|Publication number||US2202432 A|
|Publication date||May 28, 1940|
|Filing date||Sep 21, 1937|
|Priority date||Oct 6, 1936|
|Publication number||US 2202432 A, US 2202432A, US-A-2202432, US2202432 A, US2202432A|
|Original Assignee||Santucci Gianfranco|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (10), Classifications (8)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
y 1940- G. SANTUCCI 2,202,432
CONTROL MEANS FOR A RADIO RECEIVER Filed Sept. 21, 1337 3 Sheets-Sheet l G avt ac'c'z /Nv EM 0 May 28, 1940.-
G.v SANTUCCI CONTROL MEANS FOR A RADIO RECEIVER Filed Sept. 21, 1937 3 Sheets-Sheet 2 dgamwcw y 23, 1940- s. SANTUCCI 2,202,432
CONTROL MEANS FOR A RADIO RECEIVER Filed Sept. 21, 1937 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 Ma ((1 Eecea V6) Patented May 28, 1940 UNITED STATES CONTROL MEANS FOR A RADIO RECEIVER Gianiranco Santucci, Rome, Italy Application September 21, 1937, Serial No. 164,932
In Italy October 6, 1936 3 Claims.
The present invention relates to radio-controlled devices and the primary object is to provide a device by means of which radio receiving apparatus can be rendered operative only when the transmission which is to be received takes place and rendered inoperative as soon as the transmission is completed. The invention is also applicable to the control of other local circuits or devices.
One embodiment of the invention includes a relay actuated by an auxiliary receiver provided with means for periodically rendering it operative for short periods and inoperative for longer periods in between the short periods and the auxiliary receiver is arranged to be operated by the occurrence of modulation at a predetermined frequency in a received signal to maintain the relay in operative condition independently of the periodic operating means and means for effecting the desired control operation dependent upon the uninterrupted reception of the predetermined modulation frequency for a minimum time period which is longer than the normal short operative period of the auxiliary receiver.
According to another embodiment of the pres ent invention a device for efiecting a control operation by radio comprises an auxiliary receiver having a. power supply circuit thereto controlled by continuously operating timing mechanism whereby the auxiliary receiver is normally rendered intermittently operative for short periods and inoperative for longer periods in between the short periods, including a resonant relay fed by the auxiliary receiver and arranged to be energized during the occurrence of a received signal having modulation at a predetermined frequency to close the power supply circuit independently of the timing mechanism and to prepare a circuit for effecting the desired control operation and switching means operated by the timing mechanism at an instant when the receiver would normally be inoperative to close the last-mentioned circuit to effect the desired control operation only if the resonant relay has been maintained energized by an uninterrupted signal modulated at the predetermined frequency.
According to a further embodiment of the invention a device for effecting a control operation by radio comprises a relay actuated by an auxiliary receiver which is intermittently rendered operative for short periods and inoperative for longer periods in between the short periods, including means for altering the tuning of the auxiliary receiver during each operative period to a number of difierent incoming wave frequencies in succession, and means fed by said relay-receiver and adapted to be actuated by the presence of an incoming wave at any of the predetermined wave frequencies to cause the continuous operation of the auxiliary receiver at that particular frequency for the duration of the incoming signal and also to initiate the desired control operation. In order that the invention may be more readily understood it will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings, wherein:
Fig. l is an explanatory diagram showing the fundamental principle of intermittent energization and de-energization embodied in devices according to the present invention and shown as applied to the control of a radio receiver.
Fig. la is a circuit diagram of a modified control arrangement.
Fig. 2 is a circuit diagram of one form of auxiliary receiver.
Fig, 3 is a more detailed circuit diagram of a suitable auxiliary receiver arrangement for use in arrangements according to the present invention.
Fig. 4 is a circuit diagram of an actual embodiment of the invention; and
Figs. 5 and 6 are views similar to Figs. 1 and 2 of a modified arrangement.
L is the network of electrical energy from which the receiver R2 is fed when the normally broken contact C2 is closed, which is controlled by the electromagnet 1'1. The electromagnet T2 is fed by the anode current of a small auxiliary radio-receiver R1 tuned to the same wave length as the receiver R2, and therefore only excited by the arrival of radio-waves of a determined frequency for the reception of which the receiver R2 is predisposed.
R1 therefore is a radio-relay interposed between the feeding network and the receiver R2 for preventing the latter from being fed at any other time than the one in which the radio transmission occurs.
If it be desired that the reception should be effected at any moment, R1 must remain permanently inserted on the feeding network L. But if it be allowed that a certain interval of time may intervene between the beginning of transmission and that of reception at E2, it is then possible to reduce within large limits the time of ignition, and therefore consumption of the radio-relay R1.
To this end, on the feeding circuit of the receiver R1 a time circuit breaker To is interposed, which is closed periodically at more or less long intervals by means of a small disk motor, T0 or in any other suitable way and for a period of time not longer than that necessary for the normal heating of the tubes of R1 required for the operation of the radio-relay.
If during the period of closure of contact To transmission takes place designed for receiver R2 the radio-relay R1 is excited and feeds the electromagnet 11 which causes the closure, at 02, of the feeding circuit of R2. At the same time also contact 01 is closed, in parallel with To on the feeding of R1, so that when at the following moment contact at T0 is broken by rotation of disk, the feeding circuit of R1 is closed through contact c1 and remains so for the whole time of transmission, or as long as the electromagnet 1" remains excited. When transmission is completed contacts c1-c2 are again broken.
If, however, the periodical closure of circuitbreaker it does not occur during the transmission, the radio relay R1 is not excited, the electromagnet r1 remains inactive. The tubes of the radio relay then only remain in circuit for the time of closure of circuit breaker T0, or for the time required for their ignition which may be very short. This ignition period is followed by a much longer interruption period the length of which will depend from the maximum interval allowed between beginning of transmission and beginning of reception, so that the actual time of action of the radio relay, transmission, is greatly reduced. If, for instance, a maximum interval of seconds is allowed for the listening call of all the radioreceivcrs R2, and l" for the ignition of the tubes, the utilization of the latter is A of total time, and the duration of their action in these condiu tions will be 1000 times greater than their normal ignition time.
Fig. 2 shows a circuit diagram of one form of the receiver R1 which includes two stages each utilizing screened-grid tubes one of which is arranged as an amplifier V1 and the other as a reactively coupled rectifier V2. The rectification is such that in the absence of an incoming carrier wave, the anode current flowing through the electromagnet 11 in the anode circuit of the rectifier V2 is practically zero. The circuit elements indicated as being variable may of course be fixed if the device is intended permanently for receiving on one Wave-length only. The circuit arrangement shown in Fig. 2 for the receiver R1, is exemplary and differently constituted circuits may be provided and designed for the direct supply of alternating current to both anodes and filaments.
The periodical closure of the feeding circuit of the radio-relay by means of switch m, in Fig. 1, has the purpose, as stated above, to reduce the consumption of the thermionic tubes and to in crease the life of the tubes.
The same purpose may, at least partially be attained, if, instead of applying the interval switch 1'0 to the circuit connecting radiorelay to the feeding line, it is inserted in the anode circuit of each tube as indicated in Figs. 5 and 6.
In. Fig. 5 the feeding circuit of R1 is permanently connected to feeding line L, whilst switch To (in parallel with c1) is applied to the anode circuit of the radio-relay, which thus is only operated during the periodical interval of closure of said switch. If the apparatus includes more than one thermionic tube the switch r11 will be multiple, as may be seen in the case of the two valves in Fig. 6.
if there be no radio gearing to a cam K It results from this device that the passage of thermionic current between filament and plate is limited to the very short period (a small fraction of second) of closure of the respective anode cirsuits, and under these conditions the total duration of utilisation of tubes in the radio-relay happens to he notably increased, as it is known that the working duration of the thermionic tubes is reduced with the increase of emission of thermionic current furnished by them.
In comparison with the system of total interruption of supply to the receiver R1-as illustrated in Fig. l-the system of anode current interruption described with reference to Figs. 5 and 6' and in spite of the disadvantage of a shorter working life of the tubes and a greater current consumption, has the advantage of permitting the use of known types of alt mating-current tubes having indirectly heated cathodes which have considerable thermal inertia, and of per-- mitting a reduction of the total time in each open and closed period of the circuit breaker 7'0. In consequence a greater number of listening periods of the receiving apparatus may be made in given time for the same current consumption or tube life.
3 is a more complete diagram comprising, both the circuit of the radio-relay R1 and that of the device which controls the intermittent feeding of R1, and comprises a coil B with laminatcd core, permanently branched from the alternate current network L and from a disk D arranged between the poles of said coil, and in permanent rotation. The disk is coupled by helical which for each completed revolution causes, during a short time interval, the closure of contact (20. The contacts 01 and 02 have the same function as in the diagram of Figure 1, and the local radio controlled circuit is connected to terminals aa.
The radio relay may be adapted for reception on various wave lengths and therefore producing an equal number of distinct local operations, one for every difierent frequency of received wave.
For this purpose in the the period in which it happens to be fed various condensers are successively inserted which vary the tuning according to apre-established wave length as shown in Fig. 1a. The switching of these circuits is eifected by a tive contacts moved by the same rotating circuitbreaker m. It follows therefrom that the electromagnet T1 is excited at the moment in which the switch closes the tuning circuit which corresponds to the arriving carrier wave.
In this embodiment the contacts C1 of Fig. l are removed while the contacts 02 remain in use to close the supply circuit to the receiver R2 and an auxiliary electromagne't ii! i inserted in the latter circuit, the purpose of which magnet is to lock the rotating disc of the circuit breaker To. the disc will be stopped at the instant in which it closes the particular tuning circuit of R1 which is intune with the arriving wave, and will thereafter remain in this locked position for the re- 7 mainder of such transmission. At the same time the radio-receiver R2 is fed through the contacts C2 and in order that it may be operable to simultaneously receive on the wave-length transmission then occurring the receiver R2 is also provided with a series of contacts is operated by the rotating member of the circuit breaker r0 simultaneous switching the receiving circuits of the receiver R2 so that it is always in tune with the receiver R1. In this manner the radio-receiver radio-relay R1 during series of consecu- 5 R; will automatically receive the transmission available on any of the various wave-lengths for which it is predisposed.
A single control of a local circuit other than R2 is possible and it is possible to obtain plural local controls distinct from each other. As a matter of fact it will be sufficient to substitute to the switching of the various tuned circuits of R2 the switching of local operating circuits in series with contact 02 in order that each of them may act in correspondence with a determined length of the wave received by the radio relay R1.
Thus for every receiving station a series of distinct controls will be realized, each of them characterized by its own radio-frequency of emission.
In the device hitherto described with reference to Fig. 1 and its extension to multiple controls it has been proposed that one or more wave lengths are exclusively used for .this purpose. However, with the device shown in Fig. 4 the same carrier wave may be utilized for the control of radio relays for ordinary emissions of any radio station. In the case of radio controlled receptions such wave is emitted for a short period with pre-established modulation from which, with the action of the radio-relay, the automatic connections or disconnections of the feeding circuit of the radiophonic receiver is obtained. At every other moment this may be utilized for the reception of ordinary radiograms.
In Fig. 4, there are two relays 1'2 and r3 fed in parallel by the anode current of receiver R2 and tuned on two different modulation frequencies f2 and )3 respectively.
The (intermittent) feeding of R2 takes place as in the case of Figs. 1, 2, 3 with the periodic closure of contact Co due to rotation of cam K, whilst contacts 0, C4. and C remain open. If at the same moment the transmitted wave is modulated on one of the two said frequencies f2 or is, one of relays T2 T3 is excited, which control the closure of the contacts C4 or C5. When this occurs, through the one or the other of these two contacts, feeding of R2 is kept up as long as the modulation of f2 or is of the arriving wave lasts, even after break of contact co which takes place as soon as this has been surpassed by the closing cam K.
Continued rotation of the cam K causes the closure after a certain time interval of the contacts C'o which connects the common junction a of two electromagnets 1'4 and T5 to one side of the supply line L and the coils T4 and T5 are respectively connected to the other side of the line through the two contacts C4 and C5, which are respectively controlled by the coils 1'2 and 1'3. Thus the energization of the coils 1'4 and T5 will depend upon the modulation frequency owing to action of the one or the other of the modulation responsive circuits associated with the coils 1'2 and re.
A lever of magnetic material A is pivotally mounted adjacent the coils 1'4 and r5 so as to be capable of oscillating to right or left when attracted by one or other of the electromagnets T5 or T4. The movement of the lever A may be em.- ployed to operate a local circuit-breaker which may be arranged to control the feeding circuit of a radio-telephone receiver or any other operating or signaling circuit. It will be sufiicient therefore to predetermine, in relation to movement of A, which of these two wave modulation frequencies corresponds to the opening, and to the closure of the local radio-controlled switch, in order to be able to operate the latter at will from the radio transmitting station.
It is to be noted that in order to avoid possible undesired operation of the auxiliary receiver actuated relay such as may be caused for instance by transitory modulations of frequencies of the carrier wave during radio-telephonic emission the action of the lever A is delayed so as not to operate immediately in the presence of the required modulated wave, but only after a certain mininum interval of time, during which the modulation of the transmitted wave must be kept constant and without which the lever is not operated. The closure of the contacts C0 causes in the presence of the requisite modulated wave, the excitation of one of the two relay coils T2 and T3, and the closure of the respective contacts C4 or C5, but the electromagnet T4 or T5 cannot become excited before closure of the contacts C'o operated by the cam K. If in the meantime the modulation of the wave has ceased the auxiliary receiver is de-energized before the controlled switch comes into action.
By this arrangement the period of energization of the auxiliary receiver R1 by closure of the contacts Co need only be sufficient to bring the auxiliary receiver into proper operative condition. In this way apart from the saving of energy effected the possibility of accidental operation by a transitory modulation is decreased since in this case the transitory modulation must either commence at the instant of energization or be already present before such energization and must continue uninterruptedly until the subsequent closure of the contacts C'o. If one second suffices to bring the auxiliary receiver to its proper operative condition and a further second is sufficient to ensure the required operation of either of the relays m or T3, and if a minute is regarded as the required maximum calling interval and a sustained modulation of fifteen seconds the minimum required to effect the desired control operation then a transitory modulation of fourteen seconds cannot in any circumstances effect the control operation even if it commences at the end of the first second of the two second energization period. A fifteen second transitory modulation can only effect the desired control operation if it commences in the one second interval during which the receiver is in proper operative condition. If it occurs before the commencement of this one second interval it will not last long enough to maintain the auxiliary receiver operative until the subsequent closure of the contacts C'o while if it occurs after the one second period, the receiver will have already become de-energized. As the chances of the fifteen second modulation commencing during the exact one second of energization of the relay receiver are 60 to 1, it will be clear that the possibilities of accidental operation are very much reduced.
Having now particularly described and ascertained the nature of my invention and in what manner the same is to be performed, I declare that what I claim is:
l. A device for effecting a control operation by radio which comprises, a receiver, means for periodically rendering said receiver operative for short periods and inoperative for longer periods in between said short periods, a relay device fed from said receiver and arranged to be operated by the occurrence of modulation at a predetermined frequency in a received signal to maintain said receiver in an operative condition independently of said periodic operating means, and
means for effecting the desired control operation dependent upon the uninterrupted reception of said predetermined modulation frequency for a minimum time period which is longer than the normal short operative period of said receiver.
2. A device for effecting a control operation by radio which comprises, a receiver having a power supply circuit thereto controlled by continuously operating timing mechanism whereby said receiver is normally rendered intermittently operative for short periods and inoperative for longer periods in between said short periods, a resonant relay fed by said receiver and arranged to be energized during the occurrence of a received signal having modulation at a predetermined frequency to close said power supply circuit independently of said timing mechanism and to prepare a circuit for efiecting the desired control operation, and switching means operated by said timing mechanism at an instant when the receiver would normally be inoperative to close the last-mentioned circuit to eifect the desired control operation only if said resonant relay has been maintained energized by an uninterrupted signal modulated at the predetermined frequency.
3. A device for effecting a control operation by radio Which comprises, an auxiliary receiver which is intermittently rendered operative for short periods and inoperative for longer periods in between said short periods, means for altering the tuning of said auxiliary receiver during each operative period to a number of different incoming Wave frequencies in succession, relay means operable by said auxiliary receiver and adapted to be actuated by the presence of an incoming Wave at any of the predetermined wave frequencies to cause the continuous operation of the auxiliary receiver at that particular frequency for the duration of said incoming signal, and means associated with said relay means to initiate the desired control operation.
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|USRE33808 *||Aug 28, 1985||Jan 28, 1992||Information Resources, Inc.||Cable television with multi-event signal substitution|
|U.S. Classification||361/182, 455/140, 340/12.5|
|Cooperative Classification||H04W52/02, H04B1/16|
|European Classification||H04W52/02, H04B1/16|