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Publication numberUS2214030 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateSep 10, 1940
Filing dateApr 8, 1939
Priority dateApr 8, 1939
Publication numberUS 2214030 A, US 2214030A, US-A-2214030, US2214030 A, US2214030A
InventorsJoseph L Pereles
Original AssigneeJoseph L Pereles
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Button
US 2214030 A
Images(1)
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Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Sept. l0, 1940- J. L.. PERI-:LES

BUTTON Filed April 8. 1939 A/a/v- FAMA/Guus PL @JT/c 5. mpw VA T w. T M /A wm Patented Sept.` l0, 1940 v UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE BUTTON Joseph L. Perales, Milwaukee, Wis. Application April 8, 1939, Serial No. 266,895

6 Claims. (Cl. 40-10) My invention relates to improvements in butessential. Any of the back plates shown in the tons, the term button beingemployed in its other views may be substituted. generlc sense. The terms plastic and. plastics as herein Objects of my invention are to provide an used are defined and limited to those substances improved button of non-frangible material, known to the modern commercial art by those 5 transparent in whole or in part, and adapted for names as non-frangible, substantially incombuspurposes of display; to provide a button having tible, form maintaining material capable of being a form-sustaining transparent cap, a portion of made transparent, translucent, or substantially which is adapted to serve as a magnifying lens; opaque, dependent upon the presence or absence 10 to provide a button in which the cap and the of coloring or opaque material not essential to 10 backing are spaced from each other except at the characteristics of the material as a plastic. the margins to form a cavity within which fabrics Plastics, as so defined, are soluble in alcohol, and similar materials may be displayed without benzine, acetone or other volatile members of compression; to provide a button having a cap, a the ketonic and aldehyde groups. V backing, and a. connecting hub formed integrally Between the cap I0 and the back plate I2, mate- 15 of transparent material, and providedwith a rial to be displayed may be interposed in Figures cavity in which various articles may be displayed; l and 2. This material to be displayed comprises to provide a cavitated button containing an a piece or disk of fabric I6, preferably correarticle to be displayed, and otherwise composed spending to or matching the garment to which it wholly of transparent plastic, such, for example, is intended to be secured. 20 as acetate or synthetic resins. The button may be assembled by inserting the In the drawing: disk I6 in the cap socket, then applying the Figure 1 is a plan view of one form of my backing I2 and cementing its margin to the rim improved button, with one side of the cap par- II, or preferably integrally connecting it by aptially broken away to disclose an insert of fabriplying liquid plastic at the joint I'I and allowing 25 cated material. it to harden.

Figure 2 is asectional view of the same, drawn In place of the fabric disk I6, I may substitute to line 2-2 of Figure 1. a picture card I8, as illustrated in Figure 3, or

Figure 3 is a view similar to Figure 1, illusany other device or material to be displayed. trating a pictorial insert. In Figure 4, I have illustrated a concavo-convex 3u Figure 4 is a sectional view drawn to the same cap Illa, having a rim portion I la shouldered at 20 plane as Figure 2, but showing a modified form to receive the back plate or disk I2a,the back plate of construction, in which the central portion of being thus spaced at a substantial distance from .the cap is spaced from the backing sufficiently the central portion of the cap lila, whereby a to receive a fabricated insert with projecting piece 22 of velvet or similar material may be 35 fibers or so-called nap. placed on display without having its nap com- Figure 5 is a view similar to Figure 4, and showpressed by the cap. Preferably, the curvature of ing a modified form of cap provided with a centhe cap is such as to magnify the fabric or any tral bulls-eye, capable of a high degree of magpicture or other object contained in the cavity o nication, whereby the contents of the cavity, 23. The rim IIa may be of the so-called snapwhether fabric or pictorial, may be magnified on type, the margin of the back plate having when viewed from the proper angle. the form of an inverted cone.

Figure 6 is a wn'ew, partly in perspective and If desired, the material to be displayed may be partly in section, showing a modified backsecured to the backing by any suitable means 5 member. adapted to prevent it from shifting in the cavity 45 Like parts are identified by the same reference 23. If the backing is formed of plastic, I prefers characters throughout the several views. f ably apply liquiform plastic to its surface before In Figures 1 and 2 the cap I0 is formed of applying the material to be displayed. When plastic, preferably molded with a convex outer this plastic cement hardens, it securely connects surface and a rounded margin I'I. The rear or the material to be displayed with the backing. 50 inner face is socketed to receive a suitable back In Figure 5, I have illustrated a cap having a plate I2, which may be molded of the same materelatively at annular portion Illb encircling a rial, and provided with a hub I3 having apertures central bulls eye 25. The rim IIb of this cap is I4 therein to facilitate stitching the button to a similar to that illustrated in Figure 4, although u garment. The form of the back plate is not an interior shoulder is not necessary unless emof colored paper or other suitable material. Its

exposed surface may be either ornamental or any solid color to provide a mounting or background for aV picture, or for any other-material on display in the recess.

In Figure 6, I have illustrated a back plate l2c formed of colored material. The top surface 28e will be exposed through a transparent or translucent cap of any one of the types above described. vThis back plate has a recess 21o provided with stitching apertures 30 in its bottom, whereby the back plate may be sewed to a garment in the ordinary manner,Y after which the material to be displayed may be inserted in the recess in a position to cover the stitching, and the cap may then be applied and secured by any suitable means.

By employing caps formed of plastic, it is possible to mold the cap rims to the vmargins of the back plate, in which event the cap plate may be released at any time by applying a suitable solvent to the molded rim.

I am aware of the fact that display buttons have heretofore been made with Celluloid or glass covers, protected by form maintaining materials of metal or other opaque substances. Frangible material, such as glass, requires to be covered and protected, whereas caps formed of plastic are non-frangible, do not scratch readily, and are otherwise not subject toany material deterioration or damage. They may be composed of any transparent or translucent plastic, such plastic being made from various substances, and being well-known commercially to persons skilled in the art to which this invention pertains.

It will be understood that the features illustrated in the various modifications are applicable to the structures shown in the other illustrated forms, in a great variety of shapes and sizes, and a great variety of materials may thus be displayed in highly ornamental buttons, and the contents on display may be changed from time to time, particularly when the caps employed are of the snap-on type.

I claim:

1. A button comprising cap and backing members composed of Iform maintaining, non-frangible substantially incombustible plastic, said backing member being socketed in the rim portion of the cap member and provided with stitch'- ing apertures to facilitate securing it to a garment, said cap being transparent, and the inner surface of the backing being provided with a body of relatively opaque material supported by the backing, spaced from the cap, and visible through the central portion thereof, said backing and the rim portion of the cap, and arr'intervening body of relatively opaque material supported in a nat position on the backing and visible through the cap, said cap being spaced from said material and .forming with the bacldng an interior cavity of contained material, including sulcient dimensions to avoid compression of fabrics having a pile, such as velvet.

3. A button comprising cap and backing members composed of transparent, form-maintaining, nonfrangible, substantially incombustible plastic, said cap member having a rim adapted for snapon engagement with the backing, and a central portion spaced from the backing .and being of relatively increased thickness, with a convex outer surface adapted to serve as a magnifying lens, a body of relatively opaque material supported upon the interior surface of the backing, and means for preventing said material from shifting on said surface.

4. A button comprising the combination of a transparent cap composed of form-sustaining plastic, a backing formed of form-sustaining plastic socketed in` the rim portion of the cap, and an intervening body of material on display, having a soluble plastic connection with the back, said material being spaced from the central. portion of the cap.

5. A button comprising the combination of a backing and a transparent cap each composed of form-sustaining plastic, the backing being socketed in the rim portion of the cap, an intervening body ormaterial on display, having a. soluble plastic connection with the back and spaced from the central portion of the cap, and a soluble plastic connection between the margin of the backing and the socketed portion of the cap in aid of the gripping action of the cap rim, whereby the cap and backing are inseparable under ordinary conditions of use, while remaining separable for the purpose of substituting material to be displaced.

6. In a button of the described type, a backing having the form of a fiat annulus provided with a circular recess in its upper surface, the bottom of which is provided with stitching apertures, in combination with material on display in said recess, and a transparent cap spaced from such material and having a margin in pressure engagement with the backing and normally secured thereto by soluble plastic material to form substantially a one-piece structure, inseparable under ordinary conditions of use. ef

JOSEPH L. PERELES.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2516592 *Dec 30, 1947Jul 25, 1950Lescovich Ralph FDevice for displaying emergency listings on telephones
US2572454 *Jul 30, 1948Oct 23, 1951DownApparatus for displaying pictorial representations
US2580845 *Oct 19, 1949Jan 1, 1952Women Sam SamKey case
US2587022 *Aug 14, 1945Feb 26, 1952Film N File IncMethod of making film record cards
US2633655 *Aug 14, 1945Apr 7, 1953Filmsort IncRecord card
US2703773 *Feb 27, 1947Mar 8, 1955Elastic Stop Nut CorpWelded plastic reflector units and the manufacture thereof
US2745160 *Apr 19, 1948May 15, 1956United Carr Fastener CorpFastener for attachment to plastic material
US2851801 *Oct 18, 1954Sep 16, 1958Jennings Wanda MIdentification means for rolls of film or tape
US2893095 *Jul 24, 1952Jul 7, 1959Guild Arts & Crafts IncPlastic jewelry finding device made of two parts integrally joined
US2918741 *Dec 19, 1957Dec 29, 1959Tote Cart CompanyHandle cover
US2983975 *Jan 24, 1958May 16, 1961Hubbell Inc HarveyOverlay for buttons
US3027795 *Oct 27, 1958Apr 3, 1962Giorgio I SpadaroHanger bolt and resilient decorative abutment washer
US3156058 *Mar 1, 1961Nov 10, 1964Swingline IncCap
US3168753 *Mar 15, 1963Feb 9, 1965Rochester Shoe Tree Co IncShoe display tree
US3301731 *Sep 4, 1963Jan 31, 1967Swingline IncMethod of securing components of a cap member to one another
US3407523 *Sep 1, 1966Oct 29, 1968Emanuel A. WinstonIdentification device
US3448495 *Jun 13, 1967Jun 10, 1969Scurlock IncPlastic button
US3930432 *Jul 20, 1973Jan 6, 1976Puchy David P WFastening assembly
US3973296 *Jan 28, 1975Aug 10, 1976C & C Metal Products CorporationMetal button assembly
US4275518 *Jan 2, 1979Jun 30, 1981Roderick R. MayzeDecorative plate and method of making same
US4471510 *Nov 22, 1982Sep 18, 1984Derosa Alfred CTwo piece interchangeable button
US4580320 *Mar 26, 1984Apr 8, 1986Scovill Japan Kabushiki KaishaButton having plastic resin head
US4665591 *Mar 3, 1986May 19, 1987Century Products, Ltd.Buckle construction having decorative material retention means
US4907320 *Nov 30, 1987Mar 13, 1990Ting MiaoDetachable drop-off-proof button
US4915316 *Sep 12, 1985Apr 10, 1990Scott Paper CompanyPaper roll holder
US4926527 *Aug 2, 1989May 22, 1990Meikho Industry Corp., Ltd.Ornamental button
US5036566 *Dec 9, 1988Aug 6, 1991Astor-Werk Otto Berning & Co. (Gmbh & Co.)Covered ornamental clasp and apparatus for its production
US5210913 *Nov 12, 1991May 18, 19932-Rn CorporationInvasive line separator
US5261557 *Oct 13, 1992Nov 16, 1993Scott Paper CompanyDecorative window for paper and soap product dispensers
US5655268 *Sep 16, 1996Aug 12, 1997Ykk CorporationButton-substitute fastening device
US5832574 *Sep 10, 1997Nov 10, 1998Shin; ChungkilAdvertising screen printed on interior of tube using polyurethane two liquid hardening ink
US5956816 *Mar 18, 1998Sep 28, 1999Mccrink; David J.Elastomer coating for buttons, and method therefor
US6006404 *Feb 10, 1999Dec 28, 1999Sun; Chih-KuoRetroreflective button
US7203999 *Aug 20, 2002Apr 17, 2007Bagot Valerie PButton protector for laundering, dry-cleaning and ironing operations
US20100236028 *Mar 20, 2009Sep 23, 2010Clark Jennifer DButton cover assembly and method for making same
US20110197396 *Feb 16, 2010Aug 18, 2011Stephanie Ann JonesCover button template tool and method for using same
USRE32500 *Aug 15, 1986Sep 15, 1987Scovill Japan Kabushiki KaishaButton having plastic resin head
WO2006016388A2 *Aug 8, 2005Feb 16, 2006Luigi PoliAn implement for rapid personalization of objects to which it is attachable
Classifications
U.S. Classification40/315, 24/DIG.510, 63/26, 63/20, 24/578.11, 24/113.0MP, 24/113.00R, D11/86, D11/241, D08/DIG.200, 63/DIG.300, 24/114.9, 428/13, 40/725, 40/661.5
International ClassificationA44B1/04
Cooperative ClassificationY10S24/51, A44B1/04, Y10S63/03
European ClassificationA44B1/04