|Publication number||US2205979 A|
|Publication date||Jun 25, 1940|
|Filing date||May 23, 1938|
|Priority date||May 23, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2205979 A, US 2205979A, US-A-2205979, US2205979 A, US2205979A|
|Inventors||Horechney Frank S|
|Original Assignee||Horechney Frank S|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (12), Classifications (11)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
June 25, 1940. F. s. HoREcHNEY COMBINATION TOOL Filed llay 25, 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 1 INVENTOR ATTORN EYS June 25, 1940- F. s. HoRl-:cHNEY 2,205,979
COMBINATION TOOL Filed lay 23. 1958 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 ATTO R N EYS l Patented June 25, 1940I UNITED STATES PATENT'foFFics coMBnv'rroN 'rooL Frank S. Horechney. Milwaukee, Wil. Application May 23, 1938, Serial No. 209,576
My invention relates to tools and includes among its objects and advantages the provision of an improved combination and convertible tool.
In my Patent 2,076,462, issued April 6, 1937,
3: I illustrate a combination and convertible tool in which clamping jaws are movably related and designed .to constitute anchoring means for various tool accessories. are actuated through the medium of a screw, but
101 the range of adjustment is limited.
An object of my invention is to provide a tool of the type described in which auxiliary clamping means may be associated with the jaws and so arranged as to accommodate relatively large 15. work.
Another object is to provide a tool of the type described in which right angular reaches are associated with the jaws and in which the reaches constitute mounts for tool supports to 28 the end that various tools may be associated therewith. 'I'he tool supports are adjustably connected with the right angular reaches, which reaches are so arranged as to accommodate relatively large work together with means associated therewith for indicating the spacing in terms of inches or other values.
Another object is to provide a tool embodying a novel mount in combination with a'series of novel attachments or tools therefor.
80 In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of the tool illustrated in the above-identified patent illustrating my invention associated therewith with certain parts illustrated in section for the sake of clearness;
Fig. 2 is a view taken along the line indicated by 2-2 of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a sectional view along the line 3-3 of Fig. 1; i
Fig. 4 is a plan view of my invention showing novel les connected therewith;
Fig. 5 is a similar view showing another method of mounting the files;
Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a brush; Fig. 7 is a perspective view of a dierent form of brush;
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a different brush and mount therefor;
Fig. 9 is a view illustrating clamp blocks for connection with the tool;
Fig. 10 is a perspective view of one of the clamp blocks; l
Fig. l1 is a perspective view of a cutting block; Fig. 12 is a plan view of files designed for connection with the tool;
In the patent. the jaws- Fig. 13 is a perspective view of one of the files illustrating the mount therefor;
Fig. 14 is a view illustrating protective pads connected with vise elements which maybe connected with the tool;
Fig. 15 is a perspective view of one of the protective blocks; and v Fig. 16 is a perspective view of a wedge ele-v ment.
In the embodiment selected to illustrate my in- 10 vention, I makeuse of a tool I0 including jaws I2 and I4. J aW I4 includes an H-shaped opening I6 and right angular ribs I8 provided with threads 28.
Jaw I2 includes a ba 22 which isA H-shaped in cross section and slida ly receivable within the opening I6 in the jaw I4. 'I'he ribs I8 associated with the jaw I4 are slidably receivable within the grooves 24 in the* bar 22. Jaws I2 and I4 are arranged in parallel relation but in right angular 20 relation to the longitudinal'axis of the bar 22. Meshing with the threads 28 is a screw 26' flxedly connected with a shaft 28 having its end 30 looselypositioned in a bore 22 in the inner end of the bar 22. The shaft 28 includes a collar 25 34 lying adjacent the inner face of the end 86 of a. rectangular tube 28 which encloses the bar 22 and the ribs I8. The ribs I8 ilt snugly between the bar 22 and two inner faces of the tube 38 but are slidably related thereto. Upon l the outer end 46 of the shaft 28, which extends through an opening in the wall 36, I fixedly connect a hand wheel 42 which may be provided with a handle 44 for turning purposes. The boss 46 on the wheel 42 has abutting relation with the 88 outer face of the ends 86 so that the boss and the collar 84 restrain the shaft 28 fromlongitudinal movement, but the shaft is free to rotate for `imparting movement tothe jaw I4 longitudinally of the bar 22. sa
Bar 22 is flxedly related to the tube 88 by screws 48. In Fig. 3, I illustrate' one of the screws as having a head Il countersunk in the wall 52 of the tube and its end 54 as having threaded relation with the wall 56 of the tube. Jaws I2 and 45 I4 are of the same thickness, but each is slotted inwardly of each end, as at i8, to provide parallel anges 60. Thus, each jawincludes two sets of parallel flanges 68. The flanges are perforated at 62 for the reception of bolts 64 having 50 threaded relation with some of the jaws, as at 66 in Fig. 2. Various types of tools having flanges shaped to ilt within the slots 58 maybe connected with either or both jaws. The tool flanges or holders would of course have perforations for u the reception of the bolts 84. Jaws I2 and |4 are illustrated in their maximum separated relation in Fig. 1, but the threads 20 are of sufllcient length to permit the jaws to be moved in'abutting relation. In addition to constituting supports for tools, the jaws |2 and I4 may be used for clamping purposes, but the size of work is limited to the reach of the threads 20. The structure so far described is identical with that disclosed in the above-identified patent.
My invention constitutes auxiliary tool supports and clamping means which may be connected with the jaws I2 and I4 so as to accommodate work of relatively large proportions. I make use of bars 88 which have flanges 10 shaped to ilt snugly within the slots 80. The flanges 10 are bored for the reception of the bolts 84. 'I'he bars 88 are arranged in axial alignment and in parallel relation with the longitudinal axis of the tool, and each bar is provided with a serrated or `toothed surface 12. Upon the toothed face of each bar I mount a supporting block 14 having complementary teeth 18 co-operating with the teeth 12 to restrain the blocks from relative movement on their respective bars 88. Each block is provided with an opening 18 for the reception of a bolt extending through a slot 82 in the block. The bolt 80 may be provided with a squared reach 84 iltting snugly within the slot 82 to restrain the bolt from rotary movement. The opposite end of the bolt is provided with a wing nut 88. Both bars 88 and the blocks associated therewith are identical in construction.
Each block 14 includes an octagonal opening 88 for the reception of the similarly shaped shank 80 of a clamp jaw 82 or other tool. A set screw 84 may be associated with each block for fixedly connecting the shank 80. Bars 88 project in opposite directions so that the clamp membersv 82 will lie beyond the work receiving capacity of the jaws I2 and |4. The block 14 may be easily and quickly adjusted by merely loosening the bolts 80 and shifting the blocks to the desired positions. Upon the bars 88 I provide scales 98 in terms of inches, which facilitate determining proper spacing between the members 82 or other devices that may be associated with the jaws I2 and I4. Each block may be provided with a line 88 for registration with the division lines of its respective scale 88.
Fig. 4 illlustrates circular illes |00 having Shanks |02 shaped to flt insidethe sockets 88 in the blocks 14. Fig. 5 illustrates the same illes having their shanks |02 fitting in sockets |04 having flat extensions |08 shaped to fit between the flanges 80 of the jaws I2 and I4.
Fig. 6 illustrates a brush |08 in which the bristles are anchored to a central support I I0 terminating in a shank ||2 shaped to fit the sockets in the block 14 or the sockets |04. Brush ||4, of Fig. 7, is different only in that it is semi-cir cular. In Fig. 8, the brush |I8 includes a back ||8 provided with a flange |20 shaped to flt between the bars |22 connected with the shank |24. Flange |20 is provided with openings |28 which may be brought into registration with similar openings |28 in the bars |22, after which bolts |80 are slipped through the aligned openings and the nuts applied for clamping the brush ||8 in position. Shanks I|2 and |24 fit both sockets 88 and |04.
Fig. 9 illustrates pressure blocks |82 provided with flanges |84 shaped to flt between the flanges 80 of the jaws I2 and I4. The pressure blocks may be employed for clamping purposes for applying pressure. Fig. l0 illustrates a perspective view/ of one oi the blocks. The anges |84 are provided with openings |88 for the reception oi' the bolts 84. Fig. 11 illustrates the block |88 as having a cutting blade |40 which may be used in connection with one of the blocks |82 for cutting purposes. At the same time, the blade |48 may function as a wedge. Block |88 includes a flange |42corresponding to the flanges |84.
In Fig. 12, I illustrate two file units |44 as being associa-ted with mounts |48 having flanges |48 arranged to rit between the flanges 8l of the jaws I2 and I4. Fig- 12 illustrates the specific construction of one f the mounts for the nies. Each file includes ribs |80 arranged to fit inside troughs |82 carried on plates |84.' Each plate |84 includes a flange |88. The ille |44 is assembled with the two units illustrated in Fig. 13, at which time the flanges |88 abut the ends of the ille |44 with the flanges |88 having abutting relationv to define the flange |48 of Fig. l2. The flanges |88 are provided with openings |80 for the reception of the screws 84.
Fig. 14 illustrates vise elements |82 having flanges |84 arranged to flt between the flanges" 80 of the jaws |4 and |2 Protective coverings |86 are mounted on the vise elements |82 and are made secure by bolts |88. The protective coverings |88 may comprise semi-rigid material, such as rubber. Fig. l5 illustrates one of the coverings.
In Fig. 16 I illustrate a wedge-shaped element |10 having a shank |12 corresponding to the Shanks previously described. Element |18 tapers to a point |14 and is provided with an opening |18. The Shanks |12 may be connected with the sockets 88 or |04 and may be used for spreading purposes.
In Fig 4, I illustrate the jaw 2 as including a socket |18 for receiving oneend of a pale |80 having a pointed end |82. Jaw i2 includes a set screw |84 for making the pale secure.
Without further elaboration, the foregoing will so fully describe my invention that others may, by applying current knowledge, readily adapt the same for use under various conditions of service.
1. In a tool of the type described including parallel and relatively movable supports and means for moving the supports toward and away from each other, bars detachably connected with said supports in right angular relation therewith, said bars being axially aligned and projecting in opposite directions, tool supports mounted on said bars, said bars and the tool supports being provided with cooperating surface irregularities to restrain the tool supports from relative movement on the bars, and means for drawing the tool supports into pressure relation with their respective bars to clamp the tool supports thereon.
2. In a tool of the type described including parallel and relatively movable supports and means for moving the supports toward and away from each other, bars detachably connected with said supports in right angular relation therewith, said bars being axially aligned and projecting in opposite directions, tool supports mounted on said bars, said bars and the tool supports being provided with cooperating surface irregularities to restrain the tool supports from relative movement on the bars, means for drawing the tool supports into pressure relation with .their respective bars to clamp the tool supports thereon, said means comprising slots in said 75 bars, and tightening screws extending through the tool supports and said slots and cooperating with said bars and the tool supports for drawing the latter against the bars.
3. In a tool of the type described including parallel and relatively movable supports and means for moving the supports toward and away from each other, bars detachably connected with said supports in right angular relation therewith, said bars being axially aligned and projecting in opposite directions, tool supports mounted on' said bars, said.bars and the tool supports being provided with cooperating surface irregularities to restrain the tool supports from relative movement on the bars, means for drawing the tool supports into pressure relation with their respective bars to clamp the tool supports thereon, said rst-mentioned supports having slots, said .bars having anges adapted to be inserted in said slots, and bolt mea-ns extending through aligned openings in said first-mentioned supports and said flanges for. xedly connecting the anges with the first-mentioned supports, said tool supports when positioned at their closest spacing on said bars being spaced apart a distance greater than the spacing between the rstmentioned supports.
FRANK S. HORECI-INEY.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2504886 *||May 21, 1945||Apr 18, 1950||Scott Eben L||Gauge|
|US2622309 *||May 21, 1948||Dec 23, 1952||Allis Chalmers Mfg Co||Device for filing the slots of laminated cores|
|US3131747 *||Jun 6, 1960||May 5, 1964||Applied Power Ind Inc||Clamp assemblage|
|US4457033 *||Oct 21, 1982||Jul 3, 1984||Lightner Theodore P||Adjustable combination lawn mower tool|
|US4602397 *||Nov 23, 1984||Jul 29, 1986||Chao Jui H||Writing instrument|
|US4815408 *||Aug 31, 1987||Mar 28, 1989||Raanan Burd||Rigging clamp and guage|
|US4930221 *||Dec 21, 1988||Jun 5, 1990||Taylor Christopher L||Universal precision measuring gauge|
|US7254855 *||Aug 10, 2004||Aug 14, 2007||Mccreesh Rory||Multi-purpose hand tool and scribing apparatus utilizing multi-purpose hand tool|
|US20060101582 *||Aug 10, 2004||May 18, 2006||Mccreesh Rory||Multi-purpose hand tool and scribing apparatus utilizing multi-purpose hand tool|
|US20080277855 *||Jul 24, 2008||Nov 13, 2008||Maine Land Research & Development, Inc.||Removable clamping member|
|US20100018365 *||Jan 28, 2010||Maine Land Research & Development , Inc.||Removable clamping member|
|USRE31520 *||Oct 21, 1982||Feb 14, 1984||Combination lawn mower tool|
|U.S. Classification||81/185.1, 15/105, 15/160, 269/257, 269/87.1, 7/164, 7/139, 33/811|