|Publication number||US2210047 A|
|Publication date||Aug 6, 1940|
|Filing date||Jul 30, 1938|
|Priority date||Jul 30, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2210047 A, US 2210047A, US-A-2210047, US2210047 A, US2210047A|
|Original Assignee||Stieglitz William|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (26), Classifications (14)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Aug. 6, 1940 w. s'rll-:GLlTz xNocKDowN s TooL Filed July so, 193s INVENTOR WZ BY Q ATTORNEY Patented Aug. 6, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE l Important objects of the present invention are, to provide an improved knockdown stool designed for easy and quick assembly and take-down of its parts; to provide such a stool designed for great strength so that it may be sat upon or stood upon without danger of collapse or distortion of its structure; and to provide such a stool designed for collapsing into a very compact form so that it may be vcarried conveniently for use by a spectator at parades, games, etc.
Other objects of the invention will appear hereinafter.
In the drawing,Fig. 1 is a side elevation of the stool;
Fig. 2 is a bottom plan View;
Fig. 3 is a top plan View;
Fig. 4 is an enlarged detail section on line 4-4 of Fig. 3; and
Fig. 5 is a section on the line 5-5 of Fig. 4.
The stool includes a top or seat I and legs 2. The seat is a flat, rigid metal disk. In the present instance the disk is a casting. At its under side the disk is cast with a central boss 3 and. with three pairs. of rigid guide ribs 4 radiating from the center of the disk. The opposite ends of these ribs are open and spaced from the boss 3 and from the periphery of the disk. Each pair of ribs forms a guide channel 5 directly beneath the under side of the seat. At their lower margins the ribslare thickened, as at 6, to contract the lower portion of the channel. the seat bears a xed, depending screw 1 whose upper end is secured in a threaded socket in the boss. Said screw has a material length below the boss.y As shown at 8, the seat is apertured to reduce its weight. It also has larger openings Il directly over the guide channels 5.
Each leg 2 is formed of a metal tube whose upper end portion is flattened and bent to form a horizontal extension III underlying the stool seat and of a width to it in one of the guide channels 5. Said extension has a plurality of apertures Il spaced therealong. At its lower end the leg has a cushioning foot I2 comprising a rubber thimble fitted over said end, c
For securing the legs to the seat or top of the stool there is provided a clamping member I3. In the present instance the said clamping member is also a rigid casting. It is of spider form and has a central portion or hub I4 and three radiating arms I5. The hub has an aperture I6 to freely receive the screw 1, and a depression I1 at its upper side to receive the hub 3 on the seat. Arms I5 are of a Width to enter the space between the lower portions 6 of the guide ribs 4 in the guide channels.
rality'oi rigid leg positioning and anchoring studs I8. These taper upwardly and are Aarranged to enter the apertures II of the opposed leg exten- At the boss 3 and, at their upper side, the arms are fiat to bear against the flat extensions I0 of the legs Each arm also has a plusion. Belowthe clamping member a winged nut I9 is screwedv upon the screw 1.
In assembling the stool the clamping member I3 is placed over `the screw 1, and the nut I9 'i0 is screwed on only vpart-way, to leave the clampring arms I5^ .only, partly entered in the space between the lower portions of the-guide ribs 4 and the anchoring studs I8 retracted from the stool seat a distance exceeding the thickness of the leg extensions I0. The leg extensions are inserted endwise through the outer ends of the guide channels and over the studs I8 and positioned to `register their apertures II with the studs. Then the nut I9 is screwed home to advance the clamping arms I5 more deeply into the guide channels 5, enter the studs I8 into the apertures II and' rmly clamp the leg extensions between the clamping arms and the under side of the stool seat. The assembled stool structure then has Vmaximum strength and rigidity and it can be sat upon or stood upon with safety to the user and without wobble or distortion of the stool parts.
The stool can be quickly taken down by unscrewing the nut I9 enough to permitsuicient retraction of the clamping spider for withdrawal of the studs I8 from the holes II in the leg extensions. Then the leg extensions I0 can. be withdrawn radially outward from the guide channels 5. Said channels are of material depth so that the arms of the spider can remain partly within the channels when the studs I8 are fully retracted from the holes II. Thereby the arms are held in proper relation to the channels and are keyed against rotation with the nut I9.
It Will be seen that my invention provides a stool structure designed for strength, durability, easy assembly and take-down and 4convenient portability. While I have disclosed a Very satisfactory construction of my improved stool, modification of structural details is possible without departing from the invention as dei-ined in the appended claims.V
What I claim is:
1. A knockdown stool comprising a seat, detachable legs having lateral extensions at their upper ends, guides borne by the seat at the under side thereof and defining channels radiating from a central point of the seat to receive said exten- .til
sions, said channels being open at the bottom, a clamping member beneath the seat and having radiating arms to bear against said leg extensions in the guide channels, screw means at the center of the seat and at the center of said clamping member operable to force the clamping member toward the under side of the seat and force said arms to clamp the leg extensions to the under side of the seat, and anchoring means between the clamp arms and the leg extensions to positively hold the leg extensions against longitudinal outward shift from the guides, said anchoring means being releasable by release of the clamping member whereby the legs are detachable from the seat after release of the clamping member.
2. A stool according to claim l, characterized in that the said guide channels are of suilicient depth to contain the said clamp arms at least partly when the clamp is retracted sufciently to release the said anchoring means, for the purpose set forth.
3. A knockdown stool comprising a seat, detachable legs having lateral extensions at their upper ends, guides borne by the seat at the under side thereof and dening channels radiating from a central point of the seat to receive said extensions said channels being open at the bottom, a clamping member beneath the seat and having radiating arms to bear against said leg extensions in the guide channels, and screw means at the center of the seat and at the center of said clamping member operable to force the clamping member toward the under side of the seat and force said arms to clamp the leg extensions to the under side of the seat.
4. A knockdown stool comprising a seat, detachable legs having lateral extensions at their upper ends, guides borne by the seat at the under side thereof and forming channels radiating from the center of the seat to receive said leg extensions said channels being open at the bottom, a leg-securing member beneath the seat and having radiating arms to enter said channels and underlie the leg extensions in the guide channels, and anchoring means between said arms and the leg extensions to prevent longitudinal withdrawal of the leg extensions from the guide channels, said anchoring means being releasable by retraction of said securing member from the under side of the seat, and screw means to advance the leg-securing member toward the under side of the seat to apply and hold the anchoring means in operation.
5. A knockdown stool according to claim 1, characterized in that the seat is rigid and formed of metal, the said guides are rigid and formed integrally with the seat and are of such size to engage the opposite side edges of the said leg extensions and positively hold them against crosswise displacement, the said arms of the clamps have upwardly extending anchoring projections, and the said leg extensions have rapertures to receive said anchoring projections.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2427206 *||Jul 12, 1945||Sep 9, 1947||Curtis Helene Ind Inc||Pedestal and base connector structure therefor|
|US2530911 *||May 14, 1946||Nov 21, 1950||Schultz Martin A||Adjustable cap for water fountains|
|US2533313 *||Jun 2, 1948||Dec 12, 1950||Jakob Flicker||Table leg attaching means|
|US2540254 *||Dec 3, 1945||Feb 6, 1951||Garber Woodward||Knockdown furniture|
|US2584471 *||Apr 10, 1947||Feb 5, 1952||Kohen Jack J||Table leg mounting|
|US2588417 *||Oct 19, 1948||Mar 11, 1952||Valley Upholstery Corp||Furniture construction featuring leg structures and mounting means therefor|
|US2678789 *||Jan 28, 1952||May 18, 1954||Harry Lemmons||Leg lock assembly|
|US2700584 *||Nov 10, 1953||Jan 25, 1955||Hobbs Guy T||Furniture fastening device|
|US2706670 *||Oct 31, 1952||Apr 19, 1955||Yasha Heifetz||Table with legs foldably mounted thereon|
|US2717815 *||Aug 27, 1952||Sep 13, 1955||Hubbard Charles J||Table or the like|
|US2723819 *||Jun 14, 1952||Nov 15, 1955||Branson Roebuck||Food cutter construction|
|US2744711 *||May 16, 1951||May 8, 1956||Harry Lemmons||Support stand with spider legs|
|US2749071 *||Jun 12, 1953||Jun 5, 1956||I J Elman||Stands|
|US2779648 *||Apr 2, 1954||Jan 29, 1957||Viko Furniture Corp||Collapsible leg structure for attachment to a table top and the like|
|US2815067 *||Mar 3, 1955||Dec 3, 1957||Ambrose M Richardson||Convertible furniture unit|
|US2949323 *||Mar 13, 1957||Aug 16, 1960||Moorhead Leslie D||Display rack structure|
|US3000679 *||Sep 21, 1959||Sep 19, 1961||Rudolph J Silverman||Furniture bracket|
|US3105719 *||Jun 15, 1960||Oct 1, 1963||Arlington Seating Company||Furniture construction|
|US3136517 *||May 23, 1963||Jun 9, 1964||Gariepy Products Inc||Adjustable warp-resisting leg holder plate|
|US3197165 *||Nov 22, 1961||Jul 27, 1965||Jules C Gits||Molded articles and methods of making same|
|US3220365 *||Jun 19, 1964||Nov 30, 1965||Larson Co Charles O||Table leg assembly|
|US4128063 *||Sep 21, 1977||Dec 5, 1978||Avery Hillard M||Stool|
|US4319727 *||Jan 17, 1980||Mar 16, 1982||Rattay Joan H||Expandable pot holder apparatus|
|US4378100 *||Jun 5, 1978||Mar 29, 1983||M.B.O. Music Enterprises, Inc.||Stand and stool|
|US7314252 *||Nov 10, 2005||Jan 1, 2008||Inter Ikea Systems, B.V.||Chair supported by a plurality of legs|
|US20060208553 *||Nov 10, 2005||Sep 21, 2006||Inter Ikea Systems B.V.||Chair|
|U.S. Classification||108/156, 119/74, 248/188, 297/423.41|
|International Classification||A47C5/10, A47C9/00|
|Cooperative Classification||A47C9/00, A47C4/03, A47C4/02, A47C5/10|
|European Classification||A47C4/02, A47C4/03, A47C9/00, A47C5/10|