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Publication numberUS2216619 A
Publication typeGrant
Publication dateOct 1, 1940
Filing dateApr 1, 1937
Priority dateApr 1, 1937
Publication numberUS 2216619 A, US 2216619A, US-A-2216619, US2216619 A, US2216619A
InventorsLehmberg William H
Original AssigneeAmerican Optical Corp
Export CitationBiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan
External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet
Respirator
US 2216619 A
Abstract  available in
Images(1)
Previous page
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Claims  available in
Description  (OCR text may contain errors)

Oct. 1, 1940. w. H. LEHMBERG 7 2,216,619

RESPIRATOR Filed April 1, 1937 INVENTOR Mill/7M hf LEHMBE/EG.

Patented Oct. 1, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT ori ice RESPIRATOB;

Application April 1, 1937', Serial No. 134,317

- 8 Claims. (Cl. 128-146) This invention relates to improvements in respirators and has particular reference to novel means and method of making the same.

One of the principal objects of the invention is to provide a simple, comfortable and efficient respirator for protecting the user from dust, smoke and noxious or asphyxiating gases, etc.

Another object of the invention is to provide a respirator having a comparatively small face piece adapted to fit over the mouth and nostrils of the wearer and so constructed that a portion thereof may be opened to enable the wearer to expectorate or to carry on a conversation, or in general gain access to the mouth without disturbing the fitted relation of the face piece with the face of. the wearer and which has a comparatively large filter unit so constructed as to be supported with a maximum of convenience and comfort without obstructing the vision of the wearer.

Another object is to provide a filter unit which may be adjusted to and carried; by the head of the wearer and which will provide a high magnitude of filtration with a minimum resistance to inhalation.

Another object of the invention is to provide a respirator which will be light in weight and which will provide relatively free inhalation and exhalation.

Other objects and advantages of the invention will become apparent from the following description taken in connection with the accompanying drawing. It will be apparent that many changes may be made in the details of construction, arrangement of parts and method shown and described Without departing from the spirit of the invention as expressed in the accompanying claims. I, therefore, do not wish to be limited to the exact details of construction, arrangement of parts and method shown, as the'preferred form only has been shown by way of illustration.

Referring to the drawing:

Fig. I is a front elevation of the device embodying the invention. showing it in the approximate position of use;

Fig. II is an enlarged sectional view taken on line IIII of Fig.1 and looking in the direction indicated by the arrows;

Fig. III is a fragmentary sectional view taken as on line III--I-II of Fig. I;

Fig. IV is a sectional view taken as on line IV-IV of Fig. III; and v Fig. V is a fragmentary sectional view taken as on line V-V of Fig. II.

It has been usual in most instances in the past after the respirator has been positioned on the instances in the past, severe injuries to health have been suffered through the accidental inhaling of injurious gases, fumes, etc. 7

Another disadvantage of many prior art respirators is that in most instances the filter elements were small and of short duration and in many instances the respirators were exceptionally heavy and uncomfortable and, therefore, forced the wearer at different intervals during their use to remove them for short periods for relief.

One of the prime objects, therefore, of the present invention is to overcome or eliminate the above disadvantages by providing a respirator which is so constructed as to provide a filter unit of extremely large area and long life in high concentration and which is so arranged that the major portion of its weight is carried by the head of the wearer and the part overlying the nostrils and mouth of the wearer is provided with a portion which may be opened without disturbing the face engaging portion thereof to enable the wearer to expectorate or to carry on a conversation.

The device embodying the invention comprises a relatively large filter unit l formed, as shown in Figs. I, III and IV, of a wire framing which comprises a plurality of rectangular shaped members 2 connected by a plurality of connecting members 3. The connecting members 3 are arranged in staggered relation so that the framing may be expanded or contracted to fit the head of the wearer. The wire framing is covered with sheet-like porous filter material 4, such as felt or other desirable filter material, which is pleated to provide for the'expanding and contracting of the wire framing and to provide large filter area and thus allow a more dense and effective filter to be used. This expanding or confilter material completely surrounds the framing and is provided with a. flexible and extensible tubular portion 5 to which flexible pipe lines 6 are connected adjacent one end thereof and which communicate with a face piece 1 to which they are attached adjacent their opposite ends, as shown in Fig. I. The face piece I is preferably formed of relatively thin, stiff material shaped to cover the nostrils and the mouth of the wearer. It is provided adjacent its inner contour edge with flexible face engaging means 8 which is so constructed as to be self adjusting to the irregularities of the contour of the face of the wearer and to provide a comfortable fit. The front of the face piece is provided with an opening 9 surrounded by a flange l forming a shoulder in which is placed a resilient angled lining l I.

A suitable flap-like member l2 having a peripheral flanged portion l3 adapted to fit within the flange l0 and engage the angled resilient lining H is hinged at M to a bracket l5 carried by the front of the face piece. The flap-like member may be swung on its pivotal support by means of a handle it and is adapted to be constantly urged toward the face piece 1 by a spring member H which normally holds the flange l3 in sealed relation with the resilient lining ii.

The flap-like member I2 is preferably formed to a meniscus shape and with a plurality of openings l8 therein, as shown inFig. II. A disk of rubber or other suitable resilient means 89 carried by a headed pin member 25 is adapted to overlie the openings l8 and, due to the cupping thereof brought about by the meniscus shape of the flap-like member l2 and to its inherent tendency to return to its initial set, will constantly tend to remain in engagement with the flap-like member l2 over the openings l8, that is, a positively sealed valve. The member i9 is protected by a cover member 2! which is threadedly connected at 22 to an opposed flange-like member 23 formed on the side of the flap-like member 52 opposite the flange I3. The cover member is provided with a plurality of openings 24 to allow free passage of air therethrough. This arrangement provides an exhalation valve which may be moved bodily toward or away from the opening 9 in the front of the face piece I.

The sides of the face piece 1 to which the ends of the flexible pipe lines '5 are attached are provided with inhalation valves formed as shown in Fig. V by providing a plurality of openings 25 within the confines of the ends of the pipe line attachments. A disk-like member 26 of rubber or other suitable flexible material is secured to the inner wall of the face piece 7 and in superimposed relation with the openings 25 by means of a pin member 27!. This provides a valve arrangement which during inhalation will permit the air drawn through the filter unit I to pass through the pipe lines 5 into the face piece 1. During exhalation, the members 26, which due to their normal tendency to return to their initial set, will close the openings 25 whereupon continued exhalation will cause the disk-shaped member 19 to move away from the openings l8 and permit the passage of air outwardly of the face piece. During inhalation, the disk 19 is adapted to close the openings K8 in a manner similar to the disk 26, to permit only air coming through the filter unit I to enter the face piece.

The face piece is held in engagement with the face by means of a suitable resilient head band or the like 28.

Although for ease of illustration, the connection 5 in Fig. I is shown to be at the side of the head it is to be understood that this connection is preferably in the rear. Connections similar to 5 may be provided, one on each side of the filter unit, or a single connection 5 and pipe line may be provided directly in front if desired.

The ends of the pipe lines 6 are secured to the filter unit I and face piece 1 by clamping the said ends between a protuberance 29 and clamp ring 30 such as shown in Fig. V.

From the foregoing description it will be seen that a respirator has been provided whereby the excess weight usually introduced by the filter means has been obviated by constructing the said filter in the form of a cap to be worn on the head, whereby a large filtering area is provided without discomfort to the wearer and simple means has been provided whereby the wearer may gain access to his mouth or carry on conversation, etc., without having to disarrange the face piece. 7 I

The filter unit, although of a relatively large area type, is exceptionally light in weight and permits free inhalation. It is also readily adjustable to heads of varying sizes.

With the above arrangement the face piece of the respirator may be fitted and tested for leakage and during use need not be disturbed. This arrangement, therefore, greatly improves devices of this nature.

Having described my invention, I claim:

1. A respirator comprising a face piece to fit about the nostrils and mouth of the wearer and having an opening therein adapted to assume a position before the mouth, said portion of the face piece surrounding said opening having an angled lip with an outwardly flared portion, a fiaplike member hinged to the face piece for movement toward and away from said opening and having a peripheral angled lip shaped to fit over the outwardly flared portion of the lip on the face piece and means between said lips when positioned in overlapped relation with each other for sealing the said lips against the entrance of air.

2. A respirator comprising a face piece to fit in 1:

'means separate from said face piece and joined therewith by means attached about said side openings, means separate from said filter means V for holding said face piece on the face, a flaplike member having an angled lip adapted to fit in close relation with the shouldered portion of the face piece, cushion-like means between said shouldered portions for sealing the same, said flap-like member having an opening therein and resilient means fitting over said opening, and being so arranged as to prevent inhalation through said opening and yet permit exhalation.

3. A respirator comprising a cap-like filter unit of filter material and an adjustable frame support internally of said material and completely surrounded thereby, a separate face piece shaped to fit about the nose and mouth of the wearer and supported therein by" supporting means separate from said filter unit and a pipe like air passageway connecting said filter unit and face piece, said face piece having an opening in the front thereof and a spring operated flap-like member pivotally secured to said face piece for movement, through the function of the spring, toward and,

by manual operation against the spring, away from said opening to open and close said opening, said flap-like member having a plurality of openings therethrough and an exhalation valve there- 4. A respirator comprising a cap-like filter unit of filter material and an adjustable frame support internally of said material and completely surrounded thereby, a separate face piece shaped to fit about the nose and mouth of the wearer and supported thereon by supporting means separate from said filter unit and having a pair of spaced relatively small openings and another relatively large opening therein, a pipe-like air passageway connecting the said filter unit to said relatively small openings, a flap-like member having a plurality of small openings therein secured to said face for movement toward and away from the large opening to open and close said opening and an exhalation valve member on said flap-like member and rubber-like cushion means surrounding said large opening for sealing said flaplike member in fitted relation about the, said opening so as to allow exhalation through said openings in said flap-like member while the periphery thereof is in air tight relation with the face piece.

5. A respirator comprising a face piece to fit about the nostrils and mouth of the wearer and having an opening therein adapted to assume a position before the mouth, said portion of the face piece surrounding said opening having an outwardly flared lip portion, a flap-like member hinged to said face piece for movement toward and away from said opening, said flap-like member having outwardly flared lip portions on the opposed sides thereof, one of said outwardly flared lip portions being shaped to fit with the outwardly flared lip portion of the face piece and the opposed outwardly flared lip portion providing means to which a cap-like member is detachably secured and a valve member on said flap-like member between said member and cap.

6. A respirator comprising a face piece to fit about the nostrils and mouth of the wearer and having an opening therein adapted to assume a position before the mouth, said portion of the face piece surrounding said opening having an outwardly flared lip portion, a flap-like member hinged to said face piece for movement toward and away from said opening, said flap-like member having outwardly flared lip portions on the opposed sides thereof, one of said outwardly fiared lip portions being shaped to fit with the outwardly flared lip portion of the face piece and the opposed outwardly flared lip portion providingmeans to which a cap-like member is detachably secured, a valve member on said flap-like member between said member and cap and means associated with the outwardly flared lip portion of said face piece or with the associated lip portion of the flap-like member for sealing said members with each other when in fitted relation.

7. A respirator comprising a face piece to fit about the nostrils and mouth of the wearer and having an opening therein adapted to assume a position before the month, said portion of the face piece surrounding said opening having an outwardly flared lip portion, a flap-like member hinged to said face piece for movement toward and away from said opening, said flap-like member having outwardly flared lip portions on the opposed sides thereof, one of said outwardly flared lip portions being shaped to fit with the outwardly flared lip portion of the face piece and the opposed outwardly flared lip portion providing means to which a cap-like member is detachably secured, a-valve member on said flaplike member between said member and cap, means associated with the outwardly flared lip portion of said face piece or with the associated lip portion of the flap-like member for sealing said members with each other when in fitted relation and resilient means for urging said lip portions in sealed relation with each other.

8. A respirator comprising a face piece to fit in continuous air tight peripheral relation with the face about and adjacent the nostrils and mouth of the wearer and having an opening on each side thereof containing an inhalation valve and a front opening therein adapted to assume a position before the mouth said portion of the face piece surrounding said front opening having an angled lip with an outwardly flared portion filter means separate from said face piece and joined therewith by means attached about said side openings, means separate from said filter means for holding said face piece on the face, a

flap-like member hinged to the face piece for

Referenced by
Citing PatentFiling datePublication dateApplicantTitle
US2811967 *Jan 5, 1954Nov 5, 1957Draegerwerk AgMask with dust filter
US2874693 *Jan 14, 1955Feb 24, 1959Electric Storage Battery CoRespirator
US4784129 *Jun 3, 1987Nov 15, 1988Under Sea Industries, Inc.Breathing regulator
US5331957 *Feb 5, 1993Jul 26, 1994Liu Chin ChiaRespirator for only filtering air inhaled
US5509436 *May 23, 1995Apr 23, 1996Minnesota Mining And Manufacturing CompanyUnidirectional fluid valve
US6604524 *Oct 19, 1999Aug 12, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyManner of attaching component elements to filtration material such as may be utilized in respiratory masks
US6843248Apr 18, 2001Jan 18, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyFiltering face mask that has a new exhalation valve
US6854463 *May 11, 1994Feb 15, 20053M Innovative Properties CompanyFiltering face mask that has a new exhalation valve
US6859946 *Mar 12, 2003Mar 1, 2005Bombardier Recreational Products Inc.Cold-weather helmet with breathing mask breathing air from inside the helmet
US7311104Apr 18, 2001Dec 25, 20073M Innovative Properties CompanyMethod of making a filtering face mask that has an exhalation valve
US7428903Oct 6, 2000Sep 30, 20083M Innovative Properties CompanyFibrous filtration face mask having a new unidirectional fluid valve
US7493900Oct 3, 2000Feb 24, 20093M Innovative Properties CompanyFibrous filtration face mask having a new unidirectional fluid valve
USRE37974Nov 15, 1999Feb 4, 20033M Innovative Properties CompanyUni-directional fluid valve
USRE43289Nov 8, 2001Apr 3, 20123M Innovative Properties CompanyUni-directional fluid valve
Classifications
U.S. Classification128/201.25, 128/206.15
International ClassificationA62B23/00, A62B23/02, B26D9/00
Cooperative ClassificationA62B23/02, B26D9/00
European ClassificationB26D9/00, A62B23/02