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Publication numberUS2200998 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 14, 1940
Filing dateJun 3, 1937
Priority dateJun 3, 1937
Publication numberUS 2200998 A, US 2200998A, US-A-2200998, US2200998 A, US2200998A
InventorsSchnuck Carl F
Original AssigneeFarrel Birmingham Co Inc
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Hydraulic press
US 2200998 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

May 14, 1940. c. F. SCHNUCK 2,200,998

HYDRAULIC PRESS Filed June 3, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 M y c. F. scHNucK 2,200,998

HYDRAULIC PRESS Filed June 3, 1937 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 Patented May 14,1940 I Farrel-Birmingham Anaonia,

com, a corporation of Incorporated, Connecticut Application June 3, 1937, Serial No. 148,316

11 Olaims. (Cl. IMF-71).

This invention relates to hydraulic pr, and more particularly to controls for hydraulic presses, such that they may be made automatic to a large extent, and completely automatic if desired. In the operation of presses of this character, it is desirable to be able to start the press in motion, and to provide for its continued operation through a given cycle automatically, so that the parts return to the position of rest from which the action was started. Moreover, it .is also advantageous to effect this result entirely by means of fluid pressure or hydraulic pressure.

. and without the use of mechanical contrivances,

such as levers or the like, which not only add to the complexity of the device but probably render it less positive in operation.

In the present instance the cross head or platen of the press is brought to a closing position against the work under one degree of pressure, and after the work has been encountered,

- a higher operating pressure is brought into effect on the main ram to actually perform the pressing operation. The pressure is then released, the cross head returned to its original position, and if desired, ejectors are provided to auto matically eject the work from the press. Moreover, these operations are all performed smoothly and without shock, as the pressure in the various parts of the device is changed from one degree to another.

One object of the invention is the provision of an automatic or semi-automatic hydraulic press, which when set into operation, will be caused to automatically effect agiven cycle of operations and return the parts to the original position, ready to begin a second or repeat cycle.

Another object 01' the invention is the provision of an hydraulic press of the character described such that the various operations will be caused to take place under the control of hydraulic or fluid pressure in a single circuit having a minimum and maximum pressure range, without the necessity for use of mechanical contrivances, or secondary sources of power.

To these and other ends the invention consists in the novel features and combinations of parts to be hereinafter described and claimed.

In the drawings:

Fig. 1 is a diagrammatic view of an hydraulic press and control system therefor;

Fig. 2 is a conventional view of the ejector plate and associated parts.

Fig. 3 is a sectional view of the. pump;

Fig. 4 is a sectional view of the main controlling valve of the hydraulic press;

Fig. 5 is a sectional view of the starting valve which controls the operation of the main valve;

Fig. 6 is a sectional view of the stop valve; and

Hg. 7' is a sectional view of the three-way valve controlling the ejector.

To illustrate a preferred embodiment of my invention, I have shown an hydraulic press comprising a cross head I secured at the bottom of a main ram II, which ram operates in a main cylinder i2. At the side of the main cylinder 10 are disposed auxiliary cylinders I3 and It in which reciprocate the pistons l5 and I6 attached to the cross head It at their lower ends. These auxiliary cylinders may be termed pull-back or lift cylinders, as they serve to lift the cross head from the work after an operation has been completed. It may also be pointed out, however, that in addition to this operation these auxiliary cylinders also serve to lower or drive the cross head against the work prior to the introduction of pressure fluid into the main cylinder l2.

At the upper portion of the cylinder I2 is provided a reciprocating valve I1, which may be called a pre-fllling valve, and above this valve is a cylinder l8 within which operates a piston I9 secured to and designed to operate the valve II. This valve, as will be' explained hereinafter, is designed to permit the hydraulic fluid to flow into the cylinder I! when the ram is lowered by means of the auxiliary pistons l5 and I6, before fluid under heavy pressure is introduced into the cylinder l2, so that this cylinder will be ready for the application-of the high pressure fluid when the cross head has reached its final position against the work. The fluid tank or reservoir is shown at 20, upon which is mounted a variable pressure and variable delivery pump 2| driven by a motor 22 through a flexible coupling 23. This pump is adapted to draw fluid from the tank through the line 24, and a line 25 also connecting the pump to the tank provides a pump slippage drain usual in such devices to prevent the building up of excessive pressure. As a pump of this character is well known in the art and is substantially like that shown in United States Patent No. 1,077,979 to Hele-Shaw et al., November 11, 1913, no further description thereof is believed to be necessary, as the details of the pump per se form no part of the present invention. The tank 20 is connected by a fluid line 26, with the chamber above the pre-filling valve l7. While the fluid from the tank will normally tend to flowthrough this line by gravity, it has been found desirable to provide a certain amount of air-pressure in the tank so as to force the pressure fluid (which is usually oil) to flow quickly into the main cylinder I2 past the valve I'I, particularly if a high speed press is being used, this practice of placing the fluid source or supply under pressure having been in effect for many years for inducing rapid flow.

From the pump 2| a fluid pressure line 21 leads to a four-way valve 28, and a return line 29 leads from this valve to the tank. One form of such valve is illustrated in Fig. 4 of the drawings, wherein, as illustrated, the valve casing provides a cylinder 28 within which is mounted a piston rod 28 having piston heads 28. A bypass 28 is formed in the casing, which, as will be apparent, serves to connect the pipe 29 which is adjacent one end of the cylinder with the opposite end of the cylinder when such communication is permitted by the piston head 28. The piston rod of the valve 28 is designed to be operated by a piston 30 mounted in a cylinder 3I, this cylinder being connected on one side of the piston with the pressure line 21 by the line 32, in which is mounted a starting valve 33, preferably of the automatic return type, that is, a valve which, when thrown, will return to its original position. A conventional disclosure of such a valve is shown diagrammatically in Fig. 5, wherein the operating handle 33 is biased by a spring 33 so that it will normally be held in position to close this valve. This portion of the cylinder 3| is also adapted to bleed into the line.

32, when the valve 33 is closed, by means of the return line 35, in which is mounted the check valve 36. Also the pressure line 21 is connected to the cylinder 3| upon the other side of the piston 30 by the duct 31, which leads through a pressure relief valve 38, this valve operating to permit pressure from the line 31 to reach the end of the cylinder 3| beyond the piston 30 only when pressure in the line 21 has been built up to a sufficient extent to overcome the set of the relief valve and burst through this valve, as will be explained hereinafter.

From the four-way valve 28 lead two fluid lines I00 and 200 which may be pressure or exhaust (return) lines, depending upon the position of the valve 28. The fluid line I00 leads upwardly to a pressure gauge IOI, and through a suitable fitting I02 and check valve I02 to branches I03 and I04, and thence to thepull-back or lift cylinders I3 and I4 above the pistons I5 and I6.

A by-pass line I04 is provided about the check valve I'02 to permit exhaust of or return flow from the cylinders I3 and I4 above the pistons I5 and I6. The return flow through this bypass line is controlledby a stop valve I04 operated by a rod I04, a spring I04 normally holding this rod downwardly, and thus holding this valve in open position. Such a stop valve is shown conventionally in Fig. 6 of the drawings, the valve comprising a cylinder I04 in which operates a piston I04 carried on the rod I04. This valve, when closed, will check the discharge from the upper side of the pistons I5 and I6 on the return of the press, and thus stop the pistons at any desired point in their return strokes, depending upon the time of closing of this valve.

The rod I04 may carry an adjustable arm or stop I04 to be engaged by the cross head I0 or some movable part secured thereto, and thus move the valve I04 to closed position at any desired point in the upward travel of the cross head.

The line I 00 is also connected through the pressure relief valve I05 with a line. I06 leading into the pro-filling valve control cylinder I8 below the piston I9., Line I06 is in turn connected through a pressure relief valve I01 with a line I00 leading into the cylinder I2 of the main ram. It will also be observed that the lines I06 and I08 are connected through check valves -I09 and H0 with the fitting I02 in line I00. A needle valve I09 is placed just beyond check valve I09 to regulate the back flow from the main cylinder I2 to efiect the bleeding of this cylinder at a safe rate. A bleed or return line 39 in which is mounted a check valve 39 connects the outer end of cylinder 3| with the main fluid line I00.

The fluid line 200 is connected with a branch line 20I leading to the pre-fllling valve control cylinder above the piston I9. This line 20I is also connected through the pressure relief valve 202, and through a fitting 203, with branch lines 204 and 205 leading to the pull-back or lift cylinders I3 and I4 below the pistons I5 and I6.

In connection with some forms of press work, it is desirable to provide a work ejector, and for this purpose I have shown an automatic ejector arrangement which may or may not be used, as desired. An ejector ram is shown at 40 operating in an ejector cylinder 4|, which cylinder is connected by a fluid line 42 with a three-way valve 43, this valve having a passage connected by the line 44 with the return line 29 to the tank 20. A conventional form of three-way valve construction which may be employed is shown in Fig. 7, and as the details of construction of such valve form no part of the present invention, it is believed that no further description will be required. Also connected with a passage in this valve is a fluid line 45 connected to the line 205, previously mentioned. In the line 45 is a shutoff valve 46, so that the ejector may be cut off if desired. It will be understood that the valve 43 will connect the line 42 with the line 44 or line '45 selectively, depending upon whether pressure fluid is to be admitted to the line 42 or whether it is to be permitted to exhaust into the tank.

The valve 43 is actuated by a piston 41 operating in a cylinder 48. One end of this cylinder is connected by the fluid line 49 with the fitting I02 and fluid line I00 leading to the main fourway valve 28. The cylinder at the other side of the piston is connected with the line 45 through the fluid line 50 and pressure relief valve 5|. A bleed or relief line 52 is provided to by-pass the relief valve 5|, in which line 52 is a check valve 53 to permit the passage of fluid in one direction only, so as to permit the bleeding or exhausting of the end of the cylinder 48 beyond the piston 41.

When the discharge from the upper side of pistons I5 and I6 has been stopped, as previously described, by closing of the valve I04", the press can of course open no farther, and since delivery of fluid pressure from the pump continues, a pressure will be built up in line 200 which is higher than is necessary for lifting purposes. This pressure may be utilized to again start the closing of the press and thus render it completely automatic. For this purpose, line 200 may be connected through passage 55 and pressure relief initiating another closing movement of the press. 1

If desired, a manually operated stop valve 51 may be provided in line "to cut oil. this line if it is not desired to take advantage of full automatic operation. If stop valve 51 is closed, succeeding press operations will be initiated by means of the the press when the ram 40 is operated. a

The operation of my device may be briefly. de scribed as follows: At the beginning of a cycle of operations, it will be.understood that the cross head I is in raised position, being so held by means of pressure in the cylinders I3 and It below the pistons I5 and", which is the condition obtaining when the main pump pressure line 21 is connected through the four-way valve 28 with theJine 200 leading upwardly on the drawing from the valve 28. The operator, being ready for a pressing operation, actuate; the valve 33, permitting pressure fluid to pass through the line 32 to the cylinder 3| at the left of the piston 30, thus driving this piston to the right. and movin the valve 28 to connect the main pump pressure line 21 with the line I00. The valve 33 may be immediately released, and it may return to its original position, the piston'30. however, remaining at the right. Pressure fluid now travels through line I00, fltting I02, check valve I02, and branch lines I08 and I0! to the auxiliary cylinders I3 and It to drive those cylinders down and cause the cross head to be set against the work.

It will be understood that when valve 28 has been moved by the travel of piston .30 to the right, and line I00 has been connected to pressure line 21, line 200 has at that time been connected to return line 29, so that the auxiliary cylinders I3 and Il below the pistons I5 and I6 are connected through lines 204' and 205 and check valve 206 with the line 200, and the pressure fluid'in the cylinders below the pistons is permitted to exhaustto permit the pistons to lower.

It will be seen that back pressure fromthe lower side of pistons I5 and I6 will be transmitted through line I to the upper side of piston I9 to provide for the maintenance in open position of the pre-filling valve I'I during the rapid closing of the press by the auxiliary pistons I5 and I8.

As soon as the cross head is set against the work by the auxiliary cylinders, pressure builds up in line I00 until it overcomes the setting of relief valve I05, when this fluid under pressurebursts through this valve into line I06 and prefllling valve control cylinder I8 below the piston I9, thus causing this piston to riseand the prefllling valve I! to close.

It may be noted at this point that up until the fluid under pressure breaks through relief valve I05, the pre-fllllng valve I! has remained open, and the cylinder I2 above the main ram II has been fllled with oil through the fluid line 26, as the ram is lowered by auxiliary pistons I5 and I6.

when the ram has been set against the work by the auxiliary pistons, and the cylinder I2 has been filled with oil through the pre-fllling valve and the fluid line 26, the pre-fllling valve I I is closed, as described above, and the device is in readiness for the application of pressure to the main cylinder I2. I

This occurs by the building up of fluid pressure in. the line I08after the pre-flllingvalve has been .closed, until it bursts through the relief valve I01 and enters the main cylinder I2 of the ram II. It will be noted that the fluid pressure now available for the ram has been built up to a considerable extent, depending upon the setting oi the various relief valves, and when it has been built up in the cylinder. I2 to the amount desired.

which may be different for each class of work rand for. which the relief valve 38 must be set,

the fluid pressure now overcomes the resistance upon this valve, and is permitted to enter the cylinder 3| through the line 31, which drives the piston to 'the left. operating the fourway valve 28 and eilecting communication betweenthe press and alsoopening the line I00 to the exhaust or return line 29.' It will be seen, therefore, that 18 ure line 21 and the line 200,-v

when the pressure upon the main ram has reached the desired amount, as determined by the setting of the pressure relief valve 38, the fourway valve 28 is actuated by pressure entering the cylinder 3|, and the conditions of pressure and exhaust formerly existing in lines I00 and 200 are reversed.

Now that line I00 communicates with the reabove the main ram in the cylinder l2, and also I in the auxiliary cylinders I3 and It above the pistonsli and I8. The pressurein the cylinder I8 is also relieved, the lines I09 and I08 communicating with the fitting I02, which'is open to line I00 through the check valves I09 and H0. The pressure now obtaining in line 200 passes through line 20I to the pre-fllling valve cylinder I8 above the piston I9, and opens the 'pre-fllling' valve II, the cylinder exhausting through the line I06. This opening of the pre-fllling valve .is slightly delayed as it will not take place until the pressure in the cylinder of the main ram is relieved through the regulating needle valve I09. This regulating valve therefore insures against the shock which often takes place upon reversal of pressure in an apparatus of this kind. When the pre-fllling valve has been opened. fluid pressure will build up sufliciently in line 20I to break through or overcome the resistance of relief valve 202, and through branch lines 208, 205 enter the cylinders I3 and It below the pistons l5 and I5'to raise these pistons, and with them the main ram II and cross head at tached thereto. During the raising of the ram" I I, the cylinder I2 will be emptied through the pre-fllling line 26, as the pre-fllling valve I1 is now open, and through the line I08 past needle valve I 09. a

During the raising of the ram by the auxiliary pistons I5 and I6, the pressure fluid in the cylinpressure relief valve 56 and move the valve-con trolling piston 30 to the right, thus initiating a new closing movement of the press. understood, of course, that if the valve 51 is closed, complete automatic operation of the press does not take place,.and in such case a new closing movement of the. press must be initiated It will be by movement of the valve 33.

When the piston of the four-way valve 28 manually operated control is moved to the left by fluid pressure entering the but the piston nevertheless will travel toward the left, due to its larger area on the side adjacent the line .31. i i

The operation of the ejector will now be described. When the press ls set into operation, fluid pressure in line lllll enters line 49 through fitting I02, and drives piston 41 to the left in cylinder 48. At this time any pressure fluid which may lie in cylinder 48 atthe left of piston 41 is permitted to pass out through line 52, check valve 53, line 45, into line 205, which is connected through check valve 206 with exhaust line 200.

When the piston 41 is moved to the left, threeway valve 43 connects the fluid line 42 with the fluid line 45. As no pressure is existing in line 45 at this time, the ram 40 will not be raised. However, when the pressing operation has been completed and the four-way valve 28 has been operated to connect line 200 with pressure line 21, pressure will flow through line 45, which is connected with line 200, as soon as pressure builds up in this line to a suflicient extent to break through the relief valve 202 and raise the ram II. This fluid pressure will flow from line 45 through line 42 and raise the ejector ram 40. Fluid pressure in line 45 passes'in to line 50, and as soon as it has built up to a sufficient extent, it will break through pressure relief valve 5| and enter cylinder 48 at the left of the piston 41, thus driving this piston to the right and actuating the three-way valve 43 so as to connect the line 42 with the line 44, thus opening line 42 and the cylinder 4| to the exhaust or return line 29 and permitting the ejector ram to fall. At the time that fluid pressure is admitted upon the left of piston 41 into cylinder 48, the right-hand side of this piston is open to line I00, which is now the return line.

It will be apparent that all of the press operations are performed from a single source of pressure, and that these operations take place by reason of the increase of fluid pressure built up by increments in the system, and controlled entirely by pressure relief valves, which may be set to operate at a predetermined pressure. The various incremental increases in pressure control not only the various operative steps in the closing movement of the press, but also serve to initiate a reverse movement of the press and also control the various operations taking place during its opening.

While I have shown and described a preferred embodiment of my invention, it will be understood that it is not to be limited to all of the details shown, but is capable of modification and variation within the spirit of the invention and within the scope of the appended claims.

What I claim is:

1. In an hydraulic press having relatively movable pressing members to act on the work, means to effect relative approaching and pressing movements of said members comprising main and auxiliary fluid pressure motors, a single source of variable'fluid pressure, fluid connec- .a. valve, a fluid-pressure motor for closing said valve, and means controlling admission of fluid pressure to said valvemotor to close said valve prior to supply of fluid pressure to the main motor, said meansalso being actuated by pressure in said connections independently of the actuation of the means opening the connection to the main motor.

2. In an hydraulic press having relatively movable pressing members to act on the work, means to effect relative approaching and pressing movements of said members comprising main and auxiliary fluid pressure motors, a single source of variable fluid pressure, fluid connections from said source to said motors, means actuated by fluid pressure in said connections for opening said connection to said main motor only after said members have been engaged with the work by said auxiliary motors, means to pre-flll said main motor prior to supply thereto of fluid pressure from said source, said means including a valve, 9, fluid-pressure motor to open and close said valve, means to admit pressure to said latter motor to close said valve prior to supply of fluid pressure to the main motor, said means being actuated by pressure in said connections independently of the actuation of the means opening the connection to the main motor, means for reversing the flow of pressure fluid through the connections to said motors to cause a separation of said pressing members, and means to reverse conditions of pressure and exhaust in said latter motor for opening said pre-fllling valve prior to such separation.

3. In an hydraulic press 'having relatively movable pressing members toact on the work, means to effect relative approaching and pressing movements of said members comprising main and auxiliary fluid pressure motors, a single source of variable fluid pressure, fluid connections from said source to said motors, means opening said connection to said main motor only after said members have been engaged with the work by said auxiliary motor, means to pre-flll said'main motor prior to supply thereto of fluid pressure ,fromsaid source including a pre-fllling valve, a fluid-pressure motor for actuating said valve, a connection from said pressure source to said valve motor, a relief valve in said connection, and a second relief valve in the connection to the main motor, said first relief valve opening under a lower degree of pressure than the second to close said pre-fllling valve prior to supply of fluid pressure to the main motor.

4. In an hydraulic press having relatively movable pressing members to act on the work, means to effect relative approaching and pressing movements of said members comprising main and auxiliary fluid pressure motors, a single source of variable fluid pressure, fluid connections from said source to said motors, means to pre-flll said.main motor prior to supply thereto of fluid pressure from said source, said means including ,a pre-filling valve and a fluid-pressure motor for actuating said valve, a connection from said pressure source to said valve motor, a relief valve in said connection, a second relief valve in the connection from the pressure source to the main motor, pressure-fluid-actuated means to reverse the flow of pressure fluid in all of said connections,

connections, each of said-relief valves opening under a higher degree of fluid pressure than the preceding relief valve whereby said pre-fllling valve will be operated, fluid pressure supplied to the main motor, and the flow of fluid pressure through said connections reversed, in sequence, in the order named.

5. In an hydraulic press having relatively movable pressing members to act on the work, a single source of variable fluid pressure, means actuated by fluid from said source under one degree of pressure to set said members against the work, and by fluid from the same source under a higher degree of pressure to'complete the press- I ing operation, means operable by fluid pressure from said source only after a predetermined maximum working pressure has been developed to eflect a separating movement of said members, a work ejector, a fluid pressure motor automatically actuating said ejector after a separating movement of said members, means including a pressure relief valve to reverse automatically conditions of pressure and exhaust in said motor and return said elector to its original position after completion of the separating movement of said pressing members.

6. In an hydraulic press having relatively,

movable pressing members to act on the work, a single source of variable fluid pressure, means actuated by fluid from said source under one degree of pressure to set said members against the work, and by fluid from the same source under a higher degree of pressure tocomplete the pressing operation, means operable by fluid pressure from said source only after a predetermined maximum working pressure has been developed to effect a separating movement of said members, a work-ejector, including a pressure relief valve to reverse automatically conditions of pressure and exhaust in said motor, a fluid pressure motor automatically actuating said ejector after-a separating movement of said members, and means including a pressure relief valve to reverse automatically conditions of pressure and exhaust in said motor to thereafter return said ejector means to its original position only after completion of the separating movement of said pressing members. A

7. In an hydraulic press having relatively movable pressing members to act on the work, a single source of variable fluid pressure, means actuated by fluid from said source under one degree of pressure to set said members against the work, and by fluid from the same source under a higher degree of pressure to complete the pressing operation, means operable by fluid pressure from said source only after a predetermined maximum working pressure has been developed to effect a separating movement of said members, a work ejector, fluid pressure means automatically actuating said ejector after a separating movement of said members, and means to thereafter return said ejector means to its originalposition, said last-named means being fluidpressure-actuateci and operable under a higher degree of fluid pressure than said ejecting means.

8. In a hydraulic press having relatively movable pressing members to act on the work, main and auxiliary fluid-pressure motors for operating one of said members, a pre-fllling valve associated with said main motor, a fluid-pressure motor to operate said valve, a single source of variable fluid pressure, a control valve, delivery and return pressure lines from said source to said control valve, fluid-pressure lines leading from pressure relief valve controlling delivery of fluid pressure through said branch line and biased to operate said, pre-fllling valve motor only after operation of said auxiliary motors, a /second branch fluid-pressure line leading to said main motor from said control valve, and a pressure re- 15 lief valve controlling delivery of fluid pressure through said second branch line and biased to admit fluid pressure thereto only after operation of said pre-illling valve motor.

9. In a hydraulicpress having relatively mov- 20 able pressing members to act on the work, main and auxiliary fluid-pressure motors for operating one of said members, a pre-fllling valve associated with said main motor, a fluid-pressure motor to operate said" valve, a single source of variable fluid pressure, a control valve, delivery and return pressure lines from said source to said control valve, fluid-pressure'lines leading from said valve, said valve being movable to reverse conditions of pressure and exhaust in said secondnamed lines, one of said second -named lines leading to said auxiliary motbrs and having a branch leading to a pre-fllling valve motor, a pressure relief valve controlling delivery of fluid pressure through said branch line and biased to operate said pre-fllllng valve motor only after operation of said auxiliary motors, a second branch fluidpressure line leading to said main motor from said control valve, a pressure relief valve controlling delivery of fluid pressure through said second branch line and biased to admit fluid pressure thereto only after operation of said pre-filling valve motor, a fluid-pressure motor to operate said control valve, a pressure line leading to said motor, and a pressure relief valve in said line biased to admit fluid pressure to said motor after operation of said main motor.

- 10. A hydraulicpress comprising a crosshead, main and auxiliary fluid-pressure motors to 0perate said crosshead, a pre-filling valve associated with said main motor, a fluid-pressure motor to operate said pre-filling valve, each of said mo tors comprising a cylinder and a piston operating therein, a single source of variable fluid pressure, a main control valve, delivery and return lines leading from said source to said control valve, fluid-pressure lines leading away from said control valve, said valve being movable to reverse conditions of pressure and exhaust in said last-named lines, one of said last-named 60 lines leading to said main motor and to one side of th piston in said auxiliary motor and said pre-fllling valve motor, the second of said lines leading to the other side of the piston in said auxiliary motor and said pre-fllling valve motor, an ejector, a fluid-pressure motor controlling the operation of said ejector, said second line having a branch leading to said motor, and a relief valve in said branch line biased to admit pressure 'fluid to said last-named motor to operate said ejector only after operation of said auxiliary r'notor by admission of fluid pressure thereto from said second line. I

11. In an hydraulic press having relatively movable pressing members to act on the work. 7

means to eiIect relative approaching and pressing movements of said members comprising main and auxiliary fluid pressure motors, a single source oi variable fluid pressure, a fluid connection from said source to said auxiliary motors. means to prefill said main motor prior to supply thereto oi fluid pressure from said source, said prefilling means including a. valve and a fluid pressure motor to open and close said valve.

9. fluid line leading to said valve motor from said fluid connection, a pressure relief valve controlling said fluid line, and a branch fluid line leading fromsaid first-named fluid line to the main motor, and a second pressure relief valve controlling said branch line whereby pressure is admitted to the valve motor and to the main motor in predetermined sequence.

CARL F. SCHNUCK.

CERTIFICATE OF CORRECTION.

Patent No. 2,200,998. 5 May 114., 19140.

CARL F. SCHNUCK;

It is hereoy certifiedthat error appears in the printed'spocification oi the above numbered patent. requiring correction as follows: Page 5 first coluinn, lines H2, 145 and 111;, claim 6, strike out the words "including a pressure relief valve to reverse automatically conditions of pressure exhaust in said motor"; arm that the said. Letters Patent should. be read with this correction therein that the same may conform to the record of the case in the Patent Office.

Signed and sealed this 25rd. day of July, A. D. 19 40.

Henry Van Arsdale,

(Seal) Acting Commissioner of Patents.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2419235 *May 20, 1942Apr 22, 1947French Oil Mill MachineryControl system for hydraulic motors
US2484879 *Jun 5, 1944Oct 18, 1949Hpm Dev CorpHydraulic press equipped with a synchronized stripping plunger
US2491355 *Apr 19, 1945Dec 13, 1949Denison Eng CoHydraulic valve control mechanism
US2539361 *Apr 5, 1947Jan 23, 1951American Steel FoundriesHydraulic circuit for operating hydraulic motors
US2555115 *Jun 14, 1946May 29, 1951American Steel FoundriesHydraulic decompression circuit with automatic reverse
US2604037 *Jun 10, 1949Jul 22, 1952Pearce John HTension press for sheet materials
US2608182 *Apr 15, 1948Aug 26, 1952Denison Eng CoControl mechanism for hydraulic apparatus
US2638654 *Jan 18, 1951May 19, 1953Shenango Pottery CompanyAutomatic ware pressing machine
US2841826 *May 1, 1953Jul 8, 1958Zenith Plastics CompanyMethod for molding plastic
US2946303 *Nov 1, 1957Jul 26, 1960Siempelkamp And Company GHydraulically operated presses
US3157111 *May 15, 1961Nov 17, 1964Avis Ind CorpWork ejector for presses
US3159097 *Dec 30, 1963Dec 1, 1964White Cecil FBale press
US4873912 *Jun 9, 1983Oct 17, 1989Hartmann & Lammle Gmbh & Co. KgHydraulic driving arrangement
Classifications
U.S. Classification100/218, 91/519, 91/441, 72/427, 100/269.16, 60/380, 91/517
International ClassificationB30B15/16
Cooperative ClassificationB30B15/16
European ClassificationB30B15/16