US 2204343 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
June 11, .1940.
M. DAWSON ADJUSTABLE BEDPAN Filed April 21, 1959 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 Zv may 7 June 11, 1940. I M. P. DAWSON 2,204,343
' ADJUSTABLE BEDPAN Filed April 21, 1939 I 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 l 2 S J i 1 I3L i742 g l 7 F"" j fld I? T-roR/VEX- Patented Junell, 1940 UNITED;STATES ADJUSTABLE 3min Melville Patrick 'Dawson, Outremont, Quebec,
Canada," assignor of. sixty per centto Pious James Dunlop,,'1immins, Ontario, Canada Application April 21, 1939, s rial No. 269,156
4 Claims. (01. 4-434 the frame ll. Angles l4 between the chan- This invention relates to a bedpan device.
It is well known that the usual bedpan is not entirely satisfactory, more so in the case of very sick patients or in cases of unusual disabilities. At best, the use of the usual bedpan is not-conducive to the best or-maximum results, owing to the posture which must be assumed by the patient when using the pan.
The devicewhich forms sume a normal position when having to resort to the pan. I V v The objects of the invention, generally, are to provide a bedpan device that will provide the maximum of comfort and ease in use. The device is particularly adapted for hospital use or for use by very sick patients.
A specific object of the invention is to so design the device that it may be brought next to a sick bed, and the patient seated on a regular toilet seat with the minimum amount of inconvenience or suffering to the patient, while the device is easy to operate.
In the drawings, wherein like numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in the various figures,
Figure 1 is a side elevation of thedevice'in operative position;
Figure 2 is a front elevation of Figure ing from left to right;
Figure 3 is a front view of the removable bedpan in operative position;
Figure 4 is a top plan view of the bedpan; Figure 5 is a side elevation of Figure 4; Figure 6 is a fragmentary transverse crosssection of the pan, with removable lid in opera tive position;
Figure '7 is a top plan view of the lid for the pan.
Referring now by numerals to the drawings, a typical bed is shown in dot and dash lines at B. D is the device complete, but without the removable pan.
The device D includes primarily a transportable structure, a member or horizontally-arranged support to which is secured a suitable toilet seat adapted to removably receive a bedpan thereunder, and means for raising and lowering the support, and therefore, the seat. The
structure is such that the device may be placed nels I3 rising from two opposite parallel sides the subject matter of the present invention enables a patient to asnels or uprights l3 and one end of the frame I I serve as braces. The upper ends of the-channels 13 are connected together by a channel I5,
anda second or lower channel 16 is connected ,able bearings 23 secured to the channel 15. To-
one end of the shaft 22 is seemed an operating handle or crank 24.
Arranged to side up and down between the channels iii are two blocks or nuts 26 threaded on the screws H," and from which extend brackets or extensions 21. Secured to and between the brackets 21 is the toilet seat 28. Secured be- 5 tween the extensions 21 and under the seat are two parallel Z-shaped metallic members 30 form- The upper ends of 1 ing trackways adapted to slidably receive a pan 3l. These members will also serve to hold the brackets 21 in their intended, parallel and spaced relationship. By operating the crank 24- the nuts 26, and therefore the seat 28, will be raised or lowered. v
The pan 3| may be made substantially as shown. an ,S-shaped rim (see Figure 6) defining inwardly-directed recesses 32 adapted to slidably receive the parallel edges of a removable lid, 33
having a handle 33A, and defining also outwardly-directed recesses 34 adapted to be slidably 'moved over the trackways formed by the members (see Figure 3). For convenience in handling, the pan may be provided with a handie 35, and if desired forcleaning purposes, an intake nipple 41 with valve 42 may be provided. The pan may thus be given a thorough cleaning, as by coupling the end of a water hose to the nipple 4|.
Preferably, the lid is provided with a cover in the formof a disc 53 pivoted to the lid as at 54 so as to be rotatable. The cover has a plurality of apertures 55 spaced to register with similar apertures (not shown) made through. the lid. The cover will enable the nurse or attendant to sprinkle or pour .a'suitable disinfectant or de- Its longitudinal walls are formed with odorant, or the like, into the pan 3! without having to remove, or appreciably move, the lid.
The base or frame ii may be provided with crosswise angles .5l made to support a floor 52. If the patient prefers, and is able to, he may step off the bed onto the floor 52, and sit upon the seat 28, this obviating the necessity of bringing the device to the position shown in Figure l.
The operation of the device is very simple. It is wheeled over to a position near the bed, and so disposed that the brackets 2'! are at right angles to the length of the bed, with the base or frame i i partly under the bed. The seat should be as close to the patient as possible, and in a position near or opposite the patients buttocks.
The seat is lowered until it is just clear of the mattress. The middle portion of the patients body is slightly raised by nurses or attendants, or the patient will do so himself if able, and the device gently pushed toward the bed, so as to place the seat under the patients buttocks. The patient is next helped to a sitting position, and the seat is lifted a distance sufficient to enable the bedpan to be slidden into position under the seat, or to such position as will be conducive to comfort and best possible evacuation. When the pan is to be removed, the lid is slidden into a position to close the pan and the pan. bodily removed. The seat is then lowered until it about engages the mattress, and the middle portion of the patients body again slightly raised to clear the seat, and the device complete Wheeled away from the bed.
As will be readily seen, the structure or device is such that it can be brought in close proximity to the bed, while the length of the overhanging arm supporting the toilet seat is reduced to a minimum.
1. In a b'edpan device, the combination of a frame adapted to be moved upon a floor to a position adjacent the bed and including a rigid structure rising vertically above said frame, a rigid member extending from said structure above said frame, a toilet seat supported by said member, a receptacle supported under said seat, and means associated with said structure and said member for lowering said member to the bed to seat the patient upon said seat, and to raise said member with the patient to the required position.
2. In a bedpan device as set forth in claim 1, said frame and said member defining a substantially U-shaped space partly encompassing the bed when said device is moved to operative position adjacent to the bed.
3. In a bedpan device, the combination of a frame adapted to be moved upon a floor to a position adjacent the bed and including a pair of spaced rigid uprights, a screw journalled parallel with said uprights, a rigid member extending horizontally above said frame, a toilet seat supported by said member, a receptacle removabiy supported under said seat, and means for turning said screw, said member being supported by said screw to be lowered to the bed to seat the patient upon said seat, and to raise said member with the patient to the required position.
i. In a bedpan device as set forth in claim 1, said receptacle being rcmovably supported under said seat.
MELVILLE PATRICK DAWSON.