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Publication numberUS2212695 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateAug 27, 1940
Filing dateFeb 8, 1939
Priority dateFeb 8, 1939
Publication numberUS 2212695 A, US 2212695A, US-A-2212695, US2212695 A, US2212695A
InventorsNash William W
Original AssigneeIndependent Pneumatic Tool Co
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Tool suspension
US 2212695 A
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Aug. 27, 1940. w. w, NASI-L TooL sUsPENsIoN Filed Feb. 8, 1939 Patented Aug. 27, 1940 srArEs mnie TOOL SUSPENSION William W. Nash, Aurora, Ill., assignor to Endopendent Pneumatic Tool Co., Chicago, Ill., a corporation of Delaware Application February 8, 1939, seria; No. 255,258

13 Claims.

This invention relates vto a Suspension and torque resisting fixture for portable power actuated tools.

The principal object and purpose of my in- Vention is to provide a xtiue whereby the larger size and more powerful electric and pneumatic nut-setters, stud-setters and similar tools canv `be suspended for operation With greater `conabsorb any torque strains which may be impressed on the tool and thus relieve the operator of the necessity of fi.ghting the torque when manual effort is depended upon to hold the tool at the work as heretofore.

A further object of my invention is to make this arm element extensible so that the tool. may be raised and lowered to be up out of the way when not in use and brought down to the desired working level when in use.

A further object of my invention is to combine a counter-balancing device with the'arm element to balance the weight of the tool when at its working level and lift the tool up out of the vway when raised.

A further object of my invention is to employ a counter-balancing device of the enclos'ed spiral spring and drum type to' facilitate the production of a simple and compact tool suspension ,fixture A further object of my invention is to rockably or hingedly connect the arm element to its load frame at the overhead support so that the tool may be swung backwardly and forwardly and to either side to increase the area which may be reached by the tool.

`A. further object of my inventicn is to connect the tool to the lower end of the arm by a yoke and thus enable the tool to .be adjusted into either a Vertical or horizontal position.

A further object of my inve'ntionvis to' connect the yoke to the arm by a yoke bracket and thus adapt the fixture to the Suspension of tools with dierent handle arrangernents,`

The invention consists furtlier in the features hereinafter described and 'claimed i In the accompanying drawing Fig.,1 shows a tool suspended from anoverto the `opposite ends of which .are secured surfaces for the brackets secured to the bar 'l by bolts Hi and with the head supported by my improved suspe sion and torque resisting fixture; w

Fig. 2 is a larger view of the fixture with parts broken away and in section, respectvely, to more clearly show the details of construction; 5

Fig. 3 is a horizontal sectional View taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 2;

Fg. 4 is a Vertical sectional View taken on line of Fg. 2;

Fig. 5 is a top plan view ofthe yoke bracket employed in the assembly shown in Figs. 1 and 2;

Fig. 6 is a side view showing a tool held in a horizontal position With respect to its supporting yoke; and

Fig. '7 shows another form of yoke bracket to be later described.

In the drawing, l indicates vthe arm element of my improved fixture, andV 2 indicates' the trolley which suspends the arm` from an overhead track-way 3. i

The arm l is extensible consisting, in the emi bodiment shown, of a plurality of telescopically connected Sections li. The latter are tubular, sliding one within the other, to provide a maximum travel when open and the minimum head room when closed. The extensibility of the secti-ons ll is Controlled by co-acting stops on the respective sections. These stops, in the structure shown, comprise abutta'ole Shoulders 5, within the Sections. `The latter may be formed to provide the stops', or sleeve. elements may be fixed in the tubes for that purpose.

The trolley 2 comprises a frame member preferably in the form of a stout cylindrical bar 7,

.35 brackets 8, 8 extending above the bar and proh viding supports for the Wheels or rollers-9, Q for the trolley. When the overhead track-way 3 is in the form of Van I-beain as shown, thetrolley has a pair of Wheels at Veach end of the bar l. In this arrangernent, flanged Wheels are em-` ployed and the ends of the Vbar 'l are flattened by milling or otherwise to provide flat seating The latter may be braclets individual with respect to the Wheels spacer plates' (not shown) may be used to space the wheels for I-beams of different widths. .The Wheels may have ball-bearing mountingson the brackets 8 to reduce friction and provide an easy running assembly. Fora tubular track suspension, the trolley structure will be` adapted ac-v cordingly. i i A i A hanger H connects the upper end of arm l to the trolley bar 'l and is'held from displacement along the bar by collars' E2, l2 fixed on the bar at the opposite ends of the hanger. Set

screws (one being shown at l3 in Fig. 2) are` employed for fixing the collars to the bar at the ends of the hanger. The latter is positioned mid-way the length of the bar l to centralize the connectionof the arm l to the bar. The cylindrical connection of the hanger to the bar allows the arm'l to be swung to either side of the track 3, the trolley and the track being parallel as shown. w

A lug Ill on the hanger extends into the upper section il of the arm l and is connected to said section by an axis member in the form of a bolt 15. With the lug lfl in the plane of the track 3, the bolt E5 is at right angles to the track and thus the arm may be swung forwardly and backwardly in the direction of the track. The extent of this movement is Controlled. by the vclearance allowed between the upper edge of the ance for a wideswing at the lower end of the arm.

A yoke M5 at the lower end of the arm I attaches a toolto the arm.. The yoke is connected to the arm by a yoke'bracket, the design of which determines the mounting of the tool axis with respect to the track 3; In F'igs.V 1, 2, 5 and 6, the yoke bracket il' connects the yoke 55 to the arm with the yoke parallel to the track 3 and the tool axis extends transversely to the trackway when the tool is swung to a horizontal position as shown in Fig. 6. In Fig. '7, the yoke bracket l8 Vconnects the yoke la to the arm l with the yoke in right angular relation to the track 3 and thus the tool axis is parallel to the track when in a horizontal position.

The yoke bracket ll 'isin the form of a casting having a channel B9 Von its underside and a socketed lug in its upper side. Themid-portion of the yoke E5 is secured in the channel l9 by bolts 2B, while the lower section 4 of the arm l is secured in the lug 2% bya bolt 22. For ad- J'ustment, the yoke lt may be split or divided transversely and when so made .the ends of its separable sections overlap in the channel l9 and are secured together and to the bracket by the bolts 2| as indicated by the dotted lines in Fig. 2. The bolt openings in the yoke Sections are in the form of slots to permit adjustment of the yoke sections towards and from each other. The slots are also indicated in dotted lines in Fig. 2.

The yoke 16 supports a tool, marked 23 in Fig. l, by having the side arms of the yoke engage the sidelhandles 265, 25 of theV tool.V The yoke arms are` apertured to fit over these handles, one of which in an electric tool as shown carries the switch mechanism for turning on and off the electric current to the motor within the tool. In a pneumatic tool, the pressure fiuid is supplied to the tool through one of the handles, the latter also containing the throttle Valve for controlling the operation of the tool. WithV a split yoke, the latter on being separated may be applied to the tool. V.

The apertures inthe side. arms of the yoke provide a. trunnion-like mounting for thev tool and the latter may be adjusted about vthe aXis of its handles while suspended from the arm ll.

walls.

` the yoke to be attached to the arm l with the yoke in crossing relation to the track 3 instead of being parallel thereto and in the Vertical plane of the track as provided by the yoke bracket ll.

In the yoke bracket iii, the socket member 29 is connected to the yoke 16a by an intervening bar element 3G. The latter may be longitudinally ribbed for strength and to provide a mount for the arm socket l as shown. The casting which forms this socket may be welded to the bar 30 over the rib or be otherwise secured thereto. The

yoke itdr may have a fixed length or it may be adjustable in which case a suitable bolting arrangement would be employed for attaching the yoke to the bar 30. t

The counter-balance which is used with the arm l is indicated at 35. This device is preferably of the spiral spring and drum type as on the market and is secured to the trolley bar l' at one side of the arm l as shown in Fig. 1. The connection between the balancer 3| and the bar l rnay'takey the form of a lug 32 on the balancer housing'extending into a recess 33 in the bar, akey-pin Zil being employed to lock the lug in the recess as detailed in Fig. 2. The cable 35 of the balancer extends to the yoke bracket and is attached thereto so that the cable will lift the tool attached toV the arm l and collapse the latter when the spring power of the balance is allowed to turn the drum in a direction to wind-up the cable. The balancer is adjusted to counter-balance the load when the tool 23 is at its working level as indicated in Figs. 1 and 2. A suitable cable clamp 36 connects the cable to the yoke bracket. The latter in the form ll has an eye 377 in a web 3B to receive the end of the cable 35. In the yoke bracket E8, the bar 3G has an eye 39 ovei` the yoke la to receive the cable end.

The arm Sections d, li have non-rotative connections with each other and with the trolley Z and the yoke bracket, respectively. The purpose of this is to have the arm absorb any torque strains which may be impressed on the tool and thus relieve the operator holding the tool of the necessity. of resisting these forces. 'The latter are especially severe in the larger size more powerful nut-setters, stud-setters and similar tools when overloaded and unless the operator' holding the tool braces himself to take the shock when `the clutch releases on the setting or tightening of the work injury to the operator may result. Hence, the danger factor present makes the use of these larger tools a serious problem,

which, however, is completely eliminated by the Suspension of the tool through the torque resisting arm of my invention.

In the embodiment shown, the arm Sections 4 are square in cross-section and similar connections are provided between the arm and the trolley and the yoke bracket, respectively. As

shown. in Fig. 3, the arm sections interfit and hence rotation between them is prevented by the engagement Aof their angularly disposed flat As shown in Fig; 2', the lug M lhas fiat sides which engage against the, fiat sides of the arm section into which the lug extencls. With this arrangement and the .embracing of the trolley bar 'l by the hanger ll prevents rotation of arm l with respect to the trolley. Likewise, the arm receiving socket at the yoke bracket is shaped to receive and conform to the square shape of the lower'section d of the arm. This provides a non-rotative connection between the arm i and the yoke bracket.

With the torque strains absorbed by the arm i and the tool balanced at its working level by the counter-balance 3|, the tool may be operated with ease and Safety. While the operator must grasp the tool at its handles as heretofore to adjust the tool to and from the work and hold it at the work yethe is free of the weight'of the tool and the torque strains which are suddenly thrown on the tool whenever overloaded. Hence, the toolv may be operated with greater convenience and absolute Safety as the operator is merely required to manipulate the tool with respect to the work and hold the tool at the work until the clutch automatically releases. It is to be understood in this connection that the clutch releases when the nut or situd being driven sets or tightens and the tool' may thereupon be released from the work and applied to the next nut or stud as the case may be without turning ofi` the power to the tool. The latter may thus be used on production work which requires a continuously Operating tool and a rapid shifting of the tool from one piece of work to another.

The hinged connection as provided by the hanger ll and the lug Mi, gives the tool, even though suspended, a relatively wide area of operation. The tool may be swung to a considerable extent laterally of the track 3 to reach work disposed on opposite sidesof the track or the tool may be swung forwardly and rearwardly of the track to reach work disposed out of the normal depending position of the arm I along the length of the track. Also, due to the trolley, the tool and its Suspension fixture may be shifted bodily along the track. When the tool is not in use, it is raised up out of the way by the balancer device 3|. The arm by reason of its telescopic construction collapses at this time and ample head room is provided below the tool when raised. Also, the yoke allows for the use of the tool either in a Vertical or a horizontal position fin all adjustable positions of the arm.

length of the tube Sections d before reaching the load frame, that is, the trolley bar l. The balancer spring lifts the load of the tool when it is raised up out of the way, the operator being merely required to start the tool upwardly from its balanced position at working level.

The torque resisting and tool Suspension fixture herein shown and described is simple in construction and operation and effectively performs intended functions. In practice, fixtures embodying my invention have been manufactured with torque arms having an available travel range from 3 to 6 feet and with load capacities from 30 to 120 pounds. The fixture is a compact unit taking up the minimum of space both when open and closed. Moreover, the single torque arm facilitates the connections between the trolley and the yoke bracket and permits the use of yokes which will accommodate tools with different handle arrangements-` Other and fur- 'ther advantages of my improved fixture will be that shown in my co-pending application Serialy No. 174,639 filed November 15, 1937 now Patent No. .Si-,152,969 granted April 4, 1939.

rZf'he details of construction and arrangement c of parts shown may be variously changed and modified without departing from the spirit and scope of my invention, except as pointed out in the annexed claims.

I claim as my invention:

1. The combination with an overhead trackway and a trolley mounted to run thereon, of a portable motor driven tool containing itsidriving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an arm for suspending the tool from said trolley, hanger for connecting the upper end of the arm to the trolley, means pivotally connecting the hanger vto the trolley and to the upper end of the arm, respectively, on transversely disposed axes, one extending in the direction of the travel of the trolley on the track-way and the other substantially normal thereto whereby the arm may be sv ang for adjustment either transversely or longitudinally of said track-way, and means for attaching the tool to thelower end of the arm and disposing the tool for use below the said hanger and the trolley holding the arm againstaXia-l rotation to resist any torque strains which may be impressed on the arm by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

2. The combination with an overhead trackway, of a trolley mounted to run thereon and having a frame member provided with a horizontally disposed cylindric bearing portion, a portable motor driven tool containing its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an arm for suspending the tool from said trolley, a hanger embracing the cylindric bearing portion of the frame member and adjustable axially thereof, said hanger having a depending rigid lug element, means pivotally connecting the upper end of the arm to said lug'element on an axis transversely to said lbearing portion, and means for attaching the tool to the lower end of the arm and disposing the tool for use below the arm, said hanger and the trolley holding the arm against axial rotation to resist any torque strains which may be impressed on the arm by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

3. The combination with an overhead support, of a portable motor driven tool containing its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an arm for suspending the tool from said support, means for attachng the tool to the lower end of the arm and disposing the tool for use below the arm, and means -connecting the upper end of the'arm to said support on a pair of transversely disposed axes whereby the arm may be swung for adjustment about either axis, said means holding the arm through said axes against axial rotation so that the arm'may resist any torque strains which may be impressed thereon by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

4:. The combination with an overhead support,

of a portable motor driven tool containing its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an arm for suspending the tool from said support, means for attaching the tool to the lower end of the arm and disposing the tool for use below the arm, said means providing a pivvotal connection between the tool and the arm whereby the tool may be adjusted with respect to the arm, and means connecting the upper end of the arm to said support on a pair` of transversely disposed axes where-by the arm may be swung for adjustment about either axis, said last named means holding the arm through said axes against axial rotation so that the arm may :resist any torque strains which may be impressed thereon by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

5. The combination with an overhead support, of a portab'le motor driven tool containing its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an arm for suspending the tool from said suport, a yoke for attaching the tool to the lower end of the arm and providing a trunnion mounting for the tool with respect to the arm, and means connecting the upper end of the arm to said support on a pair of transversely disposed axes whereby the arm may be swung for adjustment about either axis, said means holding the armi through said aXes against axial rotation so that the arm may resist any torque strains which may be impressed thereon by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

6. The combination with an overhead trackway and a trolley mounted to run thereon, of a portable motor driven tool containing its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an arm i'or suspending the tool from said trolley, a yeke for mounting the tool at the lower end of the arm and providing a trunnion connection between the tool and the arm, means connecting the upper end of the arm to the trolley on a pair of transversely disposed axes whereby the arm may be swung for adjustment about either axis, and a bracket for attaching the yoke to r the lower end of the arm with the yoke in a vertical plane and disposed with its trunnion mounting substantially parallel to said track-way, the trolley and the means connecting the upper end of the arm thereto holding the arm through said against aXial rotation so that the arm may resist any torque strains which may be impressed thereon by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

'7. The combination with an overhead trackway and a trolley mounted to run thereon, of a portable motor driven tool containing its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an arm for suspending the tool from said trolley, a yolze for mounting the tool at the lower end of the arm and providing a trunnion connection between the tool and the arm, means connecting the upper end of the arm to the trolley on a pair of transversely disposed axes whereby the arm may be swung for adjustment about either axis, and a bracket for attaching the yoke to the lower end of the arm with the yoke offset from the arm and disposed With its trunnion mounting in transverse relation to said track-way, the trolley and the means connecting the upper end of the arm to the trolley holding the arm through said axes against axial rotation so that 'the arm may resist any torque strains which may be impressed thereon by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

. 8. The combination with an overhead support,

of a portable motor` driven tool containing its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an arm for suspending the tool from said support, means for attaching the tool to the lower end of the arm and disposing the tool for use below the arm, means 'connecting the upper -end of the arm to said support on a pair of trans- Versely disposed axes Whereby the arm may be swung for adjustment about either aXis, said arm being extensible longitudinally consisting of slidably, but non-rotatably connected Sections to permit raising and lowering of the tool by the arm with respect to the support, and a 'spring actuated counter-balancing device carried by the support and connected to the arm for lifting the i tool when raised and counter-balancing the tool when lowered'to a working level, the means connecting the upper end of the arm to the support holding the arm through said axes against axial rotation so that the arm may resist any torque strains which may be impressed thereon by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

9. The combination with an overhead support, of a portable motor driven tool containing its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an arm for suspending the tool from said support, means for attaching the tool to the lower end of the arml and disposing the tool for use below the arm, means connecting the upper end of the arm to said support ona pair of transversely disposed axes whereby the arm may be swung for adJ'ustment about either axis, said arm being extensible longitudinally consisting of slidably, but non-rotatably connected sections to permit raising and lowering of the tool by the arm with respect to the support, and a counter-balancing device having a revoluble drum connected to the support adjacent to the arm, a cable connecting the drum to the arm adjacent to the tool, and spring means for turning the drum in a direction to wind-up the cable thereon to lift the tool when raised and counterbalancing the tool when lowered to a working level, the means connecting the upper end of the arm to the support holding the arm against axial rotation through said axes to resist any torque strains which may be impressed on the arm by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

10; The combination with an overhead trackway and a trolley mounted to run thereon, of a portable motor driven-tool containing its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an arm for suspending the tool from said trolley, means for attaching the tool to the lower end of the arm and disposing the'tool for use below the arm, means connecting the upper end of the arm to said trolley on a pair of transversely disposed axes whereby the arm may be swung for adjustment about either axes, said arm being extensible longitudinally consisting of slidably, but non-rotatably connected Sections to permit raising and lowering of the tool by the arm with respect to the trolley, and a spring actuated counter-balancing device carried by the trolley and connected to the arm adjacent to the tool for lifting the tool when raised and counterbalancing the tool When lowered to a working level, the trolley and the means connecting the arm thereto holding the arm through said axes against axial rotation so that the arm may resist any torque strains which may be impressed thereon by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

11. The combination with an overhead trackway and a trolley mounted to run thereon, of a portable motor driven tool containing its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an arm for suspending the tool from said trolley,

'means for attaching the tool to the lower end of the arm and disposing the tool for use below the arm, means connecting the upper end of the arm to said trolley on a pair of transversely disposed axes whereby the arm may be swung for adjustment about either axis, said arm being extensible longtudinally i consisting of telescopically interfitted, slidably, but non-rotatably connected tubular sectons permitting raising and lowering of the tool by the arm with respect to said trolley, and a counter-balancing device having a revolubledrum carried by the trolley adjacent to the arm, a cable connecting the drum to the arm adjacent to the tool, and spring means for turning the drum in a direction to wind-up the cable on the drum to lift the tool when raised and counter-balancing the tool When lowered to a working level, the trolley and the means connecting the arm thereto holding the arm through said axes against axial rotation so that the arm may resist any torque strains which may be impressed thereon by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

12. The combination with an` overhead trackway, of a wheel provided trolley mounted to run on said track-way and having a rigidly fixed frame element between said Wheels, a portable motor driven tool containing its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, an extensible and collapsible arm consisting of slidably, but non-rotatably connected sections for suspending the tool from the trolley, means for connecting the tool to the lower end of the arm, means connecting the upper end of the arm to the trolley on a pair of axes, onebeing at the frame element of the trolley and the other being below the frame element and in transverse relation thereto, whereby the arm may be swung for adjustment on either axis, and a counter-balancing device having a housing carried by the trolley frame adjacent tc the arm, airevoluble drum mounted in said housing, a cable connecting the drum to the lower end of the arm, and spring means located Within the housing and co-acting With the drum to turn the drum in a direction to wind-up the cable thereon to lift the tool when raised and counter-balancing the tool When lowered to a working level, the trolley and the means connecting the arm thereto holding the arm through saidaxes against axial rotation so that the arm' may resist any torque strains which may be impressed thereon by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

13. A Suspension fixture of the Character described comprising an extensible and collapsible arm consisting of slidably, but non-rotatably connected sections, a hanger at the upper end of the arm for suspending the arm from an overhead support and providing an axis member in substantially normal relation to said arm, means connecting the arm to said axis member and providing a second axis member for the arm below and in transverse relation to the first mentioned axis member, means at the lower end of the arm for attaching thereto a portable motor driven tool contaim'ng its driving motor and the tool spindle driven thereby, and a counter-balancing device carried by the hanger adjacent to the arm, said counter-balancing device having connection with the arm adjacent to the tool for counter-balancing the same on the extension of the arm and for lifting the tool on the collapsing of the arm, the connection between the arm and the hanger holding the arm through said axis members against axial rotation to absorbany torque strains which may be impressed on the arm by the tool motor in the operation thereof.

WILLIAM W. NASH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2586263 *Oct 12, 1944Feb 19, 1952Webb Co Jervis BConveyer
US2614504 *Mar 31, 1950Oct 21, 1952Whiting CorpVehicle body support
US2761396 *Dec 15, 1952Sep 4, 1956Allen Harlan CampbellOverhead carriage
US3927760 *Sep 23, 1974Dec 23, 1975Formall IncConveyor hanger modular construction
US7559280Aug 8, 2006Jul 14, 2009United Technologies CorporationAdjustable link system
US7568575Aug 8, 2006Aug 4, 2009United Technologies CorporationEngine support system
DE1087539B *Mar 17, 1956Aug 18, 1960Daimler Benz AgVorrichtung zum Ein- und Ausschrauben von Bolzen oder Buechsen mittels eines an einem Schlitten heb- und senkbar angeordneten, motorisch angetriebenen Schraub-werkzeuges
DE2848903A1 *Nov 10, 1978May 14, 1980Maschf Augsburg Nuernberg AgSchraubvorrichtung zum einschrauben und festziehen von schrauben
DE3225108A1 *Jul 5, 1982Jan 27, 1983Schlumberger Cie NAufhaengevorrichtung fuer ein handbetaetigtes, motorisiertes werkzeug
Classifications
U.S. Classification105/156
International ClassificationB25H1/00, B23B45/00, B23B45/14
Cooperative ClassificationB25H1/0021
European ClassificationB25H1/00C