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Publication numberUS2200349 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 14, 1940
Filing dateMay 23, 1936
Priority dateMay 23, 1936
Publication numberUS 2200349 A, US 2200349A, US-A-2200349, US2200349 A, US2200349A
InventorsBrooks Walker
Original AssigneeBrooks Walker
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Venetian blind
US 2200349 A
Abstract  available in
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 14, 1940. B. WALKER VENETIAN BLIND Filed May 23, 1936 2 Sheets-Sheet '1 {IVE 4 IN VEN TOR. BAOOKS WIL/(E B. WALKER VENETIAN BLIND May 14, 1940.

2 Sheet-Sheet 2 Filed May 23, 1936 INVENTOR; BROOKS Pig/1.1m:

Patented May 14, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE VENETIAN BLIND Brooks Walker, Piedmont, Calif. Application May 23, 1936, Serial No. 81,439 1 Claim. (o1. 156-17) My invention relates to improvement in Venetian blinds and more particularly to the. arrangement-of lifting cords, their association with the slats and the methods of attaching the slats to the ladder tapes or cords or both, the construction of a blind that will make possible the removal of slats for cleaning, painting, replacing, and the like, and of a blind that can be more cheaply manufactured by eliminating the slotted holes through the blinds which are expensive to produce, slow to assemble, and make it diflicult to replace the slats, to provide means whereby the slats can be raised by two pull cords which do not run through holes through the slats, and to provide means whereby heavy blinds can be lifted by a cord leverage by cords concealed within single tapes.

Other objects and features of novelty of my invention will be either specifically pointed out or will become apparent when referring, for a better understanding of my invention, to the following description in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, etc.

Figure 1 is a side elevation perspective view, partly cut away and partly in section of a Venetian blind embodying one form of my invention.

Figure 2 isan end elevation through section A-A of Fig. l partly cut away.

Figure 3 is a view of the lifting mechanism of Fig. 3 through section BB of Fig. 1 partly cut away and partly in section.

Figure 4 is a bottom plan view at section CC of Fig. 3 showing the lifting mechanism and part of its associated parts.

Figure 5 is a partial view partly cut away and partly in section of another form of my invention.

' Figure 6 is a partial view partly cut away and partly in section of another form of my invention.

Figure '7 is a side elevation perspective view partly cut away and partly in section of another form of Venetian blind embodying my invention.

Figure 8 is a partial view partly in section of an end view of the upper portion of a Venetian blind embodying another form of my invention.

Figure 9 is an end view of a cut away Venetian blind showing a section taken through 'one of the ladder tapes and illustrating another form of my invention.

Figure 10 is similar to Fig. 9 but taken through the other ladder tape.

Referring to Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4, I have shown a Venetian blind in which there is a head rail iii to which is pivotally attached the tilting rail 20 which is pivoted at 21 and is tilted by the gear 26 which gear is attached to the tilting rail 20 and meshes with gear 24. Gear 24 is rotatably connected to pulley 25 on which runs the tilting cord 22 so that a pull. on either end of cord 22 will 5 rotate pulley 25 gear 26 and rotate the tilting bar 20 through a limited rotation. While I have preferred to show this form of tilting device, any other suitable tilting mechanism may be used within the scope of this invention. Ladder tapes 10 30A and 30B are attached to the tilting bar by nails 32 or other suitable means, and support slats 50 on the ladder rungs 3| A and 3IB. These rungs are preferably woven into the side tapes and are staggered so that one is at one side of 15 the side tapes and the next rung is at the opposite side with a little space between that will clear a lifting cord as l6, l1, l8 and I9, The rungs are of course attached to the tapes at both sides of the slats so that when the tilting rail is in the neutral position as shown the rungs MA and 313 will support the slats 50 in an approximate level position as shown but when the tilting rail is tilted the slats will be tilted likewise. The bottom rail 40 is attached to the bottom 25 of the ladder tapes in any suitable manner. So far my description covers a conventional construction. The lifting cords l6, ll, l8 and I 9 however, are quite different. These cords may be cramped in a-common clamp 46 to keep them 30 together and may be composed of only two cords as I 6 and I! having a common law below the clamp 46 so that they are the same cord, as l8 and [9 can be continuous in a like manner.

These lifting cords l6, l1, l8 and I9 pass through guide l5 which is pivoted at l5A on which pivot may be located a pulley over which the cords pass to pulley l3 pivoted to the head rail [0 from where cords l6 and I! pass around pulley H and around the tilting bar 20 and down past the side 40 of the slats-5U and between the ladders 36A and inside the sides of the ladder 30A to where the cords l6 and I! are anchored to the bottom rail by a nail 33 common to the ladder tapes, and cords or by other suitable fastenings. The other two lifting cords I8 and I9 pass through the groove in the top of the head rail to pulley l2 and down past the slats 50 between the rungs 3IB to be fastened properly to the bottom rail as by nails 33. Pulleys H and I2 may be wider or divided in two to reduce the angle of the cords in passing the tilting bar 20, but where the ladder tapes are fastened as at nails 32 it is probably advisable to compromise the pulley position between the best position of the cords when the tilting rail and the slats are horizontal as shown in Figs. 1 and 2 and the best position for the cords when the slats are at the greatest angle for closing oil. the light when gear 28 has been fully rotated in either direction.

As a matter of fact these pulleys H and I2 cause the clamps I! to be raised so as to catch the cords |6, i8 and I8 to prevent a further lowering of the bottom rail 40 from any desired position. To lower the bottom rail pull the cords I6, l1, l8 and I9 or any one of them toward cords 22 and the catch I4 will be freed and the bottom rail can be lowered.

While I have preferred to show this type of haul up cord clamp construction any other suitable construction may be employed within the scope of this invention.

To position the 'slats, grooves may be cut in the sides of the slats 58 as at 50A in Fig. 1, however,

if a more positive grip'isdesired between the slats and the lifting cords l8, l1, l8 and I8 the slots in the slats may be undercut as in Fig. 6 where the slots are wider toward the center of the slot than atthe opening but are wide enough at the opening to allow the cords to pass freely through the opening.

In Figure 5 I have shown a method of attaching the slat to the ladder rung by a tack 8 which maybe a rivet staple or projection which fits through a button hole in the ladder or may be a clip or snap on both the slat and the tape rung which forms a permanent or detachable fastening of any desired type.

In Figure 6 I have shown a preferred form of slot for the pull up cables l8 and H to run throughto more securely anchor the slots against dislodgement.

In the construction where the slots are notched for the cords it is desirable to have the rungs about the same length as the slat width so as to cause the sides of the ladder tapes to hold the lifting cords in the slots in the slat, whereas in Fig. 5 it is desirable to have the rungs a little longer than the slot width so that the cords will not bind on the ladder tapes or slats.

In Figure 7 I have shown a construction similar to Figures 1, 2, 3 and 4 except for the lifting cord arrangement. In this construction the cord 22 operates the tilting bar 65 in the same manner as in Figs. 1, 2, 3 and 4, the ladder tapes support the bottom rail 55 and the'slats 58 in the same manner, but there are only two lifting cords 5| and 52 located at the opposite sides of the slats at each ladder tape.

I'have found by experiment that this lifting cord arrangement accomplishes the desired horizontal lift of the slats 58 and bottom rail regardless of whether they are horizontal or inclined at the time of pick up or let down by reason of the tilting of the tilting rail 85 particularly if lifted by pulling on both cords evenly as below the clamp 68 which is preferably adjusted for lifting the bottom rail 55 horizontal and even, that is, so that when the cords 5| and 52 are pulled below clamp 68 the cords 5| will always equal in length cord 52 below their respective pulleys l2 and 68.

This construction shown in Fig. '7 oflera the cheapest construction by the reduced length of lifting cord required and the fact that only the same number of lifting cords are required as in the conventional construction where the lifting ords pass through slots in the slats. It is also o be noted that the tilting rail in Fig. '7 is round so that the depth between the cords 5| and 52 will remain constant when the slats and bottom rail are lifted regardless of the initial position of the tilting rail. If a flat tilting rail is used and the rail is tilted the depth between the lifting cords 5| and 52 will be reduced and the blind will be raised diagonally out of the vertical plane relative to the tilting rail 85 and the top rail 88 where only two lifting cords are used. This trouble will not be encountered when four cords are used as in Figures 1, 2, 3, and 4.

The cords may be spliced or fastened together below the guards |5 or in the case of Figures 1, 2,

3 and 4 the cords may be spliced or fastened together at pulleys II and I2 to reduce the number of pull up cords to one or to two in place of 4.

In Figure 8 I have shown a different form of top rail ill with an addition next to lifting cord 5| to give the same spacing effect on the lifting cords 5| and 52 as is obtained with the round tilting bar of Fig. '7. The rest of the blind construction maybe the same as Fig. '7. The addition II to the lower side of the tilting bar 18.

which addition H is preferably grooved to secure the lifting cord 5|, is located opposite the lifting cord 5| there being an oppositely disposed addition opposite cord 52 at the other ladder tape on the under side of the tilting bar 18.

In Figures 9 and 10 I have shown a method of attaching the lifting cords for a mechanical advantage in lifting the blinds, as in heavy, long or wide blinds, etc. The lifting cord 84 is anchored to the tilting rail 85 or to the head rail Hi, the head'rail being preferred, as the tilting of the tilt rail 88 will not then lift one end of the bottom rail 88 a little to throw the bottom rail 88 out of parallel with the tilting rail when the bottom rail is supported on the lifting cords.

Fromthe anchored end the cord 84 passes the tilting rail past the slats inside the sides of the ladder tapes around pulleys 82 and 83 pivoted to the bottom rail 88 and up to the pulley 89 from where it goes to the clamp and down pulleys as shown in 5| and 6'! of Fig. 7. In a like manner lifting cord 85 is anchored to the head rail l8, goes around pulleys 8| and 82 up and over pulleys 80 in the top rail and on to the top pulleys i3 and clamp 6| of Fig. 7. By anchoring the two lifting cords 84 and 85 at the opposite sides of the top rail it can be seen that they will pull in opposite directions through their pulleys in the bottom rail 88 to equalize the tilting effect of the pulley friction to cause the bottom rail 88 to be lifted straight and due half the distance that the lifting cords 84 and 85 are pulled to decrease the force necessary to lift the blind by about one half as compared to the direct lift provided in Fig. 7. If the slats are confined by exterior guides or are secured to the ladder tapes or are otherwise secured the lifting cords may be outside of the ladder tapes or to one side of them, but I believe the most desirable construction is as shown.

Other uses will be more particularly pointed out in the claims attached hereto. 'While the description and drawings illustrate, in a general way, certain instrumentalities which may be employed in carrying the invention into eflect, it is evident that many modifications may be made in the various details without departing from the scope of the appended claim, it being understood that the invention is not restricted to the particular examples herein described.

The invention claimed is:

A Venetian blind construction comprising a pair of spaced ladder tapes, each ladder tape comprising a pair of supporting tapes having cross tapes therebetween arranged in staggered relation, a series of slats jointly supported by said ladder tapes, and a pair of lifting cords providing the sole means for efiecting collapse of the Venetian blind structure, one of said cords being associated with each of said ladder tapes, each of said lifting cords being located closely adjacent one of the supporting tapes of each ladder tape and between the staggered cross tapes, said lifting cords being located one on one side and one on the opposite side of said slats. BROOKS WALKER.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2566191 *Aug 31, 1949Aug 28, 1951GriffithVenetian blind
US2587756 *Mar 28, 1950Mar 4, 1952 Sheetsxsheet i
US2620865 *Aug 31, 1945Dec 9, 1952Gordon Isserstedt SiegfreidVenetian blind
US2649151 *Apr 26, 1948Aug 18, 1953Brooks WalkerVenetian blind
US2652111 *Jan 23, 1950Sep 15, 1953Brooks WalkerVenetian blind
US2657437 *Jul 12, 1950Nov 3, 1953Paul MoserVentilated awning
US2669301 *Oct 14, 1946Feb 16, 1954Calnetian Blinds IncVenetian blind
US2732011 *Oct 10, 1950Jan 24, 1956 Venetian blind
US2784780 *Oct 14, 1952Mar 12, 1957Evans Charles SVenetian blind structure
US2786520 *Feb 4, 1954Mar 26, 1957Belfor Myer DVenetian blind structure
US2786521 *Jul 14, 1953Mar 26, 1957Calnetian Blinds IncVenetian blind structure
US2794500 *Nov 25, 1955Jun 4, 1957Reichel Samuel MVenetian blind construction
US2796927 *Mar 24, 1953Jun 25, 1957Calnetian Blinds IncVenetian blind
US2827956 *Mar 27, 1952Mar 25, 1958Harry ShapiroVertical venetian blind
US3011236 *Jun 1, 1960Dec 5, 1961Bridgeport Brass CoFour-cord equalizer for venetian blind lift cords
US4802521 *Nov 18, 1986Feb 7, 1989Kuron CorporationOverhead blind
US5386867 *May 20, 1993Feb 7, 1995Care Mate International Co., Ltd.Venetian blind
US5573051 *Feb 6, 1995Nov 12, 1996Judkins; RenVenetian type blinds
US5692552 *Jun 10, 1996Dec 2, 1997Judkins; RenVenetian type blinds
US5769140 *Sep 17, 1996Jun 23, 1998Tuzmen; ZekiHoleless window blind
US5769143 *Mar 20, 1996Jun 23, 1998Lafayette Venetian Blind, Inc.Venetian blind with smooth bottom rail
US5806579 *Jul 18, 1997Sep 15, 1998Judkins; RenVenetian type blinds having opposed lift cords
US5839494 *Dec 27, 1997Nov 24, 1998Judkins; RenBottom and top stacking venetian type blind with fixed headrail tilt
US5918657 *Oct 27, 1997Jul 6, 1999Tuzmen; ZekiHoleless window blind
US6033504 *Aug 28, 1998Mar 7, 2000Judkins; RenMaterial for venetian type blinds
US6047760 *Aug 4, 1998Apr 11, 2000Judkins; RenLift system for heavy venetian type blinds
US6068039 *Apr 14, 1997May 30, 2000Judkins; RenMaterial for venetian type blinds
US6179035Feb 7, 1997Jan 30, 2001Hunter Douglas Inc.Venetian blind
US6263944 *Nov 18, 1997Jul 24, 2001Ren JudkinsVenetian type blinds
US6443042Mar 31, 2000Sep 3, 2002Newell Operating CompanyMethod and apparatus for manufacturing a wood blind
US6622770Mar 20, 2002Sep 23, 2003Ita, Inc.Tape drum for venetian type blinds
US6877547Oct 9, 2001Apr 12, 2005Kevin KawakitaHigh privacy horizontal window blind having slats with no cord holes and a special clip
US20140238623 *Aug 28, 2013Aug 28, 2014Kendall W. PrinceSystem for pivoting a blind slat
WO1997035088A1 *Mar 20, 1997Sep 25, 1997Lafayette Venetian Blind IncVenetian blind with smooth bottom rail
U.S. Classification160/173.00R, 160/176.10R, 160/236, 160/168.10R, D06/577, 29/433
International ClassificationE06B9/28, E06B9/305
Cooperative ClassificationE06B9/305
European ClassificationE06B9/305