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Publication numberUS2201705 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateMay 21, 1940
Filing dateJul 19, 1938
Priority dateJul 19, 1938
Publication numberUS 2201705 A, US 2201705A, US-A-2201705, US2201705 A, US2201705A
InventorsStone Arthur P
Original AssigneeWright Tool And Forge Company
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Ratchet wrench
US 2201705 A
Abstract  available in
Previous page
Next page
Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

A P STONE 2,201,705

RATCHET WRENCH Filed July 19, 1938 lll Patented May 21, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE RATCHET WRENCH Arthur P. Stone, Akron, Ohio, assignor to `The Wright Tool and Forge Company, Barberton, Ohio, a corporation of Ohio Application July 19, 1938, Serial No. 220,016

1 Claim.

The foregoing and other purposes or objects of the invention are attained in the ratchet wrench illustrated in the accompanying drawing and described below.

Of the accompanying drawing:

Figure 1 is a plan view of the head end of a ratchet wrench device embodying the invention for use with a socket type wrench.

Figure 2 is a section on line 2--2 of Figure 1.

Figure is an inverted plan view of the wrench device.

Figure 4 is an enlarged plan view of the wrench head with cover plate removed.

Figure 5 is a section on line 5 5 of Figure 4.

Referring to the drawing, the wrench device may have any suitable handle I on which is a wrench-engaging head II. Rotatably mounted in the head `II is the operative element of the ratcheting device which may, as shown, be designed for use with a socket wrench. It will be understood, however, that the wrench device may be formed lin any other suitable way with male or female engaging members. The male member ofthe particular socket wrench operating device shown is indicated at l2a and `may be square, as shown, or of other polygonal shape and may have a spring-pressed ball I2b therein of a known type for gripping the side of a socket of the wrench with which it is engaged. The rotatable wrench element I2 is formed with teeth I3, I3 about its periphery, which teeth are preferably triangular shaped, as shown, sothat a Alarge number of strong ratchet teeth may be pro vided in adjoining relation about the rotary ratchet member providing eiective ratcheting action when the wrench device is used in closely coniined spaces. Arranged to engage with teeth I3 are pawls I 4, It. which are arranged in slots I5, I in the wrench-engaging head, preferably directed at such angles diverging outwardly toward the ratchet member l2 that the ends of the pawls Irl, which are preferably squared with thev sides of the pawls, as indicated at I5, i6 will snugly nt in the triangular spaces between teeth I3 in the rotary member l2, the slots or grooves I5 being open at the ends thereof adjacent the rotary ratcheting element I2, permitting move- (C1. 1oz-43.2) l,

ment of the pawls I4 through said ends into engagement with the teeth I3 of the rotary member as shown in Figure 4. The rear ends of the pawl members M, as shown at I'I, I'I, may be engaged with compression spring I8, I8 set in the grooves or slots I5 (see Figure 5). The Springs i8 serve normally to urge the pawls I4,v into engagement with the teeth I3 of the rotary ratchet member I2.

As shown in Figure 4, the pawls are so set that `the ratcheting action is in the direction of the arrow. Means are provided for holding one pawl Ill or the other out of engagement with ratchet wheel or rotary ratchet member I2 in the manner shown whereby a reversible ratcheting action can be secured. For this purpose the pawls I4 are formed with shoulders at I9, I9 with which engages a cam 2li formed or secured on shaft 2l journalled in the head II and to which is secured an operating handle 22 at the back of the wrench operating device. One end of cam 253 is designed to engage with one shoulder I9 of one pawl It and the other end of cam 20 is designed to engage with the corresponding shoulder E9 of the other pawl I4, as clearly appears in Figure 4. When the handle 22 is set to one side of the center of the device, as shown in Figures 3 and 4, one pawl It, as shown, is held out of engagement with the ratchet wheel, the other being permitted to engage. The handle 22 is designed to be swung to an opposite angular position away from the center line of the device at which it will be obvious that the cam 20 is designed to depress the other pawl I4 and to permit the rst pawl M to move into engagement with the ratchet member I2, thereby reversing. the ratcheting action.

Arranged centrally of the device is suitable means for holding the handle 22 in an intermediate position in which both pawls I4 are permitted to contact with the ratch teeth I3. To this end the device is provided at 23 with aspringpressed ball centrally arranged to engage the under side of lever 22 to hold the lever 22 in a central position in which the ratchet mechanism will be locked so that the wrench-engaging element l 2 will in effect be in fixed relation with the head permitting use of the wrench in the usual manner of a non-ratcheting wrench.

The pawls I4 and associated parts may be retained in slots I5 by acover-plate Iia secured on the head as shown. The construction provides a reversible ratcheting wrench adapted for eiective use under modern conditionsl and where the wrench is frequently used in small and conning places where the ratcheting action is necessarily limited in amplitude. The construction permits the use of a large number of comparatively small but strong teeth which give eiective ratcheting action without slippage or breakage. Also the wrench may be effectively locked for use as a non-ratcheting wrench in the usual way. The provision of the outwardly diverging pawls I4 to cooperate with the triangular teeth I3 makes possible the use of a relatively large ratchet wheel with closely spaced strong triangular teeth.

Modications of the invention may be resorted to without departing from the spirit thereof or the scope of the appended claim. It will be understood the invention may be embodied in a Wrench-operating device or handle, as shown, or directly in a Wrench structure,

What is claimed is:

A Wrench of the character described comprising a Wrench-operating head housing therein a rotatable ratchet wheel, said wheel being provided with a plurality of closely spaced triangular teeth, said head having therein slots extending toward said wheel in outwardly diverging direction, the inner ends of said slots being closed and the outer ends thereof opening into the housing for said wheel, pawls slidably fitted into said slots whereby the outer ends thereof may move through the open ends of said slots into engagement with said ratchet Wheel, the ends of said pawls being squared to provide triangular portions projecting into said housing to engage the teeth of said ratchet Wheel, said slots and said pawls being of polygonal or non-circular crosssection whereby the pawls slide without rotation in said slots, yielding means between the closed ends of said slots and said pawls for normally urging said pawls into engagement with said ratchet Wheel and means for controlling engagement of said pawls with said ratchet wheel, said controlling means comprising a single cam rotatably mounted on said head in a position between said slots intermediate the ends thereof and having portions overlying said pawls above said slots, said pawls having shoulders thereon arranged to be engaged by the overlying portions of said cam whereby either paWl may be urged and locked out of engagement with said ratchet wheel or both may be released by the cam for simultaneous engagement of the ratchet wheel, the outer Walls of said slots supporting the pawls throughout their entire lengths when subjected to pressure of the ratchet Wheel on the projecting triangular portions of the pawls.


Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2430480 *Feb 26, 1944Nov 11, 1947Honore C HubbardRatchet wrench
US2463220 *Sep 19, 1944Mar 1, 1949Hoose William E VanRatchet wrench
US4458795 *Jun 28, 1982Jul 10, 1984Peter NortonCoupling for drive shaft and servo-motor driven shaft
US5404773 *Oct 27, 1993Apr 11, 1995Norville; Burl O.Cam-action ratchet-type wrench
US6520051Jul 1, 2002Feb 18, 2003Bobby HuHead of a wrench handle
US6539825Sep 20, 2001Apr 1, 2003Yen-Wen LinSingle direction ratcheting wrench with stuck prevention and ratcheting direction indication
US6644148May 13, 2002Nov 11, 2003Bobby HuReversible ratchet-type wrench
US6647832Jul 27, 2001Nov 18, 2003Bobby HuWrench having two rigid supporting areas for a pawl
US6666112 *Jul 9, 2001Dec 23, 2003Bobby HuSwitching arrangement for a reversible ratchet type wrench
US6666117Oct 15, 2001Dec 23, 2003Bobby HuWrench with a fixed maximum operational torque
US6758641Aug 27, 2001Jul 6, 2004Bobby HuMethod for manufacturing a ratchet type ring spanner having a larger cavity for receiving a larger pawl
US6807882May 8, 2002Oct 26, 2004Bobby HuWrench with a simplified structure
US6945141Apr 22, 2002Sep 20, 2005Bobby HuReversible ratchet type wrench
US6955104Jul 1, 2002Oct 18, 2005Bobby HuReversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head
US6971286Jul 22, 2003Dec 6, 2005Bobby HuRatcheting wrench with quick tightening/loosening functions and fine adjusting functions
US7017453Sep 3, 2002Mar 28, 2006Bobby HuReversible ratchet-type wrench
US7032478Jul 6, 2005Apr 25, 2006Bobby HuRatcheting wrench with quick tightening/loosening functions and fine adjusting functions
US7082859 *Jun 5, 2003Aug 1, 2006Hsiu-Ching HuangRobust wrench
US7178429Dec 12, 2002Feb 20, 2007Yen-Wen LinEasy-to-assemble ratcheting tool
US7234372Aug 15, 2002Jun 26, 2007Bobby HuReversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head and improved driving torque
US7237460Aug 29, 2001Jul 3, 2007Bobby HuBiasing arrangement for a pawl of a reversible ratchet-type wrench
US8215207 *Jan 5, 2010Jul 10, 2012New Way Tools Co., Ltd.Ratchet wrench
US8893589 *Jun 3, 2010Nov 25, 2014Ivan KIBBYEnhanced ratchet
US20020023520 *Aug 29, 2001Feb 28, 2002Bobby HuBiasing arrangement for a pawl of a reversible ratchet-type wrench
US20020026858 *Jul 9, 2001Mar 7, 2002Bobby HuSwitching arrangement for a reversible ratchet type wrench
US20040016322 *Jul 17, 2003Jan 29, 2004Bobby HuReversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head and improved driving torque
US20040055422 *Dec 12, 2002Mar 25, 2004Yen-Wen LinEasy-to-assemble ratcheting tool
US20040055423 *Sep 25, 2003Mar 25, 2004Bobby HuReversible ratcheting tool with a smaller head and improved driving torque
US20040093995 *Jul 22, 2003May 20, 2004Bobby HuRatcheting wrench with quick tightening/loosening functions and fine adjusting functions
US20040139823 *Jan 5, 2004Jul 22, 2004Bobby HuBiasing arrangement for a pawl of a reversible ratchet-type wrench
US20040237727 *Jun 5, 2003Dec 2, 2004Hsiu-Ching HuangRobust wrench
US20040261584 *Jul 16, 2003Dec 30, 2004Hsiu-Ching HuangAnti-gridlock wrench
US20050229751 *Jul 6, 2005Oct 20, 2005Bobby HuRatcheting wrench with quick tightening/loosening functions and fine adjusting functions
US20110162489 *Jul 7, 2011Ping-Wen HuangRatchet Wrench
US20110296959 *Jun 3, 2010Dec 8, 2011Kibby IvanEnhanced ratchet
USRE42768 *May 10, 2007Oct 4, 2011Infar Industrial Co., Ltd.Robust wrench
USRE43286Nov 21, 2002Apr 3, 2012Bobby HuRatchet wheel with asymmetric arcuate concave teeth or non-arcuate concave teeth ratcheting tools with such ratchet wheel and combination of such ratchet wheel and a pawl
EP1445068A2 *Nov 11, 2003Aug 11, 2004Hand Tool Design CorporationRatcheting tool driver
EP2329919A1 *Jun 10, 2010Jun 8, 2011New Way Tools Co., Ltd.Ratchet wrench
WO1984000199A1 *Jun 28, 1983Jan 19, 1984Peter NortonCoupling for drive shaft and servo-motor driven shaft
U.S. Classification192/43.2
International ClassificationB25B13/00, B25B13/46
Cooperative ClassificationB25B13/463
European ClassificationB25B13/46B1B