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Publication numberUS2216317 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 1, 1940
Filing dateNov 5, 1938
Priority dateNov 5, 1938
Publication numberUS 2216317 A, US 2216317A, US-A-2216317, US2216317 A, US2216317A
InventorsIsaak Karish
Original AssigneeIsaak Karish
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Combination bed and chair
US 2216317 A
Abstract  available in
Images(3)
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

@d1-,611, 19ML l. KARlsH 2,216,317

COMBINATION BED AND CHAIR Filed Nov. 5, 1938 3 Sheets-Sheet l n. KARISH COMBINATION BE D AND CHAIR Filed Nov. 5, 193s s shuts-sheep 2 v Oct. 1. 1940.

l. KARlsH COMBINATION BED AND CHAIR Filed Nov. 5. 1958 3 Sheets-Sheet 3 [SAA/f KAR/5H 1 Patented Oct. 1, 1940 UNITED STATES anaal? PATENT GFFICE 5 Claims.

This invention relates to a bed, and more particularly to a collapsible combination bed, cot and beach chair adapted to afford a portable article of collapsible furniture conveniently 5 lending itself for camping, as an auxiliary household article of furniture, a deck chair or beach chair, and for many other purposes. This improved combination article of furniture is of the collapsible or knock-down type of simple and effective construction, consisting of a co1- lapsible base or supporting section and a collapsible top or bed section removably engageable on the base section and extendable for use as a bed, cot or chair.

It is an object of this invention to provide an improved, simplified and inexpensive type olf combination bed and chair of the collapsible type, constructed in collapsible sections for convenient storage in a comparatively small space or 2i) for packing in, a suitcase or carrier.

It is also an object of this invention to provide a collapsible type of combination bed and reclining chair including a mattress or top section, theends of Which are adapted to be adjusted to convert the folding bed into a deck or beach type chair.

It is a further object of this invention to provide an improved type` of collapsible bed wherein the mattress or top section is adapted to be removably attached to a collapsible base or bottom section from which it is adapted to be completely separated when it is desired to fold up the top and bottom sections for the purpose oi storing the same in a storage space or carrier. i

It is a further object of this invention to provide a collapsible type rof bed adapted to be readily converted into a chair if desired, said bed consisting of a, collapsible supporting section adapted to have removably engaged thereon a collapsible mattress or top section, the end portions of which are adapted to be extended for use and be supported by end section legs, permitting the structure to be used as a camp bed or as a temporary sleeping structure.

It is furthermore an object of this invention to provide a collapsible type of bed constructed of independently collapsible sections, Which when collapsed are adapted to be stored in a comparatively small space and which furthermore may be opened up and attached to one another to form a complete bed or cot easily convertible into a reclining chair by the adjustment of said leg bearing end sections.

1t is an important object of this invention to provide an improved, simplified and inexpensive article of furniture, of the knock-down orcollapsible and portable type, adapted when in collapsed form to be conveniently and quickly packed Within a suit case or carrier and furthermore adapted, when opened up for use, to be readily and conveniently assembled to form va bed which may be easily converted into an invalid chair, a beach chair,` a deck` chair or the i0 like. l

Other and further important ob-jectsof this invention will be apparent from the disclosures in the specification and 'the accompanying drawlngs.

The invention (in a preferred form) is illustrated in theV drawings and 'hereinafter `more fully described.

'On the drawings:

Figure 1 is a side elevational View of an imi i proved combination bed and chair embodying the principles of this invention and illustrating in dotted lines the convertibility of the bed into a chair.

Figure 2 is a top plan` vievv` of a suitcase or i carrier in open position, containing in" one side thereof the collapsed sectionscomprising the bed structure, said suit case carrying on :the opposite side thereof a collapsible type of chair. l

Figure 3 is an enlarged fragmentary side elee section taken on the line VI--VI` of'lFigure 3.

Figure '7 is a fragmentary detail sectional view taken on the line VII- VII of Figure 6.

Figure 8 is a top plan view of the bed top unit of the article of furniture, in compact -co1- lapsed form ready to be placed in a suit case or carrier as illustrated in Figure 2. l i

Figure 9 is a top planview of -the bed top unit partly opened up, from the position illustrated in Figure 8, and showing part of the opening up operation in dotted lines.

Figure 10 is a bottom plan View of the bed or mattress section of the article of furniture, completely opened up and ready to be locked in engagement upon `the base or supporting` s ection illustrated in Figure 5.

Figure 11I is an enlarged fragmentary side elevational View of the end portion of the head section of the bed when in open position.

Figure l2 is an enlarged fragmentary bottom plan View taken on the line XII- XII of Figure 11, with parts shown in section.

As shown on the drawings:

The improved collapsible and convertible article of furniture embodying this invention is of the combination bed and chair type, normally adapted when not in use to be carried in collapsed form within a suit case or carrier along with other articles of collapsible furniture, such as chairs, as illustrated in Figure 2, which discloses a convertible type of suit case or carrier consisting of two integrally connected sections I and 2. The suit ease or carrier is of the convertible type, whereby the suit case may be opened up and used as a table or the like of the type illustrated and claimed in my co-pending application for patent entitled Table and carrying case, filed on even date herewith, Serial No. 238,998.

Each of the case or carrier sections I and 2 has mounted therein a pair of collapsible legs 3 which are normally folded within the case sections l and 2, as illustrated in Figure 2. The collapsible and portable type of combination bed and chair embodying the present invention is normally adapted to be collapsed in compact separate sections, as illustrated in Figures 4 and 8, permitting the same to be placed side by side in collapsed form within a section of the suit case, as illustrated in Figure 2, to occupy a comparatively small amount of space, to permit the bed to be stored away when not in use and also permitting the collapsed bed to be transported.

The improved combination bed and chair consists of two units adapted when in collapsed form to be entirely separated from one another and furthermore adapted to be interlocked with one another to form a joint article of collapsible furniture. The base or supporting unit of the article of furniture comprises a pair of side rails or bars 4 constructed of wood or other suitable material. Each of the side rails 4 has secured on each end thereof, by means of a screw 5 or the like, a metal end casting comprising a side or outer wall 6, a top flange 1, a bottom flange 8, and an end wall 9. Integrally formed on the outer face of the lower corner of the side plate 6 on each of the castings is a leg stop or abutment lug I0. The side wall 6 on each of the castings is provided with a leg bolt opening and a leg bolt slot I I. The bottom flange 8 of each of the castings is provided with a guide slot I2 (Figure 6) Also provided on the side wall 6 of each of the castings is an inverted T-slot I3 (Figure 3), the shank end of which projects upwardly and opens through the top flange 'I to communicate with a slot or notch I4.

Provided in the top and bottom anges 'I and 8 of each of the corner castings of the base unit are bolt openings. Integrally formed on the inner surface of each of the casting top flanges 'I is a boss I5, positioned to project into a recess or notch provided on the top surface near each end of the side rails 4 to assist in preventing the side rails from being pulled out of the corner castings.

Integrally supported against the outer face of the side plate 6 of each of the corner castings by means of a supporting bolt I6, is a base leg I'I, which when in vertically supporting position contacts the stop I0 to limit the swing of the leg. To prevent the leg I1 from swinging back to a closed position away from the stop I0, each of the corner castings has slidably engaged therein a transversely projecting lock bolt I8 adapted to slide outwardly through the slot Il. Integrally formed on the bottom edge of each of the locking bolts I8 is a downwardly projecting extension or nger I 9 which projects downwardly through the guide slot I2 in the bottom flange 8, thereby providing an arrangement for limiting the shifting of the lock bolt I 8. To assist in holding the lock. bolt in position, a spring-controlled pin or stud 2) is mountedin each end of the side rails 4 (as clearly illustrated in Figure 7). When the lock bolt I8 is projected outwardly, as illustrated in Figure 6, a base leg I I is engaged between the stop I0 and the bolt I8 to prevent pivotal swinging of the leg in either direction.

Engaged through the bolt openings of the corner casting top and bottom flanges TI and 8 respectively is a bolt 2l. Pivotally supported on each of the bolts 2l within the corner casting is one end of an end brace rail or transverse member 22 constructed of wood or other suitable material. The opposite end of each of the transverse or end brace rails 22 is pivotally connected by means of a hinge 23 to the inner end of another end brace rail or member 22, the outer end of which is pivotally connected by means of a bolt 2l to an opposite corner casting. The two hingedly connected transverse brace rails 22 are arranged in pairs at each end of the base unit and form transverse braces for holding the side rails properly spaced apart when the base unit is set up, as illustrated in Figure 5.

For the purpose of preventing the hingedly connected transverse braces 22 from accidentally collapsing, each of the brace rails 22 is provided with a recess 24 in which a gravity controlled latch bar 25 is pivotally supported at one end by means of a pivot pin or bolt 26, as illustarted in Figure 7. The opposite end of the pivoted latch bar or bolt 25 has one corner thereof notched as at 2l, forming a contact or stop pin 28 adapted to drop into contact with the inner face of the bottom flange 8 of a corner casting when the brace rail 22 is in bracing position at substantially right angles to the side rail 4. The notch 2'I in the latch bolt 25 permits the latch bolt to drop over the inner edge of the flange 8 to position the latch bolt 25 in an inclined position, as shown in Figure '7, to act as a brace preventing the accidental collapsing of the hingedly connected brace rails 22.

To brace the lower end of the leg II against spreading outwardly away from the side of the base section when the same is set up for use, the lower endsA of the two legs at each end of the base unit are connected by means of a flexible brace strap 29 constructed of leather, canvas, belting or other suitable material and having the ends thereof bent around the lower portions of the legs l'I and secured thereto by means of nails or other suitable fastening devices. It will thus be seen that the combination article of furniture includes a base or supporting unit, as illustrated in Figures 4 to 7, inclusive, adapted normally to be collapsed and folded into a compact form, as illustrated in Figure 4, to store the same in a comparatively small amount of space or to pack the same into a suit case, as illustrated in Figure 2. The base unit may be readily opened up for use by rst swinging the supporting legs I'I downwardly from the positions illustrated in Figure 4 at right angles to the side rails 4 and against the stop members I0, after which the shiftable latch bolts I8 are moved from the dotted linepositions shown in Figure`6 into thewfull `line positions, to hold the supporting legs l1 properly braced against accidental collapsing.

After the legs l1 have been dropped into supporting position, the two side rails 4 are moved apart to their full amount, thereby causing the hingedly connected transverse brace rails 22 to swing to the full line positions illustrated in Figure, so that the two brace rails 22 at each end of the base unit are in substantial alignnient with one another. In the open position of the two transverse brace rails, the gravity-controlled latch bolts or bars 25 are adapted to drop downwardly into the full line position illustrated in Figure '1 to engage the bottom flanges 3 of the respective corner castings to hold the .hingedly connected transverse brace rails 22 against accidental collapsing. With the transverse brace rails in extended position, as illustrated in Figure 5, the ilexible brace straps 29 are opened up into full position for use and are held stretched across the iront and rear ends of the 4base unit to brace the lower portions of the legs complete the assemblage.

Referring now to Figures 8 to 12, inclusive, which illustrate in detail the various features of the top or bed section, consisting of a mattress unit constructed oi a strip oi canvas or other similar strong material. The mattress strip comprises a wide middle or intermediate main or seat section 3U, a head or chair back section 3l, and a foot or leg `section 32 which is narrower than the head section 3l. The head section 3l is slightly narrower than the middle Section 3u, as clearly illustrated in Figure 10. The outer end of the head section 3l of the mattress unit is provided with a suitable hem at 33, leaving an end loop 34 for removably receiving a head dowel rod or bar 35, the ends of which project beyond the sides of the loop 34 for engagement in side frame members, as hereinafter .more fully described. The outer end of the mattress root section 32 is also provided with a hem 33, forming a loop portion 34 for removably receiving a foot dowel rod or bar 3E, the ends oi which project for engagement in the side frame members, as hereinafter more fully described.

Disposed longitudinally along each of the side margins of the mattress strip are side frame units, each comprising an intermediate rail 31 constructed of wood or other suitable material, the outer side of which is provided with a lon- `gitudinal groove 33 (Figure 3) for the reception of a clamping strip 39 for securely holding the side margin of the mattress center section 3u clamped in the groove 38. The clamping strip 3e is held in position by means of screws fit1 or other suitable devices. For the purpose of mounting the mattress unit upon the base supporting unit ofthe device, each of the intermediate side irame rail members 31 has engaged in the lower surface at each end thereof an attaching bolt 4i having a washer 42 engaged thereon. Secured on the inner side of the head end of each of theframe rails 31 is a stop or spacing block Pivoted to the head end of each of the side frame intermediate rails 31, by means of a wing bolt 44, is the inner end of aside frame head rail 45 provided with a dowel receiving opening 46 near the outer end` of the inner side thereof. l i

Pvotally supported on the outer surface near `one end of each of the head side rails 45 `is the upper end of a. head leg 41 constructed of metal or other suitable material. Rigidly secured on the outer surface of each of the head rails 45, near one end and adjacent the lower edge of the head rail, is a sto-p member or block 48 for limiting the swing of the leg 41 when the same is swung downwardly to a supporting position for use, as illustrated in Figures l. and 2, To prevent accidental collapsing of the legs 41, a

`spring-controlled stud or pin 49 (Figure 12) is` mounted in the head rail 45 to project from the inner side thereof to engage the side of. a leg 41 opposite the stop block 43. To swing the leg 41 into a closed position adjacent the head rail 45, it is only necessary to depress the spring-controlled pin 49.

Rigidly secured to the inner face of the `foot end of each oi the intermediate side frame rails 31 is a spacing block 5t. Pivotally supported on the spacing block 5u, by means of a wing bolt 5l, is the inner end of a side frame foot rail 52 constructed of wood or other suitable material. The inner face of the outer end of the side frame foot rail 52 is provided with a recess or opening 53 for removably receiving one end ofA the foot dowel bar Zit. Pivotally supported at one end on the inner side of each of the frame ioot rails 52 is `one end of a foot leg 54, the swing of which is limited by means of a stop block or stop nut 55. To prevent accidental collapsing of the foot leg 54, each oi the foot rail frame members 52 is provided with a spring controlled detent or pin 49 similar in construction to that illustrated in Figure 12.

For the purpose of securing the side margins of the head and foot mattress sections 3| and 32 respectively to the respective side frame head rails 45 and foot rails 52, the side margins of the mattressrhead and foot sections are provided with oval fastener eyelets 5G for the removable reception of oval curtain fasteners 51 secured upon the top surfaces of the side frame rails 45 and 52, as illustrated in Figure 9.

Whenthe combination bed and chairis not in use,the base section is adapted to be collapsed, as illustrated in Figure 4, and the bed or mattress section is adapted to be collapsed, as illustrated in Figure 8, so that both of the collapsed sections maybe placed side by side within a suitcase section 2, as illustrated in Figure 2. The opposite half of the suitcase, namely, the Section l is adapted to have removably engaged therein a folding and collapsing chair 58 of the type illustrated in my co-pending application for patent entitled Chain iiled of even date herewith, Serial No. 238,99'1.- Several of the collapsed chairs 58 may be carried in the suitcase section i, if desired.

From the assemblage illustrated in Figure 2, it will be noted that a convenient furniture combinationV is provided in the collapsible sectional combination bed and chair and the collapsible and folding type oi chairs which may be conveniently stored and transported in a combination suitcase and table to provide a very convenient camping or beach outt.

To set up the combination bed and chair into the assembled relationship ready for use, as illustrated in Figure l, the base unit, illustrated in collapsed form in Figure 4, is iirst opened up by dropping the legs I1 into a vertical position and projecting the latch bolts i8 from the dotted line position illustrated in Figure 6 into the full line position to prevent the base legs from accidentally collapsing. The side rails 4 are now separated, thereby opening up the transverse hingedly connected brace rails 22 and simultaneously stretching the brace straps 29. With the brace rails 22 in extended position, as illustrated in Figure 5, the latch bolts 25 fall into position by the action of gravity, as illustrated in Figure 7, to prevent accidental collapsing of the hingedly connected trans'- verse brace rails 22.

The collapsed mattress or top section is now partly opened up and placed upon the base section by engaging the attaching bolts ll and the washer d2 in the T-slots I3 and top slots I4 provided in the metal corner castings of the base section. With the middle portion of the top or mattress unit engaged to the base unit, the mattress side frame, head rails i5 and foot rails 52 are swung outwardly from the full line positions illustrated in Figure 9 into the dotted line positions, and the end legs 4l and 52 are swung downwardly into the full line positions illustrated in Figure 1 to complete the opening up of the mattress frame section. The mattress end sections 3l and 32 are now opened up and the dowel rod 35 is engaged to the loop portion Sli of the mattress head section 3i, while the dowel bar 36 is engaged to the loop portion 34 of the mattress foot section 32. The ends of the dowels are engaged in the recesses provided in the side frame rails 45 and 52, thereby transversely stretching the mattress strip within the set up mattress frame. rIl'le bed is now in a position for use, as illustrated in full lines in Figure 1.

For the purpose of converting the bed sections into a camp or deck chair or the like, it is only necessary to swing the head section upwardly into the dotted line position shown in Figure 1, allowing the head section legs 4l to have the lower ends thereof engaged behind a stop bead or flange 59 integrally formed on the top of each of the front corner castings', as illustrated in Figure 3. rIAhe head legs il therefore act as braces to hold the front section in an inclined position to serve as the back of a chair. The foot section is now swung downwardly from the full line position illustrated in Figure 1 into the dotted line position to provide a leg rest. The intermediate section 3D of the mattress strip now serves as the seat portion of the chair construction.

It will, of course, be understood that many details of construction may be varied through a wide range without departing from the principles of the invention, and it is therefore not the purpose to limit the patent granted hereon otherwise than necessitated by the scope of the appended claims.

I claim as my invention:

l. A combination bed and chair comprising a collapsible base frame, latch members for holding said frame in extended position foruse, base legs pivotally supported on the base frame, stop members on the base frame for limiting the swing of the base legs, shiftable bolt members on the frame for holding the base legs in extended position for use, brace straps connecting the base legs on opposite sides of the base frame, a collapsible mattress frame comprising an intermediate section and end sections pivotally connected thereto, means for releasably locking the mattress frame on the base frame, a foldable mattress member on the mattress frame adapted to be opened and stretched on said mattress frame, mattress legs pivotally supported on the mattress frame, and means for holding the mattress legs in extended position for use, said mattress frame and mattress member being adapted to have one of said end sections and an end portion of the mattress member raised to form a chair back braced against the base frame by a pair of the mattress frame legs', and said mattress frame and mattress member further adapted to have the opposite end section and an end portion of said mattress member lowered to form a leg rest.

2. A collapsible and convertible article of furniture comprising a base frame consisting of side rails and collapsible end rails, apertured corner castings connecting the side rails with the collapsible end rails, latch members carried by the end rails for engaging the corner castings to hold the collapsible end rails braced against collapsing, base legs pivotally supported on the corner castings, stop members on the corner castings for limiting the swing of the base legs, bolt members carried by the corner castings and projectable therefrom to prevent accidental collapsing of the base legs, and a convertible bed and chair top unit comprising a middle section and leg carrying end sections pivoted on the middle section, said middle section removably engaged on the base frame, said unit convertible to be used either as a bed or a chair by adjusting the end sections with respect to said middle section.

3. A collapsible and convertible article of furniture comprising a base unit consisting of frame side rails, collapsible frame end rails, apertured corner castingsI connecting the side rails with the end rails, latch members carried by the end rails for engaging the corner castings to hold the end rails braced in position against accidental collapsing, base legs pivotally supported on the corner castings, stop members on the corner castings for limiting the swing of the base legs, shiftable bolt members carried by the corner castings and movable into position to hold the base legs in position for use, iiexible brace straps connecting the base legs on opposite sides of the article of furniture and adapted to be tensioned when the collapsible end rails are in open bracing position, a convertible combination bed and chair unit comprising a middle section and end sections pivotally connected to opposite ends thereof, and means for removably locking the middle section of the combination bed and chair unit on the corner castings of the base unit.

4. A collapsible and convertible article of furniture comprising a base unit consisting of frame side rails, collapsible frame end rails, apertured corner castings connecting the side rails with the end rails, latch members carried by the end rails for engaging the corner castings to hold the end rails braced in position against accidental collapsing, base legs pivotally supported on the corner castings, stop members on the corner castings for limiting the swing of the base legs, shiftable bolt members carried by the corner castings and movable into position to hold the base legs in position for use, iiexible brace straps connecting the base legs on opposite sides of the article of furniture and adapted to be tensioned when the collapsible end rails are in open bracing position, a convertible combination bed and chair unit, means for removably locking the combination bed and chair unit on the corner castings of the base unit, said combination bed and chair unit comprising a pair of collapsible side frame units, a mattress strip connecting the side frame units, dowel brace members removably connecting the collapsible side frame units and carried by the ends of the mattress strip,

end leg members pivotally supported on the side frame units, and means for limiting the swing of the end leg members, said side frame units and mattress strip being adapted to have one end thereof elevated to form a chair back with the end leg members connected thereto serving as braces for the chair back and seated at their lower ends on two of the corner castings of the base unit, said side frame units and mattress strip being adapted to have the opposite end thereof dropped to form a leg rest.

5. A combination convertible bed and chair device comprising a collapsible base frame, latch members for holding the same in extended position against accidental collapsing, base legs pivoted on the base frame, means for limiting the swing of the base legs into erected position for use, bolt members for holding the base legs against accidental folding, adjustable brace straps connecting the base legs on opposite sides of the base frame, a pair of oppositely positioned collapsible mattress frame side sections, a mattress strip connecting said frame side sections, dowel brace rods engaged in the ends of the mattress strip and supported in the ends of the mattress frame side sections to-hold the mattress strip in position for use, end leg members pivotally supported on the mattress frame side sections, stop members on the mattress frame side sections for limiting the swing of the end leg members, latch means on the mattress frame side sections for holding the end leg members against accidental folding, and locking means carried by the mattress frame side sections and remov ably engageable with the base frame, said mat tress frame side sections and mattress strip being adapted to have one end thereof raised to form a chair back braced in position by end frame leg members the lower ends of which are seated against the base frame, said mattress frame side sections and mattress strip also adapted to have the opposite ends thereof lowered t0 rest on the 20 floor to form a leg rest.

ISAAK KARISH.

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US4563037 *Nov 4, 1983Jan 7, 1986Tiffany & TiffanyConvertible furniture
US4719653 *Jan 2, 1986Jan 19, 1988Bishop Randy AAdjustable body support device
US4856497 *Nov 12, 1987Aug 15, 1989Standex International CorporationPortable collapsible treatment table with drop sections
US6113181 *Aug 19, 1999Sep 5, 2000Tang; LarryFoldable and carryable lounging-beach chair
US7207622 *Jun 16, 2005Apr 24, 2007Howard CohanReversible lounge chair
US8585135Jan 6, 2011Nov 19, 2013Dean WilsonMulti-position beach chair
WO2006138523A2 *Jun 15, 2006Dec 28, 2006Howard CohanReversible lounge chair
Classifications
U.S. Classification297/19, 297/423.27, 5/111, 297/377
International ClassificationA47C17/16, A47C17/00
Cooperative ClassificationA47C17/163
European ClassificationA47C17/16G