US 2206142 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Patented July 2,
2,206,142 DIKETONE com-ma COMPOUNDS Paul w. Vittum and Willard n. Peterson, Rochester, N. Y., assignors to Eastman Kodak Company, Rochester, N. Y., a corporation of New Jersey No Drawing, Application March 11, 1939, Serial No. 261,304
This invention relates to photographic colorforming compounds and more particularly to coupler compounds of the diketone type which react with the, oxidation product of certain photographic developers to form a colored image in a photographic layer. l
The formation of colored photographic images by using a primary aromatic amino developing agent which couples with a color-forming com pound on development has been the subject of numerous prior patents. In Mannes'and Godowsky U. S. Patent No. 2,113,330, April'5, 1938, color forming compounds of the diketone type are described such as acetyl acetone and benzoyl-acetone. These compounds coupled with the oxidation product of primary aromatic amino developing compounds such as p-phenylene diamine or its alkyl substitution products and salts such as di-ethyl-p-phenylenediamine-hydrochloride to form colored photographic images on development. The dyes thus formed are insoluble in water and are stable to ordinary photographic developing and fixing baths, although.the silver images formed simultaneously with them may :15 be removed from the photographic layer.
An objection to the coupler compounds of the type of Mannes and Godowsky Patent 2,113,330
is that they have some tendency to be decomposed by heat or light. The photographic images formed from them, therefore, tend to fade,
and in a multilayer film the colored images lose their color balance and after a time appear weaker and incorrectly colored.
It is, therefore, an object of the present invention to provide a novel photographic developer which produces a stable colored image simultaneously with photographic development. A further object is to provide novel coupler compounds which form photographic images stable to heat and light. A still further object is to provide a method of photographic development resulting in the formation of dye images which are not readily decomposed by heat and light.
These objects are accomplished by the use of aromatic amino developing agents in conjunction with certain diketone coupling compounds hereinafter described. v
The diketone couplers forming the subject of the present invention are those having the gen- 50 eral formula: v
55 where R is an alkyl radical such as methyl, ethyl,
propyl or isopropyl or an aryl group such as a phenyl group; X is an aryl radical such as a phenyl radical, a benzyl group, an aralkyl group, or a phenoxyalkyl group suchas phenoxyethyl; and Z is a hydrogen atom or a carbalkoxy radi- 5 cal such as an ethyl ester radical.
The following specific compounds falling in this group are suitable for use as couplers according to our invention:
v I 10 Oomoocmoocn w-Phenylacetylacetone '16 'y-Phenoxybu tyrylacetone 6-phenylhexcnedione-2,4
' crnonr-o o-oHr-oo.
Oomomo o-oE -o o-omom), o
l-phenyl-6-methylbeptane-dione-3,5 The following examples, which are illustrative A Example 1 A. Diethyl -p phenylenediaminehydrochloride grams 2 Sodium sulflte do..- I 5' Sodium' carbonate do 30 Water tn no 1000 B. 6-phenylhexanedione-2,4 grams 2 acetone cc 5 Add B to A. Example 2 A. Dimethyl p-phenylene d i a m i n e s u l- I fate gram 1 Sodium sulfite ..do 2 Sodium carbonate "do-.. 0 Water to cc ,00 B. Phenacetylbenzoylmethlane "grams" 2.5 Isopropyl alcohol cc 100 Add B. to A.
In the foregoing examples, we have described adding the couplereompo'und to the developing solution itself. HoweverQthe .coupler compound may be incorporated in the photographic layer prior to exposure and the colored image formed by-development in the primary aromatic amino developing solution. Special dispersing agents may be used for incorporating the coupler compound in'the emulsion and in certain cases the coupler compound may be absorbed or adsorbed to the sensitive salt or may be combined with thesensitive silver salt as a chemical combination: In the case of a multi-layer photographic film in which the color forming compounds may be incorporated in one or more layers of the film, it may be necessary to'take special precautions to prevent wandering of the coupler compound from the sensitive layer inwhich it is incorporated. v
The aromatic amino developing agents used with the coupler compounds of our invention in- .clude the mono, di and tri-aminoaryl compounds and their derivatives formed by substitution in the amino group as well as in the ring, such as alkylphenylenediamines and alkyltoluylenediamines. These compounds are usually used in the salt form such as the hydrochloride or the sulfate which are more stable than the amines them- 50 selves. Suitable compounds are diethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride monomethyl-p-phenylenediamine hydrochloride and dimethyl-pphenylenediamine sulfate. The p-aminophenols I and theirv substitution products may also be used where the amino group is unsubstituted. All of these compounds have 'an unsubstituted amino group at which the oxidation products of the developer couple with the color forming com-' pounds to form a dye image.
Our development process may be employed for the production of colored photographic images in layers of gelatin or other carrier such as collodion, organic esters of cellulose, or synthetic resins. The carrier may be supported bya transparent medium such as glass, a cellulose ester, or a non-transparent reflecting medium such as paper or an opaque cellulose ester. The emulsion maybe coated as a single layer or as multiple layers on the support or, in the case of a transparent support, as superposed layers on both sides of the support. The superposed layers may be differentially sensitized and the dyes formed therein by coupling may be bleached by an oxidiz-' ing agent such as chromic acid, to colorless soluble compounds. The destruction of the dye in this way does not destroy the silver image and the silver may be resensitized and developed to color a number of times, thus permitting the formation of natural color images in superposed layers as described, for example, in Mannes and G0- dowsky U. S. Patent No. 2,113,329.
The examples and compounds set forth in the present specification are illustrative only and it is to be understood that our invention is to be taken as limited only bythe scope of the appended claims.
1. A color-forming photographic developer comprising an aromatic amino developing agent and a coupler compound having the formula:
where R is selected from the class consisting of alkyl and aryl groups, X is selected from the class consisting of aryl, aralkyl, benzyl, and phenoxy alkyl groups, and Z is selected from the class consisting of hydrogen and carbalkoxy radicals.
2. A color-forming photographic developer comprising a dialkyl paraphenylenediamine salt and a coupler compound having the formula:
comprising an aromatic amino developing agent.
and w-phenylacetylacetone as a coupler.
5. A color-forming photographic developer comprising an aromatic amino developing agent and phenacetylbenzoylmethane as a coupler.
6. A color-forming photographic developer comprising an aromatic aminodeveloping agent and 1:S-diphenylpentanedioned:3 as a coupler.
7. The method of producing a colored photographic image in a gelatino-silver halide emulsion layer, which comprises exposing and developing it, and, simultaneously with the development, coupling the development'product-of an aromatic amino developing agent containing a primary amino group, in the presence of the developed image, with a compound having the forwhere R is selected from the class consisting of alkyl and aryl groups, X is selected from the class consisting of aryl, aralkyl, ben'zyl, and
Y phenoxy alkyl groups, and Z is selected from the oping it, and, simultaneously with the development, coupling the development product of an aromatic amino developing agent containing a primary amino group, in the presence of the developed image, with an acetyl acetone in which one hydrogen atom on at least one of the w-carmula:
bon atoms is" replaced with an aryl containing group.
9. A photographic emulsion for forming colored images comprising a carrier containing a sensitive silver halide and a compound having the forwhere R is selected from the class consisting of alkyl and aryl groups, X is selected from the class consisting of aryl, aralkyl, benzyl, and phenoxy alkyl groups, and Z is selected from the class consisting of hydrogen and carbalkoxy radicals.
10. A photographic emulsion for. forming colored images comprising a carrier containing a sensitive silver halide and an acetyl acetone in which one hydrogen atom on at least one of the w-carbon atoms is replaced with an aryl-containing group.
11. A' color-forming photographic layer comprising a gelatino-silver halide emulsion containing a coupler compound having the formula:
where R is selected from the class consisting'of alkyl and aryl groups, X is selected from the class consisting of aryl, aralkyl, loenzyl, and phenoxy alkyl groups, and Z is selected from the class consisting of hydrogen and carbalkoxy. radicals.
'12. A color-forming photographic layer comprising a gelatino-silver halide emulsion containing as a coupler compound an acetyl acetone in i which one hydrogen atom on at least one of the w-carbon atoms is replaced with an aryl -containing group. i