|Publication number||US2205944 A|
|Publication date||Jun 25, 1940|
|Filing date||Jun 8, 1937|
|Priority date||Jun 8, 1937|
|Publication number||US 2205944 A, US 2205944A, US-A-2205944, US2205944 A, US2205944A|
|Inventors||Dunmire Russell P|
|Original Assignee||Dunmire Russell P|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (4), Classifications (12)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 25, 1940. R. P. DUNMIRE CIHCUI'I.l CONTROL DEVICE Filed June 8, 1937 lvEN-ron g' BY( l l, AORNEYZ Patented June 25, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE 2,205,944 CIRCUIT CONTROL DEVICE Russell P. Dunmire, Alliance, Ohio Application June 8, 1937, Serial No. 146,983 Claims. (Cl. 200-88) 'Ihis invention is directed to circuit control deportance, I wish to direct attention to the following:
My device is so designed and constructed as to adapt the same to any standard fuse receptacle screw type fuse plug.
My circuit control device is trip free. In other My improved device will remain closed on any predetermined current and/or time setting, whereupon it will automatically open, and cannot be held in closed position by holding down the reset button.
My device is preferably of the indicating type, its
sectional elevation; and
Fig. 2 is a section taken substantially on the line 2-2 of Fig. 1.
Referring to nates a holder,
fuse plug receptacle.
The top of the holder 2 is provided with a push button 6 for closing the breaker. Thisbutton is preferably of transparent materiaL-such as glass, so that the position of the parts within the breaker may be observed.
At the bottom of the holder 2 I provide a clo- IU. Thisl screw 10 cup I 4 and the closure and sup- 15 porting member 8.
Disposed within the metal cup I4 is a bi# metallic or special alloy thermo-magnetic element 20. This thermo-magnetic element is helically wound in the form of a frusto-cone, the lower end or base of the frusta-cone being anchored to and in electrical contact with the supporting' metal cup l 4l as shown at 22.
The thermo-magnetic element 20 is so wound that upon hea pull downting itwill rotate and wardly toward the cup I4.
Extending into the top of the frusto-cone provided by the thermo-magnetic element 20 and attached thereto, as plunger 24. This plunger 24 passes through and is 30 ing shell 21 which extends upwardly within the holder 2 along the wall thereof, from the closure member-8, the arm being bent inwardly of the holder and then downwardly, so that its end lies adjacent the top of the thermo-magnetic element 20.
32 designates a flexible copper connection, one end of vwhich is anchored to and in electrical contact with the shell 21, as shown at 34, other end of which is anchored to and in electrical contact with the thermo-magnetic element 20, as shown at 36.
Pivotally mounted on a pivot 38` which is adjacent the top and side of the holder 2 is a curcrank lever, the arm 40 of as seen in Fig. 2, and constithe plunger 24 and projects through and is guided by the arm 26. The bell crank lever is spring i contact arm loaded by spring 44 which tends tn move the bell crank lever from the full line position of Fig. 1 to thedotted line position of the same figure.
At the side of the holder 2 opposite the arms 46 and 42 are integral arms 46 and 48 supported by a brass or bronze supporting shell 48. The arm 46 is a contact arm engaging, under normal conditions, the bifurcated current-carrying arm 46, as seen in Fig. 2, while the arm 46 is a trip-free lever arm. These arms are pivoted on pivot 56, equipped with a spring 52, adapted, under certain conditions, to hold the two arms in the full line position of Fig. 1.
54 designates a copper shunt connection between the metal shell 4 and the contact arm 46.
The full line position of Fig. 1 shows my device in operative position. The contact arm 48 is latched in position, the latching arm 42 engaging the latch pin 36. retracted position and trip-free arm The push button 6 is in its so that the contact arm 46 48 are held in the full line position of Fig. 1 by the spring 52, with the end of the contact arm 46 engaging the bifurcated arm 40.
It will be evident that with the parts in this position a circuit may be traced from assembly screw I0, steel cup I4, thermo-magnetic element 20, plunger 24 and integral latch pin 30, arms 42, 40 and 46, supporting shell 49, connection 54 and shell 4. Another circuit may be traced: Assembly screw IU, steel cup I4, thermo-magnetic element 20, connection 32, shell 21, arms 26, 42, 46, 46, shell 49, connection 54 and shell 4.
On a thermal overload it will be quite evident that the thermo-magnetic element 20 will turn and contract to pull the plunger 24 and integral latch pin 36 to a position with respect to the arm 26 so that when the top of the latch pin becomes flush with the arm 26 the contact latch arm 42 is released to allow the parts to assume the dotted line position of Fig. 1, to open the circuit. On magnetic operation the coil 26 becomes magnetized, magnetizing the cup i4 to create a magnetic field between the cup I4 and plunger 24 to retract the plunger 24 and latch 30, thus releasing the arm 42 to the dotted line position of Fig. 1.
As pointed out at the beginning of this description it is impossible to hold the breaker in closed position by the button 6 as long as abnormal conditions exist. Let us assume that the breaker has tripped but that the abnormal conditions have not been taken care oi. The button 6 is depressed in an endeavor to reset. It will be apparent that in depressing the button the same will engage both the trip-free arm 48 and the contact arm 46 and when the arm 46 has been moved downwardly suiciently to engage the arin 26 the trip-free arm 48 and the 46 will have been moved to the dotted line position of Fig. 1. In such position the contact arm 46 is some distance below the bifurcation in the contact arm 46 so that no circuit is closed. Upon release of the button 6 the arms 48 and 46 will be swung to the full line position of Figure l, but inasmuch as the instant the circuit through the device is closed again, assuming that normal conditions have not been restored, the latch pin lease the arm 42 to open the circuit again. In other words, it is necessary, in resetting, to dearmature for latching 36 will be retracted to repress and then to release the button 6, and if the latch pin is not in position to latch the arm 42 to latch the arm when the button is depressed, and to hold the arm in circuit closing latched position when the button is released and to permit the arm 46 to move to circuit closing position, no circuit can be maintained through the device.
In addition to all of the foregoing, it is to be noted that this device is operative on abnormal thermal conditions other than those produced by an overload. For example, my device might be installed in a socket attached to a copper buss which may be overheated sufficiently as to constitute a fire hazard. The thermo-magnetic element 26 would then act thermally to open the circuit through the device even though the electrical load is within the limits of the rating and capacity of the device. Again, the device may be installed within a cabinet, for example, and the circuits might become overheated due to lack oi carrying capacity, although there is no excess current iiowing, the heat generated would eifect loperation of the device.
It is to be understood that the device as illustrated represents merely one embodiment of my invention and that changes in details of construction and arrangement of parts may be made within the purview of my invention.
What I claim is:
1. In combination a quick-break switch, a plunger for latchingthe same in closed position, and a coil for said plunger comprising a thermomagnetically operated coil for actuating said plunger by the thermostatic action or the magnetic action of Said coil to unlatch said switch.
2. In combination a quick-break switch, an armature for latching the switch in closed position, and a thermo-magnetically operated coil for retracting said armature said coil surrounding said armature and being anchored at oneend and secured to said armature at its other end.
3. In combination a quick-break switch, an
the switch in closed position, and a bi-metal thermo-magnetically operated coil for retracting saidr armature to unlatch said switch, said coil surrounding said armature and being anchored at one end and secured to said armature at its other end, and in i series with said switch.
4. AA circuit breaker comprising in combination a quick-break switch, a plunger, a latch member carried by the plunger, a bi-metal element wound in a conical helix about said plunger, one end of said helix being attached to said plunger, the other end being anchored, said bi-metal element being in series with said switch and operable under predetermined overload conditions to move said plunger to release said latch member thereby to release said switch.
5. A circuit breaker comprising in combination a quick-break switch, a plunger, a latch member carried by the plunger, a bi-metal coil about said plunger and connected in series with said switch, said coil being operated under predetermined conditions to release said latch member, and a spring for moving said switch to open position upon said release of the latch member.
RUSSELL P. DUNMIRE.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2526861 *||Feb 28, 1946||Oct 24, 1950||Trumbull Electric Mfg Co||Electric relay unit|
|US3192338 *||Jul 24, 1962||Jun 29, 1965||Haynes Robert E||Maximum fault current limiting electrical circuit-breaker|
|US3469217 *||Nov 15, 1966||Sep 23, 1969||Ulle C Linton||Protector for electrical circuits|
|US4414519 *||Mar 10, 1982||Nov 8, 1983||Allied Corporation||Temperature-sensitive relay|
|U.S. Classification||335/37, 335/208, 335/38, 337/71, 335/146, 337/74|
|International Classification||H01H71/12, H01H71/40, H01H71/16|
|Cooperative Classification||H01H71/161, H01H71/40|