US 2217877 A
Description (OCR text may contain errors)
Oct. 15, 1940. J. PETRY ELECTRICALLY LIGHTED ORNAMENT/8L DECORATIVE DEVICE Filed April 26, 1940 2 Sheets-Sheet l INVENTOR John P e'l: r
ATTO R N EY J. PETRY Oct. 15, 1940.
ELECTRICAL-LY LIGHTED ORNAMENTAL DECORATIVE DEVICE 2 Sheets-She'e'v. 2
Filed April 26, 1940 m a L n 5 2 w FR M 2 Mdd imgwq m 2 Z 3* 2 k ban m a a,
INVENTOR BY John Pctqy 25 M, 3 ATTORNEY zzle Patented Oct. 15, 1940 UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE ELECTRICALLY LIGHTED ORNAMEN'I AL DECORATIVE DEVICE John Petry, Long Island City, N. Y.
Application April 26, 1940, Serial No. 331,724
luminated unit adapted to be applied to conventional incandescent lamps, and which shall be practical and efficient to a high degree in use.
Other objects of this invention will in part be obvious and in part hereinafter pointed out.
The invention accordingly consists in the features of construction, combinations of elements and arrangement of parts which will be exemplified in the constructions hereinafter described and of which the scope of application will be indicated in the following claims.
In the accompanying drawings, in which is shown various possible illustrative embodiments of this invention:
Fig. l is a front elevational view of a decorative electrically lighted ornamental device constructed to embody the invention mounted on an incandescent lamp;
Figs. 2 and 3 are side and bottom views, respectively, of the improved device and lamp shown in Fig. l, a portion of Fig. 3 being broken away to show a detail of the screw fastening;
Fig. 4 is a view similar to Fig. 2 except that portions of the device are showncut away on lines 4-4 in Fig. 1 to expose the interior construction; I
Fig. 5 is a fragmentary cross-sectional View taken on lines 55 in Fig. 1 showing in detail the assembled joint construction of the device parts; 7
Fig. 6 is a front elevational view of the intermediate frame removedfrom the improved device;
Fig. '7 is a front elevational View of one of the duplicate sides dismounted from the device;
Fig. 8 isa fragmentary view showing a detailed modified construction of the assembly of the device joint parts;
Figs. 9 and 10 are cross-sectional views taken on lines 99 and ||]-'--I|l, respectively, in Fig. 8;
Fig. 11 is a front elevation view of another modified form of ornamental device embodying the invention;
Figs. l2, l3 and 14 are cross-sectional views 11; and I Fig. 15 is an elevational view of the device similar to Fig. 11 showing the front side and socket removed to expose the interior construction.
Referring in detail to the, drawings and more particularly to the form shown in Figs. 1 to 8, inclusive, denotes a decorative electrically lighted ornamental device constructedto embody the invention, shown clampingly applied on a bulb portion B of a conventional screwbase instar-shaped sides 2 I, which are preferably dished so as to present convexed outer surfaces 2|a and. 'concaved inner surface 2 lb, and an intermediate frame 22 having a central opening 22a, both of 'the same star shape as said sides 2| but larger in sizes so that when said sides 2| are assembled against opposite faces of the frame 22, the latter projects outward beyond said sides 2| to provide a continuous border extending substantially about the perimeter of said sides 2|, as shown in Figs. 1 to 5, inclusive. The sides 2| may be made of any suitable molded or pressed sheet material, preferably'having a diffusing translucency to permit light from the incandescent lamp L to show therethrough to a subdued degree. The outer surface 2 la of each side 2| may beprovided with ornamentations, as for example, faucet elements 2 c integrally formed in the dished convexed structure of said side 2|. The star-shaped frame 22 may also be made of a suitable molded ,or stamped sheet material, preferably clear translucent to light and for artistic effect may be of a contrasting color with respect to that of the sides 2|. For example when the sides 20 are colored white, cream or the like pastel shades and are sufiiciently dense so as to diffuse the light passing through, for contrast the frame 22 may be made red, amber or other color to harmonize with theselected color of the side 2 I, said frame 22, however, being transparent to'a degree, that is, clear to permit the light to pass through effected by its color to give a more brilliant illuminating effect than that produced by the light passing through sides 2I.
To further enhance the ornamental and decorative appearance of the device 2!], particularly when it is lighted by lamp L, the side 2I may be made with a variety of shaped elements impressed into the surface thereof, as for example, as at 2Id. Said elements 2Id may be provided by producing a difference of thickness in the molded pressed material of the sides 2 I so that a greater or less amount of diffusion of light is emitted to give an effective contrasting design, brighter light diffusion taking place through the thinner portions of said material and a more subdued diffusion through the thicker portions thereof.
Located in a suitable position in the structure of the device 20, as for example between two adjoining points Zila and 28b, suitable clamping means are provided for rigidly attaching the device 20 to the lamp bulb B. Said clamping means may comprise mating grip portions 2lie formed integrally with sides 2I for clamping the lamp bulb B therebetween. Adjacent said grip per-- tions 2 Ie, suitable fastening means such as spaced screws and nuts 24 extend through said sides H for releasably securing said clamping means.
The screws and nuts 24 pass through hook en-' gaging ends 22b which terminate the intermediate frame 22 so that when said screws and nuts 24 are tightened in the assembly of the parts of the device 29 as shown in Figs. 1 to 4, a rigid unit is formed with the lamp L. As seen from Fig. 6 said frame 22 may be made continuous except that it ha the terminal engaging end 22a separated a distance sufiicient to permit the passage of the lamp bulb B in said clamping means.
The frame 22 may also be formed with channels 22c on opposite faces thereof in outline to correspond to the contour of each of the sides 2!, the perimeters of said sides 2| being tapered outward as at 2| 1 and said channels 220 being recessed and tapered to form a close fit corresponding to said tapered perimeter 2If so as to interlock therewith. See Fig. 5. When the frame 2| is made of a so-called, plastic material, Celluloid or the like, said frame H has sufficient inherent flexibilit to provide a snap-locking action engaging the perimeters of the sides 2! in said tapered recessed channels 220.
The practical application of the invention will now be apparent. With the parts shown in Figs. 6 and '7 assembled as described above and shown in Figs. 1 to 5, inclusive, an attractive illuminated unit 29 is provided, the screw base portion incandescent lamp L being adapted to be mounted in circuit of a Christmas tree lighting outfit or decorative lighting set connecting to a suitable power source in the well understood manner (not shown). The unit device 20 because of its construction with various color parts makes an attractive ornament and trimming whether illuminated or not, the relative shape and size of the frame 22 and sides 2I and the impressed elements 2Id giving said device 20 its artistic appearance. On supply electric power to light the lamp L, the attractive appearance of said device 28 is increased and becomes more effective when installed in dim or dark surroundings.
If for reasons of further simplification of manufacture it is found desirable to secure the sides 2! to the frame 22 by means other than that described above and shown in Figs. 1 to 7, inclusive, 2. frame I22 may be provided, said frame I22 being constructed like frame 22 with the eXception that the channel recess I221 in said frame I 22 is not sloped as is channel recess 22 of frame 22 but merely forms a seat for the side I2! as shown in Figs. 8, 9 and 10. The frame I22 may also be provided with a plurality of notches I229 at each reentrant angular portion thereof (only one being shown in Fig. 8) for receiving the bight of a U'shaped spring member I25. The latter may be provided with inturned ends or eeth I25a which engage in indentation I2I g provided in the sides I22 as shown in Figs. 8 and 10.
When devices embodying the invention are constructed like the last described modified form, the parts are assembled in the same manner of those for device 20 described above, but the spring member I25 serves to retain the perimeters of the sides 2i rigidly to the frame I22 in a manner similar to the snap locking action described above for the device 20.
In Figs. 11 to 15, inclusive, another modified construction of the invention is shown and is a preferred form for decorative electrically lighted ornamental devices adapted to be clampingly applied to the socket in which the lamp is mounted rather than to the lamp bulb as shown in Figs. 1 to 4, inclusive, and described above.
Said modified form. is seen to comprise device 226 which may be of the same molded construction as either device 20 or I20 and as here shown includes diffusing translucent side 22! which permits light from incandescent bulb I to show therethrough to a subdued degree, said side 22I havmg elements 22; on-the surface 22m of the dished convexed structure of said side 22L The side 22I may also be provided with decorative elements 22Id formed in the same manner as described above for element 2Id of device 2| and shown in Figs. 1 to 3, inclusive, and '7.
The frame 222 of the device 220 like frame 22 may be made of clear or colored translucent material to give contrasting lighting effects with respect to the sides 22 I.
The device 222 may have the assembled parts joined together in the same manner as described above for devices 20 and I20 and in either case is provided with grip portion 22le for clamping the socket S therebetween. Spaced screws and nuts 224 extend through the side 22I for releasably making the clamping action effective as shown in Figs. 11 and 13. Said screws and nuts 224 pass through the terminal ends 2211 of the frame 222 for rigidly retaining the device to the socket S. Where it is found desirable to secure the sides 22! to the frame by means other than described for device 20, the frame 222 may be constructed with channels 222,0 like frame I22 of device I20 and with notches 222g for receiving the bight of U-shaped spring members 225. The ends 225a, of said springs engage in indentations 22 lg of the Sides 22I. The latter may be provided with bosses 22Ib on the interior side 22!?) thereof for reinforcing the material about the indentations 22 I g.
The device 229 is assembled as shown in Figs. 11 to 15, inclusive, and used in the same manner as described above for device I20.
It will thus be seen that there is provided means i whereby the several objects of this invention are achieved and which are well adapted to meet the conditions of practical use.
As various possible embodiments might be made of the above-invention, and as various changes integrally formed ornamentation faucet all might be made in the embodiments above set forth, it is to be understood that all matter herein set forth or shown in the accompanying drawings is to be interpreted as illustrative and not in a limiting sense.
Having thus described my invention, I claim as new and desire to secure by Letters Patent:
1. A device of assembled parts of the character described comprising a fiat frame of ornamental shape having a central opening, dished side members of the same ornamental shape as the frame but smaller in size seated in position against opposite faces of said frame with the latter extending beyond the perimeter of said side members to serve as a decorative border, means for retaining said members in said seated position on the opposite faces of the frame, said dished side members having the concaved surfaces thereof facing toward and enclosing said opening, a clamp portion integrally formed with each side member for mating adapted to grip a light source fitting including an incandescent lamp bulb extending into said opening, and releasable fastening means extending through said a side members adjacent the clamp portions thereof for retaining the assembly of said parts as a rigid unit when mounted on said fitting.
2. The device defined in claim 1 in which said mating clamp portion is formed to grip the incandescent light bulb.
3. The device of assembled parts defined in claim 1 in which said retaining means is associated with said frame and perimeter of the side members for positively interlocking said side members in the assembled position against the faces of the frame.
- JOHN PETRY.