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Publication numberUS2200031 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 7, 1940
Filing dateSep 19, 1938
Priority dateSep 19, 1938
Publication numberUS 2200031 A, US 2200031A, US-A-2200031, US2200031 A, US2200031A
InventorsLee Moses G
Original AssigneeLee Moses G
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ventilating building structure
US 2200031 A
Abstract  available in
Images(2)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Patented May 7, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE VENTILATING BUILDING STRUCTURE Moses Lee, Cuthbert, Ga.- Application'September 19, 1938, Serial No. 230.712

I 4 llaims. (01. 98-42) I The invention relates to'a ventilating building structure and more especially to an- 'air conditioning construction for'buildings or the like.

The primary object of'the invention is the provision ofa structure of this character, wherein the roof to abuilding is so designed and made up that it enables air conditioning of thebuilding during summer months and also enables proper ventilation to such edifice, the Structure being novelin its entirety.

Another object of the invention is the provision of a structure of this'character, wherein the eaves about 'theroof 'of a building are so constructed that the same can be opened in that a boxing, is disposed throughout the, eaves or along the side walls of the building and this boxing is provided with gates functioning. as valves so that heat, or climatic conditions within the building can be properly conditioned and ventilation is assuredf A further object of the invention is the prdvision of a structure of this character, which is thoroughly reliable and efficient in "operation, enabling the area next to the roof of the building to be cooled in that outside air can circulate therethrough and warm air discharge therefrom and also inexpensive to manufacture and install.

With these and other objects in view, the invention consists in the features of construction, combination and arrangement of parts as will be hereinafter more fully described, illustrated in the accompanying drawings, which disclose the preferred and modified forms of embodiment of the invention and pointed out in the claims hereunto appended.

In the accompanying drawings:

. Figure 1 is a fragmentary vertical sectional view through a building showing the structure constructed in accordance with the invention.

Figure 2 is an enlarged fragmentary transverse sectional view through the ridge of the roof. I

Figure 3 is a sectional view on the line 3-3 of Figure 1 looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 4 is a sectional view on the line 4-4 of Figure 1 looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 5 is a fragmentary sectional view taken on the line 5--5 of Figure 1 looking in the direction of the arrows.

Figure 6 is a view similar to Figure 3 showing a modified form of structure.

Figure 7 is a fragmentary perspective view in detail of the ridge beam involved in the modification shown in Figure 6.

Figure 8 is a fragmentary vertical transverse thereto.

ridge formation 3 which includes a pair of s'uperposed ridge rails or beams l4 and I5, respectively, which intermediate thereof fit with a divider strip it having vertically arranged holes I! arranged in rowsand spaced from each other at opposite sides of the ridge rails or beams l4 and I5 while fitting the longer side, edges of the strip l6 are flashings it of metal, these being 20 fastened to the roof boards II in any desirable manner and are at opposite sides of the ridge. The roof boards ll terminate short with respect to the ridge rails or beams l8, thereby effecting h vent passages I9 below the perforations IT in the strip l6.

Crowning the ridge rail or beam l4 uppermost of the ridge is a reticulated crowning screen 20 being coextensive with the ridge of the roof B. Overlying the screen 20 is a ridge roll 2|, being flared outwardly at opposite longer side edges so that ventilation is assured through the screen 20 in the ridge of the roof.

The walling 22 to the building A terminates at opposite sides thereof removed from the roof boards II so that a space equal to or substantially equal to the rafters In in their depth is provided at the eaves of the roof B and this space is effective as windows 23 beneath the roof following the eaves. The windows 23 are covered with reticulated screens 24. These windows are between the rafters l0 while slidably fitted, as at 25, to the rafters are shutters 2B, which regulate the extent of the windows 23 in that the opening extent thereof can be regulated through adjustment of the said shutters 26, these being made fast in adjusted position by suitable fasteners 21. Thus ventilation to the interior of the building at the windows 23 and at the ridge of the roof B can be had with the result that air conditioning interiorly of the building is accomplished.

In Figures 6, 7 and 8 of the drawings there is shown a slight modification of the structure wherein the ridge beams or rails 28 and 29 are separated from each other and in lieu of the strips l6 cross pieces are interposed between said rails or beams, these being spaced from each other the required distance. Otherwise the ridge formation is similar to that hereinbefore described with respect to the use of the rails or beams 28 and 29 and pieces 38, respectively.

In Figure 8 of the drawings at the eaves and in association with the windows 3| similar to the windows 23 is a boxing 32, the lowermost portion of which has provided therein a drop gate or door 33, which, when closed, prevents ventilation at the Windows 3|, and when opened, ventilation can be had through such windows.

It is desirable that in the summer period the ridge formation and the windows at the eaves of the edifice afiord maximum ventilation forair conditioning interiorly of the building while in the winter period, the windows at the eaves can be closed to avoid chilling the interior of the building from outside temperature while the warm air may discharge to the atmosphere through the ridge formation and proper ventilation is assured within the building to a maximum degree.

What is claimed is:

l. A structure of the kind described comprising a roof having a ridge, a ridge rail built at the ridge and rising vertically above the same, said ridge being provided with openings at opposite sides of the ridge rail, laterals projecting beyond opposite sides of said rail above the openings in the ridge and below the uppermost edge of said rail, a reticulated crown saddled over the said rail and having fastening with the said laterals, flashings rising from the roof at opposite sides of the rail and joined with the crown at the lat erals, and a ridge roll overhanging said crown and outwardly spread withrelation to the same and the flashings.

2. A structure of the kind described comprising a roof having a ridge, a ridge rail built at the ridge and rising Vertically above the same, said ridge being provided with openings at opposite sides of the ridge rail, laterals projecting beyond opposite sides of said rail above the openings in the ridge and below the uppermost edge of said rail, a reticulated crown saddled over the said rail and having fastening with the .said laterals, flashings rising from the roof at opposite sides of the rail and joined with the crown at the laterals, and a ridge roll overhanging said crown and outwardly spread with relation to the same and the fiashings, the said laterals being constructed for ventilation between the flashings and the said reticulated crown. I I v a.

3. A structure of the-kind described comprising a roof having a ridge, a ridge rail built at the ridge and rising vertically above the same, said ridge being provided with openings at opposite sides of the ridge rail, laterals projecting beyond opposite sides of said rail above the openings in the ridge and below the uppermost edge of said rail, a reticulated crown saddled over the said rail and having fastening with the said laterals, fi'ashings rising from the roof at opposite sides of the rail and joined with the crown atthe laterals, a ridge roll overhanging said crown and outwardly spreadwith relation to the same and the flashings, the said laterals being constructed for ventilation between the fiashings and the said reticulated crown, and vent means-built at the edges of said roof.

4. A structure of the kind deseribedcomprising a roof having a ridge, a ridge rail built [at the ridge and rising vertically above the same, said ridge being provided with openings at opposite sides of theridge rail, laterals projecting beyond opposite sides of said rail above the openings in the ridge and below the uppermost edge of, said rail, a reticulated crown saddled overthe said flashings rising from the roof at opposite sides of the rail and joined with the crown at the laterals, a ridge roll overhanging said crown and outwardly spread with relation to the same and the fiashings, the said laterals being constructed rail and having fastening with the said laterals,

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2438166 *Dec 4, 1944Mar 23, 1948Hawes Harold BRoof ventilator
US4126973 *May 17, 1976Nov 28, 1978Luckey William ARafter vent
US4315455 *Feb 19, 1980Feb 16, 1982Shaklee James LAdjustable soffit vent
US4942699 *Oct 13, 1989Jul 24, 1990Benjamin Obdyke IncorporatedVenting of roofs
US5238450 *Nov 15, 1991Aug 24, 1993Rotter Martin JAir-permeable barrier for soffit vent
US5673521 *Mar 1, 1996Oct 7, 1997Benjamin Obdyke IncorporatedRolled roof vent and method of making same
US5902432 *May 2, 1997May 11, 1999Benjamin Obdyke, Inc.Method of making a rolled roof vent
US6015343 *Dec 2, 1998Jan 18, 2000Building Materials Corporation Of AmericaTile roof vent
US6267668Dec 16, 1999Jul 31, 2001Diversi-Plast Products, Inc.Ridge cap vent
US6277024Sep 22, 2000Aug 21, 2001Benjamin Obdyke IncorporatedSectional roof ridge vent
US6298613Feb 10, 2000Oct 9, 2001Benjamin Obdyke, Inc.Roof ridge vent having a reinforced nail line
US6308472Jan 10, 2000Oct 30, 2001Benjamin Obdyke, Inc.Adjustable roof ridge vent
US6450882Aug 30, 2000Sep 17, 2002Liberty Diversified Industries, Inc.Precipitation resistant ridge vent
US6458029May 30, 2001Oct 1, 2002Diversi-Plast Products, Inc.Ridge cap vent
US6599184Aug 21, 2002Jul 29, 2003Diversi-Plast Products, Inc.Ridge cap vent
US6623354Jul 31, 2002Sep 23, 2003Liberty Diversified IndustriesPrecipitation resistant ridge vent
US6662509Jul 12, 2001Dec 16, 2003Pacific Award Metals, Inc.Ridge vent for tile roofs
US6804922Jun 6, 2002Oct 19, 2004Construction Research & Technology GmbhIntegral composite building material and uses therefor
US6981916Oct 10, 2003Jan 3, 2006Benjamin Obdyke, Inc.Roof ridge vent
US7024829Dec 16, 2003Apr 11, 2006Pacific Award Metals, Inc.Ridge vent for tile roofs
US7182688Dec 1, 2004Feb 27, 2007Benjamin Obdyke IncorporatedRollable roof ridge vent having baffles
US7384331Oct 21, 2005Jun 10, 2008Benjamin Obdyke, Inc.Roof ridge vent
US8069621Aug 16, 2006Dec 6, 2011Canplas Industries Ltd.Ridge vent apparatus
US8156692 *Feb 6, 2008Apr 17, 2012Tuff Shed, Inc.Endwall overhang
US8161709 *Aug 11, 2009Apr 24, 2012Tuff Shed, Inc.Method of making an endwall overhang
US20040128920 *Dec 16, 2003Jul 8, 2004Sharp Thomas GRidge vent for tile roofs
US20050090197 *Oct 10, 2003Apr 28, 2005Coulton Michael S.Roof ridge vent
US20050136831 *Dec 1, 2004Jun 23, 2005Benjamin Obdyke IncorporatedRollable roof ridge vent having baffles
US20050239392 *Jun 29, 2005Oct 27, 2005Sells Gary LRidge vent for tile roofing
WO2000032996A1 *Oct 12, 1999Jun 8, 2000Gaf Building MaterialsTile roof vent
Classifications
U.S. Classification454/365, 454/260
International ClassificationE04D13/15, F24F7/02, E04D13/152, E04D13/17, E04D13/00
Cooperative ClassificationE04D13/152, F24F7/02, E04D13/178
European ClassificationE04D13/17D, F24F7/02, E04D13/152