|Publication number||US2217049 A|
|Publication date||Oct 8, 1940|
|Filing date||Apr 13, 1938|
|Priority date||Apr 13, 1938|
|Publication number||US 2217049 A, US 2217049A, US-A-2217049, US2217049 A, US2217049A|
|Inventors||John W Greenleaf|
|Original Assignee||Rockbestos Products Corp|
|Export Citation||BiBTeX, EndNote, RefMan|
|Referenced by (10), Classifications (16)|
|External Links: USPTO, USPTO Assignment, Espacenet|
Oct. 8, 1940. w. GREENLEAF 2,217,049
REINFORCED ASBESTOS SLIVER Filed April 13, 19-38 INVENTOR Job/7 W Greezziazf BY QMiY DhM- W ATTORNEYS v Patented Oct. 8, 1940 REINFORCED ASBESTOS SLIVER John W. Greenleaf, Hamdeh, Conn'., assignor to Rockbestos Products Corporation, a corporation of Massachusetts Application April 13, 1938, Serial No. 201,662
This invention relates to an asbestos sliver, particularly for use in the manufacture of insulated electrical conductors. The invention aims to provide, as a new article of manufacture, a
5 continuous sliver of asbestos fibers containing no combustible material and possessing adequate strength and coherence to permit its application around an electrical conductor by the winding operation customarily employed in applying insulating coverings of asbestos to such conductors.
It has heretofore been necessary to combine other types of fibers with asbestos fibers in order to fabricate them into slivers, roving or yarn for use in applying insulating coverings to wires and cables. This has been due to the inherent characteristics of the asbestos, such as straightness (lack of curl), smoothness (lack of hooks or lumps), and slipperiness (due to presence of dust on surface of fibres), which make it impossible for the asbestos fibers to hang together during the various manipulations involved in the production of asbestos-yarn and its subsequent handling and application to electrical conductors.
Cotton has heretofore been principally used as the other type of fiber in the production of asbestos slivers, yarn or roving. Cotton fibers pos sess the necessary characteristics to enable them to cling to each other and to the asbestos fibers and thus to act as a carrying agent in the steps of carding and spinning and as a strengthening agent in the finished product. fibres have also been used with some success; but the cheapness and ready availability of cotton has made its use for the purpose almost universal. The precentage of cotton added will vary with the quality of the asbestos, but usually runs from 5 to There is a distinct disadvantage, from the electrical insulation standpoint, in the use of I cotton (or any other organic fiber), either in the form of loose fibers mixed with the asbestos fibers or in the form of a carrier and reinforcing thread, due to its inability to withstand high temperatures without carbonizing and forming a conducting instead of an insulating material. Cotton (or other organic fiber) also produces undesirable smoke and odor during its initial subjection to high temperature, which is a cause for complaint onhousehold appliances (ranges, waffie irons, toasters, etc.) equipped with wire ins'ulated. with asbestos containing organic fibers. I have discovered that asbestos fibers such as carded asbestos fibers, may be formed into a sliver about 'a reinforcing glass thread, and the fibers of asbestos intertwined and condensed to Other. organic form a self-supporting structure without twisting the sliver, and yet be sufliciently fluffy and fibrous so that a plurality of the slivers may be placed together and worked 'into a continuous felted r layer. Glass filaments or fibers are spun or drawn from molten glass in much the same manner that cellulose-containing solutions are spun in the manufacture of artificial silk. The glass filament or fiber is comparable in size (diameter) to the artificial silk filament. It is strong and w flexible, but is incapable of withstanding sharp or acute bends without breaking. A group of the spun glass filaments or fibers are twisted into a thread by well-known means, which is about as flexible as cotton thread of the same size and about twice as strong.
The asbestos sliver of theinvention, based on the foregoing discovery, comprises afiuffy mass of self-adhering and indiscriminately arranged asbestos fibers disposed about and slidable on to a flexible reinforcing thread of twisted filaments or fibers of glass or equivalent non-combustible vitreous material.
The single figure of the accompanying drawing diagrammatically illustrates one way of produc'ing the asbestos sliver of the invention.
Referring to the drawing, a thread 5 of twisted glass filaments or fibers (supplied from any suitablesource, such as a spool or the'like, not shown) is drawn longitudinally and centrally 30 over the upper surface of a belt or conveyor 6 having transversely disposed ribs 1, A sliver' 8 of carded asbestos fibers is deposited on top of the glass thread 5. The sliver 8 is stripped by a comb 9 from the dofier roll- IU of a carding machine. The sliver 8 is many times wider than the diameter of the thread 5, and overhangs the thread at the sides as the sliver and thread leave the belt 6. From the belt 6, the sliver and thread pass together at the same speed between rub mo- 40 tion belts II and I2 in close proximity to the discharge end of the belt 6. The rub motion belts have a longitudinally progressing and laterally reciprocating motion. The reciprocating motion produces a rolling of the asbestos sliver about the glass. thread. Thus, the action of the rub' motion belts apply the sliver entirelyaround. the thread and a substantial number-of the asbestos fibers of the sliver cling to one another and some asbestos fibers cling to the filaments of the thread. The product leaves the rub-motion belts as the reenforced sliver of the invention with the glass thread enclosed centrally within a substantially circular body of intertwined and more or less condensed asbestos fibers, which cling-to.
the thread and to one another with adequate tenacity to permit winding, subsequent handling and use of the sliver substantially as herefore practiced with asbestos slivers containing organic carrier fibers. The asbestos sliver of the invention is condensed to a point where the asbestos fibers cling to each other sufliciently to form a self-supporting or self-adhering structure, i. e., it will support itself in short sections when the glass thread is removed, but it is also sufficiently fiufiy that the slivers may be pressed together into a contiguous felted layer. The sliver of the invention is not a yarn or thread which is twisted to orient the fibers in a more or less distinct direction of lay causing them to be bound or grouped together, thereby preventing mutual intermingling of the fibers when two strands are pressed together. The production of yarn from this sliver may be accomplished by twisting in accordance with established textile practice.
The glass thread may be made of continuous filaments or of shorter filaments or fibers, and in the appended claims I use the word filament generally to include both long continuous filaments and shorter filaments or fibers. In making the glass thread of short filaments or fibers,
say 12 to 18 inches long, a plurality of the fibers are collected on a conveyor and condensed into a sliver by drawing through a. guide in the form of an eyelet. This sliver is then twisted into a thread or yarn on the usual form of ringtwisting machine, and the resulting thread or yarn has projecting whiskers which are really the ends of individual filaments throughout its length. The glass thread is made of continuous filaments by drawing the molten glass into a continuous filament, and assembling a group of these filaments, sufficient ,in number to produce the size of thread desired, and twisting them to- 'gether with a long-lay twist to prevent the spread of approximately circular cross section.
The asbestos sliver of the invention contains no organic or combustible material and possesses adequate strength for all requirements during application as an insulating medium t wires or cables. When subjected to high temperatures, wires and cables insulated with the asbestos sliver of the invention give off no smoke, fume or odor, and even when subjected to such elevated temperatures as would carbonize cotton there is no deleterious effect on either the glass or asbestos. Under extremely high temperatures the glass may fuse or melt, but as there is no carbonizable material present there is no carbon formed with resulting short circuit due to the conversion of the cotton or the like into conducting carbon.
The asbestos sliver of the invention may advantageously be used, when suitably twisted into a yarn or thread, in the fabrication of woven,
knitted, felted or braided products in which as-.
bestos is required on account of its resistance to heat or chemical deterioration and where the association of cotton or other organic material with the asbestos is detrimental or where the ne cessity of eliminating such organic material requires the use of very expensive grades of asbestos fiber and special processes which render the cost of production almost prohibitive. of the twisted asbestos sliver of the invention in such cases permits the fabrication of the aforementioned products by ordinary and efiicient processes and without recourse to specially high grades of asbestos or special fabricating means.
A continuous non-combustible reinforced asbestos sliver which comprises a glass thread and a surrounding fluffy mass of asbestos fibers slidable thereon, said mass of asbestos fibers being so intertwined and condensed that the fibers cling together with sufiicient tenacity to be a self-adhering structure permitting winding and ordinary handling of the sliver, but also sufficiently fiufiy that when two or more of the slivers are pressed together, contacting fibers thereof intermingle and can be formed into a felted layer.
JOHN W. GREENLEAF.
|Citing Patent||Filing date||Publication date||Applicant||Title|
|US2428654 *||Jul 1, 1944||Oct 7, 1947||Owens Corning Fiberglass Corp||Reinforced plastic|
|US2459620 *||Feb 12, 1946||Jan 18, 1949||Davis Walter S||Process of manufacturing textile materials|
|US2739702 *||Jan 9, 1951||Mar 27, 1956||Hakon Eriksen Leif||Pipe cleaner|
|US3164951 *||Mar 11, 1963||Jan 12, 1965||Turner Brothers Asbest||Method of forming a core yarn|
|US3395527 *||Jun 21, 1965||Aug 6, 1968||Scandura Inc||Yarn and fabric made therefrom|
|US3729917 *||Aug 13, 1971||May 1, 1973||Johns Manville||Reinforced asbestos paper yarn and method of making same|
|US3729920 *||Mar 6, 1970||May 1, 1973||Courtaulds Ltd||Novelty textile yarns|
|US4001477 *||Jul 12, 1973||Jan 4, 1977||The Carborundum Company||Flame resistant cloth|
|US4237591 *||Feb 5, 1979||Dec 9, 1980||Personal Products Company||Deodorant mini-pad sanitary napkin|
|USB378760 *||Jul 12, 1973||Mar 9, 1976||Title not available|
|U.S. Classification||57/224, 57/904, 19/145|
|International Classification||D02G3/18, H01B3/00, D02G3/20, C04B30/02|
|Cooperative Classification||D02G3/185, H01B3/008, Y10S57/904, C04B30/02, D02G3/20|
|European Classification||D02G3/18B2, C04B30/02, H01B3/00Z, D02G3/20|