vusual sewer drain l1.
Such lealrages' are yconilned substantially `to the lower part of the stall walls and'rny improved re'- ceptor takes care o'fthis.-
f For the purpose of guidingwat'er andcondensa'- tion down the inner sides of the walls 2, the inner faces are inclined inwardly toward the bottom, as is apparent from Fig. 1.
In producing my improved receptor, I employ a mold 2| such as is shown in Fig. 4, and build up or preform my receptor in the following manner:
First I centrally perforate the rubber mat or sheeting '4 and fasten it to the drain structure and lockit in position against the flange l0. by tightening the lock-nut washer I9. `I then place the metal lath 3 in each of the side wall cavities 20, and then ll the cavities 2B with pure asphalt. The rubber matting 4 is then placed top'face down in the mold. The mold 2| is next substantially filled with the composition herenbefore described..
While the composition is still in liquid form,A
the insulation board 6, having first been appropriately cut out centrally to provide for the drain structure, is then placed in the composition` close tothe surface` j The mold then is Ai'llled with pure asphalt flush with the top and smoothed o;
floor to safeguard a shower bather from slipping.
When constructing a new building, Where shower stalls are to be provided, the usual sewer vdrain i7 is customarily set in the-center portion of the shower stall, so 'that when installing the receptor it is only necessary to set the same on the oor beams or sub-flooring as the case may be. I
vIt is also customary to remove the drain cover plate I2 temporarily and fill the portionaround the protruding upper end of the drain vwith a water-proofing filler material 22; suchy as caulking compound and lead or the like, and for this purpose I have provided an inwardly extending flange 9 on the sleeve 8 to act as a form for retaining the filler material.
It will be seen that shower stall walls may vary in thickness as the receptor is built to conform substantially to the standard spacing of the studs I4 and not to the spacing of 'the inside faces of the shower stall walls. It will also be seen that the entire `lower part of the shower stall walls is located Within the receptor walls, so that in the event of water seepage through-the tiling -joints or cracks in the shower stall walls, the water seeping through will be caught in the receptor. being seamless and also being sufficiently flexible, due to the material from which it is made, cannot crack or leak at any time. The tread on the rubber matting provides a slip-proof safety feature. 'I'he edges of the rubber mat 4 are waterproofed and held in place by being setl in the asphalt, as at 23. matting, holding it down.` The lower edge of the plaster l5 and tiling I6 bears thereon.
Another advantage of the present receptor is that its weight is cut down to a minimum and the receptor is a great deal lighter than receptors heretofore used or on the market today, `and therefore easier and less costly to install. Also, as will be apparent, the vcost of producing this unit is relatively small'due to the low cost of the materials used. VMetal receptors and Waterproofing shower stall pans arealways subject to The receptor,
The asphalt adheres tothe rusting and other chemical oxidizing action;
therefore, they are always constantly subject to leakage. It will therefore be apparent, because of the materials used in my improved receptor,
It can also readily be seen that it is not, especially essential'to incorporate the slip-proof rubber matting in the unit when vit is molded; but
because of its desirability, it. canbe applied to is perthe floor after the receptor is installed, thereby "i making it removable and renewable at any time.
It is also to be understoodthat any other suitable` material may be substituted for this rubber matting, if desired, Without departing from the spirit of the'invention, as 'it isv to be understood that `:floor tiling might readily be substituted therefor if another type of floor covering is demanded.
It should also be understood that the side Walls of the receptor may be-,formed of any waterproof material, such as -metal or concrete, but that in order to insure that the Vspirit of this invention. is not lost, the walls, regardless of the material,` should be molded to the bottom .member and be substantially integraltherewith in effect.
It should be understood that the asphalt or a composition including asphalt could be altered or changed Without departing from the spirit of this'invention, as long as asphalt orother material having the properties and characteristics of asphalt whichl arev necessary in'making waterproof shower receptors is used as awater-proofing, molding, or bonding material in) making shower receptors. I
Iclaim: v 1 l. A vreceptor for shower stalls including a bottorn member having' four integral side: walls eX- tending upwardly therefrom and being continuf ousv around said receptor', said receptor being molded from a materialconsisting of an admiX- ture of asphalt, pumice, and diatomaceous earth.
2. A- receptor for shower stalls including a bottom member having four integral side walls j extending upwardly therefrom andlbeing con- 145 f tinuous around said receptor, said receptor being molded from a material consisting of an admiXf ture of substantially 49% asphalt7 34% pumice,
and 17% diatomaceous earth. i 1 3. A receptor for shower stalls-including a bottom member havingfour integral, side walls 4. A lreceptor for shower stalls'including a bottom member having four integral` side walls` extending upwardly therefrom and being continuous around said receptor, said receptor being vmolded from a compoimd'material, the principal ingredient of which is asphalt.
5. In a resilient molded shower stall receptor,
a bottom* member having four integral wallsextending upwardly therefrom and being continuous around saidreceptor, said bottom member and wall members comprising an 'admixture 'of l l asphalt, pumice, and diatomaceous earth, said wall membershaving la greater cross-sectional area adjacent the lbottom member than at the upper edge portion thereof wherebythe inner faces thereof lie in a 'diagonalplane.-
6. A receptor for shower stalls comprising a` bottom mem-ber and -upwardly extending integral f IIL side walls, said side" wallsqbeingcontinuous around the receptor, the area bounded by said side walls being greater than the area. bounded bythe lower edgev of the shower stall side walls,
said receptor being formed in a mo-ld from a compound material comprising solid masses of a illerl material in combination with anasphaltic binder.
7. A receptor for shower stalls comprising a bottom member and upwardly extending integral side walls, said side walls being continuous around the receptor, the area bounded by said side walls being materially greater than the area lbounded, by the lower shower stall `sidewalls,
said bottom member having an insulated reinforcing means on its lower side and a tread covering on its upper side, said means and coverjing being permanently bonded to said bottom member. i y
8. A preformed receptor for shower stalls comprising an admixturelof a solid filler material and an asphaltc binder disposed between a reinforcing material and a water-proof 'material 9. A preformed receptor for showerv stalls kcomprising an admixturel of a solid ller material and anasphaltic'binder containing a sheet or reinforcing insulator material.
10. A preformed receptor `for shower stalls lcomprising an admixture of a-solid filler ma-v terial and an asphaltic binder faced` off with a vslip-preventing covering.
11. A receptor for shower stallscomprising a bottom member having four integral side walls extending upwardly therefrom, reinforcing means in each off said side walls and's'aid bottom member, said receptor being molded from a mabottom member having four integral side walls` i extending upwardly therefrom and being continuous around said receptor, saidbo-ttom being molded from a material consisting of solid masses of a filler material and an asphaltic binder therefor, and said side walls being of a water-r proof material.
14. A receptor forl shower stalls comprising a bottom member and upwardly extending integral side walls, said side walls being continuous around the receptor, said bottom member comprising a Water-proof thermoplastic material, said side walls comprising a water-proof material.
15. A light weight thermoplastic receptor for vshower stalls comprising a base-plate having upstanding side wallsA to snugly embrace the lower end of the shower stall walls peripherally.'
throughout, said receptor being molded as a whole of asphaltic material with reinforcing means and having a central drain aperture in its base.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2437068 *||Oct 5, 1944||Mar 2, 1948||Porcelain Metals Corp||Drain connector for shower bath receptors|
|US2836830 *||Apr 16, 1957||Jun 3, 1958||Norman Glenn E||Tile receptor for showers|
|US3045254 *||May 5, 1961||Jul 24, 1962||Robert G Cook||Bathtub with liner|
|US3668718 *||Aug 24, 1970||Jun 13, 1972||Cuschera Casper||Drain connection|
|US3675384 *||Mar 13, 1970||Jul 11, 1972||Knecht Walter L||Flooring construction|
|US3724158 *||Dec 14, 1971||Apr 3, 1973||Knecht W||Method for repairing flooring construction|
|US3869735 *||Mar 15, 1974||Mar 11, 1975||D Amato Nicholas J||Shower door saddle|
|US4745712 *||Nov 10, 1986||May 24, 1988||Australian Stratacore Holdings Ltd.||Building system for multi-storey buildings|
|US4993201 *||Apr 26, 1989||Feb 19, 1991||Robert Bunyard||Pre-cast stall shower panel assembly|
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|US5768842 *||Jun 28, 1996||Jun 23, 1998||Austin; Robert M.||Weep drain for tile walls|
|US5845347 *||Sep 18, 1996||Dec 8, 1998||Young; David A.||Method of manufacturing shower foundation|
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|US20050262785 *||May 24, 2005||Dec 1, 2005||Alexander Ernest E||Masonry wall vent|
|US20060112483 *||Nov 30, 2005||Jun 1, 2006||Walker Victor L||Spa lighting system|
|US20080222793 *||Mar 17, 2007||Sep 18, 2008||Tile Redi, Llc||Ribbed prefabricated polyurethane shower module|
|US20080222794 *||Mar 17, 2007||Sep 18, 2008||Tile Redi, Llc||Method of manufacturing and installation of prefabricated shower bench and associated shower bench|
|US20080222795 *||Mar 17, 2007||Sep 18, 2008||Tile Redi, Llc||Drain wall for a prefabricated shower module|
|US20080222796 *||Mar 17, 2007||Sep 18, 2008||Tile Redi, Llc||Method for manufacturing a prefabricated modular shower curb and associated modular shower curb|
|US20080222797 *||Mar 17, 2007||Sep 18, 2008||Tile Redi, Llc||Prefabricated shower pan having varying sidewall heights and method of attaching a modular curb|
|US20080222891 *||Mar 17, 2007||Sep 18, 2008||Tile Redi, Llc||Method for manufacturing a prefabricated shower module|
|US20090293394 *||Aug 11, 2009||Dec 3, 2009||Alexander Ernest E||Masonry wall vent|
|US20100175761 *||Jul 15, 2010||Schlueter-Systems Kg||Mounting plate|
|US20110197351 *||Feb 17, 2010||Aug 18, 2011||Cook Joseph R||Handicapped accessible shower enclosure with ramp and/or floor pan|
|U.S. Classification||4/613, 52/265, 52/35, 52/264|
|International Classification||A47K3/28, A47K3/40|
|Cooperative Classification||A47K3/281, A47K3/40|
|European Classification||A47K3/40, A47K3/28B|