US 2203563 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 4, 1940- A. x. AEKsTRoM SEWING CABINET Filed Sept. 1, 1938 Patented June 4, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE SEWING CABINET A. Ivar Ekstrom, Rockford, Ill.
Application September Claims.
This invention relatesto a new and improved sewing cabinet.
The principal object of my inventio-n is to provide a sewing cabinet providing ample storage 5 space for thread, buttons, needles, etc., within a comparatively compact cabinet, the arrangement being such that the user can get at any of the materials quickly and easily.
A salient feature of the cabinet of my invention is the provision of a rotary rack demountably supported in the cabinet and having a plurality` of spindles thereon adapted to receive spools of thread or yarn, the rack being rotatable about a horizontal axis so as to bring any seleoted spindle quickly into position at the open front of the cabinet, so that the operatorcan remove thread from a spool or take a spool oil or put a spool on the spindle. A special feature in this connection is the mounting of the rack so that the ends of the spindles are disposed normally in closely spaced relation to a partition wall in the cabinet to keep the spools in place thereon, there being one point at which spools may be placed `on or removed from the spindles through a cut-out portion of the partition wall. Still another` feature in this connection is the provision of spring means for holding the rack `against displacement from operative position in' the cabinet, said means serving also to exert a frictional drag uponthe rotation of the rack, although permitting the rack to be turned easily from one selected position to another.
Another important feature of my invention is the provision of pivoted trays disposed in superimposed relation in a compartment in the cabinet having a single elongated pivot screw passing through thetwo trays and into a supporting leg onthe cabinet, the two trays having the outer ends thereof cut on an arc with the screw as a center so as to permit swinging the trays into and out of a rectangular space in the cabinet. I "Another important feature of my invention is the provision of an improved thread `cutter in the form of a blade pressed into thesoft Wood of a `partition wall adjacent the `spool supportingrack, so thatthe user can quickly cut off any desired length of thread oryarn, without the use of scissors.`
Theinvention is illustrated in the accompanying drawing, in which- Fig 1 is a perspective view of a sewing cabinet made in accordance with my invention, showing the door thereof opened so as to reveal the spool supporting rack andthe swingable trays there- 5g; beneath, aswell as the novel thread cutter, one
1, 193s, serial No. 227,889
of thetrays being indicated in dotted lines an opened position, and
Figs. 2 and 3 are sections taken approximately on the lines 2-2 and 3-3 of` Fig. 1, looking in the direction of the arrows, the door beingshown partition wall 8 extends from the open front of the cabinet backto a longitudinal partition wall `I0 `disposed in spaced parallel relation to the rear wall II of the cabinet. The rear compartment I2 thusprovided has a separate smaller door I3 hinged as at I4 to swing downwardly in opening, so that a convenient place is provided for storing work and materials. Additional storage space is provided in the open front section to the right of the partition wa1l9, where, as indicated, a vertical partition wall I5 is provided together with a shelf I6, affording spaces to store various sized articles handily. Short legs I'I project downwardly from the four corners of the cabinet for support thereof in elevated relation to the top ofthe table or other support on which `the cabinet may be placed. A handle I8 at the cen` ter of the top of the cabinet permitsone to lift the cabinet and carry it from one place to another readily. It will be understood that when the doors 6 and I3 are closed, suitable catches,
such as the one shown at I9, will serve to lock the same releasably in closed position, so that there will be no danger of either of the doors opening accidentally.
In accordance with one of the principalobjects I of my invention, I provide a rack 2I.I` demountably and rotatably supported in the compartment to the left of the partition wall 9, adapted to support a full set of spools of thread, includingall that a `housewife is ordinarily accustomed to keep on hand, or more. The rack 2U comprises a central mandrel 2l carrying a disk 22 near one end thereof that is equipped with a plurality of spindles 23 in circumferentially spaced relation near the periphery thereof and substantially parallel with the mandrel 2|. The spindles are of a size adapted to be slipped easily through the center holes in the spools, and each spindle is adapted to support six or more spools thereon. The rack` herein disclosed has seven spindles thereon, `so that there is ample storage space in the present cabinet for whatever thread a housewife is apt to use. Two hangers 24 and 25 are provided adjacent opposite ends of the rack 20, one on the inner side of the end wall of the cabinet and the other on the partition wall 9, and these provide semi-circular bearings 26 and 21 into which the opposite ends of the mandrel 2| are adapted to be entered for rotary support of the rack. A leaf spring 28 carried on the top wall of the cabinet rides onthe periphery of the disk 22, asclearly appears in Fig. 2, and serves to keep the mandrel 2| properly engaged in the bearings 26 and 21, while at the same time acting asa frictional shoe to resist turning of the rack. Ther resistance to turning is just enough to hold the rack in an adjusted position, but not enough to interfere with the easy turning of the rack` from one position to another. The spring pressure is also light enough so that one can without difiiculty remove and replace the rack, as, for example, when the spools are to be placed thereon or if a numberv of spools are toV be removed at a time and others substituted. The cabinet is so designed, as I will now describe, to enable one to remove or replace a single spool conveniently without removing the rack.
l It will be noticed that the partition wall ii has a substantially semi-circular cut-out portion 29,
solocated withA respect to the bearings 23 and 2l and the vrack 2@ that any one of the spindles 23 carrying the spools, like that shown at s in Fig. 3, is adapted to be brought into register with substantially the center of this cut-out portion, to permit slipping a spool oif the end of the spindle and replacing the same.v The spindles 23 terminate'in such closely spaced relation to the partition wall 9 that the spools will not slip off the ends thereof at any other part in the rotation of .the rack. The hanger 25, it will be noticed, is made small enough to lie wholly inside the circle of spools on the spindles 23, so that there will be no interference with the rotation oi the rack.
There is another small cut-out portion 311 on the front edge of the partition 9 above the cut.
out portion 29, and a third cutter blade 3l is driven into the soft wood'of the partition wall 9 leaving its sharp edge exposed in the cut-out portion 30. This blade makes it very convenient for the housewife to pull out the desired length of thread olf a spool and cut it without having to look around forand pick up scissors to do the job. 'Ihe proximity of the thread cutter to the :rack of spools is obviously of advantage because there will be only a short loose end left after cutting the thread, which can bereadily wound back upon ythe spool.
Two trays 32 and 33 having pockets provided therein for the convenient storagek of buttons, needles, and other small articles generallyv kept `in sewing cabinets, are mounted in superimposed relation in the compartment to the left of the partition wall 9 Vunder the rack 20 and are swingable outwardly from said compartment on the screw 34 as an axis. This screw is clearly illustrated in Fig. 2. It has an elongated smooth shank which has a working fit in holes 35 andt in the trays 32 and 33, respectively, and its threaded end extends down into the leg Il' therebeneath, whereby to provide the desired rigidity for the screw 34 and avoid likelihood of its becoming wabbly in service. The upper tray 32 is cut away on the outside, as at 3l, and the lower tray 33 is cut away on the inside, as at 38, to provide a finger-tip grip 33 permitting one to swing out the lower tray 33 without disturbing the upper tray. The lower tray is shown swung out in Fig. 1 in dotted lines, revealing the arcuate form of the end 40 remote from the screw 34. Both trays have their ends struck on arcs with, the screw 34 as a center so as to permit swinging the trays with respect to the partition wall 9.
In passing, attention is called to the tapered plug 4l, elongated strip 42, strap 43, and nail 44 provided on the inside of the door 6. The plug 4l and strip 42 ,are of cork or other suitable material, the plug forming a convenient support for thimble and the strip providing a convenient pin cushion, which in the closed position of the door, as clearly appears in Fig. 3, occupies a position in the cut-out portion 29, so that there is no interference with the closing of the door 6. A pair of scissors may be suspended on the nail 44 and engaged in the strap 43.
It should be clear from the foregoing description that I have provided a sewing cabinet combining many handy features. The housewife finds in this cabinet a place for everything and the things can be stored so that there is n o danger of their becoming disarranged. Spools of thread can be placed on the rack in whatever arrangement thehousewife prefers, and she never has any dirculty in finding a particular spool when she wants some special thread for a given job. She can readily draw out the amount of thread wanted and can cut it off quickly and re-Wind the loose end on the spool. Then, too, an empty spool can be removed quickly and replaced with a fresh one without disturbing the rest of the spools.
The present cabinet is moreover of lig-ht weight and economical construction, and despite its small size provides adequate storage space for such odds and ends of sewing material which the average housewife expects to keep in a sew.- ing cabinet. l
The foregoing description conveys a good understanding of the objects and advantages of my invention. The appended claims have been drawn with a view to covering all legitimate modifications and adaptations.
l. In a sewing cabinet having a vertical partition wall therein in spaced parallel relation to another wall, and a closure for said cabinet adapted to lie in close proximity to the outer edges of said walls, a rotatable spool carrier mounted between said wallsrfor rotation on-a horizontal axis, andhorizontal spool spindles in spaced re, lation on said carrier having free ends lying in closely spaced relation to said partition wall, the latter having an outer edge portion cut away in substantially concentric relation to the end of a spindle of said carrier substantially as and for the purpose described.
'2. In a sewing cabinet having a rwall therein in spaced parallel relation to another wall, a spool carrier Ycomprising a mandrel, a disk concentrically mounted on one end portion thereof,l
and a plurality of spool supporting spindles projecting from the disk in circumferentially spaced relation and substantially parallel to the mandrel, a pair of concentric substantially semi-circular bearings onsaid walls adapted detachably to receive the ends of said mandrel for rotary support of the spool carrier in the cabinet, and a leaf spring supported in spaced relation to one of said bearings and rarranged to frictionally engage the periphery of said disk to hold the carrier mandrel hyieldingly in assembled position 3. In a sewing cabinet having a wall therein in spaced parallel relation to another wall, a
`spool carrier comprising a mandrel, a disk con` centrically mounted on one end portion thereof,"
`and a plurality of spool supporting spindles projecting from the disk incircumferentially spaced relationand substantially parallel to the man1v drel, a pair of concentric bearings on said walls toreceive the ends of said mandrel for rotary supv,port ofthe spool carrier in the cabinet, and a leaf spring supported in spacedrelation toone of said bearingsand arranged to frictionally engage the periphery of said disk to resist rotation of said carrier.
4. In a sewing cabinet,'the combination of a pair of spaced parallel walls, and a closure movable to and from a position close tothe outer edges of said walls, a spool carrier rotatably mounted between said walls having circumferentially spaced spool supporting spindles thereon onwhich spools are adapted to be slidably y supported by entry of the spindles through center holes in the spools, said spindles terminating in closely spaced relation to one of said walls, and said wall having a semi-circular notch in the edge thereof to permit removal of spools from and placingof spools on the spindles by passage through the notchwhen a spindle, is in register therewith, and said `closure having' means providing `a projection on the inner side thereof which in the closed position of said closure projects into said notch. l
5. In asewing` cabinet having spaced parallel vertical walls, a support pivoted for'movement between said walls and carrying a plurality of horizontal spindles in substantially parallel relation adapted to receive spools by` entry through the center holes therein, the spindles being in spaced relation to the pivotal axis, one of said `walls serving to block the removal or displacement of spools from the ends of the spindles until the spindles are moved by movement of the sup port to a forward position relative to the wall last named, so that the spools may be moved 01T the spindles past the frontedge of `said wall.
A. IVAR EKSTROM.