US 2218044 A
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Description (OCR text may contain errors)
CII. l5, 1940. A J, MARQUls 2,218,044
'1I'ALK1-NG DOLL Filed BI'Gh 24, 1939 I rfv l, 24 5 @wlw Patented Oct. 15, 1940 PATENT oFF-ica TALKING DOLL AlbertfJ. Marquis, Niagara Falls, N. Y.
Application March 24, 1939, Serial No. 264,014
This invention relates to talking dolls and has for an object to produce a simplified form of phonograph to produce the' sounds uttered by the doll.
A further object is to provide a device of this character having a coil spring for the motive power, to actuate a record cylinder and simultaneously move the eyes of the doll.
A further object is to provide a device of this character in which the sound effects picked up by the transmitter are sent through a sound tube to the dolls chest to closely imitate a human f being.
` fully described and claimed, it being understood.
A further object is to provide a talking doll which will be formed of a few strong simple and durable parts, which will be inexpensive'to manufacture, and which will not easily get out of order.
With the above and other objects in view the invention consists of certain novel details of construction and combinations of parts hereinafter that various modifications may be resorted to within the scope of the appended claims without departing from the spirit'or sacricing any of the vadvantages of the invention.
In the accompanying drawing forming part of this specification:
Figure 1 is a rear elevation of a dolls torso and head with portions broken away, to expose the mechanism for producing the sound effects and moving the eyes. l
Figure 2 is a longitudinal sectional view of the doll shown in Figure 1 with portions broken away.
Figure 3 is an enlarged detail sectional view taken on the line 3-3 of Figure 2 showing the hinge of the record cylinder shaft.
Figure 4 is an enlarged detail sectional view taken on the line 4-4 of Figure 1 showing the resilient bracket and loose anged head forming a bottom support for the record cylinder.
Figure 5 is an enlarged detail sectional view taken on the line 5-5 of Figure 1 showing the traveling nut and feed screw for the transmitter.
Figure 6 is a cross sectional view taken on the line 6--6 of Figure 2 and showing the gear train.
Referring now to the drawing in which like characters of reference designate similar parts in the various views, the talking doll includes a hollow body Ill and head II. Within the hollow body is disposed a casing I2 having a hinged door A spring motor I6 is secured to the inner side of the front wall of the casing near the top thereof, the power shaft I1 of the motor being. supported through the medium of a bearing bracket I8 secured to the top wall of the casing 5 and being provided with a' crank I9 and terminating in a key 20 for lwinding up the spring 2l of the motor.
A drive wheel 22 is mounted on the shaft, the wheel being formed with a circular series of stop w openings 23, best shown in Figure l, adapted to be engaged by a sprocket wheel 24 and adapted to drive the sprocket wheel.
The sprocket wheel is mountedv on the upper end of a shaft 25 formed with a hinge joint 26 in- 15 termediate its ends. 'I'he joint is covered by a flanged sleeve 21 for holding the two hinged sections of the shaft in aligned relation.
The lower end of the shaft is provided with a flanged head 28 adapted to receive the upper end 20 of a vertically disposedphonograph record cylinder 29. The head is secured to the shaft through the medium of a pin 30 passed endwise through a transverse openingl 3l in the head and engaged through the shaft to extend on opposite sides of the wall 32 of anaxial opening in the head, as best shown in Figure 3.
The lower end of the record cylinder 29 is supported through the mediumof a resilient angular bracket 33 which is riveted as shown at 3i or otherwise secured at one end to a rigid arm 35 which is connected to the wall of thecasing in` any preferred manner. 'At the free end the resilient bracket is equipped with a loosely mounted pin 36 which extends axially through a anged head 31 and secures the head to the bracket.
When it is desired to change the bracket cylinder, the sleeve 21 is slid up to uncover the hinge joint 26 of the shaft 25. Then the resilient l bracket arm 33 is forced downwardly and the 40 hinged lower portion 38 of the shaft 25, carrying the head 28, is swung to one side whereupon the record cylinder is released and a new record cylinder may be placed on the bottom head 31 and the operations reversed to secure the record cylinder in operative position.
A sound box or reproducer 39 of conventional construction carries a needle 40 which engages the record cylinder 29.l A flexible tube 4 I, formed of rubber or other suitable material, extends from the reproducer and opens through the chest of the doll, from which the sound effects are emit- The reproducer is secured to a travelingnut 42,. best shown in Figure 5, which has -a hinged portion 43 and a spring 44 bearing upon the hinge portion to releasably clamp the nut to a worm 45. The worm is journaled at the bottom in a bearing bracket 48 and at the top is journaled in a bracket 41.
As best shown in Figure 6 the worm is driven through the medium of a gear train comprising a plurality of gears 48, 49, and 50 carried by re' spective bracket arms l, 52 and 53, the initial gear 50 of the gear train being secured to the shaft 25 for driving the gear train and the worm. As the reproducer travels longitudinally of the record cylinder 29 the exible tube 4| will become deformed to permit of such travel and will return and worm the shaft I1 will be rotated by the spring to rock the eyes l1.
Since the operation of the device has been described as the description of the parts progressed it is thought that the operation of the device will be. fully understood without further explanation.
What is claimed is:
In a phonograph, a frame, a spring motor mounted on the frame, a shaft driven by the motor, a shaft geared to the motor shaft, the second named shaft being formed of sections hinged together, a sleeve housing the hinge' of the sections for holding the sections in aligned relation. a head loose on the free end of the second named shaft, a resilient bracket mounted on the frame, a head loose on the resilient bracket, a phonograph record cylinder clamped between said heads to be rotated by the shaft, a worm geared to the second named shaft to be driven thereby, a traveling nut on the worm, a reproducer carried by the nut having a needle to engage the record cylinder, `and a sound tube extending from the reproducer.
ALBERT J. MARQUIS'.